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Official: Prime Minister: Personal telegrams.

Reference code: CHAR 20/71A-B

Part of CHAR 20; previous record CHAR 20/70; next record CHAR 20/72.

Date: Feb 1942 - 1950

Scope/content:

The majority of material in this file dates to February - March 1942.

Keywords

UKAT

Geographic

Other details

Access:

Open

Physical: 2 bound files (193 folios)
Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: Original references: T 301/2 - T 400/2 Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/71A/1 Old file cover; annotated with notes regarding filing [and use in "The Second World War"] by individuals including Denis Kelly [Literary Assistant to WSC], and also including 2 date charts for December and January recording telegrams received from "B A D". Feb 1942 - Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/2 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] regarding accessions to the United Nations Declaration: comments on applications from individuals and organisations to accede as "appropriate authorities"; emphasises the need for consultation over all accessions. 27 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/71A/3 Telegram from WSC to Air Vice-Marshal Paul Maltby [Air Officer Commanding, RAF, in Java, Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia] conveying best wishes to all ranks of British forces remaining in Java: "Every day gained is precious, and I know that you will do everything humanly possible to prolong the battle.". 26 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/71A/4 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin regarding the effect of the war in the Far East on the Levant-Caspian front: details troop withdrawals and diversions; comments on the problems caused by shipping scarcity; refers to maintenance of supplies for the Soviet Union and the improved naval situation in the Atlantic. Crossed through in red and marked: "cancelled". 27 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/71A/5-8 Telegram from [Peter Fraser, Prime Minister of New Zealand] to WSC expressing alarm at a report of the Joint Planning Commission's estimate for the possible scale of the Japanese attack on New Zealand: encloses text of telegram from the Chief of the New Zealand General Staff [Major-General Edward Puttick] to the New Zealand Liaison Officer in London [Brigadier Park] containing observations on the likely scale of the Japanese attack. Annotated by Francis Brown [Assistant Private Secretary to WSC: "PM minuted this COS Cmtee, they have copies". 27 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/71A/9-12 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in- Chief, Middle East, to WSC detailing allied and enemy troop strengths and positions in Libya, and outlining his intentions. 27 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/71A/13 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander- in-Chief, India, to WSC: comments on the question of appointing a Military Governor in Ceylon [later Sri Lanka] and suggests Admiral Sir Geoffrey Layton [Commander- in-Chief, China]; refers to the confused situation in Burma and proposes going there; hopes that General Sir Alan Hartley will be left in India as his Deputy. 28 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/71A/14 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander- in-Chief, India, to WSC substituting word "tomorrow" for word "command" in previous telegram. [See CHAR 20/71A/13]. 28 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/71A/15 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt] enclosing a memorandum [see CHAR 20/71A/16-18]. 28 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/71A/16-18 Memorandum regarding Allied co-ordination of civil air transport resources sent by WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, see CHAR 20/71A/15 for covering letter]: describes machinery for controlling British air transport; suggests formation of a Civil Air Transport Adjustment Board. Feb 1942
CHAR 20/71A/19 Telegram from Air Vice-Marshal Paul Maltby [Air Officer Commanding, RAF, in Java, Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia] to WSC thanking him for his message [to British forces in Java, see CHAR 20/71A/3]: "All will do their best to prolong the battle.". 28 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/71A/20 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC arguing against a proposal to move Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington] to Bombay [India]. 01 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/21 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC offering two Brigade groups of the Australian 6th Division for the defence of Ceylon [later Sri Lanka]. Received 2 March 1942 British Time. 03 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/22-23 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] replying to the concerns of the New Zealand Government over plans for the defence of New Zealand: reassures him that the estimate [of the scale of a Japanese attack] cited in Fraser's telegram [see CHAR 20/71A/5-8] does not represent the views of the Chiefs of Staff; outlines proposed measures for increasing the security of New Zealand; comments on likely developments in the situation; states that he is doing everything in his power to obtain the requested munitions. 04 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/24-25 Telegram from Franklin Roosevelt [President of the United States] to WSC regarding the United Nations Declaration: he believes that the adherence of the French National Committee should be accepted whenever submitted but recommends consultation for further adherences from other governments and full consultation before the adherence of "Free Groups" and other organizations. 04 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/26 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt] regarding censorship of broadcasts on Guadeloupe [West Indies] radio: "It seems to me we ought to have control.". Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/27 Telegram from WSC to [the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt] outlining some of the obstacles to India obtaining Dominion status: "Naturally we do not want to throw India into chaos on the eve of invasion.". 04 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/28 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] to WSC relaying the request by the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] for WSC's reaction to the telegram from John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] on sending Australian forces to Ceylon [later Sri Lanka]. [See CHAR 20/71A/21 for Curtin's telegram]. 03 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/29-32 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] enclosing paraphrases of three messages sent to WSC regarding the constitution of India: message from Mahomed Jinnah, President of the Moslem League, denouncing the proposals of the Sapru conference and calling upon the British Government to support the Moslem claim for Pakistan; message from Sir Firoz Khan Noon, Moslem member of the Viceroy's Executive Council, regarding Moslem fears arising from the Sapru conference; summary of a memorandum by the Military Adviser [? Major-General Frederick Gwatkin, Military Adviser- in-Chief, Indian State Forces] on the "Probable Effect of Changes in India's Constitution on Indian Personnel of Army". 04 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/33-34 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] requesting American assistance in the shipping of troops, imports and equipment: includes details of proposed troop movements and analysis of the situation with regard to imports. 04 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/35 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] thanking him for his offer [to divert two Australian brigades to Ceylon, later Sri Lanka] which is under urgent consideration. 03 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/36 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 319/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/37] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/37 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] accepting his proffered help [to divert two Australian brigades to Ceylon, later Sri Lanka]. 04 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/38 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 320/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/39] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/39 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander-in-Chief, India, informing him of the Australian offer of two Brigade groups as a temporary reinforcement for the garrison of Ceylon [later Sri Lanka]. 04 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/40 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 321/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/41] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/41 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC, asking for the text of a forthcoming statement on India. 04 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/42 Telegram from WSC to Washington [Lord Halifax, British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] stating that the appointment of Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington] to Bombay [India] will be reviewed at the end of April. 05 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/43 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 323/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/44-46] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/44-46 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: reflects on the deterioration of British affairs since December 7 1941; comments on British naval plans for the Indian Ocean and North Atlantic; requests a statement of the dispositions and plans of the United States Air Force; comments on the diversion of an Allied army from the Levant-Caspian front to Australia and India, and on the need for the United States to reinforce Australia and New Zealand; comments on problems of shipping; comments on the need to defend India; states that the Japanese are "becoming ever more widely spread" and recommends that the United States develop large scale commando forces on the Californian shore. 05 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/47 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 324/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/48] annotated with details of actual distribution. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/48 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] welcoming the Australian offer of holding two Brigade groups at Ceylon [later Sri Lanka], and the possibility of the Australian 9th Division remaining in the Middle East whilst the United States reinforces Australia. 04 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/49 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 325/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/50] annotated with details of actual distribution. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/50 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] commenting on proposals for the Free French occupation of Madagascar, and stating that necessary forces cannot be made available in the present circumstances due to the need to reinforce India and Ceylon [later Sri Lanka]. 05 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/51 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 326/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/52] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/52 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander-in-Chief, India, expressing "warmest admiration". 05 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/53 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 327/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/53] annotated with details of actual distribution. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/54 Telegram from Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC commenting on British Government proposals for India, and recommending that the partition provisions be dropped. 05 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/55 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 328/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/56] annotated with details of actual distribution. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/56 Telegram from the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC regarding the outcome of consultation with Australia regarding mutual defence: supports a proposal for an ANZAC [Australian and New Zealand Army Corps] council in Washington [United States]; supports the proposal by the Australian Government that Lieutenant-General George Brett [Commander of Allied air forces, Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia] be appointed Supreme Commander of the ANZAC area. Received 5 March 1942 British Time. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/57 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 329/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/59-62] annotated with details of actual distribution. [See also CHAR 20/71A/58]. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/58 Pencil note from Francis Brown [Private Secretary to WSC] to Patrick Kinna [Secretary to WSC] regarding distribution of CHAR 20/71A/59-62 [see also CHAR 20/71A/57]. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/59-62 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC regarding the outcome of consultation with the New Zealand Government and Chiefs of Staff: summarizes the present military situation; defines the ANZAC [Australian and New Zealand Army Corps] area; discusses the machinery needed for the higher direction of policy and operations in the ANZAC area; recommends formation of an ANZAC Council in Washington [United States] and the appointment of Lieutenant-General George Brett [Commander of Allied Air Forces, Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia] as Supreme Commander. 05 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/63 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 330/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/64] annotated with details of actual distribution. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/64 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander- in-Chief, India, to WSC advising against the appointment of a Military Governor in Ceylon [later Sri Lanka]. 05 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/65 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 331/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/66] annotated with details of actual distribution. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/66 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander- in-Chief, India, to WSC stating that the defence of Ceylon [later Sri Lanka] is mainly an air and naval problem: "we should not lock up in island large number of troops which can be better employed elsewhere". 05 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/67 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 332/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/68] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/68 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC offering congratulations on the text of the proposed statement foreshadowing a new Indian Union to become an associated British Dominion. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/69 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 333/3 [see CHAR 20/71A/69] annotated with details of actual distribution. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/70 Telegram from the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] to WSC asking for the insertion of a pledge to minorities in the draft declaration on India. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/71 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 334/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/72] annotated with details of actual distribution. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/72 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] forwarding a proposal from Australia [on policy and operations in the ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) area: not attached, see CHAR 20/71A/59-62]. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/73 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 335/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/74] annotated with details of actual distribution. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/74 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin]: states that the Chiefs of Staff are considering the ANZAC [Australian and New Zealand Army Corps] plan and are also to report on the defence of Australia against invasion; promises a further telegram on the recovery of British and United States sea power; recites text of a telegram from the Joint Staff Mission, Washington [United States] to WSC regarding the likely effect of the appointment of an ANZAC Supreme Commander on Admiral Ernest King [Commander-in-Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations]. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/75 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 336/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/76-77] annotated with details of actual distribution. 07 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/76-77 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC: comments on the shortage of war equipment which has left Australia "practically defenceless against destructive bombing attacks"; describes arrangements to maximise space on ships from the United States for war equipment; comments on American production quotas and asks WSC to use his influence to secure the maximum possible releases of equipment to Australia from the British quota of American production in March and April. Received 6 March 1942 British Time. 07 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/78 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 337/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/79] annotated with details of actual distribution. 07 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/79 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander- in-Chief, India, to WSC stating that the situation in Burma is still dangerous and asking WSC to back his suggestion that Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall be appointed as force commander in Ceylon [later Sri Lanka]. 07 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/80 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 338/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/81-82] annotated with details of actual distribution. Annotated by Patrick Kinna [Secretary to WSC] on a request by John Peck [Private Secretary to WSC] for Clement Attlee [Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs] to handle the telegram, referred to the Chiefs of Staff Committee. 07 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/81-82 Telegram from John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC relaying observations of Robert Menzies [former Prime Minister of Australia] on administrative arrangements needed for the ANZAC [Australian and New Zealand Army Corps] Area: recommends that Australia and New Zealand be represented on the Chiefs of Staff Committee in Washington [United States]; recommends the creation of an inter- governmental council in Washington; comments on the roles of these bodies and on considerations which underlie their creation. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/83 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 339/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/84-85] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/84-85 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, reciting the text of a telegram from the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] to the Secretary of State for India [Leo Amery] regarding the likely disastrous effects on the Indian army of a declaration of the right to secede. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/86 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: comments on the Soviet Union and the importance of not denying her the frontiers she occupied when Germany attacked her; refers in confidence to a possible future effort from Britain to take the weight off the Soviet Union; states that he is keeping Roosevelt informed about India; "The weight of the war is very heavy now, and I must expect it to get steadily worse for some time to come.". 07 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/87 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 341/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/88] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/88 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States] to WSC: opposes the idea of a Civil Air Transport Adjustment Board and gives reasons; comments on the production of transport planes for military purposes. 07 Mar 1941
CHAR 20/71A/89 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 342/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/90] annotated with details of actual distribution. 08 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/90 Telegram from the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC thanking him for his telegram [regarding plans for the defence of New Zealand] and defending Brigadier Park, New Zealand Liaison Officer in London, for his role in any "leakage". Received 6 March 1942 British Time. 07 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/91 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, regarding "very serious" situation, and requesting his return home for consultation. 08 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/92 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] to WSC welcoming the statement of policy for the "earliest possible realization of complete self government in India"; offers to make an early appointment of a High Commissioner for Canada in India. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/93 Telegram from Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] to WSC regarding comments by Dr T V Soong [Tse-ven Sung], Chinese Foreign Minister and brother- in-law to Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist Leader] on Chiang-Kai-shek's views on the "extremely precarious" situation in India. 06 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/94 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 346/2 [see CHAR 20/71A/95-96] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/95-96 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] regarding Indian policy: recites text of a telegram from the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] regarding the likely effects of the local option to secede on Moslem and Sikh populations of the Punjab; recites text of a telegram from the Governor of the Punjab [Sir Bertrand Glancy] regarding the likely effects of an immediate declaration that India will at a future date be allowed to secede from the Empire. 07 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/97 Hand-written note by [William Deakin, Literary Assistant to WSC] on the concern shown by the Dominions in political arrangements in India, and on communication with Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada]. [Probably used in "The Hinge of Fate", volume 4 of "The Second World War"]. [1950]
CHAR 20/71A/98 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander- in-Chief, India, to WSC regarding the situation in Burma: comments on lack of communication with General Harold Alexander [General Officer Commanding, Burma], and on the decision to abandon Rangoon. 07 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71A/99 Telegram from WSC to Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] regarding India: believes that the timing of a declaration will be affected by Allied defeats in the Far East and the imminent fall of Rangoon [Burma]; comments on the ignorance of Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist Leader] about Indian affairs; believes that the Indian Congress will reject the proposals. 08 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/100 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 349/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/101-104] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/101-104 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC regarding military arrangements by the United States: comments on problems facing United States; comments on naval deployment in the ANZAC [Australian and New Zealand Army Corps] region; comments on the strong Japanese position in the Pacific and its implications; describes plans to send American reinforcements to Australia, New Zealand and the South West Pacific; details arrangements to supply shipping to move two British divisions to the Middle East and India with conditions; describes troop deployments in Australia, New Caledonia and Samoa; comments on personnel shipping capacity; describes deployment of Air Forces. 08 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/105 Telegram from Chief of the General Staff, Middle East [? Major-General Thomas Corbett] to WSC informing him that his telegram has been forwarded to the Commander- in-Chief [General Sir Claude Auchinleck] in Baghdad [Iraq]. 08 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/106 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 351/1 [see CHAR 20/71B/107-108] annotated with details of actual distribution. 10 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/107-108 Telegram from WSC to Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada]: summarizes views of the Commander-in-Chief, India [General Sir Archibald Wavell] on the "disastrous" announcement of a future right to secede for India; recites comments of the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] regarding the effect of such an announcement on the Punjab. 08 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/109 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 352/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/110] annotated with details of actual distribution. 10 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/110 Telegram from WSC to Premier Joseph Stalin: informs him that he has sent a message to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, urging him to approve the signing of an agreement about the frontiers of the Soviet Union; promises that supplies to the Soviet Union shall not be interrupted or delayed; states that Britain is resuming the heavy air offensive upon Germany; comments on encouragement provided by the continued progress of the Soviet armies. 09 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/111 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 353/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/112] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/112 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in- Chief, Middle East, to WSC refusing to leave the Middle East and delegate authority "while strategical situation is so fluid and liable to rapid changes"; asks WSC to reconsider his request and offers to send a senior staff officer to explain the tank situation to him. 09 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/113 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 354/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/114] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/114 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, thanking him for his generous response to a suggestion [? on sending reinforcements to the Far East and Middle East]. 09 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/115 Telegram from the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt to WSC, regarding the appointment of Admiral Harold Stark as United States naval representative in London: states that Stark will replace Vice-Admiral Robert Ghormley; states that Admiral Ernest King will succeed Stark as United States Chief of Naval Operations and will also retain position of Commander-in-Chief of the United States Fleet. 10 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/116 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 356/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/117-119] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/117-119 Telegram from WSC to the Viceroy [and Governor- General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] regarding the decision to send Sir Stafford Cripps, Lord Privy Seal, on a mission to India. 10 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/120 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 357/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/121-122] annotated with details of actual distribution. 10 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/121-122 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC containing proposals for the simplification of operational Command: suggests that the United States assume all operational responsibility for the Pacific area and comments on implications for decision making; suggests that Britain assume all operational responsibility for the area extending from Singapore to India, the Indian Ocean, the Persian Gulf, the Red Sea, Libya and the Mediterranean; suggests that Britain and the United States assume joint responsibility for the North and South Atlantic and for the establishment of a second front in Europe. 10 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/123 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] promising to give Admiral Harold Stark the warmest welcome and every facility [as the naval representative of the United States in London, see CHAR 20/71B/115]. 10 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/124 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 359/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/125-126] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/125-126 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin]: recites telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC regarding American reinforcements for Australia, New Zealand and the South West Pacific [see CHAR 20/71B/101-104]; comments on plans to ship British divisions to the Middle East or India; states his belief that the presence of United States forces in ANZAC [Australian and New Zealand Army Corps] area will lead to United States naval protection and hasten supplies of equipment to Australian forces; asks that the 9th Australian Division be allowed to remain in the Middle East. 10 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/127 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 360/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/128-129] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/128-129 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser]: recites telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC regarding American reinforcements for Australia, New Zealand and the South West Pacific [see CHAR 20/71B/101-104]; comments on plans to ship British divisions to the Middle East or India; states that presence of United States forces in ANZAC [Australian and New Zealand Army Corps] area will lead to United States naval protection and hasten supplies of equipment to New Zealand forces; states that New Zealand has never asked for withdrawal of its division [from the Middle East] and admires its "constancy of spirit". 10 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/130 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 361/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/131-132] annotated with details of actual distribution. 11 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/131-132 Telegram from Franklin Roosevelt [President of the United States] to WSC suggesting the creation of a temporary governing body for India, and comparing the situation in India to that which existed in the United States in the eighteenth century. 11 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/133 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 362/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/134] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/134 Telegram from WSC to General Harold Alexander, General Officer Commanding, Burma: "Well done. Every good wish.". 11 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/135 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 363/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/136] annotated with details of actual distribution. 12 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/136 Telegram from Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC regarding the need for a definite strategical plan for the British and United States navies in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. 11 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/137 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 364/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/138] annotated with details of actual distribution. 12 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/138 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East: comments on the plan to deploy United States troops in Australia and New Zealand thereby allowing Australian and New Zealand divisions to remain in the Middle East; comments on plans to deploy five British divisions in the period March to July using British and American shipping. 12 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/139 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 365/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/140] annotated with details of actual distribution. Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/140 Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] asking his opinion as to whether Richard Casey [Australian Minister to the United States] should be offered the vacant post of Minister of State, Middle East, in Cairo [Egypt]. 12 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/141 Telegram from WSC to Vice-Admiral Sir Geoffrey Layton, Commander-in-Chief, Ceylon [later Sri Lanka] criticising him for allowing the circulation of a report on the evacuation of non-combatants and urging the strictest censorship. [See CHAR 20/72/74 for reply]. 12 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/142-143 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States], commenting on immense numbers of sinkings of tankers in the Caribbean and Western Atlantic and possible solutions. 12 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/144 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States], informing him that WSC has spoken to [Harry] Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States], telling him that Britain could not agree to a proposal [unknown], having full confidence in General Harold Alexander. 13 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/145 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC advising against the appointment [as Minister of State, Middle East] of Richard Casey [Australian Minister to the United States]. 13 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/146 Suggested distribution list for telegram T 370/2 [see CHAR 20/71B/147] annotated with details of actual distribution. 13 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/147 Telegram from John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC informing him of a visit to the United States and Britain by Herbert Evatt, Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney-General and asking that he be accepted as Australia's accredited representative in the War Cabinet and on the Pacific War Council. 13 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/148 Telegram from the Secretary of State for India [Leo Amery] to the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] regarding WSC's wish that the message be conveyed to Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru [? President, Indian Liberal Federation] that the statement made in parliament and the mission of Sir Stafford Cripps to India are in effect the answer to Sapru's telegram of 2nd January. 13 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/149 Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] urging him to reconsider his opposition to the appointment [as Minister of State, Middle East] of Richard Casey [Australian Minister to the United States] and suggesting Robert Menzies [former Prime Minister of Australia] as his replacement in Washington. 13 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/150 Telegram from WSC to Sir Walter Monckton [Director-General of British Propaganda and Information Services at Cairo, Egypt] appointing him as head of the Minister of State's organisation pending the appointment of a new Minister of State, Middle East. 14 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/151 Telegram from John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC asking that Richard Casey [Australian Minister to the United States] be allowed to remain in Washington until after the visit of Herbert Evatt [Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney-General] to the United States. 14 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/152 Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] confirming that Richard Casey [Australian Minister to the United States] can remain in Washington to discuss everything with Herbert Evatt [Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney-General], and asking for reply to telegram 311 [see CHAR 20/71B/125-126]. 14 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/153 Telegram from WSC to Richard Casey [Australian Minister to the United States] offering to submit his name for appointment as Minister of State in the Middle East. 14 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/154-155 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] regarding allocation of equipment and aircraft produced by the United States. 14 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/156 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC and Lord Cranborne [Secretary of State for the Colonies, later 5th Lord Salisbury] asking for information "as General Marspote Hall may well take the question up with [Field-Marshal] Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington] again at any moment.". 13 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/157-158 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] informing him of the decision to undertake "BONUS" [codename for operation against Madagascar] and asking that the United States Navy protect the western exit of the Mediterranean whilst Force H is away from Gibraltar. 14 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/159 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: "For BONUS read Madagascar now renamed Ironclad." [On codename for operation against Madagascar; see CHAR 20/71B/157-158]. 14 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/160-162 Telegram from the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC regarding reinforcements for New Zealand: comments on dates for the despatch and arrival of United States troops; comments on the difficulties in leaving a New Zealand division in the Middle East; comments on the strength of proposed reinforcements for the Far East from the United States and Britain. 14 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/163 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC: "This is splendid news and should help to ease situation considerably." [On retaining Australian and New Zealand troops in the Middle East and bringing in British reinforcements, see CHAR 20/71B/138]. 14 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/164 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East: comments on the implications of delaying an attack, particularly for Malta and North Africa and on comparative allied and enemy tank numbers; states that he is sending Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] to India via Cairo [Egypt] to put across the views of the War Cabinet, accompanied by Lieutenant-General Archibald Nye [Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff]. 15 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/165 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] suggesting alterations to an Allied document on war strategy: suggests "essentials" should be an assumption of an offensive against Japan, an air offensive against Germany to relieve the Soviet Union, and British mastery of the Indian Ocean. 14 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/166 Telegram from the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, to WSC regarding the concerns of Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese nationalist leader] over the military command in Burma and Southern China: suggests that Lieutenant-General Joseph Stilwell [Commander of United States Forces in China, Burma and India] command the northern end, with the southern part coming under British command. 15 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/167 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] commenting on troop and naval reinforcements for the Far East and expressing doubts about the likelihood of a Japanese invasion of Australia or New Zealand. 15 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/168 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC welcoming the visit of Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] and Lieutenant-General Archibald Nye [Vice-Chief of the Imperial General Staff]. 15 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/169 Telegram from Richard Casey [Australian Minister to the United States] to WSC informing him that he is consulting John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] [regarding WSC's offer of an appointment as Minister of State in the Middle East]. 15 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/170 Telegram from WSC to Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] regarding the retirement of Sir Hubert Young as Governor of Trinidad [and Tobago] and his replacement by Sir Bede Clifford, Governor of Mauritius. [15] [Mar] [1942]
CHAR 20/71B/171 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] to WSC replying to comments by WSC [see CHAR 20/71B/165] on war strategy: comments on the security of Great Britain and the United States, the development of the American Pacific Fleet, the importance of the southern Soviet Union and Middle East theatres, the ineffectiveness of an air offensive against Germany from Britain and the impracticality of a land offensive in Europe; concludes that WSC's three "essentials" would not have an easy passage through the United States Chiefs of Staff. 16 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/172-173 Telegram from Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] to WSC commenting on Canadian support for the Indian mission of Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] and recognition of India as a self-governing Dominion: states that he has told Dr T V Soong [Tse-ven Sung, Chinese Foreign Minister] of the Dominions' sympathy for India's desire for self-government and that this will have been passed to Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese nationalist leader]. 16 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/174 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt] promising an answer to WSC's telegram regarding tanker sinkings [see CHAR 20/71B/142-143] within 48 hours and requesting a reply to telegrams from President Roosevelt. 16 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/175 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, stating that if he remains on the defensive until July, it will be necessary to consider the movement of 15 air squadrons from Libya to sustain the Soviet left wing in the Caucasus. 17 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/176 Telegram from WSC to Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] regarding problems posed by the different sects or nations within India, stating that "There can be no question of our handing over control during the war", and recommending that Mackenzie King await developments. 18 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/177 Telegram from Joseph Stalin to WSC: expresses appreciation for measures to insure supplies to the Soviet Union and to intensify air attacks on Germany; expresses the conviction that 1942 "will be decisive in the turn of events at the battle front against Hitlerism"; suggests the need for an exchange of views regarding the text of an agreement on the Soviet Union's frontiers. 15 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/178 Telegram from Sir Henry Moore, Governor [and Commander-in- Chief] of Kenya, to WSC: encloses text of a message from Shams- ud-Deen, Indian member of the Kenyan Legislative Council, offering his services to mission to India of Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal]; Moore states that he could not recommend the sender. 16 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/179 Telegram from the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC disputing his view that a serious invasion of New Zealand or Australia is unlikely and renewing representations that their position be strengthened. 17 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/180 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC stating that he would prefer to support "IRONCLAD" [codename for British occupation of Diego Suarez, Madagascar], by sending a naval detachment to join the British Home Fleet, thereby enabling a detachment from the Home Fleet to replace Force HYPO. 17 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/181-182 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC regarding naval matters: suggests that the United States reinforce the British Home Fleet and that British ships are used to replace the HYPO Force or to do the whole escorting job [to Diego Suarez, Madagascar, in operation "Ironclad"]; states that tanker sinkings are very disturbing; comments on the role of American destroyers and trawlers in the Atlantic; suggests measures for dealing with the submarine menace. 17 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/71B/183-193 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: states that he has not yet heard from Australia and New Zealand but that in principle there are great merits resulting from the United States controlling the Pacific sphere and Britain controlling the Indian sphere; comments on the need for the American and British navies to work to a common strategy; describes British naval force in the Central Indian Ocean; comments on the need to co-ordinate all naval commands in the Pacific and Indian spheres under the Combined Chiefs of Staff Committee in order to face the Japanese; comments on the command structures and advisory bodies needed to direct the war in the Pacific and Indian spheres; comments on the decision of New Zealand to accept an American division whilst retaining a New Zealand division in the Middle East; comments on the paramount importance of regaining the initiative against Japan, and hopes all large-scale projects will be discussed by the Combined Chiefs of Staff Committee; comments on the allocation of American aircraft to the China-India-Burma and Middle East areas; states that the line between the spheres must be elastic, and recites text of a message from the 1st Sea Lord [Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound] regarding the line of the boundary; concludes that the proposals will achieve integrity of executive and operational action, and provide for reasonable consultation. 17 Mar 1942