Official: Admiralty: Correspondence and Memoranda.

Reference code: CHAR 13/27A-B

Part of: CHAR 13
Next record: CHAR 13/28
Previous record: CHAR 13/26

Date: 01 Aug 1914 - 31 Dec 1914

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Physical: 2 bound files (234 folios). Please note that each file has been paginated separately.
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Reference Record Date
CHAR 13/27A/1 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] stating the Admiralty's confidence in their ability to secure the country against any invasion or serious raid, and adding that there were no naval objections to sending the 6th Division abroad. [Printed]. 22 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27A/2 Letter from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on his resignation as 1st Sea Lord. He asks for a sign that he still commands the confidence and trust of the King and the Government, and requests to be admitted to the Privy Council. Battenberg also comments on the choice of his successor, recommending Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher as 1st Sea Lord, and Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson as Chief of Staff [Battenberg became a Privy Councillor on 5 Nov 1914]. 28 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27A/3 Letter from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the timing of the announcement of his resignation [as 1st Sea Lord]. 29 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27A/4 Letter from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on his resignation [as 1st Sea Lord], thanking WSC for his letter. Battenberg begs WSC to release him, as he is on the verge of breaking down, and asks him to assemble the Admiralty Board so that he can take "a silent final handshake" with his colleagues. 29 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27A/5 Letter from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on his future employment in the Navy, asking to be considered for command of the Mediterranean Fleet after the War. 27 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27A/6 Dardanelles Enquiry: Documents appended to WSC's Statement on the First Phase. [Printed]. 01 Sep 1914 - 18 Jun 1915
CHAR 13/27A/7-14 Admiralty Table showing the British Fleet in Home Waters with certain ships from Foreign Stations. [Sep] 1914
CHAR 13/27A/15 Note by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] showing numbers of Dreadnoughts, Battle Cruisers, Pre- Dreadnoughts and Heavy Cruisers, and asking the Director of the Intelligence Division [Captain (William) Reginald Hall] to compare this with the German Navy. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 20 Aug [1914]
CHAR 13/27A/16-17 Note by the Admiralty War Staff, showing the strength of French, Italian and Austrian Fleets in the Adriatic. [Typescript]. 28 Aug [1914]
CHAR 13/27A/18 Note by the Admiralty War Staff, listing available French Warships from the Mediterranean. [Typescript]. 28 Aug [1914]
CHAR 13/27A/19 Note by the Admiralty War Staff, listing the Russian Baltic Fleet. [Typescript]. 28 Aug [1914]
CHAR 13/27A/20 Admiralty note on German Submarine Organisation. [Typescript]. Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27A/21-23 Admiralty memorandum [? by Edward Marsh, Private Secretary to WSC] on battle scenarios in the North Sea and Mediterranean. [Hand-written, 3 copies]. Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27A/24 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to General Sir Charles Douglas [Chief of the Imperial General Staff] on arrangements for the War Office and the Admiralty to work out a plan for the seizure of the Gallipoli Peninsula [Turkey] by a Greek Army, with a view to admitting a British Fleet to the Sea of Marmora. [Hand-written copy]. 01 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27A/25-28 Report from HMS Imogene regarding target practice by fortresses in the Dardanelles. 26 Jul 1914
CHAR 13/27A/29-30 Admiralty memorandum on the strength of Turkish and German and British and Greek fleets in the Mediterranean, concluding that the Anglo-Greek squadron was sufficiently strong to establish a blockade of the exit of the Dardanelles, and to cover a landing by Greek troops. [Typescript]. 07 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27A/31 Memorandum by Major-General Charles Callwell [Director of Military Operations, War Office] on the difficulties of an attack on the Gallipoli Peninsula [Turkey]. 03 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27A/32-37 Memorandum by Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson, on the use of mines for destroying submarines. [Carbon copy]. 29 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27A/38 Note by Commodore Roger Keyes [Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service] on dates of commissioning of [British] submarines, subsequent to November 1910. 03 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27A/39-40 Memorandum by Commodore Roger Keyes [Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service] on the development of British submarines. [Printed]. 06 Apr 1914
CHAR 13/27A/41 Telegram from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Japanese Minister of Marine [Vice-Admiral Rokuro Yashiro] on Britain's intention to enter the Baltic early in the New Year. WSC predicts the fall of Tsingtau [the German port on the China coast], and the destruction of the German outlying cruisers; he asks Japan to consider their continuing naval aid contribution. [Hand-written copy, copied to Sir Edward Grey, Foreign Secretary]. 02 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27A/42-43 Extract from the Times, giving an Admiralty announcement warning that German mines have been scattered in the open sea on the trade route between the United States and Liverpool via Northern Ireland; also making the whole of the North Sea a military area, and warning merchant shipping of the dangers. [Typescript copy]. 03 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27A/44 Memorandum by Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson, on the difficulty of putting any significant force into the Baltic without weakening the North Sea Fleet; also on the need for a French fleet to cover the English Channel, thus sparing old British battleships for bombarding operations. 10 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27A/45-49 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres], on a naval bombardment to support the advance of the Army on Ostende, Belgium, suggesting that the Navy attack Zeebrugge, the base of the German submarines, at the same time. Also includes Admiralty memorandum sketching out naval support for the army. [Hand-written drafts, initialled by WSC]. 10 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27A/50 Telegram from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to [Vice-Admiral Rukuro Yashiro, Japanese Minister of Marine] with thanks for his telegram of congratulations for the British success in the Battle of the Falklands. [Hand-written draft by WSC]. [09] [Dec] [1914]
CHAR 13/27A/51 Minute from Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Admiralty War Staff] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on transports required in Egypt in case they should be needed for an expedition. Includes note from WSC to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] and Kitchener's reply, promising to keep the Admiralty informed of the need for transport. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC and Kitchener]. 30 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27A/52-55 Letter from Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] (Headquarters, British Army) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] asking about the possible use of armoured boats on the canals. [Hand-written, signed by French, and initialled by WSC]. 11 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27A/56 Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] on his request for armed craft for service on the canals. [Hand-written copy, signed by WSC]. 13 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27A/57 Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] regretting that the bombardment force for Ostende [Belgium] had to be reduced, due to poor weather preventing the Monitors from sailing. [Hand-written copy, initialled by WSC]. 14 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27A/58 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] regretting that a "fine chance" had gone astray, and stating his intention to visit French. [Hand-written copy, signed by WSC]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27A/59 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] stating that tides were unfavourable for heavy ships for the next few days. [Hand-written copy]. 26 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27A/60 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], stating that the naval support of the Army's attack on Ostende [Belgium] had been "most useful". French recommends that the same co-operation be given the next day, with note by WSC, confirming that naval co-operation would be continued. [Initialled by WSC]. 15 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27A/61 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John French [Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Ypres] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], stating that the advance along the Belgian coast from Nieuport was not as fast as hoped, and asking for surprise bombardment by monitor and big gun ships. [Typescript copy]. 26 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/1 Letter from Admiral Sir Robert Harris (The Brake, Yelverton [Devon]) to WSC, regretting his departure from the Admiralty. 07 Jun 1915
CHAR 13/27B/2-3 Admiralty note on the significant dates of the mobilisation of the Fleet in July-August 1914. [Aug] [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/4 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] asking for authority to put into force the combined Anglo- French dispositions for the defence of the English Channel. [Hand-written copy]. 03 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/5 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the departure of two transport ships carrying officers back to India, asking if it would be safe for them to pass through the English Channel. Includes note by Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] stating that the ships would be safe until after Aden [South Yemen], and even then the danger would not be serious, especially if the ships separated and did not follow the usual route to Bombay. 09 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/6 Letter from Vice-Admiral Sir John Jellicoe (HMS Iron Duke) "at sea" to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on his appointment [as Commander-in-Chief of the Grand Fleet] and on the Fleet's problem of oil and coal supplies. Jellicoe expresses his wish for a decisive action, and details the ships that he needs for this. 05 Aug [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/7-8 Letter from Vice-Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander- in-Chief of the Grand Fleet] (HMS Iron Duke) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on subjects including the submarine threat to the Fleet. Jellicoe reports rumours that a periscope had been sighted inside Scapa Flow [Orkney Islands, Scotland], and that although this had proved false, the risk from submarines and torpedo boat destroyers was very real. He states that he dare not keep Dreadnoughts there at night and also comments on the need for a secure base on the West Coast. 10 Aug [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/9 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Home Secretary, Reginald McKenna, Sir Edward Grey, Foreign Secretary, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, David Lloyd George and the President of the Board of Trade, Walter Runciman, on the appointment of a standing Admiralty Committee [the Restriction of Enemy Trade Committee]. Hand-written and initialled by WSC with annotations by Grey, Runciman, Lloyd George and McKenna. 13 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/10-11 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Secretary of the Admiralty [Sir (William) Graham Greene], the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] and the Chief of Staff [Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick) Doveton Sturdee], on the establishment of a standing Admiralty Committee on the Restriction of Enemy Trade, under the chairmanship of the Additional Civil Lord [Sir Francis Hopwood, later 1st Lord Southborough]. [Carbon copy]. 12 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/12 Telegram from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Minister of Marine, Japan [Vice-Admiral Rokuro Yashiro] expressing the pleasure of the officers and men of the Royal Navy at finding themselves "allied in a common cause - against a common foe with the gallant and seamanlike Navy of Japan". [Hand-written and initialled by WSC]. 13 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/13 Telegram forwarded from the Japanese Minister of Marine, Vice-Admiral Rokuro Yashiro, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, with thanks for WSC's telegram welcoming the Japanese Navy as an ally. [Typescript copy, annotated by WSC]. 15 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/14-18 Minute by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the establishment of the Naval Brigade to fight in France and Belgium. [Typescript, initialled by WSC]. 17 Aug [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/19 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Director of the Air Department, Admiralty, Captain Murray Sueter, suggesting that aircraft should be rested during the next few days. Includes Sueter's reply, confirming that aircraft, seaplane and airship patrols were to be reduced to one a day at all stations, and that all machines would be cleaned, tuned up and kept in readiness for immediate service. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 17 Aug [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/20 Minute from WSC to the Admiralty Press Bureau, giving an Admiralty statement, warning neutral shipping of the dangers of crossing the North Sea. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC]. 22 Aug [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/21-24 Submission from Commodore Roger Keyes [Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service] to the Chief of the War Staff, Admiralty [Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick) Doveton Sturdee], reporting results of submarine reconnaissance, particularly activities of German destroyer patrols north and south of Heligoland. Keyes suggests a "well- organised drive" by British submarines to disrupt the patrols. [Carbon copy]. 23 Aug [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/25 Diary note by Commodore Roger Keyes [Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service], giving an account of a meeting between himself and Lieutenant Ernest Leir [Submarine Service] with WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] and Vice-Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee [Chief of the War Staff, Admiralty] on arrangements for "The Affair of 28 August" [naval action in the Heligoland Bight]. 23 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/26-27 Admiralty Press Release warning neutral shipping of the dangers of crossing the North Sea. 23 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/28 Telegram from the Supreme Commander of the Russian Armies [the Grand Duke Nicholas] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, accepting in principle the offer of assistance from the Royal Navy to a Russian Army landing on the North German Coast, if the British fleet gained command of the Baltic Sea. [Typescript copy]. 24 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/29 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], and Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on naval power in the Baltic. WSC points out that the destruction of the Austrian Navy or the accession to Britain's side of Italy and Greece would enable two fleets to be maintained, each superior to Germany, one of which could be placed in the Baltic. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC; typescript copy at CHAR 13/29/113]. 25 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/30 Memorandum by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on naval strength in the Baltic, stating that the Kiel Canal gave Germany the power of putting their whole naval force in the North Sea or the Baltic. He adds that the Royal Navy was not strong enough to provide two fleets, each individually superior to the German Fleet, and that the Admiralty could not obtain the naval command of the Baltic until either a decisive general battle had been won at sea or the Kiel canal was effectively blocked. WSC also comments on the possibilities of landing a Russian army in northern Germany from the Baltic. [Hand-written copy]. 19 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/31-36 Report from Commodore Roger Keyes [Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service] to the Chief of the War Staff, Admiralty [Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick) Doveton Sturdee], reporting on a raid on Heligoland by British cruisers, destroyers and submarines, including an account of the sinking of the German light cruiser Mainz. [Typescript copy]. 28 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/37-38 Letter from Commodore Roger Keyes [Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service] (Harwich [Essex]) to Commodore Allan Everett [Captain of the Fleet, Grand Fleet] on the British raid on the Heligoland Bight, and the sinking of the German light cruiser Mainz. [Typescript copy]. 29 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/39-40 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] on the need for artillery on the Western Front, suggesting that territorial batteries be sent to India, and regular artillery brought home: "It is an awful pity to leave these splendid batteries keeping order among natives when trained artillery is our bitterest need. I think myself that every regular battery in India except mountain, ought to come home and be replaced by territorials". WSC also comments on rifles and ammunition for the Naval Division and mentions the Divisional Cavalry, asking if it would be possible for the Oxfordshire Yeomanry to be transferred to the Division. [Typescript copy]. 02 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/41 Telegram from Rear-Admiral Mark Kerr, [Commander-in- Chief, Greek Navy] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, giving the opinion of the Greek General Staff that the Greek forces were sufficient to take Gallipoli, provided Bulgaria simultaneously attacked Turkey with all force. Kerr states that the plan to take the Dardanelles was ready, and that the support of a British squadron of two battle-cruisers, one armoured cruiser, three light cruisers, and a flotilla of destroyers and minesweepers would be required. He also comments on the possible seizure of the Baghdad Railway as a source of German cereal imports, at Alexandretta [Iraq], which would require money from England to carry through. [Typescript copy, annotated by WSC]. 09 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/42-43 Letter from Edward, Prince of Wales [later King Edward VIII and Edward, Duke of Windsor], (Buckingham Palace [London]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] expressing his sympathy on the loss of HMS Hogue, HMS Aboukir and HMS Cressy, and recommending Commander Gerald Saurin, who had been relieved of a command in the Naval Brigade. He states that Saurin was a "very good and capable officer", and that he had heard from two Lieutenants in the Naval Brigade that they were sorry to lose Saurin, who was very popular with the men; he asks WSC to investigate the case. [Hand-written and signed]. 25 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/44 Minute by Prince Louis of Battenberg, 1st Sea Lord [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] responding to WSC's request for comments on the telegram by Rear-Admiral Mark Kerr [Commander-in-Chief, Greek Navy] on a possible Greek attack on Gallipoli [Turkey]. Battenberg states that the attack would be difficult to achieve due to the difficulty of making an alliance between Greece and Bulgaria, and comments that Kerr's second suggestion [the possible Greek attack on the Baghdad Railway, Iraq] was a good suggestion. Includes note of agreement by Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick) Doveton Sturdee, Chief of Staff, Admiralty. [Typescript copy; original at CHAR 13/27B/47]. 10 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/45 Telegram from Rear-Admiral Mark Kerr, [Commander-in- Chief, Greek Navy] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, giving the opinion of the Greek General Staff that the Greek forces were sufficient to take Gallipoli, provided Bulgaria simultaneously attacked Turkey with all force. Kerr states that the plan to take the Dardanelles was ready, and that the support of a British squadron of two battle-cruisers, one armoured cruiser, three light cruisers, and a flotilla of destroyers and minesweepers would be required. He also comments on the possible seizure of the Baghdad Railway as a source of German cereal imports, at Alexandretta [Iraq], which would require money from England to carry through. [Typescript copy of CHAR 13/27B/41]. 09 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/46 Report from Lieutenant-Commander Aubrey Tillard (HMS Larne) to Captain (D), 2nd Destroyer Flotilla, reporting a conversation between Sub-Lieutenant C N Pulford and Mr Duncan, Dockmaster at Aberdeen [Scotland], stating Duncan's opinion that the Germans had a store of mines in Iceland, and that German trawlers were manned by naval crews and engaged in minelaying. [Carbon copy]. 25 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/47 Minute by Prince Louis of Battenberg, 1st Sea Lord [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] responding to WSC's request for comments on the telegram by Rear-Admiral Mark Kerr [Commander-in-Chief, Greek Navy] on a possible Greek attack on Gallipoli [Turkey]. Battenberg states that the attack would be difficult to achieve due to the difficulty of making an alliance between Greece and Bulgaria, and comments that Kerr's second suggestion [the possible Greek attack on the Baghdad Railway, Iraq] was a good suggestion. Includes note of agreement by Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick) Doveton Sturdee, Chief of Staff, Admiralty. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC, with typescript copy]. 10 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/48 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet [Vice- Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], asking for comments on the recent German submarine activity. [Copy]. 29 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/49 Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet [Vice- Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, commenting on the recent German submarine activity. [Typescript copy]. 30 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/50 Telegram from Rear-Admiral Mark Kerr, [Commander-in- Chief, Greek Navy] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, giving the opinion of the Greek General Staff that the Greek forces were sufficient to take Gallipoli, provided Bulgaria simultaneously attacked Turkey with all force. Kerr states that the plan to take the Dardanelles was ready, and that the support of a British squadron of two battle-cruisers, one armoured cruiser, three light cruisers, and a flotilla of destroyers and minesweepers would be required. He also comments on the possible seizure of the Baghdad Railway as a source of German cereal imports, at Alexandretta [Iraq], which would require money from England to carry through. [Typescript copy]. 09 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/51 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Secretary of the Admiralty [Sir (William) Graham Greene] and the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] on forces available for operations in the narrow seas, which should consist of a small number of good modern ships, suggesting that the "Bacchante" class cruisers be withdrawn from the area. [Typescript copy]. 18 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/52-54 Letter from Vice-Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in- Chief, Grand Fleet] (HMS Iron Duke) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on German submarine activity in the North Sea, commenting that Germany had a lead over Britain in ocean-going submarines. Jellicoe warns that it would be foolish to risk big ships in waters infested by submarines, adding that the principal object should be to get rid of German submarines as quickly as possible, using British and French submarines against them. He also asks for more trawlers to be fitted with wireless in order to form a trawler patrol, suggests using the Grand Fleet to shut up the northern entrance to the North Sea and asks for submarine defence at Scapa Flow [Orkney Islands, Scotland]. 30 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/27B/55 Letter from Major-General Stanley Von Donop [Master- General of the Ordnance] (War Office), to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] asking for 12,000 6-inch lyddite shells to be supplied to the British Expeditionary Force. 01 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/56-57 Minute from Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick) Doveton Sturdee [Chief of Staff, Admiralty] to the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] on the danger to the Battle Fleet from German submarine activity in the North Sea. 03 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/58 Letter from Major-General Stanley Von Donop [Master-General of the Ordnance] (War Office) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] with thanks for supplying 3 9.2-inch gun mountings and 2,000 6-inch shells for the British Expeditionary Force in France. 02 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/59-60 Admiralty minute [? from Rear-Admiral Frederick Hamilton, 2nd Sea Lord] to the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] on the risk to the Battle Fleet from German submarines in the North Sea. 04 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/61 Minute from Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the letter from Vice-Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet] on the dangers to the Grand Fleet from German submarines in the North Sea [see CHAR 13/27B/52-54 for Jellicoe's letter]. 07 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/62-65 Letter from [WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty] to Vice- Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet] on the risk to the Fleet from German submarines in the North Sea, and the need to secure the safety of the Fleet during the "long and indefinite period of waiting for a general action". WSC also comments on the chances of German invasion, and protecting the Fleet's anchorage. [Carbon copy]. 08 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/66 Letter from 1st Lord Haldane [former Secretary of State for War] (28 Queen Anne's Gate [London]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] with congratulations on the success of the Naval Division in Belgium. 09 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/67 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later Lord Milford Haven] stating that he could not pass over Rear-Admiral Alexander Duff in favour of Rear-Admiral Horace Hood for the post of Rear Admiral, 4th Battle Squadron, as Duff was senior, and had been promised the post once mobilisation was complete. WSC recommends Hood for the Dover Patrol. [Hand-written copy, unsigned]. 09 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/68 Minute by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] asking for a copy of his minute on the Divisional Cavalry of the Royal Naval Division. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 12 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/69-70 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], criticising the War Office for changing their sea bases without consulting the Admiralty. WSC states that if the Germans were able to establish submarine bases at Zeebrugge and Ostende [Belgium], they would be able to harass cross-channel communications. [Hand-written copy, unsigned]. 14 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/71 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] on the War Office request to the Admiralty, to set aside orders for 1000 tons of naval cordite to facilitate army requirements. [Hand-written copy by Edward Marsh, Private Secretary to WSC]. 14 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/72 Telegram from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Japanese Minister of Marine [Vice-Admiral Rokuro Yashiro] praising the Japanese Navy for its contribution to the Allied cause. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC]. 16 Oct [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/73 Letter from D Macdonald, (Mains Lodge, Wimbledon Park [London]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on plans for crossing the Tugela River [South Africa]. 16 Oct [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/74 Letter from James Masterton Smith [Private Secretary to WSC] to Sir William Tyrrell [Private Secretary to Sir Edward Grey, Foreign Secretary] sending a copy of a letter [at CHAR 13/27B/75] from WSC to Lewis Harcourt [Secretary of State for the Colonies] for Grey's information. 18 Oct [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/75 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Lewis Harcourt [Secretary of State for the Colonies] regretting that there was no cruiser available to visit the island of Yap [in the Caroline Islands, Pacific Ocean], which had been taken over [from Germany] by Japan. WSC states that there was no military reason to eject the Japanese, and that the Admiralty would strongly deprecate any suspicious or ungracious act towards Japan. [Typescript copy]. 18 Oct [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/76 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] reporting his conversation with Archibald Hurd, Naval Correspondent of the Daily Telegraph, on the order about not interfering with enemy reservists in neutral ships, which had caused "widespread bewilderment and disapproval". Hurd had repeated rumours that the order had been published by Admiral Lord Charles Beresford, as part of a campaign for raising suspicion against Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven]. [Hand-written copy by Edward Marsh, Private Secretary to WSC]. 18 Oct [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/77 Letter from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] offering his resignation as 1st Sea Lord, as his birth and parentage were impairing his usefulness on the Board of Admiralty. Battenberg asks for a public sign indicating that he still commanded the confidence and trust of King George V and the Government; he also comments on the question of his successor, recommending Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher as 1st Sea Lord, and Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson as Chief of the War Staff. Also includes copy of WSC's reply, accepting his resignation and expressing his appreciation of Battenberg's service. [Hand-written copy by Edward Marsh, Private Secretary to WSC; originals at CHAR 13/27B/79 and CHAR 13/27B/80]. 28 Oct 1914 - 29 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/78 Letter from 1st Lord Haldane [former Secretary of State for War] (28 Queen Anne's Gate [London]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] praising his statement on the loss of [HMS Audacious, sunk by mines in the Irish Sea]. Haldane also comments on the Royal Navy's contribution to the war effort over the last 3 months. 28 Oct [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/79 Letter from Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] offering his resignation as 1st Sea Lord as his birth and parentage were impairing his usefulness on the Board of Admiralty. 28 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/80 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven], accepting his resignation [as 1st Sea Lord], and praising his work at the Admiralty. [Hand-written copy, signed by WSC]. 29 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/81 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on his employment following the appointment of Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher as 1st Sea Lord. Wilson asks for a room near the Admiralty War Room so that he could work as "Fisher's slave to tackle any problems he likes to set me". 29 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/82 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], on Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord] and Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson, stating that the two men were "working very happily together". WSC comments that King George V had arranged a weekly interview with Fisher, and that their first meeting was "most cordial". [Hand-written, initialled by WSC, Asquith and Grey]. 30 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/83-84 Letter from Vice-Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander- in-Chief of the Grand Fleet] (HMS Iron Duke) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the loss of HMS Audacious [sunk by a mine in the Irish Sea], particularly praising the behaviour of the crew. Jellicoe also mentions the shock of the resignation of Prince Louis of Battenberg [later 1st Lord Milford Haven, as 1st Sea Lord] and comments on naval movements and operations. He opposes moving the Fleet to Portland [Dorset] as this might be considered a retirement following the loss of the Audacious, and suggests the mining of the Heligoland Bight. 30 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/27B/85-86 Admiralty Press Bureau Statement on German minelaying in the North Atlantic. [Duplicate typescript]. 02 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/87-88 Letter from Sir Gilbert Parker (20 Carlton House Terrace [London]) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the loss of HMS Audacious, sunk by a mine in the Irish Sea. He encloses a letter from Ed L Keen, General European Manager of the United Press Associations of America, complaining that the news of the loss had been withheld from the British public, and that permission to cable it out of Britain had been refused. 07 Nov 1914 - 10 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/89 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Gilbert Parker, defending the decision not to release the news of the sinking of HMS Audacious. [Hand-written copy by Edward Marsh, Private Secretary to WSC]. 11 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/90-91 Letter from Sir Gilbert Parker to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the decision against releasing the news of the sinking of HMS Audacious. 12 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/92-93 Letter from Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in- Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on naval aircraft, recommending that they be sent back to Britain for refitting, as attempting to refit in France or Belgium would cause congestion. French states that the Royal Flying Corps would attack Zeppelin sheds as soon as the Zeppelins arrived, and that the help of the Royal Naval Air Service would be very desirable. He adds that the British Expeditionary Force had no need for the naval armoured cars, recommending that they be sent back to Britain, for repair and to be re-armoured. 14 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/94 Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] expressing disappointment at the treatment of the Naval Air Service in France and Belgium. [Hand-written copy, unsigned, annotated "Not sent"]. 15 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/95 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] on air attacks on German Zeppelin bases. WSC states that all naval aircraft and armoured cars would be withdrawn to Dunkirk [France], "so as to keep quite clear of the British Army and its communications", but would remain there for the present. [Hand-written copy, unsigned]. 15 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/96-99 Accounts from HMS Glasgow of the naval battle off Coronel [Chile], 1 Nov 1914, resulting in the destruction of Rear-Admiral Sir Christopher Cradock's squadron, and the loss of HMS Good Hope and HMS Monmouth. [Typescript copy]. 04 Nov 1914 - 17 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/100-101 Letter from Rear-Admiral Sir David Beatty, Commander, 1st Battle Cruiser Squadron, to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the need to concentrate on the complete destruction of the enemy fleet. 27 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/102 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the 1st Sea Lord [Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher] and the Chief of the Admiralty War Staff [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver] on the distribution of intercepted German telegrams. WSC states that only one copy should be made, for circulation to the 1st Sea Lord, the Chief of the War Staff, and Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 29 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/103 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres], on the military situation on the Western Front, offering to come over to see him to discuss the matter. [Hand-written copy]. 29 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/104 Letter from Rear-Admiral David Beatty [Commander, 1st Battle Cruiser Squadron], to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, stating that he had always asked for equality with the German battle cruisers: "give me my 5 cats and a good litter of kittens and there shall be no successful raid on the Coast". 04 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/105 Letter from Sir Gilbert Parker (20, Carlton House Terrace [London]) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the loss of HMS Audacious. 10 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/27B/106-109 Letter from Rear-Admiral Sir Archibald Moore [Commander, 2nd Battle Cruiser Squadron] (HMS Leviathan) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on his regret at leaving HMS New Zealand and HMS Invincible, recommending Commander Henry Grace for promotion to Captain. Moore states that he has a low opinion of the fighting qualities of his new ship, HMS Leviathan, of the 1st Cruiser Squadron, and lists the drawbacks of that class of ship. Also includes covering note from WSC to the 1st Sea Lord [Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher]. 03 Dec 1914 - 09 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/110 Letter from King George V (Buckingham Palace [London]), to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], expressing delight at the victory of Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick) Doveton Sturdee [over Admiral von Spee in the Battle of the Falkland Islands]. 09 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/111 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] on a naval bombardment to support the advance of the Army on Ostende [Belgium]. WSC suggests that the Navy attack Zeebrugge, the base of the German submarines, at the same time. [Hand-written draft, unsigned]. 10 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/112 Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel [George] Tom Bridges [Head of Military Mission with the Belgian Field Army] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the work of the Naval Division in Belgium. 10 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/113 Letter from Walter Long to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, with congratulations on the victory of Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick) Doveton Sturdee [over Admiral von Spee in the Battle of the Falkland Islands]. 10 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/114 Minute from Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Admiralty War Staff] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, confirming that a "C" Class submarine had been sent on reconnaissance to Zeebrugge [Belgium], so that a report would be available for the bombardment, and that another ship would be sent when it returned. 12 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/115 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Chief of Staff, Admiralty [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver] suggesting that a "C" class submarine be sent to lie off Zeebrugge [Belgium], to attack German submarines. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 12 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/116 Letter from Captain John Derwent Allen (HMS Kent, Falkland Islands) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] with an account of the Battle of the Falklands, particularly his chase and destruction of the German cruiser Nurnberg. 14 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/117 Letter from William [Lionel] Hichens [Chairman of Cammell Laird and Company, Limited] (Brookhurst, Bromborough, Cheshire) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on HMS Caroline, completed 5 months ahead of schedule. Hichens suggests that WSC might write to the firm's Managing Director, expressing his appreciation. 14 Dec [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/118-123 Letter from Commodore Roger Keyes [Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service] to Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff, Admiralty] on submarine deployment in the North Sea. [Duplicate typescript]. 15 Dec [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/124-128 Report from Commodore Roger Keyes [Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service] to the Chief of the War Staff, Admiralty [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver] on a patrol by destroyers and submarines, and their attempt to intercept German battleships following a raid on Scarborough [Yorkshire], complaining that important signals had failed to reach him. [Duplicate typescript]. 17 Dec 1914 - 21 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/129 List of German ships taking part in a raid on Scarborough [Yorkshire], 16 December 1914. [Duplicate typescript]. [Dec] [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/130 Letter from Edward Smyth-Osbourne (HMS Invincible) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, thanking him for his message to the ship's company [following the Battle of the Falklands], and giving an account of the battle. 19 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/131-132 List of German ships taking part in a raid on Scarborough [Yorkshire], 16 December 1914. [Duplicate typescript]. [Dec] [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/133 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres], regretting that the Royal Navy could not provide artillery support on the Belgian coast. WSC explains that small ships were not powerful enough, and it was not justifiable to expose battleships to risk of attack by submarines, except to support a land attack of primary importance. [Hand-written draft, unsigned]. 19 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/134-136 Admiralty minute, giving telephone messages from the Chief Constable of Kent [Lieutenant-Colonel Henry Warde] and the War Office concerning enemy aircraft over Kent. 25 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/137-138 Letter from Vice-Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander- in-Chief of the Grand Fleet] (HMS Iron Duke) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, regretting that a telegram to his wife on fleet movements had been made public. Jellicoe also comments on problems of the Grand Fleet, particularly a collision between HMS Monarch and HMS Conqueror, and on the success of the Armed Merchant Cruisers. 28 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/139 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to [Councillor Christopher Graham], Mayor of Scarborough [Yorkshire] expressing his sympathy on the raid on the town by the German Navy. [Hand-written copy]. 20 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/140 Letter from Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon [Managing Director] of the Coventry Ordnance Works, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], asking if he wished to see the proving of the first 15-inch howitzer. 20 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/141-142 Letter from Christopher Graham, Mayor of Scarborough [Yorkshire] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] with thanks for his letter of sympathy on the German raid on the town. 21 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/143-155 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] on the treatment of naval units serving with the Army in France. WSC argues that they should continue to be subject to the Naval Discipline Act, not given the choice to "become a soldier or be sent home"; he lists the five units concerned: armoured trains, motor omnibuses, aircraft, armoured cars and 15-inch howitzers. [Two draft carbon copies]. 21 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/156 Minute from Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson, (Admiralty) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on control of the naval units serving with the Army in France. 22 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/157 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], stating that it would be wrong to continue the discussion on the status of naval units serving with the Army in France. WSC asks what Kitchener wished to do with the 15 officers and 350 men concerned, who could be recalled at once if desired. [Hand-written copy by Edward Marsh, Private Secretary to WSC]. 23 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/158-160 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the status of naval units serving with the Army in France. Kitchener states that while the War Office would welcome a Naval Brigade or Division, they did not think it necessary to have "irregular" Naval units serving in armoured cars or trains, which could be provided by the War Office. He adds that if these irregular units were only a means for "certain officers and gentlemen without military training to get to the front" than it was important that they should be part of the Army. 23 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/27B/161 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the status of naval units serving with the Army in France, stating that it was a relief to settle the matter. 24 [Dec] [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/162-163 Memorandum by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the need to secure naval command of the Baltic, in view of the stalemate on the Western Front. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC]. 31 Dec [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/164 Letter from [Field Marshal Sir John French, Commander- in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], explaining that he is sending a note, but will write at length later. [Nov] [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/165 Admiralty notice on the scheme of pensions and allowances to be awarded to officers and men of Fleet Auxiliaries and civilians in Admiralty service. [Printed]. Aug 1914
CHAR 13/27B/166 Note of the loss of life from submarine attacks. [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/167-168 Letter from Herbert Asquith [Prime Minister, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] with congratulations on the Royal Navy's success in the Battle of the Dogger Bank [North Sea]. Jan 1915
CHAR 13/27B/169-170 Letter from Henry Massingham [Editor of the Nation] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the freedom of the press to criticise the Government in time of war. Jan [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/171 Minute by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] reporting his meeting with the French Naval Attache, Jean, Comte de Saint- Seine, on the possibility of joint action in the Mediterranean. [Hand-written copy by Edward Marsh, Private Secretary to WSC]. Jan [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/172 Note by WSC, ordering [?] HMS Swift to receive and dispose of a number of rifles from the customs authorities; includes note from Sir Laurence Guillemard [Chairman Board of Customs and Excise] explaining that the customs have no authority to destroy the rifles. [1914]
CHAR 13/27B/173 Table showing comparative British and German naval building programmes, including Britain's 2-Power Standard. [1914]