Official: Admiralty: Telegrams [Carbon copies].

Reference code: CHAR 13/37

Part of: CHAR 13
Next record: CHAR 13/38
Previous record: CHAR 13/36

Date: 30 Jul 1914 - 31 Dec 1914

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Physical: 1 volume (126 folios)
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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 13/37/1 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] on new Admiralty fishing regulations restricting British fishing vessels in the North Sea, and Orkneys and Shetlands [Scotland]. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 02 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/2 Telegram from Admiralty to "Commodore T" [Reginald Tyrwhitt], appointing him Commodore 1st Class from 4 Dec. Initialled by WSC. [Carbon]. 03 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/3 Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] to Admiralty, on the defence of Scapa Flow [Orkney Islands, Scotland] against submarines. [Carbon]. 04 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/4 Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] to Admiralty, on fleet mine sweeping vessels. [Carbon]. 04 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/5 Telegram from Captain MacIlwaine, fitting out ships at Harland and Wolff, Belfast [Northern Ireland] to Admiralty, reporting that Sir Otto Jaffe, a prominent German Jew, was a suspected spy. MacIlwaine alleges that Jaffe had made an exhaustive report to the German Government on Belfast, and that he had been seen spying on ships fitting out "from an unusual place of observation". [Carbon]. 04 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/6 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] on the desirability of using the battleships HMS Hannibal and HMS Magnificent for more active service, if they could be replaced at Scapa Flow [Orkney Islands, Scotland] by shore batteries. [Carbon]. 05 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/7 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], ordering him to send four mine sweeping gunboats to Sheerness [Kent] for operations on the Belgian coast. [Carbon]. 05 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/8-9 Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] to the Admiralty, on the defence of Scapa Flow [Orkney Islands, Scotland]: Jellicoe states that the battleship HMS Hannibal could be spared and replaced by shore batteries, but urges them to leave HMS Magnificent on station. [Carbon]. 06 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/10 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], advising against sending the fleet south, as the westerly gales would cause mines to be adrift south of Latitude 56, and there was no movement of the German High Sea Fleet. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 06 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/11 Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] to Admiralty, on his proposal to send the 1st Battle Cruiser Squadron and Light Cruiser Squadron to sea, for a sweep south and east. [Carbon]. 06 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/12 Telegrams from Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] to Admiralty, requesting submarine defences to be built at Swarback Minns, Shetland Islands [Scotland], which he was using as a cruiser base for ships on Northern patrol duty. [Carbon]. 30 Nov 1914 - 07 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/13 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] on a complaint from the Provost of Lossiemouth [Morayshire, Scotland] that no drifters had been taken from there, but many had been taken from Wick [Caithness]. Jellicoe is requested to take any more drifters that he might require from Lossiemouth, as this would help to ease distress among the fishing community there. Initialled by the 4th Sea Lord [Captain Cecil Lambert]. [Carbon]. 07 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/14 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] on the construction of a submarine obstruction at the cruiser base at Swarback Minns [Shetland Islands, Scotland]. Initialled by the 4th Sea Lord [Captain Cecil Lambert]. [Carbon]. 08 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/15 Telegram from Admiralty to "Commodore S" [Roger Keyes, Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service] (Harwich [Essex]), ordering him to send a "C" class submarine to Zeebrugge [Belgium] to look for a German submarine and to scout. [Carbon]. 09 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/16 Telegram from Lieutenant-Colonel [George] Tom Bridges [4th Hussars] to Admiralty, requesting a bombardment of the Belgian coast and combined attack on Zeebrugge. Includes comment by the Rear-Admiral, Dover, agreeing with Bridges and asking for permission to visit the Admiralty to discuss operations. [Carbon]. 09 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/17 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on the possibility of attack from the German High Sea Fleet. [Carbon]. 10 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/18 Telegram from Admiralty to the Admiral, Rosyth, the Commander-in-Chief, the Nore [Admiral Sir Richard Poore], Vice-Admiral, Channel [Vice-Admiral Sir Cecil Burney] and Rear-Admiral, 6th Battle Squadron, Portland [Dorset], with orders that the 3rd Battle Squadron, and 3rd Cruiser Squadron should have steam ready for 12 knots daily from daybreak to 0900, and steam for 60 per cent power at 2 hours notice throughout the 24 hours. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff] and WSC. [Carbon]. 10 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/19 Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], to Admiralty, on cruiser deployments. [Carbon]. 11 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/20 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], ordering that original names of ships fitting out in Belfast [Ulster, Northern Ireland] for special service be removed and new names and numbers assigned. Initialled by WSC. [Carbon]. 11 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/21 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] on the destruction of the [German cruisers] Scharnhorst and the Gneisenau, and the possibility of offensive action by the High Sea Fleet in the next three weeks before the return of British squadrons from the South Atlantic. Initialled by WSC. [Carbon]. 11 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/22 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on information that the German 1st Cruiser Squadron, with destroyers, would shortly be leaving the Jade River [Germany]; ordering Jellicoe to send the Battle Cruiser Squadron and a Light Cruiser Squadron to cover the East Coast. Initialled by WSC. [Carbon]. 14 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/23 Telegram from Admiralty to "Commodore T" [Reginald Tyrwhitt], on the possibility of a raid by German battle cruisers on the East Coast, ordering him to deploy his destroyer flotillas. Initialled by the Chief of Staff [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver]. [Carbon]. 15 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/24 Telegram from the Senior Officer, 2nd Battle Squadron, to Admiralty, advising against sending 1st and 3rd destroyer flotillas to Heligoland [Germany], as there was a strong north-west wind and a nasty sea. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/25 Telegram from the Senior Officer, 2nd Battle Squadron, to Admiralty, reporting a sighting of German cruisers and destroyers. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/26 Telegram from Admiralty to the Senior Officer, 2nd Battle Squadron, giving permission for 1st and 3rd destroyer flotillas to proceed to Heligoland [Germany] to attack enemy cruisers returning to base. Initialled by WSC. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/27 Telegram from Admiralty to the Senior Officer, 2nd Battle Squadron, reporting that German cruisers were probably heading for Heligoland [Germany], advising him to stay outside a minefield, and steer to cut them off. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/28 Telegram from Admiralty to Vice-Admiral [2nd Battle Squadron, Sir George Warrender], and Vice-Admiral [Battle Cruiser Squadron, Sir Archibald Moore], reporting three dreadnoughts off Scarborough [Yorkshire]. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/29 Telegram from Admiralty to Vice-Admiral, 2nd Battle Squadron [Sir George Warrender], and Vice-Admiral [Battle Cruiser Squadron, Sir Archibald Moore], reporting that Scarborough [Yorkshire] was being shelled at 0820. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/30 Telegram from Admiralty to "Commodore T" [Reginald Tyrwhitt], reporting German dreadnoughts off Scarborough [Yorkshire] and light cruisers off Hartlepool [County Durham]. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/31 Telegram from Admiralty to Vice-Admirals, 1st, 2nd and 3rd Battle Cruiser Squadrons, and the Light Cruiser Squadron, reporting the position of enemy battle cruisers. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/32 Telegram from Admiralty to 2nd Battle Squadron, 1st Battle Cruiser Squadron, and Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], reporting the position of the German High Sea Fleet. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/33 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on the interception of German cruisers following their raid on the east coast. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/34 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], reporting that "Commodore T" [Reginald Tyrwhitt], and destroyers had been placed at the disposal of the Vice-Admiral, 2nd Battle Squadron [Sir George Warrender] for the interception of German cruisers following their raid on Scarborough [Yorkshire]. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/35 Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], to Admiralty, asking for permission to order "Commodore T" [Reginald Tyrwhitt] to meet him at daylight, 17 Dec. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/36 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], reporting that the Germans were shelling Scarborough [Yorkshire] and Hartlepool [County Durham], and ordering him to bring the fleet out, in case the enemy were chased north. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 16 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/37 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Vice-Admiral Sir Cecil Burney, on changes in high command following victory off the Falkland Islands, offering him command of the 1st Battle Squadron, with Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly succeeding him as Vice-Admiral Commanding Channel Fleet. [Carbon]. 17 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/38 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleets [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] on reports that 1st Light Cruiser Squadron had engaged enemy cruiser and destroyers, asking for detailed reports from Flag Officers concerned. Initialled by WSC. [Carbon]. 17 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/39 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to Vice-Admiral Sir Lewis Bayly, offering him the post of Vice-Admiral Commanding Channel Fleet. [Carbon]. 17 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/40-41 Telegram from Vice-Admiral, 2nd Battle Squadron [Sir George Warrender] to Admiralty, reporting on his engagement with German cruisers and destroyers following their raid on Scarborough [Yorkshire], 16 Dec. [Carbon]. 18 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/42 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleets [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], ordering him to investigate fully circumstances connected with the escape of German battle cruisers following their raid on Scarborough [Yorkshire]. [Carbon]. 19 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/43 Telegram from "Captain D", 4th Destroyer Flotilla to Admiralty, reporting on his engagement with German cruisers and destroyers, 17 Dec. [Carbon]. 19 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/44 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleets [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] proposing that the Battle Cruiser Squadron be sent to Rosyth [Fife, Scotland] to defend against future German raids on the east coast. [Carbon]. 20 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/45 Telegram from "Commodore T" [Reginald Tyrwhitt] to Admiralty, reporting the loss of Flight Lieutenant Hewlett from HMS Riviera, and of three seaplanes. [Carbon]. 25 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/46 Telegram from Commodore S [Roger Keyes, Captain and Commodore in charge of the Submarine Service] to Chief of Staff, Admiralty [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver], reporting that Submarine E.11 had rescued three seaplane pilots while under fire. [Carbon]. 26 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/47 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on the withdrawal of armoured cruisers used as support for patrolling trawlers. [Carbon]. 29 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/48 Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], to Admiralty, on the withdrawal of armoured cruisers as support for patrolling trawlers, suggesting that cruisers still be used at night, when the risk from submarines was lessened. [Carbon]. 30 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/49 Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] to Admiralty, on problems with the steering gear of the ships of 2nd Destroyer Flotilla. [Carbon]. 31 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/50 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], agreeing to use cruisers at night to protect patrol trawlers. [Carbon]. 31 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/51 Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] to Admiralty, reporting that Scapa Flow [Orkney Islands, Scotland] and other North Sea bases at Switha Sound and Hoxa Sound [Orkney Islands], and Loch Ewe [Ross and Cromarty] could not be used until submarine defences had been placed. Includes WSC's reply authorising Jellicoe to demand whatever materials and labour were required for the construction of defences. [Carbon, with hand-written reply, initialled by WSC]. 18 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/37/52 Telegram from Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] to Admiralty, asking if he should risk the submarine menace at Scapa Flow [Orkney Islands, Scotland], or whether he should use a base on the west coast until submarine defences were placed at Scapa. Includes reply by WSC, giving permission to "rest and refresh" the fleet at Bantry Bay [County Cork, Ireland] for six or seven days. [Carbon]. 19 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/37/53 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, China Station [Vice-Admiral Sir (Thomas) Martyn Jerram], on the escort of an Australian troop convoy to Britain. Initialled by Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] and WSC. [Carbon]. c 10 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/37/54 Telegram from Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir George Callaghan] and all Flag Officers concerned, postponing a conference of Flag Officers called to assemble at Portland [Dorset] on 25 July. Initialled by Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven]. [Carbon]. 24 Jul 1914
CHAR 13/37/55-57 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] on the protection of the British Expeditionary Force during its crossing to France. [Carbon, with note that the original was in the hand of Edward Marsh, Private Secretary to WSC]. 08 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/58 Telegram from Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet [Admiral Sir (Archibald) Berkeley Milne] on the possibility of the outbreak of war, particularly Milne's first task of helping the French to transport their African army. Initialled by WSC. [Carbon]. 30 Jul 1914
CHAR 13/37/59 Telegram from Admiralty to all Commanders-in-Chief and senior officers abroad, on the likelihood of the outbreak of war, ordering them to be prepared to shadow possible hostile ships, and to consider the disposition of ships under their command. Initialled by WSC. [Carbon]. 27 Jul 1914
CHAR 13/37/60 Telegram from the Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet [Admiral Sir (Archibald) Berkeley Milne] to Admiralty, on the disposition of the Mediterranean fleet on the outbreak of war. [Carbon]. 31 Jul 1914
CHAR 13/37/61 Telegram from Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet [Admiral Sir (Archibald) Berkeley Milne] and the Commander-in-Chief, Malta [? Admiral George Ballard] ordering that the German [battle cruiser] Goeben should be shadowed by two battle cruisers, and that approaches to the Adriatic should be watched by cruisers and destroyers. Initialled by Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] and WSC. [Carbon]. 02 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/62 Telegram from Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet [Admiral Sir (Archibald) Berkeley Milne], the Commander-in-Chief, Malta [? Admiral George Ballard], the Commander-in-Chief, China [Vice-Admiral Sir (Thomas) Martyn Jerram], the Commander-in-Chief, Amoy and the Commander-in-Chief, Hong Kong [Robert Anstruther], authorising communication with the French Senior Officer on their station for combined action if Britain should become an ally of France against Germany. WSC states that the situation is very critical and warns them to expect surprise attacks. Initialled by WSC. [Carbon]. 02 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/63 Telegram from Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet [Admiral Sir (Archibald) Berkeley Milne], ordering him to continue the watch on the mouth of the Adriatic, but stating that the German [battle cruiser] Goeben should be his main priority. Initialled by WSC. [Carbon]. 03 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/64 Telegram from the Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet [Admiral Sir (Archibald) Berkeley Milne] to Admiralty, confirming that HMS Indomitable and HMS Indefatigable were shadowing the German [battle cruiser] Goeben and [light cruiser] Breslau. Includes replies by WSC and Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] ordering that the Goeben should be prevented from attacking French transports. [Carbon]. 04 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/65 Minute from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], reporting that the German battle cruiser, Goeben and the light cruiser Breslau had been found west of Sicily, asking for authority to attack the ships if the Goeben attacked French transports. [Carbon]. 04 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/66 Telegram from Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet [Admiral Sir (Archibald) Berkeley Milne] and the Admiral Superintendent Malta Dockyard [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden] on the declaration of Italian neutrality, ordering them to respect neutrality rigidly, and not to allow any British ships to come within six miles of the Italian coast. [Carbon]. 04 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/67 Telegram from Admiralty to All Ships, stating that the War Telegram would be issued at midnight, authorising the commencement of hostilities against Germany. Includes additional note from the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] to the Mediterranean Fleet, cancelling the authorisation for HMS Indomitable and HMS Indefatigable to engage the German cruiser Goeben. [Carbon]. 04 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/68 Foreign Office memorandum on a warning from Russia on the possibility of the Austrian Fleet attempting to enter the Black Sea with the connivance of Turkey; includes minute in response by the First Lord of the Admiralty [WSC]. [Carbon]. 08 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/69 Telegram from Admiralty to [Rear-Admiral Ernest Troubridge, Mediterranean Cruiser Squadron], and the Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet [Admiral Sir (Archibald) Berkeley Milne], ordering HMS Black Prince or HMS Duke of Edinburgh to proceed through the Suez Canal [Egypt] to search the Red Sea for hostile armed merchant cruisers. Initialled by Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] and WSC. [Carbon]. 10 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/70 Telegram from Admiralty to Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean Fleet [Admiral Sir (Archibald) Berkeley Milne] on an agreement with the French government on fleet dispositions in the Mediterranean. Initialled by WSC and Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven]. [Carbon]. 12 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/71 Telegram from Admiralty to HMS Warrior [Captain George Borrett], with orders to go to Port Said [Egypt], remain there for 12 hours of daylight, and then take station at Alexandria. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 17 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/72 Telegram from Henry Beaumont, [Counsellor, British Embassy, Constantinople (later Istanbul)] reporting his conversation with the Grand Vizier, on Turkey's undertaking to remain neutral in the European War, and also on the German presence in Turkish ships. Includes note by WSC stating that this uncertainty would not do, and that a protest must be made to the Foreign Office. [Carbon]. 16 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/73 Telegram from Admiralty to Rear-Admiral Ernest Troubridge (HMS Defence) [Mediterranean Cruiser Squadron], on the importance of showing no sign of hostile intention towards Turkey. The telegram states that Troubridge's duty was to prevent the [German battle cruiser] Goeben and the [light cruiser] Breslau from leaving the Dardanelles, ordering him to use no threats and to keep in touch with the Ambassador at Constantinople [later Istanbul]. Initialled by WSC and Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven]. [Carbon]. 18 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/74 Telegram from Admiralty to Rear-Admiral Ernest Troubridge, (HMS Defence) [Mediterranean Cruiser Squadron], ordering him to send a battle cruiser to Gibraltar to fill up with coal and await orders, sending her away after dark and keeping her movements from the Turks. Initialled by WSC and Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven]. [Carbon]. 19 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/75 Telegram from Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, East Indies [Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Peirse], on a proposed escort for a convoy of troop ships, stating that the minimum escort should be two ships, of which one must be superior to the [German cruiser] Konigsberg. The telegram suggests the organisation of regular fortnightly sailings using the six ships at Peirse's disposal. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee [Chief of Staff] and WSC. [Carbon]. 04 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/37/76 Telegram from [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], HMS Indefatigable to the Admiralty, on the bombardment of Helles Fort in the Dardanelles [Turkey]. [Carbon]. 06 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/77 Telegram from Foreign Office to Sir Louis Mallett [British Ambassador to Turkey], on the closure of the Dardanelles by Turkey, stating that British warships would not be withdrawn from the entrance to the Dardanelles while German officers and men were in control of the Turkish fleet. [Carbon]. 30 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/37/78 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden, (Malta), ordering him to assume command of the squadron off the Dardanelles [Turkey], with his sole duty being to sink the [German battle cruiser] Goeben and [light cruiser] Breslau if they came out of the Dardanelles, no matter what flag they were flying. [Carbon]. 21 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/37/79 Telegram from Admiralty to Senior Naval Officer, HMS Indefatigable, giving him authority to attack any Turkish ship emerging from the Dardanelles, taking all precautions to avoid surprise attack by torpedoes or floating mines. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee [Chief of Staff] and WSC. [Carbon]. 25 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/37/80 Telegram from Vice-Admiral Commanding Mediterranean detached squadron, to Admiralty, reporting that a Turkish torpedo boat came out of the Dardanelles on 26 Sept, but was sent back, and that on the morning of the 27th, French and Italian steamers were not permitted to enter the Straits. Also reporting that the Turkish authorities had blocked the Dardanelles permanently. [Carbon]. 27 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/37/81-83 Telegram from Sir Louis Mallett [British Ambassador to Turkey], to the Foreign Office, on the closure of the Dardanelles and on the mobilization of Turkish forces. [Carbon]. 27 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/37/84 Telegram from Foreign Office to Sir Louis Mallett [British Ambassador to Turkey], suggesting that he point out to the Turkish Government that as soon as the German officers and men ceased to control the Turkish Navy the British fleet would move away. Also that it was the Germans who were keeping the Dardanelles closed to the great detriment of Turkey. [Carbon]. 04 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/37/85-86 Telegram from Sir Louis Mallett [British Ambassador to Turkey] to the Foreign Office, on the closure of the Dardanelles and Turkey's policy towards Germany. [Carbon]. 05 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/37/87 Telegram from Admiralty to Vice-Admiral, HMS Indefatigable [Sackville Carden], on the arrival of a German submarine in Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey]. [Carbon]. 26 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/37/88 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Secretary [Sir (William) Graham Greene], 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] and Chief of Staff, Admiralty [Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick]) Doveton Sturdee] asking if one cruiser would be sufficient to cover the [German battle cruiser] Breslau in the Mediterranean, as one of the two ships there, either HMS Dublin or HMS Glasgow, was urgently needed to deal with the [German cruiser] Emden in the Indian Ocean. [Carbon]. 27 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/37/89 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the 1st Sea Lord [Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher], asking him to obtain the opinion of Vice-Admiral Sir Edmond Slade on the bombardment of the sea face forts of the Dardanelles [Turkey]. [Carbon]. 30 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/37/90-91 Telegram from the Foreign Office to Sir Louis Mallett, [British Ambassador to Turkey], on the Russian decision to recall their Ambassador in Constantinople [later Istanbul], and on Britain's response to Turkey's violations of neutrality. Mallet is ordered to leave Constantinople unless the Turkish Government dismisses the German Military and Naval Missions. [Carbon]. 30 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/37/92-93 Minute by Vice-Admiral Sir Edmond Slade, advising against a bombardment of the sea face of the Dardanelles Forts [Turkey]. Also includes responses by WSC and Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, 1st Sea Lord. [Carbon]. 30 Oct 1914 - 31 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/37/94 Telegram from Admiralty to Vice-Admiral [Sackville Carden], the Senior Naval Officer at Port Said [Egypt], the Commander-in-Chief, East Indies [Vice-Admiral Sir Richard Peirse], and the Senior Naval Officer, Persian Gulf, reporting that an ultimatum would shortly be presented to Turkey. They are ordered not to commence hostilities without further orders, but to expect the Embassy staff to leave very shortly. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee [Chief of Staff], WSC and Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord]. [Carbon]. 31 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/37/95 Telegram from Admiralty to all ships, with orders to commence hostilities against Turkey. Initialled by WSC. [Carbon]. 31 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/37/96 Telegram from Admiralty to Vice-Admiral [Sackville Carden], HMS Indefatigable, ordering a bombardment of the Turkish forts at the entrance to the Dardanelles by British and French warships. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee [Chief of Staff] and WSC. [Carbon]. 01 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/97 Telegram from Admiral Arthur Limpus [Admiral Superintendent, Malta], to Admiralty, advising against a bombardment of Turkish forts in the entrance to the Dardanelles, recommending a land attack on the forts on the Asia side. [Carbon]. 02 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/98 Telegram from Vice-Admiral [Sackville Carden], HMS Indefatigable to Admiralty, reporting on a demonstration bombardment of the Turkish forts at the entrance to the Dardanelles. [Carbon]. 03 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/99 Telegram from Admiralty to HMS Warrior, appointing the captain Senior Naval Officer, Egyptian Station, with 3 Cruisers, 6 Destroyers and 6 Torpedo Boats under his command. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee [Chief of Staff] and WSC. [Carbon]. 03 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/100 Telegram from Vice-Admiral [Sackville Carden], HMS Indefatigable, to Admiralty, stating that HMS Indomitable was in urgent need of a dockyard refit, requesting another battle cruiser to provide relief. [Carbon]. 04 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/101 Telegram from [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], HMS Indefatigable to the Admiralty, on the bombardment of Helles Fort in the Dardanelles [Turkey]. [Carbon]. 06 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/102 Telegram from [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], HMS Indefatigable, to Admiralty, giving the report of the Military Attache at the British Embassy, Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey] on the defences in the Dardanelles. [Carbon]. 08 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/103 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], HMS Indefatigable, asking if he knew of any way of injuring the enemy [in the Dardanelles, Turkey], without undue risk or expenditure of ammunition. [Carbon]. 09 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/104 Telegram from [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], HMS Indefatigable, to Admiralty, reporting on methods of injuring the enemy in the Dardanelles, without undue risk or expenditure of ammunition. [Carbon]. 12 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/105 Telegram from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], ordering him to keep a concentrated force off the Dardanelles [Turkey] to prevent the escape of the enemy, and subject to this asking for proposals to injure the enemy. [Carbon]. 13 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/106 Telegram from [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], HMS Indefatigable, to the Admiralty, on the bombardment of forts at the entrance to the Dardanelles [Turkey], and the prevention of steam coal and contraband entering the Dardanelles or Smyrna. [Carbon]. 15 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/107 Minute from Chief Censor, War Office, to the Chief Censor, Admiralty [Rear-Admiral Sir Douglas Brownrigg], reporting a message intercepted by Cable Censors from Athens [Greece] to the Daily News, London, reporting the success of the British naval bombardment of the Dardanelles [Turkey]. [Carbon]. 16 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/108 Telegram from [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], HMS Indefatigable to Admiralty, on methods of injuring the enemy in the Dardanelles [Turkey] without undue risk, or expenditure of ammunition. [Carbon]. 17 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/109 Telegram from Admiralty to [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], HMS Indefatigable, on the urgent need for destroyers in home waters: Carden is ordered to recall four destroyers from Egyptian waters to join him [at the Dardanelles, Turkey], and to send eight destroyers home. [Carbon]. 17 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/110 Telegram from Admiralty to the French Ministry of Marine, Bordeaux [France], on the small chance of the [German battle cruiser] Goeben entering the Mediterranean, and also the need to recall British battle cruisers from the Dardanelles to home waters, therefore proposing to hand over the blockade of German and Turkish forces in the Dardanelles to the French Fleet. [Carbon]. 21 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/111 Telegram from the French Ministry of Marine, Bordeaux [France], to the French Naval Attache, London [Jean, Comte de Saint-Seine], advising Britain to leave a battle cruiser in the Dardanelles [Turkey], due to confusion over the damage sustained by the [German battle cruiser] Goeben. [Carbon]. 21 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/112 Telegram from French Naval Attache, London [Jean, Comte de Saint-Seine], to the French Ministry of Marine, Bordeaux, on the British proposal to leave a battle cruiser, a cruiser, and three submarines to watch the Dardanelles [Turkey], and the request that France replace HMS Indomitable with two old battleships. [Carbon]. 23 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/113 Telegram from Sir Francis Elliot [British Minister at Athens, Greece] to the Foreign Office, reporting on the condition of the [German battle cruiser] Goeben in the Dardanelles [Turkey], estimating that temporary repairs would take a week. [Carbon]. 27 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/37/114 Telegram from Admiralty to [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], ordering him to send HMS Blenheim and his remaining eight destroyers back from the Dardanelles [Turkey] to Britain. [Carbon]. 02 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/115 Telegram from Admiralty to [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], regretting that there were no light cruisers available to relieve HMS Dublin in the Dardanelles [Turkey], stating that HMS Chatham would be sent there on completion of her present duty in East Africa. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 02 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/116 Telegram from [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden] to Admiralty, on the state of the destroyer force in the Dardanelles [Turkey]. [Carbon]. 05 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/117 Telegram from Admiralty to [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], on his destroyer force in the Dardanelles [Turkey], stating that he should retain HMS Blenheim and six destroyers which would eventually be relieved by destroyers returning from the China Station. Initialled by Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 05 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/118 Telegram from [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden] to Admiralty, reporting that HMS Indomitable would be ready to leave Malta Dockyard on 14 December, carrying 14 electrical fitters who should complete control wiring in a further week. Carden asks if the ship should return to the Dardanelles [Turkey] at once. Includes note from WSC to the Chief of Staff [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver] ordering HMS Indomitable to Scapa Flow [Orkney Islands, Scotland]. [Carbon]. 11 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/119 Telegram from [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden] to Admiralty, asking for permission to retain a further two destroyers for patrol work off 88 Sigri in the Dardanelles [Turkey]. Includes note from Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver [Chief of Staff] to the 1st Sea Lord [Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher] submitting the telegram for approval. [Carbon]. 12 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/120 Telegram from Admiralty to [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden], ordering HMS Indomitable to proceed to Queenstown, and HMS Indefatigable to remain on present service in the Dardanelles [Turkey] until relieved by HMS Inflexible in about a month. 12 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/121 Telegram from [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden] to Admiralty, reporting the success of Submarine B11, captained by Lieutenant Norman Holbrook, in torpedoing the Turkish battleship Messudiyeh in the Dardanelles [Turkey]. [Carbon] [Holbrook was awarded the Victoria Cross for this action]. 14 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/122-123 Telegram from Admiral Superintendent, Malta [Admiral Arthur Limpus] to the Admiralty, reporting on the defences of Constantinople [later Istanbul], and the Turkish forces. [Carbon]. 17 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/124 Telegram from [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden] to the Admiralty, suggesting an attack by an E Class submarine, or a modern French submarine as far as Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey]. [Carbon]. 18 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/125 Telegram from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden, asking him to pass on congratulations to Lieutenant Norman Holbrook [commanding Submarine B11], on the award of the Victoria Cross for sinking the Turkish battleship Messudiyeh in the Dardanelles. WSC also states that the First Lieutenant of Submarine B11, Lieutenant Sidney Winn, would receive the Distinguished Service Order, and every member of the crew the Distinguished Service Cross or Distinguished Service Medal according to rank. Also that the Captain was singled out for the award of the VC "as the whole conduct of the boat lay in his hands alone and success depended on his judgement". [Carbon]. 22 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/37/126 Telegram from Admiralty to the Intelligence Officer, Malta, reporting that the Turks, fearing an attack on the Dardanelles [Turkey], were transporting heavy artillery from Adrianople to San Stephano and Kadikioi. Initialled by the Director of the Intelligence Division [Captain (William) Reginald Hall]. [Carbon]. 26 Dec 1914