Official: Admiralty: Correspondence (found in Cabinet Office).

Reference code: CHAR 13/43

Part of: CHAR 13
Next record: CHAR 13/44
Previous record: CHAR 13/42

Date: 01 Jan 1911 - 26 Mar 1915

Scope/content:

WSC's correspondence as First Lord of the Admiralty, with Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, Admiral Sir Reginald Custance, Sir Edward Grey, Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty and Admiral Lord Charles Beresford.

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Open

Physical: 1 bound file (148 folios)
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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 13/43/1 Envelope formerly containing letters from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty]. 1914
CHAR 13/43/2 Note by Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord], (Admiralty Yacht), supporting a proposal by Major-General William Nicholls, [Royal Marine Artillery] for increasing the rank of Marine Warrant Officers to Commissioned Officers and widening the scope of their employment. [Hand-written, but unsigned]. c 1910
CHAR 13/43/3 Note by Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord], on Engineer Commander Charles Taylor, recommending that he be promoted to Captain, and appointed head of the Keyham Engineering College. Fisher also recommends that Captain Francis Haworth-Booth should give a lecture on the mobilisation of the Fleet and be considered as the Deputy to the Chief of Staff. [Hand-written, unsigned]. c 1910
CHAR 13/43/4 Note by Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, on a libel action by Admiral Reginald Bacon against Admiral Lord Charles Beresford and [? a letter from] Maurice Hankey [Assistant Secretary, Committee of Imperial Defence] on the Royal Commission on Food Supply. [Hand-written, unsigned]. c 1910
CHAR 13/43/5 Note by Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher on [? a letter from] Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] on the defence of Denmark by submarines, British policy on helping the defenceless Russians against a German fleet devastating St Petersburg, and the military asset of landing a Russian Army 90 miles from Berlin. [Hand-written and unsigned]. c 1911
CHAR 13/43/6 Note by Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, advising [? WSC] to see Sir Philip Watts [Director of Naval Construction], advocating an all-oil 30-knot cruiser with 8 13.5-inch guns; Fisher also notes that the new 'Swift' class should be all-oil, advising [? WSC] to see Sir Marcus Samuel [later 1st Lord Bearsted] about the oil supply. [Hand-written and unsigned]. 1911
CHAR 13/43/7 Note by Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [? to WSC], on the position of Captain Charles de Bartolome, [Naval Assistant to 1st Sea Lord, Admiral Francis Bridgeman], agreeing that it might be better to leave him with Bridgeman. [Hand-written, unsigned]. 1911
CHAR 13/43/8 Note by Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, on the Baltic, particularly on the dangers to Russia from a German attack. [Hand-written, unsigned]. 1911
CHAR 13/43/9 Note by Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, stating that increased entries of naval cadets would lead to older captains and admirals, and that it was vital to keep these young; Fisher suggests instead the promotion of more bluejackets and marines to commissioned rank for fire control and other subsidiary duties. [Hand-written, unsigned]. 1911
CHAR 13/43/10 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher (Excelsior Hotel, Naples [Italy]) to WSC, on the new Board of Admiralty, and offering best wishes for the New Year. 26 Dec 1911
CHAR 13/43/11 Note by Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher on maintaining a 66 per cent superiority [in dreadnoughts over Germany]. [Hand-written, unsigned]. 1911
CHAR 13/43/12-13 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on a letter from Rear-Admiral Sir Sydney Eardley-Wilmot on the "big gun theory", commenting that there was not a clearer headed man living. Fisher also comments that Admiral Sir Reginald Custance, Admiral Sir [Archibald] Berkeley Milne, Buckingham Palace, Admiral Sir Hedworth Meux [earlier Hedworth Lambton] and others prefer what they call a "citadel, but what is really a charnel house of 6 inch guns, with the extremities of the ship heavily loaded with huge turrets, breaking the ship in two". 16 May 1912
CHAR 13/43/14-17 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher (Hotel Excelsior, Naples [Italy]) to WSC, urging WSC to act against Admiral Sir Reginald Custance, Hedworth Lambton [Admiral Sir Hedworth Meux] and Admiral Sir [Archibald] Berkeley Milne, and on warship design, particularly criticising the 6-inch gun and the 'citadel' design. 14 May 1912
CHAR 13/43/18-20 Note from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, stating that the influence and authority of the Mediterranean Fleet had ceased, as the development of the submarine had made it impossible for heavy ships to be in that sea. Fisher advocates strengthening the forces at Alexandria [Egypt] instead, and states that the enemy must be beaten in the main theatre of war, the North Sea. [Hand-written, with typescript copy]. 20 Jun 1912
CHAR 13/43/21 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher (Kilverstone Hall, Thetford, Norfolk) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on subjects including his own forthcoming meeting with 1st Lord Knollys [Private Secretary to King George V], promising to tell WSC about it. 23 Jun 1912
CHAR 13/43/22-23 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher (Royal Commission on Fuel and Engines), to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, stating that he was unable to reveal the name of the "mortified adullamite" who had written on naval matters in the Times. Fisher also advocates the big gun principle. 30 Oct 1913
CHAR 13/43/24 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, (Langham House, Ham Common), to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], enclosing an article on oil fuel [not present] and commenting on a submarine scare. [Annotated by WSC "put by for oil debate"]. 07 Jun 1914
CHAR 13/43/25 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher (Langham House, Ham Common), to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the advantages of forming a Naval Brigade of bluejackets and marines. Fisher also mentions rumours that Germany was planning to use Rotterdam [the Netherlands] as a German port, and comments by an officer of the German High Sea Fleet. [Carbon]. 16 May 1914
CHAR 13/43/26 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher (Langham House, Ham Common), to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], advising him to see Henri Deterding [Director, Royal Dutch Petroleum Company] about oil, commenting that "he is Napoleon and Cromwell rolled into one", and could obtain oil when no-one else could. 25 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/27 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher (Langham House, Ham Common), to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], thanking him for a telephone call, and promising to meet for lunch the following Tuesday. Fisher states that he is not fully fit, and had promised his doctor, Sir Frederick Treves, to do nothing except "eat Horlocks Malted Milk". 06 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/43/28 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher (Langham House, Ham Common), to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the movements of the German Fleet being controlled by Army Headquarters, so that the Fleet might emerge and fight in totally unlikely naval conditions. Fisher also complains that the minimum height for naval recruits had been raised by 3 inches to 5 feet 6 inches, pointing out that Nelson was only 5 feet 4 inches, and that it was "d--d folly to discard supreme enthusiasm because it's under 5 feet 6". 15 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/43/29-30 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on a rumour that the Fleet had gone to sea, misled by a bogus German telegram sent to Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet]. Includes press cutting on German preparations for invading Britain. 1914
CHAR 13/43/31 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [1st Sea Lord], to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], advising him not to announce the news of the Battles of [Coronel, Chile] and the Falklands, to avoid stirring up other past defeats. 25 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/43/32-42 Admiralty account of the battles of Coronel [Chile] and the Falklands. [Typescript, with hand-written annotations by WSC]. 26 Dec 1914
CHAR 13/43/43 Letter from Admiral Sir Reginald Custance (Half Moon Street, Piccadilly [London]), to WSC, outlining his strategical plan for the North Sea. 10 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/44 Letter from Admiral Sir Reginald Custance (Half Moon Street, Piccadilly [London]), to WSC, advising against the formation of a Naval Brigade for service in France and Belgium. 19 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/45 Letter from Admiral Sir Reginald Custance, (Half Moon Street, Piccadilly [London]), to WSC, on [the formation of the Naval Brigade], and the real business of the Navy. 20 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/46 Letter from Admiral Sir Reginald Custance, (Half Moon Street, Piccadilly [London]), to WSC, pointing out that the system of patrol on a fixed position, or line or area, was "radically unsound, dangerous and totally unnecessary". Custance goes on to state that successful operations to the south needed to be controlled by officers on the spot, not from London, and that the Navy needed to go on the offensive, rather than wait to be attacked. 26 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/43/47 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the use of Norwegian territorial waters by British warships. 10 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/48 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary]. 1914
CHAR 13/43/49 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], on relations with Japan, particularly Grey's attitude, stating that it would be easy to give mortal offence, which would not be forgotten; WSC also comments on the situation in the Balkans. Includes Grey's reply, stating that he felt that it was "all right now with Japan". [Hand-written, initialled by Grey and WSC]. 11 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/50 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], on a report [that the Netherlands was allowing Germany to import food via Rotterdam, while refusing admission to Belgium via Antwerp]. WSC states that if this were true, the Netherlands would be committing an offence which would deprive her of all claims to sympathy, adding that the Scheldt must be kept open to merchant shipping and that the Royal Navy was capable of doing this. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 20 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/51 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on new instructions about contraband. [Annotated and initialled by WSC]. 27 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/43/52 Telegram from Sir Francis Villiers [Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Belgium], to [Sir Edward Grey, Foreign Secretary], reporting that the authorities in the Netherlands were permitting Germany to import foodstuffs through Rotterdam, while refusing admission to Belgium via Antwerp. [Typescript copy]. 19 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/53 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], on a report [that the Netherlands was allowing Germany to import food via Rotterdam, while refusing admission to Belgium via Antwerp]. WSC states that if this were true, the Netherlands would be committing an offence which would deprive her of all claims to sympathy, adding that the Scheldt must be kept open to merchant shipping and that the Royal Navy was capable of doing this. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 20 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/54 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War]. 1914
CHAR 13/43/55 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], stating that he would ensure that Henri Deterding [Director, Royal Dutch Petroleum Company] would have papers he could show, and also instructing WSC not to address him as "Lord". 07 Aug [1914]
CHAR 13/43/56 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and Admiral Sir Reginald Custance, 1914. 1914
CHAR 13/43/57-58 Telegram from the Foreign Office to Sir Conyingham Greene, [British Ambassador to Japan], on Anglo-Japanese naval co-operation, and the scope of Japan's actions. [Carbon]. 11 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/59 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], sending a paper [not present] by Major-General Sir William Birdwood [Secretary to the Government of India in the Army Department], on troop convoys; Kitchener also wishes that the movement of Indian troops could be speeded up. 27 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/43/60-63 Minute from Admiral Sir Henry Jackson [Chief of Staff] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, commenting on a paper [not present] by Major-General Sir William Birdwood [Secretary to the Government of India in the Army Department], on protecting troop convoys, and defending the Admiralty's measures. 27 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/43/64-65 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], on WSC's plans for east coast defence, and for moving ships to Ostend [Belgium]. Kitchener also comments on the state of his own troops, adding that it might be better to delay destroying [the harbour] at Ostend, as it could be needed for sending reinforcements. Also includes hand-written note by WSC about circulation. 24 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/43/66 Letter from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on discussions between the two departments on the difficulties of landing a division at Lemnos [Limnos, Greece], with WSC suggesting Alexandria [Egypt] as an easier alternative. [hand-written copy, signed by WSC]. 17 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/43/67 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], sympathising on the defeat of [Sir Christopher Cradock's squadron off Coronel, Chile]. 05 Nov [1914]
CHAR 13/43/68 War Office note on time needed for disembarking troops from Egypt [? at Limnos, Greece]. [Feb] [1915]
CHAR 13/43/69-74 Letter from David Lloyd George, Chancellor of the Exchequer, to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], enclosing copies of his correspondence with Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on the establishment of a Munitions Committee. 25 Mar 1915 - 26 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/43/75 Cabinet Paper submitted by Reginald McKenna [Home Secretary] consisting of a report by Robert Graves, Deputy Chief Inspector of Factories, Gerald Bellhouse, Superintending Inspector, and [William] Sydney Smith, Inspector for Dangerous Trades, on munitions output. [Printed]. 25 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/43/76 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War, to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], stating that he would have three brigades ready for transport. 11 May 1915
CHAR 13/43/77 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and Admiral Sir John Jellicoe, 1914-15. 1915
CHAR 13/43/78 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], to the Secretary [Sir (William) Graham Greene], and Naval Secretary [Rear-Admiral Horace Hood], Admiralty, ordering that Acting Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty was to be promoted to Vice- Admiral, and appointed Acting Admiral to command the Grand Fleet during the temporary absence of Admiral Sir John Jellicoe. [Hand-written copy, initialled by WSC]. 02 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/43/79-80 Draft telegram from Admiralty to Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet] on the appointment of Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty as acting Admiral to command the Fleet during Jellicoe's absence. Also includes covering note to WSC, suggesting that Beatty should shift to HMS Iron Duke, as his own flagship was out of action. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 02 Feb 1915 - 03 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/43/81 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to the Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe], on Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty's appointment as temporary commander of the Grand Fleet during Jellicoe's absence. WSC states that there was no question of removing Beatty from the battle cruisers permanently, or of appointing a second in command to the Grand Fleet, and adds that Rear-Admiral Osmond Brock would take temporary command of the battle cruisers. [Hand-written copy, initialled by WSC, annotated "not sent"]. 03 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/43/82 Telegram from the Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet [Admiral Sir John Jellicoe] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the proposed appointment of Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty to command the Grand Fleet during Jellicoe's absence. Jellicoe states that it would be quite impossible for Beatty to be in command, or second in command of the Grand Fleet, while also retaining command of the battle cruisers, strongly urging WSC to leave Beatty in command of the Battle Cruiser Squadron. He points out the immense objection to sending officers to command Battle Squadrons who had little experience of the work, and who were ignorant of Jellicoe's own disposition of squadron and methods. [Carbon]. 03 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/43/83-84 Letter from Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the appointment of a temporary commander for the Grand Fleet, and other senior appointments, commenting on the qualities of Vice-Admiral Cecil Burney, Admiral Sir Stanley Colville, Rear-Admiral Hugh Evan-Thomas, Rear-Admiral Sir Archibald Moore, Rear-Admiral Rosslyn Wemyss [later 1st Lord Wester Wemyss], Rear-Admiral William Pakenham, Rear-Admiral Cecil Dampier and Rear-Admiral William Goodenough. Jellicoe also comments on the appointment of Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty to command the Grand Fleet in his absence, pointing out the impossibility of Beatty commanding the Grand Fleet, while remaining in temporary command of the Battle Cruiser Squadron. 03 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/43/85 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in-Chief, Grand Fleet] on his inclination to underrate the danger of using high power wireless when a fleet movement was in progress. Churchill further points out the establishment of new wireless stations and new technological developments, and particularly criticises the failure of Jellicoe's flagship to remain connected with the land-wire when in harbour. [Hand-written copy, signed by WSC]. 04 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/43/86 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty [Commander, 1st Battle Cruiser Squadron], 1914. 1914
CHAR 13/43/87-98 Letter from Vice-Admiral Sir David Beatty [Commander, 1st Battle Cruiser Squadron], (HMS Lion), to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, reporting on the work of the Battle Cruiser Fleet. Beatty passes on the fleet's feeling of "working up for a catastrophe of a very large character", mainly due to a lack of adequate means to deal with mines and submarines, and the lack of a safe base, particularly commenting on the poor defences at Cromarty [Scotland], Rosyth [Fife] and Scapa Flow [Orkney Islands], and the need for improved coastal patrols. [Typescript copy]. 17 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/43/99-102 Draft letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Admiral Lord Charles Beresford, on statements Beresford had been making to the effect that the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] could not be trusted to maintain the interests of the country because of his German descent. Includes filing notes and note on the Admiralty's legal position. [Hand-written copy, signed by WSC]. 28 Aug 1914 - 29 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/103-104 Letter from Admiral Lord Charles Beresford, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the accusation that he had been saying that the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] could not be trusted to maintain the interests of the country because of his German descent: Beresford states that this was absolutely untrue, and that he had been a "violent supporter of Prince Louis". 29 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/105 Letter from Arthur Lee, (Chequers Court, Buckinghamshire) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on Admiral Lord Charles Beresford's reaction to the allegation that he had been calling for the resignation of the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] because of his German ancestry. 29 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/106-118 Letter from Arthur Lee (Chequers Court, Buckinghamshire) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] enclosing a memorandum summarising reflections by Admiral Lord Charles Beresford on the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven], made openly in the hall of the Carlton Club. Beresford expresses the view that all Germans, including highly placed ones, ought to leave the country as they were in close touch with Germans abroad, and that Prince Louis's "good taste should lead him to voluntarily resign the position of 1st Sea Lord". [Hand-written with 2 carbon copies. See also CHAR 13/43/132 - CHAR 13/43/134]. 30 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/119-120 Letter from Admiral Lord Charles Beresford, (Great Cumberland Place, London) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], denying allegations that he had called for the resignation of Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] because of his German ancestry. 31 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/121-123 Draft letter from [Rear-Admiral Horace Hood, Naval Secretary to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty], to Admiral Lord Charles Beresford, stating that WSC had received a memorandum from Arthur Lee, giving his recollections of Beresford's criticisms of the 1st Sea Lord, Prince Louis of Battenberg, [later 1st Lord Milford Haven]. The letter adds that in view of Beresford's emphatic denial that he had intended to do injury to Prince Louis, WSC was willing to consider the matter closed. [Typescript draft, with hand-written annotations by WSC, and carbon copy.]. 31 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/124-129 Letter from Arthur Lee (Chequers Court, Buckinghamshire) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] enclosing a memorandum summarising Admiral Lord Charles Beresford's reflections on the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven]. [Copy of carbons at CHAR 13/43/106-118. Original at CHAR 13/43/132-134]. [Carbon]. 30 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/130 Letter from Arthur Lee, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on attacks against the 1st Sea Lord, [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] by Admiral Lord Charles Beresford. 31 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/131 Letter from Arthur Lee to Rear-Admiral Horace Hood [Naval Secretary to WSC], stating that he had no objections to his memorandum [on Admiral Lord Charles Beresford's attack against Prince Louis of Battenberg, 1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] being passed to Beresford, provided it was accompanied by the explanation set out in his letter to WSC of 30 August. Lee therefore asks if he could withdraw his letter and memorandum of 30 August [CHAR 13/43/132-134], in order to incorporate the two documents. 31 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/132-134 Letter from Arthur Lee to WSC, enclosing his memorandum on Admiral Lord Charles Beresford's attack against the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven]. 30 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/135 Letter from Rear-Admiral Horace Hood [Naval Secretary to WSC], Admiralty, to Admiral Lord Charles Beresford, sending a memorandum by Arthur Lee [on Beresford's public criticisms of the 1st Sea Lord, Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven]. Hood states that if the language used by Beresford corresponded in any degree to Lee's account, it was certainly very wrong and dangerous language for an officer of his rank, and was bound to produce the worst possible impression on those who heard it. Hood adds that as far as the Admiralty is concerned, the incident is closed. [Hand-written copy]. 01 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/43/136-137 Letter from Admiral Lord Charles Beresford (Great Cumberland Place. London) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], thanking him for sending a copy of Arthur Lee's memorandum on Beresford's remarks about Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] at the Carlton Club. He describes the memorandum as a vicious document, stating that Lee had included remarks that he did not make, and left out remarks which would have redounded to Battenberg's credit, also stating that in passing on an overheard conversation in a club, Lee had committed an "unpardonable and dishonourable action". 01 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/43/138 Letter from [WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty] to Admiral Lord Charles Beresford [on remarks made by Beresford about the 1st Sea Lord, Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven, at the Carlton Club]. WSC states that the safety of the state overrode the question of club etiquette, and that Arthur Lee was justified in passing on Beresford's overheard remarks, and also stresses the importance of keeping up public confidence in the Admiralty. [Hand-written copy, unsigned]. 02 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/43/139-140 Letter from Admiral Lord Charles Beresford (Great Cumberland Place, London) to WSC, [on remarks made by Beresford about the 1st Sea Lord, Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven]. Beresford agrees that the safety of the state must come first, and that everyone should back up the Admiralty, but questions Arthur Lee's version of his remarks. 02 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/43/141 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Admiral Lord Charles Beresford, [on remarks made by Beresford about the 1st Sea Lord, Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven, at the Carlton Club]. WSC states that the safety of the state overrode the question of club etiquette, and that Arthur Lee was justified in passing on the overheard remarks, and also stresses the importance of keeping up public confidence in the Admiralty. [Hand-written copy of CHAR 13/43/138 by Rear-Admiral Horace Hood, Naval Secretary]. 02 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/43/142 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and Admiral Lord Charles Beresford. 1914
CHAR 13/43/143 Letter from Admiral Lord Charles Beresford (Great Cumberland Place, London) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on German naval propaganda. 24 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/43/144 Letter from Admiral Lord Charles Beresford (Great Cumberland Place, London) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], accepting an appointment as Honorary Colonel of the Royal Marine Brigade of the Royal Naval Division. 05 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/43/145-148 Letter from Admiral Lord Charles Beresford (Great Cumberland Place, London) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on rumours that the Germans had taken a monastery close to Point de Galle in Ceylon [later Sri Lanka], disguising themselves as Buddhist priests. Includes covering note from Edward Heaton-Ellis [Assistant Director of Intelligence Division, Admiralty War Staff] stating that action had been taken. 29 Aug 1914 - 01 Nov 1914