Official: Admiralty: Correspondence.

Reference code: CHAR 13/45

Part of: CHAR 13
Next record: CHAR 13/46
Previous record: CHAR 13/44

Date: 15 Aug 1914 - 31 Dec 1915

Scope/content:

[Found in Cabinet Office].

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Open

Physical: 1 bound file (166 folios)
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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 13/45/1 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], asking for approval of WSC's personal message to Enver Pasha [Turkish Minister of War, on Turkish neutrality]. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC]. 15 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/2 Note by [Sir Edward Grey, Foreign Secretary], giving a draft personal message from WSC to [Enver Pasha, Turkish Minister of War], on Turkish neutrality. [Hand-written, unsigned]. [Aug] 1914
CHAR 13/45/3 Telegram from WSC to John S Churchill, stating that he hoped that John's "friend" [General Sir Ian Hamilton, General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Mediterranean] would ask for more men if he needed them, and that there were 20,000 troops available in Egypt. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC]. 27 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/45/4 Note from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], reporting that Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] wished the enclosed question [not present] to be put. [Initialled by WSC, annotated "hold"]. 06 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/45/5 Telegram from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Grand Duke Nicholas [Russian Minister of War], reporting the success of the initial attack in the Dardanelles. WSC asks when the Russian fleet and army would be ready to co-operate. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC]. 06 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/45/6 Minute from WSC to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], suggesting that information on the landings in the Dardanelles should be sent to the Grand Duke Nicholas [Russian Minister of War]. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC]. 04 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/45/7 Envelope formerly containing letters to WSC. 1915
CHAR 13/45/8 Letter from Captain James Allen [Admiralty Yacht, Enchantress] to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], sending details of time needed for a voyage from Sheerness [Kent] to Kiel [Germany] and Kronstadt [Russia], stating that it would be easy to visit the two ports within a week. 07 May 1914
CHAR 13/45/9-10 Letter from Captain Wilfred Henderson, Naval Attache, Germany, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on his meeting with Prince Henry of Prussia on the British fleet's visit to Kiel, and Kaiser Wilhelm II's wish that WSC and some of his colleagues, particularly Prince Louis of Battenberg [1st Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] would attend in an official capacity. 16 May 1914
CHAR 13/45/11 Minute from General Sir Ian Hamilton [General Officer Commanding-in-Chief Mediterranean], to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], praising a paper by WSC, but stating that he underestimated the strength of the Territorial Army. Hamilton explains that the most pessimistic of his commanders, General Sir Bruce Hamilton, estimated that it would only take four months from date of mobilisation for the Territorials to be fit to fight regular forces, and that he was confident that the Territorial Divisions would be in the field quicker than WSC had hoped. 08 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/12-13 Admiralty orders to the Commander-in-Chief, "Blue Fleet" for the summer manoeuvres. [Carbon]. 1914
CHAR 13/45/14-15 Letter from an unknown correspondent to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on disruption of work in the coal mines, and a statement made on the issue by Thomas Macnamara [Financial Secretary to the Admiralty]. 07 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/16-17 Letter from WSC to an unknown correspondent on a statement by Thomas Macnamara [Financial Secretary to the Admiralty], on disruption of work in the coal mines. [Carbon]. 07 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/18-19 Admiralty note and minute by Sir Frederick Black [Director of Navy Contracts] on disruption of work in the coal mines. 07 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/20 Letter from Sir Arthur Markham [MP for Mansfield, Nottinghamshire] (Beachborough Park, Shorncliffe [Kent]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the labour dispute in the Welsh coal mines, acknowledging that WSC did not wish him to say anything more on the subject, but pointing out that [? the Nottinghamshire mines] were selling coal to the Admiralty at practically cost prices. 09 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/21 Letter from Hugh Dawnay to WSC, apologising for not being able to meet him, and reporting that he had been appointed a staff officer at General Headquarters. 14 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/22 Letter from Francis Grenfell, (Mooltan Barracks, Tidworth [Wiltshire]) to WSC, on the successful mobilisation of the 9th Hussars, commenting that "no regiment ever left England better prepared"; also commenting that the appointment of Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener as Secretary of State for War had "worked wonders for the Army". 15 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/23 Draft telegram from WSC to Sir Abe Bailey, stating that "South Africa is splendid and vindicates the Treaty of Vereeniging". [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 27 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/45/24 Letter from General Sir Ian Hamilton, Inspector General, Oversea Forces, to Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC], stating that he had a great liking for Sir Robert Hermon-Hodge [later 1st Lord Wyfold], Oxfordshire Hussars, and would do his best to help him, but that WSC would understand that it might not be easy to find a suitable post for him. 16 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/25-27 Letter from John S Churchill to Edward Marsh, [Private Secretary to WSC] on the application of a recruitment scheme by Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War] for the Yeomanry, in which volunteers would be taken from their regiments and attached to a composite force, while those who chose to stay at home would receive the same pay as active service men, and while in Britain given as much leave as possible. Churchill states that this would place a premium on men who did not volunteer and would not encourage civilian farmers to make sacrifices to serve abroad. He also comments that the men of his squadron wished to go to war with their own friends and under their own officers. [Hand-written, with carbon copy]. 21 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/28 Note by WSC on the naval estimates, commenting on putting in earlier orders for practice ammunition, the "laborious" demands of Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [Commander-in-Chief, Home Fleet] and Jellicoe's "sterile" handling of administrative proposals and reforms. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 29 Jun 1914
CHAR 13/45/29 Telegram from Count Albert Mensdorff, Austrian Ambassador to Britain, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], reporting his safe arrival in Italy, and thanking WSC for the arrangements made for him by the Admiralty. 24 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/30 Letter from Rear-Admiral Sir Archibald Moore (HMS Invincible) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, thanking him for his letter on the award [of the KCB, Knight Commander of the Bath] and also for giving him a command. 25 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/31-32 Note by WSC, titled "Prescription No.84 - Secret", consisting of a list of possible government changes with David Lloyd George, Walter Runciman, Herbert Samuel and others leaving and [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] taking over as Chancellor of the Exchequer. [Hand-written]. 1915
CHAR 13/45/33 Letter from 1st Lord Haldane (Queen Anne's Gate, Westminster [London]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], sending his congratulations on a splendid piece of work by the Fleet [an action in the Heligoland Bight]. 28 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/34-35 Letter from 1st Lord Curzon (Hackwood, Basingstoke [Hampshire]) to WSC, on his "horrid idea" that dreadful things were happening in France and that they would "wake up any morning and hear of an appalling disaster": Curzon discusses the recruiting campaign, particularly stressing the need for co-operation between the Liberals and Conservatives, and asking for a meeting with WSC to take it further. [Typescript copy at CHAR 13/45/130-132]. 30 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/36-37 Letter from Commander Charles Samson (Royal Navy Flying School, Eastchurch [Kent]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the possibility of aircraft being sent to France to co-operate with the army, asking to be given the chance to go in command. [Aug] 1914
CHAR 13/45/38 Letter from 2nd Lord Esher [earlier Reginald Brett] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], asking for a few hours at sea with the Fleet, and passing on a comment by Andrew Bonar Law about the warmth of WSC's reception at the Guildhall [London]. 05 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/39-41 Telegram from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Chancellor of the Exchequer [David Lloyd George], asking for a meeting between the Sir Laurence Guillemard [Chairman, Board of Customs and Excise] and an Admiralty representative about mines. Also includes a note by WSC stressing the importance of settling the matter. 05 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/42-44 Admiralty minute on the need to change the policy of destroyer building, particularly increasing torpedo armament, and the size and speed of German ships relative to British destroyers. 11 Sep [1914]
CHAR 13/45/45 Letter from Frederick Guest to WSC, on the military situation in France, including the halt of the German advance, the new French generals and the disappointing French cavalry. 08 Sep [1914]
CHAR 13/45/46 Letter from Field Marshal 1st Lord Roberts to WSC, thanking him for sending a copy of a paper written by WSC in 1911 for the Committee of Imperial Defence. 09 Sep [1914]
CHAR 13/45/47 Letter from Sir Max Aitken [later 1st Lord Beaverbrook] to WSC, thanking him for obtaining a commission for his brother [Allan Aitken, in the Royal Naval Division]. Aitken expresses pride in his "slight connection" with WSC before the war and states that he felt it his duty to support him in any party and under any circumstances. 10 Sep [1914]
CHAR 13/45/48-50 Letter from Charles, 9th Duke of Marlborough [earlier Lord Blandford] to WSC, on his financial situation, and his decision to join the Army, commenting on his military experience and asking WSC to forward another letter to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith]. 10 Sep [1914]
CHAR 13/45/51 Letter from Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord Quickswood] to WSC, on the Government's decision to "cheat" on the Irish Home Rule and Welsh Bills, predicting fury on the Conservative benches, and warning that he intended to break up the "united front". 11 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/52 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], reporting on his visit to the Naval Division camp. 15 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/53 Letter from 1st Lord Crewe [Secretary of State for India, earlier Robert Crewe-Milnes and 2nd Lord Houghton] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the transport of Indian troops to Europe. 16 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/54-55 Letter from Rear-Admiral Herbert King-Hall, Commander- in-Chief, Cape of Good Hope, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the political and military situation in South Africa and the expedition to German South West Africa [later Namibia]. 19 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/56-57 Telegram from the Viceroy of India [1st Lord Hardinge of Penshurst] to the India Office on the movements of the German cruiser Emden in Indian waters, requesting an increase in naval forces to protect the area. Includes a covering note from the India Office, annotated with a suggested reply by WSC, listing the ships already hunting the Emden, and urging that any panic should be repressed by the example of the authorities. 23 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/58-62 Admiralty memorandum on the internal working of the War Registry. [Carbon]. 26 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/63-64 Letter from Sir Francis Villiers, [Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to Belgium] to WSC, enclosing a letter from Colonel John Seely [later 1st Lord Mottistone] on the behaviour of the sailors and marines in the retreat from Antwerp. 10 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/45/65 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson (Swaffham [Norfolk]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], congratulating him for appointing Rear-Admiral Henry Oliver as his Naval Secretary. 12 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/45/66 Letter from Sir Stanley Buckmaster [Director of the Official Press Bureau] to WSC, stating that he had written to the Morning Post pointing out unfairness of criticism where in the public interest no reply could be safely made. 13 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/45/67 Letter from Oliver Locker-Lampson to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], offering to form and pay for a squadron of armoured cars for the North of Ireland Division; includes WSC's reply that he had no objection to Locker-Lampson joining the RN Armoured Cars. [Initialled by WSC]. 30 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/45/68-74 Letter from Francis Grenfell to WSC, asking for help in obtaining an armoured car with a machine gun for his squadron; also giving an account of an action at Neuve Chapelle [France] and of trench warfare generally, particularly the difficulties of keeping in touch with the artillery. 30 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/45/75-78 Letter from Francis Grenfell, (Dublin [Ireland]) to WSC, giving an account of fighting at Messines [Belgium], problems with the artillery, the shortage of machine guns, and his being wounded. 09 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/45/79 Letter from Lewis Harcourt [Secretary of State for the Colonies], to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], reporting that South Africa had declined Britain's offer of Australian troops, as they were confident that they would be able to deal with the situation with their own resources. Harcourt also offers congratulations on the destruction of the [German cruiser] Emden, hoping that the Japanese fleet would help in rounding-up remaining German ships, and explains that he has been kept at home with heart trouble. 10 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/45/80 Letter from Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander-in- Chief of the Expeditionary Forces in France, later 1st Lord Ypres], Head-Quarters, British Army, to WSC, reporting that his brother John S Churchill had been posted to a staff job for a few weeks. 15 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/45/81 Letter from "Goonie" [Lady Gwendeline Churchill, earlier Lady Gwendeline Bertie], (Lympne [Kent]) to WSC, on her relief [that her husband John S Churchill had been posted to a staff job at Headquarters]. 20 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/45/82 Letter from 1st Lord Crewe [earlier Robert Crewe-Milnes and 2nd Lord Houghton] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on dealing with naval questions in the House of Lords, particularly a question from 2nd Lord Selborne [earlier Lord Wolmer] on the Troubridge Court Martial on the loss of ships including HMS Cressy, [HMS Aboukir and HMS Hogue]. 05 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/45/83-85 Letter from Field Marshal Sir John French [Commander- in-Chief, British Expeditionary Force, later 1st Lord Ypres] to WSC, on meeting with General Joseph Joffre [Commander-in-Chief, French Army] on the military situation in France and Belgium, particularly the possibility that a joint expedition to Ostend might have to be postponed. 15 Jan 1915
CHAR 13/45/86 Note from Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], reporting on his meeting with Noel Noel-Buxton on the Balkans, particularly the need to persevere with diplomacy, and the misfortune of having the pro-Serbian Sir Henry Bax-Ironside as [Minister Plenipotentiary] to Bulgaria. 1915
CHAR 13/45/87-89 Letter from WSC to an unknown correspondent [? Herbert Asquith, Prime Minister, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] on the possibility of him speaking to Liberals in Sheffield [Yorkshire], rather than in Dundee [Angus, Scotland]. WSC also comments on Conservative opposition to Irish Home Rule. [Typescript copy]. 1915
CHAR 13/45/90-94 Minute from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, to the Secretary [Sir (William) Graham Greene] and 1st Sea Lord [Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher] on the organization of the Admiralty War Staff, including officers who had been added to the Staff to put it on a war footing, without WSC's sanction, the enlarged Trade Section, and relations with the Admiralty administrative staff. [Carbon]. 1915
CHAR 13/45/95 Envelope formerly containing letters by WSC. [1915]
CHAR 13/45/96-99 Telegram from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Enver Pasha [Turkish Minister of War], urging him to preserve Turkish neutrality instead of siding with Germany, and threatening him with Allied sea-power. [Hand-written draft, 2 copies]. 15 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/100 Envelope formerly containing correspondence between WSC and Admiral Arthur Limpus [Naval Adviser to Turkish Government]. 1914
CHAR 13/45/101-102 Telegram from Sir Francis Elliot [British Minister, Athens, Greece] to the Foreign Office, on his meeting with the Russian Minister, who informed him that his Government would not allow Greek soldiers to enter Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey]. Elliot explains his fear that this might stop Greece from joining the Allies and urges that the Russian Government should be brought to reconsider. Also includes message from the Military Attache [Sir Thomas Cuninghame] on the views of the Greeks and Russians, suggesting that the problem could be solved by using only one Greek division in the Allied fleet against Turkey. [Carbon]. 04 Mar 1914
CHAR 13/45/103 Telegram from Sir George Buchanan [British Ambassador to Russia], to the Foreign Office, reporting that he had delivered a message from WSC to the Grand Duke Nicholas, and that the Russian fleet would proceed to the Bosphorus [Karadeniz Bogazi, Turkey]. [Typescript copy]. 05 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/45/104-118 Statement by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the House of Commons on the resignation of Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher as 1st Sea Lord over differences arising from the Dardanelles campaign. WSC goes through the stages of the campaign, Fisher's grounds for resigning and states his own position as First Lord. [Carbon]. [May] 1915
CHAR 13/45/119 Letter from WSC to Ralph Blumenfeld [Editor of the Daily Express], on Blumenfeld's concern about attacks made against WSC in the Daily Express. WSC states that he was a regular reader of the paper, and had never seen any unfair criticism of himself: "above all there has never been anything ... reflecting on private and personal conduct. That after all is the line which politicians and political journalists ought to draw", confirming that there was no breach between them. [Typescript copy]. 06 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/120-122 Telegram from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden [in command of naval operations at the Dardanelles], on the Dardanelles campaign, urging him to destroy the forts at Chanak, and stating that the results to be gained were great enough to justify the loss of ships and men which success could not be obtained without. [Hand-written drafts, initialled by WSC. See also CHAR 13/45/165.]. 10 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/45/123 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], noting that as Austria had declared war on Japan, and in view of the situation with Turkey, the Japanese Government should be asked if they would send a battle-squadron to co-operate with the Allies. WSC adds that this would encourage Italy, and help gain command of the Baltic. Includes note by Grey asking for a meeting to discuss the matter. [Hand-written copy]. 29 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/124 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], on the landing of the Royal Naval Division in the Dardanelles: WSC suggests that a good General be sent there to take command of the troops, including the Royal Naval Division, and suggests Lieutenant-General Sir Aylmer Hunter-Weston. [Hand-written copy]. 22 Feb 1915
CHAR 13/45/125 Telegram from Sir Francis Elliot [British Minister, Athens, Greece] to the Foreign Office, reporting that the Acting Chief of the Greek General Staff had resigned rather than comply with orders to send troops elsewhere than to the Bulgarian frontier. 03 Mar 1915
CHAR 13/45/126 Telegram from Sir Louis Mallet [British Ambassador to Turkey] to the Foreign Office, reporting that a friendly member of a neutral Embassy had been told by the German Ambassador that the German Fleet would attack suddenly, directly after a victory on land [annotated by Sir Edward Grey, Foreign Secretary, "I don't suppose this is worth much"]. 28 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/127 Letter from Lieutenant-Colonel Sir Mark Sykes to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on German plans to involve Turkey in the war, and raise Pan-Islamic forces against the Allies. Sykes offers to take his Battalion to the Middle East, and to put his local knowledge to good use, to "raise native scallywag corps, win over notables, or any other oddment". 24 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/128 Letter from Rear-Admiral Sir Charles Ottley to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on complaints from Turkey following the British seizure of the Turkish battleship Sultan Osman, renamed HMS Agincourt. 21 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/129 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] to WSC, hoping that Rear-Admiral Edward Troubridge [commanding Mediterranean Cruiser Squadron] would not show hostile actions against Turkey, and would keep in touch with Sir Louis Mallet [British Ambassador to Turkey]. 18 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/130-132 Letter from 1st Lord Curzon (Hackwood, Basingstoke [Hampshire]) to WSC, on his "horrid idea" that dreadful things were happening in France and that they would "wake up any morning and hear of an appalling disaster": Curzon discusses the recruiting campaign, particularly stressing the need for co-operation between the Liberals and Conservatives, and asking for a meeting with WSC to take it further. [Typescript copy; see CHAR 13/45/34-35 for original]. 30 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/133-134 Letter from Admiral Arthur Limpus [Naval Adviser to the Turkish Government], (Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], giving an account of his recent actions, of the status of the German cruisers Goeben and Breslau and the hopes of Turkey from a war. 16 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/135-138 Letter from Admiral Arthur Limpus, [Naval Adviser to the Turkish Government], to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], giving an account of the replacement of British officers with Turks in the Turkish fleet, and the political and military situation in Turkey. 26 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/139-140 Telegram from Sir Louis Mallet [British Ambassador to Turkey], to the Foreign Office, on his meeting with the Turkish Minister of Marine following Britain's seizure of the Turkish battleship Sultan Osman [later HMS Agincourt, building at Newcastle-upon- Tyne], and on British relations with Turkey. [Carbon]. 19 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/141 Telegram from WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty to Enver Pasha [Turkish Minister of War], on the seizure of Turkish ships [particularly the Sultan Osman, renamed HMS Agincourt, building at Newcastle-upon-Tyne]. WSC proposes that the ships be delivered to Turkey at the end of the war, and that Britain should pay 1000 pounds a day compensation, the agreement coming into force on the day that the last German officer and man from the [German cruisers] Goeben and Breslau left Turkish soil, and continuing while Turkey maintained neutrality. [2 carbon copies]. 19 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/142 Telegram from Sir Louis Mallet [British Ambassador to Turkey] to the Foreign Office, on the favourable reaction of the Turkish Minister of War [Enver Pasha] to WSC's message about compensation for Britain's seizure of Turkish ships [particularly the Sultan Osman, renamed HMS Agincourt]. [Typescript copy, initialled by Sir Edward Grey, Foreign Secretary]. 18 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/143 Telegram from Sir Louis Mallet [British Ambassador to Turkey] to the Foreign Office, on his concerns about causing panic in Turkey with reinforcements to the British fleet, and a warning to the forts at the Dardanelles that they would be bombarded by the fleet if German ships came out. [Typescript copy]. 17 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/144-145 Letter from Admiral Arthur Limpus [Naval Adviser to the Turkish Government] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on preparations for war in Turkey, stating that Constantinople [later Istanbul] was in German hands, including press, supplies, communications, and Ministry of War and Army, and predicting that Turkey would break neutrality in about 10 days. 30 Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/146-147 Letter from Admiral Arthur Limpus [Naval Adviser to the Turkish Government] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the naval situation in Turkey and attitudes towards Britain. [Incomplete, page 1 missing]. Aug 1914
CHAR 13/45/148-152 Letter from Admiral Arthur Limpus [Naval Adviser to the Turkish Government] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the political and military situation in Turkey, stating that Constantinople [later Istanbul] was almost completely in German hands, listing new Turkish warships and commenting that ill-feeling against German control was rising. Limpus encloses a letter from a Lieutenant Hallifax, reporting a conversation with a Turkish officer on considerable resentment in the Turkish Navy against interference from German officers, and on the status of the [German cruiser] Goeben. 08 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/153 Letter from Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC] to Admiral of the Fleet Sir Gerard Noel, acknowledging receipt of Noel's letter of 1 November on the re-appointment of Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher as 1st Sea Lord, stating that he was not to trouble WSC with "offensive communications" in future. [Hand-written copy]. [Nov] 1914
CHAR 13/45/154 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Sir Gerard Noel (Downham Market, Norfolk) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] objecting to the re-appointment of Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher as 1st Sea Lord. 01 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/45/155 Letter from Ralph Blumenfeld [Editor of the Daily Express] to WSC, expressing admiration for his work at the Admiralty. 04 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/156 Letter from J L Garvin (Greville Place [London]) to WSC, thanking him for his help in obtaining a commission for his son. 23 Sep 1914
CHAR 13/45/157 Letter from J L Garvin [Editor of the Pall Mall Gazette and the Observer] (Greville Place [London]) to WSC, on an attack against WSC in the Morning Post [which accused him of recklessness and irresponsibility at Antwerp, Belgium]. Garvin states that he had written an article defending WSC in the Pall Mall Gazette and suggests that WSC might give regular comments to the Observer, warning that censorship would cause increasing viciousness from the other papers. 14 Oct 1914
CHAR 13/45/158 Letter from 1st Lord Stamfordham [Private Secretary to King George V], (Buckingham Palace [London]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], thanking him for sending the King an account of the sinking of the [German cruisers] Konigsberg and the Emden, and asking if the Emden's captain and Prince von Hohenzollern had been saved. 10 Nov 1914
CHAR 13/45/159 Note from Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC] to the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] passing on a letter from Admiral Arthur Limpus [not present]. 07 Oct [1914]
CHAR 13/45/160-162 Letter from WSC to Lieutenant-Colonel Oswald Fitzgerald [Personal Military Secretary to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener, Secretary of State for War], hoping that Kitchener would not keep General Sir Ian Hamilton [commander of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force] too short of men. WSC states that he felt that there should be another 20,000 men in [the Dardanelles] and urges Fitzgerald not to lose two or three precious days. [Hand-written copy, signed by WSC, with envelope and covering note stating that the letters were not sent]. [Apr] 1915
CHAR 13/45/163-164 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Field Marshal 1st Lord Kitchener [Secretary of State for War], hoping that he would not keep General Sir Ian Hamilton [commander of the Mediterranean Expeditionary Force], too short of men, adding that a loyal man like Hamilton would go on with what he had and never say a word until he cracked up. WSC suggests that another 20,000 men be sent to the Dardanelles. [2 Hand-written copies signed by WSC]. 26 Apr 1915
CHAR 13/45/165 Draft note from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to [Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden, in command of naval operations at the Dardanelles], on the Dardanelles campaign, stating that the results to be gained by attacking were great enough to justify the loss of ships and men which success could not be obtained without. [Hand-written drafts, initialled by WSC. See also CHAR 13/45/120-122.]. [10] [Mar] [1915]
CHAR 13/45/166 Telegram from Grand Duke Nicholas [Russian Minister of Marine] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, thanking him for assistance recently sent, with note of WSC's reply. Nov 1914