Public and political: general correspondence, 1918.

Reference code: CHAR 2/103

Part of: CHAR 2
Next record: CHAR 2/104
Previous record: CHAR 2/102

Date: 1915-1918

Scope/content:

Includes copies of two letters from 1915.

Other details

Access: Physical: 1 file (92 folios)
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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 2/103/1 List of eleven "very secret letters". c 1918
CHAR 2/103/2 Letter from Joseph Songest (2 Hare Court, Temple, [London]) to Edward Marsh (Ministry of Munitions) acknowledging receipt of documents sent by WSC to Sir Edward Grimwood Mears, [secretary of the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry]. 04 Feb 1918
CHAR 2/103/3 List of documents sent by WSC to Sir Edward Grimwood Mears [secretary of the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry]. 04 Feb 1918
CHAR 2/103/4 Letter from WSC (Ministry of Munitions) to Lord Jellicoe [earlier Sir John Jellicoe] pointing out that no one at the Admiralty, including Jellicoe, had believed that the Germans would sink merchant ships or had pushed for measures to make Scapa Flow and the Firth of Forth submarine-proof. Argues that the Admiralty's preparations for war were generally very successful. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 13 Feb 1918
CHAR 2/103/5 Cutting from the Daily Telegraph: letter to the editor on the speech by Count Hertling suggesting that representatives of the belligerent powers should meet for "an intimate discussion", expressing support for an impartial court of international arbitration and intimating that Germany does not wish to absorb Belgium. [1918]
CHAR 2/103/6 Letter from Euan Cox (Department of Information) to Edward Marsh (Ministry of Munitions) enclosing a letter of introduction from John Leng Sturrock [see CHAR 2/103/7]. Signed typescript. 19 Feb 1918
CHAR 2/103/7 Letter from John Leng Sturrock (Department of Information) to Edward Marsh (Ministry of Munitions) introducing Euan Cox, who is compiling a history of the Royal Naval Division. Sent with CHAR 2/103/6. 18 Feb 1918
CHAR 2/103/8 Letter from Edward Marsh to Euan Cox (Department of Information) [compiling a history of the Royal Naval Division] on an appointment for Cox to see WSC. Typescript copy. 13 Mar 1918
CHAR 2/103/9 Letter from Euan Cox (Department of Information) to Edward Marsh (Ministry of Munitions) asking to talk to WSC about that part of his (Cox's) history of the Royal Naval Division covering the Antwerp Expedition. 13 Mar 1918
CHAR 2/103/10 Letter from Lord Wimborne [earlier Ivor Guest and Lord Ashby St Ledgers] to WSC referring to the speech of Sir Joseph Compton-Rickett on the grave war situation, denying that Bolshevik Russia has any claim on Britain, expressing confidence that German power is set off by English-speaking solidarity, urging WSC to his use his influence "in the direction of sane accommodation", and referring to the Convention in Ireland. 16 Mar 1918
CHAR 2/103/11 Letter from WSC to Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] on: arrangements for "Oc" [Arthur Asquith] to join the Ministry of Munitions; the situation on the Western Front and the need for large numbers of troops from the United States and Britain; the improvement in the output of munitions. Believes that the allied forces "stood for some days within an ace of destruction." Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 06 Apr 1918
CHAR 2/103/12 Letter from WSC (Ministry of Munitions) to [David Lloyd George] advising him to form a regular Cabinet to ensure that the Home Rule Bill is carried through the House of Commons. Argues that the War Cabinet is too narrow a body to have responsibility for general policy matters such as the response to the letter of Emperor Charles of Austria [acknowledging the claims of France to Alsace-Lorraine]. Draft in the hand of Edward Marsh. Annotated: "not sent". 15 Apr 1918
CHAR 2/103/13 Letter from WSC (Ministry of Munitions) to "Benny" [2nd Duke of Westminster] praising King Alfonso XIII of Spain and expressing confidence in the future of him and his country and in the Allies' prospects for victory. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 22 Apr 1918
CHAR 2/103/14-15 Letter from Brigadier-General Hugh Tudor to WSC thanking him for his letter [of praise for his exploits on the Western Front], explaining that the German success has been due to the use of fog shells, which could be countered with the use of fast tanks, and expressing confidence that with American reinforcements he will be able to launch effective counter attacks. 27 Apr 1918
CHAR 2/103/16-20 Report by the Italian Information Bureau on the adverse reaction in Italy to the speech by Count Czernin on Austria's position in the war. [Apr] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/21 Letter from WSC (Ministry of Munitions) to [David Lloyd George] asserting that the War Cabinet's responsibility cannot be shared by departmental ministers such as himself and thanking Lloyd George for including him in the Cabinet in the face of Conservative hostility. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 04 May 1918
CHAR 2/103/22 An earlier draft of CHAR 2/103/21. 04 May 1918
CHAR 2/103/23 Letter from Euan Cox (Ministry of Information) to Edward Marsh (Ministry of Munitions) asking to see some of WSC's papers about the formation of the Royal Naval Division in 1914. Signed typescript. 08 May 1918
CHAR 2/103/24 Letter from Brigadier-General Hugh Tudor asserting that if the German submarine threat can be eliminated ultimate victory is certain, attributing recent German success solely to the use of smoke shell and attacks on weak points in the line, and stressing the need for training of his men, whose morale is high. 16 May [1918]
CHAR 2/103/25 Note on an envelope referring to CHAR 2/103/26-27. [May] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/26-27 Letter from WSC to [David Lloyd George] advising him on the criteria to apply to ensure political balance in the membership of the Cabinet and offering to facilitate the process by remaining outside and continuing at the Ministry of Munitions in a purely administrative capacity. Draft in the hand of Edward Marsh. 15 May 1918
CHAR 2/103/28 Letter from Sir Arthur Hardinge [British Ambassador in Spain] to [Arthur Balfour, later Lord Balfour] stating that he has told the 2nd Duke of Westminster that a visit to Spain by WSC would be undesirable. Typescript copy. 07 Jun 1918
CHAR 2/103/29 Part of a letter from 2nd Duke of Westminster to WSC reporting that King Alfonso XIII of Spain would be glad to see him. Typescript copy. 07 Jun 1918
CHAR 2/103/30 Letter from "Max" [Lord Beaverbrook, earlier Sir Max Aitken] (Hyde Park Hotel, Knightsbridge, London) to WSC congratulating him [on his speech on Anglo-American friendship at a meeting of the Anglo-Saxon Fellowship]. 04 Jul 1918
CHAR 2/103/31 Letter from Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] (Ministry of Information) to WSC (House of Commons) congratulating him on his speech on Anglo-American friendship at a meeting of the Anglo-Saxon Fellowship and reporting that it will shortly be issued as a pamphlet. Signed typescript. 06 Jul 1918
CHAR 2/103/32-33 Letter from "Archie" [Sir Archibald Sinclair] to WSC praising his speech [at a meeting of the Anglo-Saxon Fellowship on 4 July] upholding the ideal of Anglo-American friendship and the democratic principles for which the war is being fought. 13 Jul 1918
CHAR 2/103/34 Letter from Field-Marshall Sir Douglas Haig [later Lord Haig] (General Headquarters, British Armies in France) to WSC reporting that the Army is in determined mood and that WSC's old division under Brigadier-General Hugh Tudor is doing wonders. Thanks WSC for the "splendid assistance" given by the Ministry of Munitions. 13 Apr 1918
CHAR 2/103/35 Telegram from WSC (Chateau Verchocq, [France]) to [Field-Marshall Sir Douglas Haig, later Lord Haig] congratulating him [on the success of the offensive near Amiens]. Pencil copy. [08] [Aug] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/36 Telegram from Field-Marshall Sir Douglas Haig [later Lord Haig] to WSC thanking him for his congratulations [on the success of the offensive near Amiens] and praising his work as Minister of Munitions. Typescript copy at CHAR 2/103/37. Copy in WSC's hand at CHAR 2/103/88. 09 Aug 1918
CHAR 2/103/37 Typescript copy of CHAR 2/103/36. 09 Aug 1918
CHAR 2/103/38 Letter from Brigadier-General Hugh Tudor to WSC on captured rifles and the good performance of tanks with smoke screens. Encloses and comments on a drawing and description of a submarine tank [see CHAR 2/103/40-41]. 15 Sep [1918]
CHAR 2/103/39 Letter from James Hamilton Lewis, chairman of the United States Senate Committee on Expenditures in the Department of State, to WSC praising his recent speech on Anglo-American friendship and reporting that he has referred to it in a speech of his own. Signed typescript. 03 Sep 1918
CHAR 2/103/40-41 Description and drawing of a submarine tank. Sent with CHAR 2/103/38. [Sep] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/42 Letter from Lord Haldane [earlier Richard Haldane] (Cloan, Auchterarder, Perthshire, [Scotland]) to WSC thanking him for speaking of the importance of Haldane's pre-war army reforms. 10 Oct 1918
CHAR 2/103/43 Letter from Edward Spears (British Military Mission, Paris, [France]) to WSC enclosing an account of the sheltering of a private of the 11th Hussars by a French family [see CHAR 2/103/44-45]. 20 Oct 1918
CHAR 2/103/44-45 Account by the Commanding Officer of the 11th Hussars of the sheltering of a private of the regiment by a French family. Sent with CHAR 2/103/43. [Oct] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/46-48 Letter from [WSC] to Brigadier-General Hugh Tudor describing his car journey near the front line in Belgium, during which he came under fire. Typescript copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/103/49-51. 04 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/49-51 Another copy of CHAR 2/103/46-48. 04 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/52 Letter from Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] (20 Cavendish Square, [London]) to WSC on the role of WSC and Maurice Hankey [? in the promotion of mechanical means for taking trenches, i.e. tanks]. 06 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/53-56 Letter from WSC to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] advocating the use in trench warfare of armoured steam tractors with caterpillar tracks [tanks], portable or mobile shields, and smoke bombs. Typescript copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/103/58-60. 05 Jan 1915
CHAR 2/103/57 The final sheet of CHAR 2/103/62-65. [Nov] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/58-60 Another copy of CHAR 2/103/53-56. 05 Jan 1915
CHAR 2/103/61 Letter from WSC (Ministry of Munitions) to [David Lloyd George] noting that Lloyd George agrees that regular Cabinet government should return after the war and stating that he does not wish to be a member of the Cabinet if his inclusion will cause Lloyd George difficulties with the Conservatives. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 07 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/62-65 Letter from David Lloyd George (10 Downing Street) to WSC explaining why he can see no justification for WSC's apparent reluctance to commit himself to remaining in the Government after the war. Signed typescript. The final page of this letter is at CHAR 2/103/57. 08 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/66-67 Letter from WSC (Ministry of Munitions) to [David Lloyd George] explaining why he has not yet been able to make a firm commitment about his position in the Government following the next general election until he has more idea about its composition. Draft in the hand of Edward Marsh. [09] [Nov] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/68 Letter from Brigadier-General Hugh Tudor referring to the rashness [of WSC's motor journey along the front line in Belgium] and enclosing the information WSC requested about civilian casualties in Desselghem [see CHAR 2/103/69, CHAR 2/103/70, CHAR 2/103/71 and CHAR 2/103/72]. Tudor reports that he and his Division are marching to the Rhine, and hopes compensation will be extracted from Holland for the supply of concrete to the Germans and that Germany will not fall to Bolshevism. 13 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/69 Note from a lieutenant of the 9th (Scottish) Division to his commanding officer enclosing statement of civilian casualties in Desselghem [Belgium] on 29 Oct and a map showing the line of the front on that date [see CHAR 2/103/70, CHAR 2/103/71 and CHAR 2/103/72]. Sent with CHAR 2/103/68. 12 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/70 Note from the British Military Mission in Belgium enclosing statement from the local authority of Desselghem [Belgium] that no civilians were wounded or gassed on 29 Oct [when WSC was in the area] [see CHAR 2/103/71]. Sent with CHAR 2/103/68. 09 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/71 Statement in French issued by the local authority of Desselghem [Belgium] that no inhabitants of the village were known to have been wounded or gassed on 29 Oct [when WSC was in the area]. Sent with CHAR 2/103/68. 09 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/72 Map showing the line of the front north of Tournai [Belgium]. Sent with CHAR 2/103/68. 29 Oct 1918
CHAR 2/103/73 Letter from 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] (71 Savoy Court, Strand, [London]) to David Lloyd George asserting that Lloyd George's coalition owes its survival to its supporters in the press and complaining about the attacks made on him [Rothermere], Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth] and Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] at meetings of the Unionist War Committee. States that he will not work for the return of Conservative MPs, whom he believes will obstruct land legislation "of a most revolutionary character", which will be needed "to save this country from movements which will have a Bolshevist tendency." Signed typescript. 14 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/74-75 Letter from Lord "Max" [Lord Beaverbrook, earlier Sir Max Aitken] (Hyde Park Hotel, Knightsbridge, [London]) to WSC asserting his right to criticise the coalition government and to support those who are not part of it. Believes WSC should not have accepted the coalition compromise. Signed typescript. 26 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/76 Letter from Sir Henry Wilson (War Office) to WSC congratulating him on his speech arguing that Britain should keep its naval power intact. 27 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/77 Note from [David Lloyd George] (10 Downing Street) to WSC referring to "Max" [Lord Beaverbrook, earlier Sir Max Aitken]. 30 Nov 1918
CHAR 2/103/78 Letter from Thomas Nathan (44 Lower Beachwood Avenue, Ranelagh, Dublin, [Ireland]) to WSC criticising his contention in a recent speech that Ulster should not be coerced into accepting Home Rule and referring unfavourably to another speech he made on the issue at Bradford [Yorkshire] in March 1914. Signed typescript. Annotated by WSC with an instruction to his private office to find a copy of the Bradford speech. 11 Dec 1918
CHAR 2/103/79 Telegram from WSC to the Quarter-Master General at the British Army General Headquarters in France reporting [David Lloyd George's] concern that election newspapers are not reaching the troops and that arrangements should be made to enable them to vote. Typescript copy. 15 Dec 1918
CHAR 2/103/80-81 Letter from WSC (Ministry of Munitions) to [David Lloyd George] giving his views on the leadership of the Liberal party and the composition of the government. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 26 Dec 1918
CHAR 2/103/82-85 Notes by WSC on the composition of the new government. [Dec] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/86 Letter from WSC (Ministry of Munitions) to [David Lloyd George] expressing the desire to be appointed to the Admiralty rather than the War Office and arguing that the development of aircraft will best be undertaken by the Admiralty. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 29 Dec 1918
CHAR 2/103/87 Letter from Sir Philip Sassoon (25 Park Lane, [London]) to WSC enclosing two papers [not present] and congratulating CSC on the "Goetz victory". [Dec] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/88 Copy in WSC's hand of CHAR 2/103/36. [Aug] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/89-90 Letter from Alice, Lady Wimborne (Ashby St Ledgers, Rugby, [Warwickshire]) to WSC asking for his help in obtaining a Government post for Lord Wimborne [earlier Ivor Guest and Lord Ashby St Ledgers]. [Dec] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/91 Letter from General Sir William Birdwood [later Lord Birdwood] (Hotel Jules, 85 & 86 Jermyn Street, [London]) to WSC thanking him for his kind words. [Dec] [1918]
CHAR 2/103/92 "First interim report of the Committee on Currency and Foreign Exchanges after the war.". 1918