Public and political: general correspondence.

Reference code: CHAR 2/111

Part of: CHAR 2
Next record: CHAR 2/112
Previous record: CHAR 2/110

Date: Sep 1920 - Dec 1920


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Access: Physical: 1 file (135 folios)
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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 2/111/1 Letter from [WSC] to the editor of the Daily Graphic [H Lawton] thanking him for his letter and leading article [see CHAR 2/110/169-170 and CHAR 2/110/171] and explaining why the Cabinet believe that [the Lord Mayor of Cork, Terence McSwiney] should not be released from prison as Lawton urged. Typescript copy. 01 Sep 1920
CHAR 2/111/2-7 Letter from WSC to the secretary of the Leicester and District Trades Council [James Baum] pointing out that compulsory military service has been abolished in Britain and that therefore there would be no troops available to fight against the Bolsheviks in Russia even had the Government desired it. Describes the crimes of the Bolsheviks and asserts that there will not be true peace in Europe until they have been destroyed. Typescript copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/111/8-13. Earlier drafts at CHAR 2/111/14-19 and CHAR 2/111/20-24. 01 Sep 1920
CHAR 2/111/8-13 Another copy of CHAR 2/111/2-7. 01 Sep 1920
CHAR 2/111/14-19 Earlier draft of CHAR 2/111/2-7. Aug 1920
CHAR 2/111/20-24 Part of an earlier draft of CHAR 2/111/2-7. [Aug] [1920]
CHAR 2/111/25-27 Letter from [WSC] to Sir James Masterton Smith arguing that the report of the Dardanelles Commission was too much shaped by the wish to justify Vice-Admiral John de Robeck's position. Asserts that evidence in the report shows that a continued naval and air attack before the arrival of German submarines would have succeeded. Refers to the failure to foresee the importance of mine-sweeping and the weakness of air support and states that he will not agree to Sir Julian Corbett [author of the official naval history of the war] accepting the report as the last word on the subject. Typescript copy. 20 Sep 1920
CHAR 2/111/28 Letter from [WSC] to Major-General the Maharajah of Bikaner thanking him for his letter agreeing with his views on India and hoping that he will benefit from his period of rest. Typescript copy. 20 Sep 1920
CHAR 2/111/29 Letter from [WSC] to Charles McCurdy asking whether it is true that large quantities of tea are being left at the docks because dealers do not wish to reduce the value of the stocks they hold. Typescript copy. 23 Sep 1920
CHAR 2/111/30-31 Letter from Charles McCurdy (Ministry of Food) to WSC (War Office) explaining the current operation of the tea market, over which the Government has relinquished control. 27 Sep 1920
CHAR 2/111/32 Letter from Admiral Sir Reginald Bacon (Braishfield Lodge, Romsey, Hampshire) to WSC sending a bronze model of the 15-inch how[itzer] and congratulating him on his progress. 06 Oct 1920
CHAR 2/111/33 Letter from Lord Southborough [earlier Sir Francis Hopwood] (17 Arlie Gardens, Campden Hill, [London]) to WSC on the savings to the Government resulting from WSC's policy towards the Anglo-Persian Oil Company. 08 Oct 1920
CHAR 2/111/34-35 Letter from the Maharajah of Alwar [India] (Paris, France) fondly recalling his time in England and expressing the wish that WSC could be [appointed viceroy of India] or failing him, Lord Willingdon. 18 Oct [1920]
CHAR 2/111/36 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Milner [earlier Sir Alfred Milner] asking him to consider the claims of Alexander Butchcart to the chair of chemistry in Colombo University College [Ceylon, later Sri Lanka]. Typescript copy. 19 Oct 1920
CHAR 2/111/37 Letter from [WSC] to Charles McCurdy thanking him for his letter about the tea market. Typescript copy. 22 Oct 1920
CHAR 2/111/38-39 Letter from Frederick Guest (12 Downing Street) to WSC on the attendance of Coalition Liberals at the forthcoming meetings of the National Liberal Federation and the division of Liberal opinion over Herbert Asquith's proposal to grant Dominion Home Rule to Ireland. 25 Oct 1920
CHAR 2/111/40 Letter from Lord Montagu of Beaulieu (62 Pall Mall, London) to WSC praising his work to promote air power and advocating a separate ministry for air. Invites WSC to Beaulieu [Hampshire] and points out that he and WSC are related by marriage. 26 Oct 1920
CHAR 2/111/41-42 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Curzon thanking him for a telegram showing that arms [sent by the French] were intended for the Armenians and Georgians rather than Peter Wrangel, and arguing that the Britain should not hinder the anti-Bolshevik activities in Poland of Boris Savinkov. Typescript copy. 29 Oct 1920
CHAR 2/111/43 Letter from Lord Curzon (1 Carlton House Terrace, [London]) to WSC stating that he did not authorise the Foreign office telegram [to Sir Horace Rumbold in Warsaw suggesting that he try to persuade the Poles not to co-operate with Boris Savinkov] but adding that there are doubts about Savinkov. 30 Oct 1920
CHAR 2/111/44 Letter in French from the president and the secretary-general of the Comite du Centenaire de la Mort de Napoleon to WSC asking him to join their honorary committee. Oct 1920
CHAR 2/111/45 Letter from [Edward Marsh] to the Public Trustee urging the return of paintings by Sir John Lavery lent by German owners in 1914 for a retrospective exhibition of his work. Typescript copy. 01 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/46 Letter from Hortense von Guilleaume (Gudenau, Godesberg, Rhine, [Germany]) to Sir John Lavery giving family news and referring to the Public Trustee declining to release a portrait by Lavery that von Guilleaume lent for exhibition before the war. 27 Oct 1920
CHAR 2/111/47-48 Typescript copy of part of CHAR 2/111/46. 27 Oct 1920
CHAR 2/111/49 Letter from [WSC] to the secretary-general of the Comite du Centenaire de la Mort de Napoleon accepting a place on honorary committee. Typescript copy. 01 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/50-51 Letter from Neston Diggle [naval attache] (British Embassy, Rome, [Italy]) to WSC asking him to support his claims to be promoted to captain, expressing relief at the end of the coal strike in Britain, in which the Italians and Balkan peoples have taken a great interest, and reporting that extremists have been defeated in municipal elections in Rome and Belgrade [Yugoslavia]. 03 Nov [1920]
CHAR 2/111/52-53 Letter from [Margot Asquith, later Lady Oxford and Asquith] (123 Rue St Dominique, Paris, [France]) to WSC defending her autobiography against criticism and asserting she could have written much more about the conduct of Herbert Asquith's [later Lord Oxford and Asquith] colleagues. Encloses letters praising her autobiography [see CHAR 2/111/54, CHAR 2/111/55 and CHAR 2/111/56]. 04 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/54 Letter from Edmund Gosse (17 Hanover Terrace, Regent's Park, [London]) to Margot Asquith [later Lady Oxford and Asquith] praising her autobiography. Typescript copy sent with CHAR 2/111/52-53. Annotated by Margot Asquith that John Masefield enthused about her book even more to her husband. 16 Jul 1920
CHAR 2/111/55 Letter from Lord Crewe (Crewe Hall, Crewe, [Cheshire]) to Margot Asquith [later Lady Oxford and Asquith] making largely favourable comments about her autobiography. Typescript copy sent with CHAR 2/111/52-53. 15 Sep 1920
CHAR 2/111/56 Letter from John Masefield (Hill Crest, Boar's Head, Oxford) to Margot Asquith [later Lady Oxford and Asquith] praising her autobiography as a vivid record of the age: "you are one of the people born to set down the likeness of the England that is passing." Typescript copy sent with CHAR 2/111/52-53. 13 Sep 1920
CHAR 2/111/57-58 Letter from [WSC] to Walter Long [later Lord Long] asserting that the conclusions of the report on the Dardanelles will encourage a negative attitude in the Navy and that if it is published so should all other relevant documents. Typescript copy. 09 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/59 Letter from Sir Basil Thomson (Director of Intelligence, Scotland House, London) to WSC (War Office) reporting that at a Sinn Fein meeting in Glasgow it was decided to attempt the kidnapping of any of [David Lloyd George], Andrew Bonar Law, Lord French [earlier Sir John French, later Lord Ypres], WSC and Sir Hamar Greenwood. 09 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/60 Letter from Sir Arthur Davidson (Marlborough House, [London]) to WSC asking on behalf of Sir Sidney Lee, the biographer of King Edward VII, whether WSC has any letters of political interest from the king to himself or to Lord Randolph Churchill. 10 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/61 Letter from [WSC] to Sir Arthur Davidson reporting that he has no political letters from King Edward VII but that there is interesting material for Sir Sidney Lee [the king's biographer] in the reports on proceedings in the House of Commons which WSC wrote for the king as Home Secretary. States that there is no political material in the correspondence between Lord Randolph Churchill and the then Prince of Wales but authorises Lee to see it if he wishes. Typescript copy. 11 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/62 Letter from Andrew Bonar Law (11 Downing Street) to WSC complaining about the poor attendance of ministers in the House of Commons and asking WSC to do his work in his room at the House. 12 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/63 Letter from Sir Arthur Davidson (Marlborough House, [London]) to WSC agreeing that Sir Sidney Lee [the biographer of King Edward VII] will be interested in the reports WSC wrote for the king on proceedings in the House of Commons, and thanking him for authorising Lee to see the correspondence between the king and Lord Randolph Churchill. 13 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/64 Letter from Walter Long [later Lord Long] (Admiralty) to WSC stating that he intends to leave the consideration of the report [on the Dardanelles defences] to his Naval Staff and does not intend to publish it. 15 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/65 Letter from [Edward Marsh] to Sir Arthur Davidson stating that it is for the 9th Duke of Marlborough to decide whether Sir Sidney Lee [the biographer of King Edward VII] can see the correspondence between the then Prince of Wales and Lord Randolph Churchill. Typescript copy. 15 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/66-67 Letter from an anonymous correspondent to WSC asking whether he can help Colonel Spenser Grey, who taught WSC to fly and is now "down and out". 20 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/68-71 Letter from [WSC] to Victor Cazalet explaining why the Allies helped the anti-Bolshevik forces in Russia and arguing that now those forces have been defeated there is no reason why the Government should prevent people trading at their own risk with the Bolsheviks, who now have to be left to show whether or not "they intend to observe the ordinary conduct of civilised nations in their relations to the outer world." Typescript copy. 24 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/72 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Grey of Fallodon (earlier Sir Edward Grey) asking for a copy of a letter he wrote to Grey in 1911 on the importance of sending the Fleet to its war stations and inviting him to lunch or dinner. Typescript copy. 29 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/73 Letter from Lord Curzon (Foreign Office) to WSC explaining that Foreign Office telegram [suggesting that the Poles be advised not to co-operate with Boris Savinkov] was one which he did not personally authorise and that it arose from the desire to remove any excuse for the Bolsheviks' impending attacks. 29 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/74 Letter from George Lambert [later Lord Lambert] (19 St James's Square, London) to WSC asking him to send any letters he has from the late Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher]. 01 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/75 Letter from WSC (War Office) to George Lambert [later Lord Lambert] asking for his permission to use letters to from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] in his account of his time as First Lord of the Admiralty and promising to send copies of all the letters in due course. Typescript copy. 03 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/76-79 Letter from the Aga Khan (Hotel Ritz, Place Vendome, Paris, [France]) to Edwin Montagu urging the British government to reverse its opposition to the humiliating peace terms imposed on Turkey, which are alienating the whole of the Islamic world and encouraging anti-British feeling in India. 02 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/80-81 Letter from [WSC] to Edward Shortt suggesting that a metal detection device being developed by Sir Ernest Moir and his son be used experimentally to check whether visitors to the House of Commons are carrying concealed weapons. Signed typescript. 03 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/82-85 Letter from WSC (War Office) to [David Lloyd George] arguing that the Government's anti-Turkish and pro-Bolshevik policy is harming British interests in India and the Middle East, is ruinously expensive, and is alienating the Liberals' Conservative coalition partners. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 04 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/86 Letter from George Lambert [later Lord Lambert] (Ferne, Donhead, Salisbury, [Wiltshire]) to WSC explaining that he wants the biographer of Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to avoid reviving old controversies and advising WSC to be careful about what he publishes. Praises WSC's work at the Admiralty but says he was "headstrong" over the Dardanelles. 05 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/87-92 Letter from Colonel Hans von Herwarth (Munich, [Germany]) describing the political upheavals in Bavaria and arguing that the Bavarian self-protection organisation, the Einwohnerwehr, is a bulwark against Bolshevism and more such organisations are needed throughout Germany if the country is not to succumb to revolution. 05 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/93 Letter from [WSC] to George Lambert [later Lord Lambert] asking him to send copies of any letters from him (WSC) to Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] during his first six months as First Lord of the Admiralty. Typescript copy. 09 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/94 Letter from [WSC] to Bernard Baruch promising to study his book on the economic sections of the Treaty of Versailles, looking forward to visiting Baruch in the United States and suggesting that a small association of leading men from Britain and the United States should be formed to promote close ties between the two countries. Typescript copy. 09 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/95 Letter from the Archbishop of Tuam [Thomas Gilmartin] (St Jarlath's, Tuam, [Galway, Ireland] to WSC urging him to use his influence to secure a peaceful settlement to the Irish Question. 09 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/96 Letter from [WSC] to the Archbishop of Tuam [Thomas Gilmartin] assuring him that he wishes for a peaceful settlement of the Irish Question but insisting that the murder of soldiers and policemen must stop before constitutional discussion can begin. Points out that the Home Rule Bill is passing into law with the assent of the overwhelming majority of the Unionist Party. Typescript copy. 14 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/97 Letter from [Edward Marsh] to Colonel Hans von Herwarth thanking him for his letter to WSC [on the political situation in Bavaria and elsewhere in Germany]. Typescript copy. 15 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/98-99 Letter from Thomas Gilmartin, Archbishop of Tuam (St Jarlath's, Tuam, [Galway, Ireland], to WSC arguing that if he suspended all military and auxiliary police action in Ireland the Irish extremists would reciprocate and the resulting truce would facilitate a lasting political agreement. Refers to the depredations of the auxiliary police and the continuing strength of Sinn Fein and asserts that no one in Ireland takes the Home Rule Bill seriously. 17 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/100-101 Letter from 17th Lord Derby (Knowsley, Prescot, Lancashire) to WSC expressing agreement with his policy on the Bolsheviks, arguing that long-term trading relations with Russia under a Soviet government will be impossible, and asking WSC's opinion of his idea of a defensive alliance with France. 17 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/102 Letter from General Prince Belosselsky-Belosersky (26 Bramham Gardens, South Kensington, [London]) to WSC offering him a portrait of John, 1st Duke of Marlborough recovered from his father's house in Petrograd [Russia]. 18 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/103 Letter from Josiah Wedgwood (Lucknow, [India]) to WSC on: the difficulties caused by the fanatical Muslims in India; the elections in Greece; Ottoman suzerainty over Smyrna, Thrace and Arabia; the boycott by the Muslims of any of their number who do not boycott the British; the fate of Peter Wrangel [the evacuation of his forces from the Crimea] (25 Nov). Annotated by WSC: Prime Minister "great minds think alike" (19 Dec). 25 Nov 1920 - 19 Dec [1920]
CHAR 2/111/104 Letter from [WSC] to 17th Lord Derby arguing that Mustafa Kemal Pasha [later Ataturk] and a reconciled Turkey should be used as a barrier against the Bolsheviks and to safeguard British interests in the Middle East and India, and that an Anglo-French defensive alliance would be a good idea provided France agreed to let Germany revive economically and so form a barrier to the westward spread of Bolshevism. Also discusses Derby's Territorial Army division. Typescript copy. 21 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/105 Note of the name of General Prince Belosselsky-Belosersky. [Dec] [1920]
CHAR 2/111/106 Letter from [WSC] to [General Prince Belosselsky-Belosersky] thanking him for the gift of a portrait of John, 1st Duke of Marlborough and commiserating with Russia's grave plight. Typescript copy. 21 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/107-108 Letter from 17th Lord Derby (Knowsley, Prescot, Lancashire) to WSC criticising the break-up of the Turkish empire and the placing of a large part of it under Greece, which is unable to govern it, arguing that Britain's mandate for Palestine and the Zionist state is dangerous, that the mandate should be given to France, and that Britain should come to terms with Mustafa Kemal Pasha [later Ataturk]. 23 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/109-110 Letter from Sir Philip Watts (10 Chelsea Embankment, [London]) to Edward Marsh stating his claims to a peerage as a reward for his services to the Admiralty. 24 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/111 Letter from Nesta Webster (84 Cadogan Place, [London]) to WSC enclosing a copy of her lecture on the history of the world revolutionary movement [see CHAR 2/111/112] and stressing the German influence on the movement. 24 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/112 "The past history of the world revolution. A lecture delivered at the Royal Artillery Institution, Woolwich, . . . by Mrs Arthur [Nesta] Webster." Sent with CHAR 2/111/112. 30 Nov 1920
CHAR 2/111/113-114 Letter from WSC (War Office) to "Eddie" [17th Lord Derby] agreeing with Derby's views [on foreign policy], asking if he can read Derby's two letters to [David Lloyd George], expressing the hope that he (WSC) will be able to alter Government policy on Russia and Turkey and suggesting that he, Derby and Lord Scarbrough meet for lunch. Copy. [Dec] [1920]
CHAR 2/111/115-116 Letter from 17th Lord Derby (Knowsley, Prescot, Lancashire) to WSC restating his belief that the Greeks are not fit to rule the parts of the Turkish empire given to them under the peace settlement and arguing that the reconstitution of that empire is inevitable and Britain should not be the only power to oppose it. Expresses dislike for the Balkan states except Bulgaria. 27 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/117-118 Letter from [WSC] to the Archbishop of Tuam [Thomas Gilmartin] affirming his wish for a peaceful settlement in Ireland and asserting that the recently passed Home Rule Act should be regarded as the first step towards settling the constitutional relationship between Britain and Ireland. Typescript copy. 27 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/119 Extract from a speech in the Irish parliament by Henry Grattan on the union between Britain and Ireland. 15 Jan 1815
CHAR 2/111/120-124 Letter from Henry Wickham Steed (The Times) to WSC describing anti-British feeling in the United States over Ireland and stressing the urgent necessity of reaching a constitutional settlement there. 28 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/125 Letter from J S Barnes (Admiralty) to Edward Marsh reporting that Walter Long [later Lord Long], the First Lord of the Admiralty, believes that a baronetcy rather than a peerage is the appropriate honour to confer on Sir Philip Watts. Annotated by Marsh that he has informed Watts and expressed WSC's regret. 29 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/126 Letter in French from ? (Chambre des Deputes, Paris, [France]) to WSC explaining why he encouraged general public discussion of Germany's plans and praising WSC and wishing him well. 31 Dec 1920
CHAR 2/111/127 Note from WSC to [Austen Chamberlain]: "this is all working up to you." With Chamberlain's reply that his budget is destroyed whatever [? foreign] policy is adopted because there is no policy which can be carried out within the estimates. [Dec] [1920]
CHAR 2/111/128 Note by [Joseph Austen Chamberlain]: "[Lord] Curzon has made a great advance in our direction. I think you must try to meet him." Possibly refers to WSC's idea of a defensive alliance with France. 06 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/111/129 Letter from Sir Edward Carson [later Lord Carson] (5 Eaton Place, [London]) to WSC praising his recent speech in Dundee [Angus, Scotland]. [1920]
CHAR 2/111/130 Quotation from Shakespeare's "Henry V": "If little faults, proceeding on distemper, shall not be wink'd at, how shall we stretch our eye when capital crimes, chew'd, swallowed, and digested, appear before us?". [1920]
CHAR 2/111/131 Note that the following items are to be added to this file. c 1987
CHAR 2/111/132 Reprint of an article in the Hong Kong Daily Express on Sir John Jordan's speech on the need to expand the railway network in China and Sir Robert Ho Tung's suggestion that the Boxer indemnity be spent on railway building and other improvements. 31 Aug 1920
CHAR 2/111/133 Calling card of Sir Robert Ho Tung. [1920]
CHAR 2/111/134 Reprint of an article from the North China Daily News (Shanghai) on Sir Robert Ho Tung's suggestion that the balance of the British portion of the Boxer Indemnity applied to the completion of the Canton-Hankow railway. [1920]
CHAR 2/111/135 Envelope with Sir Robert Ho Tung's name on it. [1920]