Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry: documents handed in relating to the statement by WSC on operations to the end of the first phase.

Reference code: CHAR 2/81

Part of: CHAR 2
Next record: CHAR 2/82
Previous record: CHAR 2/80

Date: 1916

Scope/content:

Includes 6 sets of duplicates, with 1 additional document not present in the original set.

Keywords

UKAT

Other details

Access: Physical: 1 volume bound with CHAR 2/80, and 1 file (112 loose folios)
Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 2/81/1 Cover for the principal documents handed in by WSC with his statement to the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry on the first phase of operations. Printed. [Oct] [1916]
CHAR 2/81/2 Letter from Edward Grimwood Mears (the Dardanelles Commission) to Andrew Fisher (72 Victoria Street, [London]) enclosing a copy of a letter from WSC on the hearing of evidence before the Commission [see CHAR 2/81/3-5] and suggesting the Commissioners meet for a few minutes' discussion before WSC arrives to give evidence. Signed typescript. 20 [Oct] 1916
CHAR 2/81/3-5 Letter from WSC (41 Cromwell Road) to Edward Grimwood Mears giving the reasons why he wishes to examine certain witnesses before the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry and asserting that he has enough evidence to prove: that at no time during the operation was the margin of safety of the Grand Fleet compromised; that the Admiralty had sufficient ammunition reserves; that the battleships "Majestic" and "Canopus" could be spared for bombardment duties. Typescript copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/95-97. 19 Oct 1916
CHAR 2/81/6 Letter from WSC to Lord Cromer correcting the impression given by part of his statement to the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry that the Cabinet did not discuss, and were not kept informed about, the military attack. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/92. 11 Oct 1916
CHAR 2/81/7 Letter from Lord Kitchener (War Office) to WSC giving his opinion that nothing much can be done to help the Russians in the Caucasus and that "the only place that a demonstration might have some effect in stopping reinforcements going East would be the Dardanelles." Printed copy. 02 Jan 1915
CHAR 2/81/8 Letter in French from Deleaney (French Foreign Minister) to Paul Cambon (French Ambassador in London) on the need to reach an agreement with Britain about naval commands in the Mediterranean. Printed copy. 13 Jan 1915
CHAR 2/81/9 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Lord Kitchener arguing that only those battleships needed for the initial stage of the Dardanelles bombardment should be used at the outset and that the seizure of Alexandretta should be attempted at the same time as the bombardment so that it can be represented as the main operation if the attack on the Dardanelles is checked. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/52. 20 Jan 1915
CHAR 2/81/10 Statement by Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver of the concentration of the fleet for the attack on the Dardanelles. Sent by WSC to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Lord Kitchener and Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon]. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/53. 25 Jan 1915
CHAR 2/81/11 Memorandum by WSC to Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and Lord Kitchener on the terms of naval co-operation with France in the eastern Mediterranean. With note by Grey that the French should be allowed to have what they want in this sphere, even a share in the occupation of Alexandretta. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/54. 26 Jan 1915
CHAR 2/81/12 Memorandum by the Chief of the Admiralty War Staff [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver] on plans for the bombardment of the Dardanelles forts (2 February). Sent with covering note by WSC to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon], Lord Kitchener and Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour]. With note by Grey that the forcing of the straits will discourage the planned Austro-German offensive against Serbia (2 February), and note of agreement by Lord Kitchener (3 February). Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/55. 02 Feb 1915 - 03 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/81/13 Letter in French from Victor Augagneur [French Minister of the Marine] (Paris) to [WSC] indicating agreement with British proposals for Angle-French naval co-operation in the eastern Mediterranean with reference to the attacks on the Dardanelles and Alexandretta (31 Jan). With notes that Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and Lord Kitchener have seen the letter and that WSC thinks it is satisfactory (3 Feb). Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/56. 31 Jan 1915 - 03 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/81/14 Letter in French from Victor Augagneur, French Minister of the Marine, to WSC agreeing with the plans for the Dardanelles operations set out in a recent memorandum from WSC and giving details of the relevant French naval dispositions. With notes that the letter was seen by [Herbert Asquith], Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and Lord Kitchener, and that it is satisfactory to WSC. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/63. 09 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/81/15 Note by the Admiralty Transport Department on the move of the 29th Division and the 2nd Mounted Division from Avonmouth to the Mediterranean. Printed. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/58. 1915
CHAR 2/81/16 "Appreciation" by WSC arguing that the Anglo-French position on the Western Front is secure and that the Allies have the resources to take Constantinople by the end of March and thus eliminate Turkey as a military factor. Printed copy. Submitted to [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith], [David Lloyd George] and Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] and used by WSC as a brief to argue in the War Council of 26 Feb. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/57. 25 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/81/17 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener on the preparation of transports to the Dardanelles for the 29th Division and the need for the French Division to come to Lemnos in view of the absence of British regulars. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/59. 27 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/81/18 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener suggesting that 20 March be fixed on as the date for the landing of troops after the initial naval operations at the Dardanelles and approving the appointment of General Sir Ian Hamilton to the command of the military operations. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/60. 04 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/81/19 Note from C C Ennals quoting from a telegram from the Chief of Staff of Grand Duke Nicholas giving the instructions which have been issued to Admiral Andrei Eberhardt [Commander of the Russian Black Sea Fleet]. With notes on the circulation and translation of the document (13-14 Mar) and note by WSC that it should be telegraphed textually to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden (13 Mar). Printed copy. French with parallel English translation. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/62. 12 Mar 1915 - 14 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/81/20 Memorandum by WSC that Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden will be in charge of the Dardanelles operations until troops land and that French and Russian troops will be under the overall command of General Sir Ian Hamilton. With note from Commodore Charles de Bartolome to the First Sea Lord [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher] explaining that the memorandum is the result of a discussion between WSC and Lord Kitchener and asking for Fisher's concurrence, which he gives. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/62. 13 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/81/21 Minute by Admiral Sir Henry Jackson to [Vice-Admiral Henry Oliver] on the hindering of Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden's operations in the Dardanelles by concealed batteries of howitzers and the need to occupy the Gallipoli peninsula to ensure safe passage of troops through the straits (11 Mar). With note from [Lord Kitchener] to [WSC] stating that no attempt on Gallipoli should be made until the 29th Division has arrived (13 Mar), and circulation note (13 Mar). Printed copy. 11 Mar 1915 - 13 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/81/22 Note in French conveying to Lord Kitchener the information from the Grand Duke Nicholas that the Russian land forces which will attack Constantinople [Turkey] will wait for the orders of the naval commanders before going into action. With note from [Lord Kitchener] that WSC is to see this and that he did so. Printed copy. 01 Apr 1915
CHAR 2/81/23 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet Sir Arthur Wilson (Admiralty) to Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] stating that he is not prepared to become First Sea Lord under any First Lord of the Admiralty other than WSC. Printed copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/64. 19 May 1915
CHAR 2/81/27 Draft of an Admiralty note to the French dictated by WSC. Starts with a covering note to Lord Kitchener suggesting that it should be sent to Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] and a note of Kitchener's assent. The note records the British government's intention to take offensive action against Turkey at the Dardanelles forts, giving details of naval forces to be used and the date of the planned attach and hopes for French co-operation and support. Printed copy 16 Jan 1915
CHAR 2/81/24-26,28-136 Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry: documents handed in relating to the statement by WSC on operations to the end of the first phase 1915-1916