Public and political: Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry: copies of documents.

Reference code: CHAR 2/88

Part of: CHAR 2
Next record: CHAR 2/89
Previous record: CHAR 2/87

Date: 1915 - 1916

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Access: Physical: 1 file (54 folios)
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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 2/88/1 Telegram from Lord Kitchener to Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell giving instructions for the sending of additional troops to Lemnos to co-operate with the naval force at the Dardanelles. Printed copy. 20 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/88/2 Telegram from Lord Kitchener to Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell stating that it would not be advisable to land a force on the Gallipoli peninsula until the naval operations for the reduction of the forts have been successful, and that General Sir William Birdwood and Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden should consult together and Birdwood should report his conclusions about the use of troops in the Dardanelles. Printed copy. Telegram from Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell to Lord Kitchener asserting the need for the military authorities to take the initiative in view of Carden's recent "helpless" telegram and suggesting that a force be landed at Bessika Bay and an advance be made up the Asiatic side of the straits. Printed copy. 24 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/88/3 Telegram from Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell to Lord Kitchener reporting the opinion of Colonel Edmond Maucorps of the French Military Mission that a landing near Bessika Bay would be far less difficult than one on the Gallipoli peninsula and his description of the naval and military operations which would be necessary following such a landing. Printed copy. 26 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/88/4 Telegram from to Lord Kitchener to Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell instructing him to send a message instructing General Sir William Birdwood that until the Dardanelles have been forced by the Navy his troops should be limited to minor operations and asking him to send an assessment of the number of troops which will be needed at Constantinople once the straits have been forced. Printed copy. 26 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/88/5 Telegram from Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell to Lord Kitchener conveying a "much mutilated message" from General Sir William Birdwood giving his proposals for the operations of his troops in the Dardanelles once they are ready to disembark from 18 Mar onwards. Printed copy. 04 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/88/6 Telegram (4 Mar) from Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell to Lord Kitchener conveying a telegram from General Sir William Birdwood (3 Mar) stating that: he wants to avoid landing a force on the Asiatic side of the Dardanelles; he has taken steps to meet the threats on the Bulair lines; he has issued orders about embarkation and disembarkation practice for troops at Mudros Bay; he believes that if the Fleet arrives before Constantinople opposition will collapse; a man-lifting kite or a captive balloon would be very useful to the Navy for reconnaissance. Printed copy. 03 Mar 1915 - 04 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/88/7 Telegram from Lord Kitchener to Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell instructing him to transmit a message to General Sir William Birdwood giving him details about how his troops concentrated at Lemnos are to be deployed after the Fleet has forced the Dardanelles. Printed copy. 04 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/88/8 Telegram from Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell to Lord Kitchener conveying a message from General Sir William Birdwood expressing doubt about the Navy being able to force the Dardanelles unassisted, insisting the weather should be settled before troops are landed, explaining why he is averse to landing troops at the Bulair Lines and recommending a cautious advance from Helles Point (5 Mar). Printed copy. Telegram from Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell to Lord Kitchener conveying a message from General Sir William Birdwood repeating his belief that the Navy cannot force the Dardanelles unaided and stating that if military co-operation is needed he will make his objective the line Kilid Bahr - Gabatepe. Fears that troop transports might still be liable to loss from guns after the straits have been forced (6 Mar). Printed copy. 05 Mar 1915 - 06 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/88/9 Telegram from the War Office to the General Officer Commanding, Egypt [Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell] asking him to ensure that the remainder of General Sir William Birdwood's force embarks from Alexandria for the Dardanelles as soon as they are required by Vice Admiral Sackville Carden and quoting a telegram from the Admiralty to Admiral Rosslyn Wemyss [later Lord Wester Wemyss] on the feasibility of concentrating all of Birdwood's force on Lemnos (15 Mar). Printed copy. 15 Mar 1915 - 18 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/88/10 Telegram from General Sir Ian Hamilton to Lord Kitchener on what he has learnt from his fellow senior officers of the strength of the Turkish position on Gallipoli, his confidence in Vice-Admiral John de Roebeck and his belief that the 29th Division should be sent direct to Alexandria [Egypt] rather than Lemnos (18 Mar). Printed copy. Telegram from General Sir Ian Hamilton to Lord Kitchener arguing that the Naval Division be sent to Alexandria [Egypt], the French Division to Port Said [Egypt] and the Australian Brigade should remain on Lemnos (18 Mar). Printed copy. Telegram from Lieutenant-General Sir John Maxwell to Lord Kitchener quoting a telegram he has sent to General Sir Ian Hamilton informing him of the arrangements he is making for the sending of troops to Alexandria [Egypt] and Port Said [Egypt] (19 Mar.) Printed copy. 18 Mar 1915 - 19 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/88/11 Telegram from Lord Kitchener to General Sir Ian Hamilton reiterating his view that the passage of the Dardanelles must be forced and that military operations on the Gallipoli peninsula must be carefully considered and carried through (19 Mar). Printed copy. Telegram from General Sir Ian Hamilton to Lord Kitchener reporting on his cruise along the western shore of the Gallipoli peninsula and stating his belief that the Dardanelles are less likely to be forced by ships alone than at one time seemed likely and that therefore the army's role will be larger than originally planned (19 Mar). Printed copy. Telegram from General Sir Ian Hamilton to Lord Kitchener on the moving of the French Division to Alexandria [Egypt]. Printed copy. 19 Mar 1915 - 21 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/88/12 Telegram from General Sir Ian Hamilton to Lord Kitchener on the suitability of the Naval Division and the French troops going to Alexandria and the need of the French commander to be ordered by his government to do this (22 Mar). Printed copy. Telegram from Lord Kitchener to General Sir Ian Hamilton stating his belief that 14 April is too late a date for the commencement of military operations in the Dardanelles (23 Mar). Printed copy. Telegram from General Sir Ian Hamilton to Lord Kitchener reporting that he and Vice-Admiral John de Roebeck agree that the co-operation of the whole military force will be necessary to enable the Fleet effectively to force the Dardanelles and referring to the plans he is making for this (23 Mar). Printed copy. 22 Mar 1915 - 23 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/88/13 Telegram from General Sir Ian Hamilton to Lord Kitchener on the time it is likely to take the 29th Division to arrive at the Dardanelles and the insufficient artillery in General Sir William Birdwood's force. (24 Mar). Printed copy. Telegram from Lord Kitchener to General Sir Ian Hamilton agreeing that the artillery of the 29th Division is necessary, advising him to be careful about naming a date for the commencement of operations and asking for information about the French Division (25 Mar). 24 Mar 1915 - 25 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/88/14 Telegram from General Sir Ian Hamilton to Lord Kitchener warning that there is no room on Lemnos for another French division (11 Apr). Printed copy. 11 Apr 1915 - 15 Apr 1915
CHAR 2/88/15 Telegram from Lord Kitchener to General Sir Ian Hamilton quoting from a report on the recent fighting at Basra [Turkey] (19 Apr). Printed copy. 19 Apr 1915 - 23 Apr 1915
CHAR 2/88/16 Telegram from General Sir Ian Hamilton to Lord Kitchener conveying thanks for Kitchener's best wishes from Vice-Admiral John de Roebeck and General D'Amade. Printed copy. 24 Apr 1915
CHAR 2/88/17 Letter from Sir Reginald Brade (War Office) to WSC (41 Cromwell Road) enclosing the copies of letters and telegrams [relating to the Dardanelles] for which WSC asked [see CHAR 2/88/18-42]. Signed typescript. Annotated by WSC that the papers were "pruned" in 1923 and that there were many more valuable papers, especially about French co-operation. 31 Aug 1916
CHAR 2/88/18 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Lord Kitchener arguing that in view of the German submarine threat in the Channel troops should not unnecessarily be brought to England for training and equipping. Typescript copy. Sent with CHAR 2/88/17. 14 Oct 1914
CHAR 2/88/19 Letter from Lord Kitchener (2 Carlton Gardens) to WSC suggesting that some of the more powerful modern ships from the Grand Fleet should be in the eastern ports so that they could act quickly in case of emergency in the North Sea or Channel. Typescript copy. [1915]
CHAR 2/88/20 Telegram from the Admiralty to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden instructing him to station a vessel in the neighbourhood of the Bulair lines to report all movements of troops (20 Feb). With covering note from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to Lord Kitchener (21 Feb). Typescript copy. 20 Feb 1915 - 21 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/88/21 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener commenting on communications between Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden and General Sir William Birdwood on operations in the Dardanelles and complaining about the recruitment of persons engaged in Admiralty work. Typescript copy. 24 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/88/22 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener on the preparation of transports to the Dardanelles for the 29th Division and the need for the French Division to come to Lemnos in view of the absence of British regulars. Typescript copy. Other copies at CHAR 2/74/58 and CHAR 2/81/15. 27 Feb 1915
CHAR 2/88/23 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener on arrangements for the transport of troops for the Dardanelles. Typescript copy. 04 Mar 1915
CHAR 2/88/24-25 Telegram from WSC (Admiralty) to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden on the number of troops available for operations in the Dardanelles and Carden's plans to force the straits. Typescript copy. 14 Mar [1915]
CHAR 2/88/26 Letter from Lord Kitchener (War Office) to WSC stating that preparations are continuing for land operations in the Dardanelles and hoping that the Navy will continue to engage the forts so that the Turks expend their ammunition. Typescript copy. 25 Mar [1915]
CHAR 2/88/27 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Lord Kitchener on the despatch of a 15-inch howitzer to the Dardanelles. Typescript copy. 08 Apr 1915
CHAR 2/88/28 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Lord Kitchener on the rapid disembarkation of troops [for the Dardanelles operations]. Typescript copy. 01 May 1915
CHAR 2/88/29 Letter from WSC (Duchy of Lancaster Office) to Lord Kitchener urging that extra divisions be kept in Egypt in case they are needed to reinforce the next phase of operations on Gallipoli. Typescript copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/115. 15 Jun 1915
CHAR 2/88/30 Letter from Lord Kitchener to WSC reporting that no time is being lost in sending out reinforcements to the Dardanelles and noting that Greece may come into the war and that Bulgaria will probably demand territory from Turkey. Typescript copy. Another copy at CHAR 2/74/115. 16 Jun 1915
CHAR 2/88/31 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener enclosing a memorandum on naval operations in the Dardanelles and the Sea of Marmara which he has sent to Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] [see CHAR 2/88/32-38]. Typescript copy. 24 Aug 1915
CHAR 2/88/32-38 Memorandum [by WSC] describing a plan whereby 3 or 4 monitors may be got through the Dardanelles into the Sea of Marmara and, with protection from submarines, cut Turkish communications across the Bulair Isthmus. Typescript copy. [21] [Aug] [1915]
CHAR 2/88/39 Letter from Lord Kitchener (War Office) to WSC stating that he is taking steps to replace Generals Sir Frederick Stopford, Bryan Mahon and Frederick Hammersley Typescript copy. 14 Aug 1915
CHAR 2/88/40 Notes by WSC (10 Downing Street) urging that the pretence be kept up that the Allies intend to renew the grand offensive in France and that the Russians be given 150000 Japanese rifles and ammunition. Typescript copy. 26 Oct 1915
CHAR 2/88/41 Notes by WSC (10 Downing Street) suggesting that between the 15th and the 31st of December the Russians should pass through Romania to attack the Austro-German communications with Constantinople [Turkey], that a renewed attempt be made to force the Dardanelles and that the French army should advance from Greece to threaten the Bulgarian flank. Typescript copy. [26] [Oct] [1915]
CHAR 2/88/42 Notes by WSC (10 Downing Street) [to Lord Kitchener] headed "a vision" suggesting that Baghdad [Iraq] could be captured, the Dardanelles forced and Constantinople occupied in the coming December and January. Typescript copy. [26] [Oct] [1915]
CHAR 2/88/43 "Naval operations in the Dardanelles. Admiralty telegrams. January 3-May 29, 1915." Printed in Sep 1916. 03 Jan 1915 - Sep 1916
CHAR 2/88/44 Letter from (Admiralty Transport Division) enclosing lists of the transports which conveyed the Royal Naval and military divisions to the Mediterranean for the Dardanelles operations [see CHAR 2/88/45-53]. 13 Sep 1916
CHAR 2/88/45-53 Lists of transports conveying the Royal Naval and military divisions to the Mediterranean for the Dardanelles operations. Sent with CHAR 2/88/44. [Apr] [1915] - [Aug] [1915]
CHAR 2/88/54 Telegram from [WSC] to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden giving him instructions for operations in the Sea of Marmara, including the occupation of Constantinople [Turkey]. Printed copy. Telegram from [WSC] to Vice-Admiral Sackville Carden conveying Admiral Sir Henry Jackson's plan of attack on the Bosphorus [Karadeniz Bogazi, Turkey] forts from the south. Printed copy. Annotated that there is no need to paraphrase these telegrams because they are included in a book of paraphrased Admiralty telegrams that are being sent to WSC and members of the Dardanelles Commission of Inquiry. 04 Mar 1915