Official: Prime Minister: Personal Telegrams.

Reference code: CHAR 20/118

Part of: CHAR 20
Next record: CHAR 20/119
Previous record: CHAR 20/117

Date: 08 Sep 1943 - 23 Sep 1943

Scope/content:

Other details

Access: Physical: 1 File
Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: T1301/3-T1400/3 Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/118/1 Folder marked "Prime Minister's Personal Telegrams Serial No's T1301/3-T1400/3". Sep 1943 - Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/2-3 Telegram from General Jan Smuts (Prime Minister of South Africa) to WSC marked "Most Secret and Personal" stating that he is pleased to hear of his plans for Italy but that this will postpone any action in the Balkans and stating that he believes that the Germans are planning to establish a large force for the use in Italy and the Balkans and that their only hope to speed up the end of the war is the introduction of United States forces into Europe Annotated. 08 Sep 1943 - 08 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/4 Telegram from WSC to Marshal Stalin marked "Personal and Most Secret" informing him that the Italians have backed out of the armistice fearing that the Germans will enter Rome [Italy] and establish a Quisling Government [Traitor Government] and adding that they are still announcing the armistice today and that Avalanche [Invasion of Italy at Salerno] will begin tonight. 08 Sep 1943 - 08 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/5 Telegram from WSC and President Roosevelt to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] stating that they agree with his comments in his recent message and that they are withholding all announcements until they know what he has said. 08 Sep 1943 - 08 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/6 Telegram from WSC General Maitland Wilson (Commander in Chief Middle East) marked "Most Secret and Personal" stating that this is a time to aim high, be daring and to improvise. 09 Sep 1943 - 09 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/7 Telegram from General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean] to WSC marked "Personal" informing him that they have had a message from the Italian authorities stating that due to a change in circumstances they are prevented from announcing the armistice agreement as planned and that although they intend to carry on with their plan they still have to make certain alterations and stating that: they have postponed the operation of the 82 Airborne Division in Rome; that Avalanche [Invasion of Italy at Salerno] will take place with no airborne assistance and that he is opening up the port of Tarranto [Italy] and commenting on the order in which the troops will arrive in Italy Annotated. 08 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/8 Telegram from General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] to WSC marked "Personal" noting the word Zip [signal used to denote the start of an Allied operation]. Annotated. 09 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/9-10 Telegram from Marshal Stalin to WSC marked "Personal and Secret" stating that: he believes that it is very important to establish a military-political commission as soon as possible; that he is in agreement with the suggestion that the three representatives of their governments should meet in October and proposing that this meeting should be in Moscow and that the heads of the three governments should meet at the end of the year. 09 Sep 1943 - 09 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/11 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "Most Secret and Personal" stating that the changes in Italy have altered thesituation and that the decisions taken at Quebec [Canada] need to be adapted and noting that: the Italian surrender of the Dodecanese will enhance their position in the Balkans; that the Italian divisions in Yugoslavia will help to alter the position there and suggesting that their success in Italy should be followed by a concentration in the Balkans rather than adopting a cross channel plan and that they should use the Italian Divisions and Balkan forces to assist them in this theatre of the war. 09 Sep 1943 - 09 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/12 Telegram from Lord Bangor (Speaker, Ulster Senate) to WSC congratulating him, on behalf of the members of the Senate of Northern Ireland, for the Allied success in Italy. 09 Sep 1943 - 09 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/13 Telegram from Marshal Stalin to WSC marked "Personal and Secret" stating that he agrees with his and President Roosevelts actions in instructing General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] to warn the Germans against taking reprisals and using gas warfare against Italy. 09 Sep 1943 - 09 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/14 Telegram from General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] to WSC marked "Personal" reporting on the successful landing of the Allied forces Annotated. 10 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/15 Telegram from Peter Fraser (Prime Minister of New Zealand) to WSC congratulating him on the success of the Allied forces [in Italy]. 10 Sep 1943 - 10 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/16-17 Telegram from WSC to Marshal Stalin marked "Most Secret and Personal" informing him that the British Government agrees to the establishment of the three power military -political Commission and that they agree to the representation of the French Committee of National Liberation on this commission and stating that the British Government nominates Harold Macmillan [Minister Resident in Algiers] as their representative and commenting on what he believes to be the functions of the commission and adding that he agrees to the meeting of the Foreign Office Representatives being in Moscow and suggesting that the meeting of the three heads of government should be in Teheran (Persia [later Iran]). 10 Sep 1943 - 10 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/18 Telegram from WSC to Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham (Commander in Chief Mediterranean) asking him if the Italian Fleet from Spezia [Italy] should arrive in their ports after their attack on the German bombers, adding that he hopes that he will consult General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] on this matter, to ensure that they are well received Annotated. 10 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/19 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC stating that the Greeks should be rewarded for their resistance to the Italians and that they should arrange for a small section of the Greek troops to march into and occupy Rome [Italy] which will help to rally the Greeks in support of their war effort in the Balkans and adding that they should use as large a manpower contribution as possible to assist in South Eastern Europe Annotated. 10 Sep 1943 - 10 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/20 Telegram from Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham (Commander in Chief Mediterranean) to WSC reporting on the casualties of the recent landings at Taranto [Italy]. 10 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/21 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts (Prime Minister of South Africa) marked "Most Secret and Personal" informing him that the main Italian Fleet is on its way to surrender and that the Germans have bombed them during their journey and that it is his new aim to get the Italians to fight the Germans Annotated. 10 Sep 1943 - 10 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/22-23 Telegram from WSC to Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) marked "Most Secret and Personal" asking him to inform several named members of the French National Committee that a commission is to be established to focus Allied dealings with Italy and that their committee is to have a representative on this commission which will bring the three governments and the French Committee of National Liberation on equal terms for the first time and adding that he has proposed that he should be the British representative on the commission Annotated. 10 Sep 1943 - 10 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/24 Telegram from Marshal Stalin to WSC and President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Secret" congratulating them on the success of the Allied landings at Naples [Italy]. 14 Sep 1943 - 14 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/25 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "Most Secret and Personal" stating that he is in agreement but adding that the battle still continues and that they are still a long way from Rome Annotated. 11 Sep 1943 - 11 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/26 Telegram from Marshal Stalin to WSC stating that he must have written his last message without having received his telegram answering the questions on the subject of the meeting of the Foreign Ministers and of the establishment of the tripartite commission. 10 Sep 1943 - 10 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/27 Telegram from WSC to Lord Gort [Governor and Commander in Chief of Malta] and Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham (Commander in Chief Mediterranean) informing them that films should be taken of the surrender of the Italian fleet and of the warm welcome and kind treatment which they will receive from their Allies Annotated. 10 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/28 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "Most Secret and Personal" stating that there can be no question of them breaking their arrangement with the United States regarding Overlord [the Liberation of France] and reiterating his suggestion that he should visit Britain Annotated. 11 Sep 1943 - 11 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/29-31 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "Most Secret and Personal" containing his minute to President Roosevelt stating that: they should have a plenary meeting of the Combined Chiefs of Staff to assess the new situation on the assumption that the battle for Rome and Naples will be successful; that the Italian fleet should be used in the war against Japan; that the public are made aware of their intention to convert Italy into fighting against the Germans; that they should be able to open up a few ports in the Balkans and commenting on the situation of the Italian islands Annotated. 11 Sep 1943 - 11 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/32 Telegram from WSC to Lord Bangor [Speaker, Ulster Senate] thanking him for his message of congratulations. 11 Sep 1943 - 11 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/33 Telegram from WSC to Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham (Commander in Chief Mediterranean) asking him to report on the state of the ammunition of the Italian Fleet and to provide them with estimates for quantities and exact specifications. 12 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/34-35 Telegram relaying the texts of two separate messages. The first is a telegram from Stanislav Mikolajozyk (Prime Minister of Poland) to WSC congratulating him on the success of the Allied forces in Italy. The second is a reply from WSC to Stanislav Mikolajozyk thanking him for his message of congratulation. Typescript. 12 Sep 1943 - 12 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/36 Telegram from Algiers to WSC informing him that in the Minister's absence, his message was sent to General Henri Giraud and General de Gaulle [Joint Heads of the French Committee of National Liberation] direct and reporting on their reaction to it and informing him that General Henri Giraud has four French infantry divisions ready for action. 12 Sep 1943 - 12 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/37 Telegram from General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander in Chief Mediterranean Theatre] to WSC informing him of the dates at which the divisions will be ready for employment Annotated. 12 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/38 Telegram from Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham (Commander in Chief Mediterranean) to WSC acknowledging his recent message and providing a distribution list. 12 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/39 Telegram from WSC to General Maitland Wilson [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "Personal and Secret" stating that the capture of Rhodes by him would be a fine contribution and asking him what plans he has for this. 13 Sep 1943 - 13 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/40 Telegram from WSC to Lord Swinton [earlier Philip Lloyd Greame and Philip Cunliffe Lister, Minister Resident in West Africa] stating that he should certainly carry out the tours which he proposed. 13 Sep 1943 - 13 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/41-44 Telegram from Richard Casey [Minister of State Middle East] to WSC marked "Personal and Secret" reporting on the situation in the Middle East and stating that the emphasis is on exploiting the Italian collapse and commenting on: the reorganisation of the SOE (Special Operations Executive) Middle East; the visit of General Weeks (War Office) and General Riddell; the situation in Yugoslavia, the Balkans, Persia [later Iran], Greece and of the position and condition of some of his personnel Annotated. 13 Sep 1943 - 13 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/45 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] marked "Most Private" stating that he hopes that he is watching the battle of Avalanche [Invasion of Italy at Salerno] adding that none of the Commanders involved has fought a large scale battle before and explaining why the battle of Suvla Bay was lost and adding that nothing should be denied which will assist in a victory at Naples [Italy] and urging him to ask for anything he wishes Annotated. 14 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/46 Telegram from WSC to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] congratulating him on the situation in Italy. 14 Sep 1943 - 14 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/47 Telegram from WSC to Mackenzie King (Prime Minister of Canada) marked "Most Secret and Personal" informing him that he has discussed the situation regarding the aviation problem with President Roosevelt before a British and Commonwealth conference on this subject and stating that President Roosevelt does not think that there should be an international conference on this subject until they have discussed it at the forthcoming Anglo/ Soviet/ American meeting and informing him of the United States view on this matter Annotated. 14 Sep 1943 - 14 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/48 Telegram from Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) to WSC marked "Personal" stating that he is grateful for his decision regarding the mediterranean commission and that the French are overjoyed at their news and informing him that he is trying to persuade the French to have confidence in this [Tripartite Commission]. 13 Sep 1943 - 13 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/49 Telegram from Marshal Pietro Badoglio [Prime Minister of Italy] to President Roosevelt and WSC stating that the Italian forces alone are no match for the German armies, but that he assures them that the Italian people are united around their King and that they are willing to do anything to achieve peace and liberty Annotated. 14 Sep 1943 - 14 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/50 Telegram from General Sir Henry Wilson [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "Private and Personal" reporting on the situation in Rhodes stating that the Italians surrendered after some light bombing and that there seems little indication that they will try to resist and informing him of the position of some of the other Greek islands Annotated. 14 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/51 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "Most Secret and Personal" informing him that he intends to visit London in the first week of October and that he intends to visit North Africa on route Annotated. 14 Sep 1943 - 14 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/52 Telegram from General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] to WSC marked "Personal" informing him that Avalanche [Invasion of Italy at Salerno] is at a critical stage but that everything is being done to make it a success and adding that his Commanders in Chief deliver the maximum output when necessary. 14 Sep 1943 - 14 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/53 Telegram from Haile Salassie [Prime Minister of Ethiopia, formerly Abyssinia] to WSC congratulating him on his success in Italy. 13 Sep 1943 - 13 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/54 Telegram from WSC to Richard Casey (Minister of State Middle East) thanking him for his report and commenting on the points in which he is in agreement. 15 Sep 1943 - 15 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/55 Telegram from General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] to WSC marked "Personal" informing him that he is with the Fifth Army and that everything possible is being done to make Avalanche [Invasion of Italy at Salerno] a success. 15 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/56 Telegram from WSC to Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham [Commander in Chief Mediterranean] stating that he is glad that he has employed HMS Warspite and HMS Valiant believing that the importance of the battle justifies the use of these two vessels. 15 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/57-58 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts (Prime Minister of South Africa) marked "Most Secret and Personal" containing a report by the Combined Chiefs of Staff on his paper stating that they agree that a powerful British battle squadron should proceed to the Indian Ocean and commenting on the use of the Italian fleet and armed forces and the situation in the Balkans, Sardinia, Corsica, Turkey and the Eastern Mediterranean Annotated. 15 Sep 1943 - 15 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/59 Telegram from General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] to WSC stating that that he believes that there is very little that can be done, by those at home, to assist them and that he feels that they will be able to hang onto their position in Avalanche [Invasion of Italy at Salerno] until reinforcements arrive. 15 Sep 1943 - 15 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/60 Telegram from General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] to WSC reporting on the situation at the Fifth Army front and stating that: since the Germans have not attacked for a couple of days they have had time to improve their position; that the Eighth Army are getting nearer and commenting on the German position in that area. 16 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/61 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] marked "Most Secret" stating that he is glad that he feels as though they are getting to grips with Avalanche [Invasion of Italy at Salerno] and that the Eighth Army is approaching them and adding that it is right to use the two battleships Annotated. 17 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/62 Telegram from WSC to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] marked "Most Secret and Personal" stating that his feeling regarding Avalanche [Invasion of Italy at Salerno] is expressed by Foch's expression "cramponnez partout" [hold everywhere] and adding that the Navy is quite right to include their heavy ships in the battle. 17 Sep 1943 - 17 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/63 Telegram from Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) to WSC passing on a message from Rene Massigli [French Foreign Affairs Minister] of his gratitude for his message regarding the Mediterranean commission and informing him that General de Gaulle [Joint Head of the French Committee of National Liberation] was also very pleased with the information. 16 Sep 1943 - 16 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/64 Telegram from WSC to Dr Herbert Evatt [Australian Minister for External Affairs] marked "Secret and Personal" informing him that they will be sending them the Air Ministry will be sending them mark VIII spitfires and that these are the latest tropicalised type. 17 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/65 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Most Secret" stating that he agrees generally with the Foreign Office telegrams to Washington and that he is instructing Colonel John Llewellin [British Minister in Residence in Washington, United States] to send him the telegrams under reference Annotated. 18 Sep 1943 - 18 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/66 Telegram from Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] to WSC informing him that he has been advised that there is no way that an additional Canadian Division or Corps Headquarters being sent out due to the shipping situation and asking if it would be possible for arrangements to be made to allow another Canadian Division to be despatched to the Mediterranean to gain battle experience and stating that shipping being used to return troops to Britain, could be used, on their outward trip, to transport Canadians Annotated. Copy. 18 Sep 1943 - 18 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/67 Telegram from [? General Sir Harold Alexander, later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] to WSC marked "Most Secret" reporting on the situation in Italy, and commenting on the position of the Divisions and informing him that some reinforcements arrives last night and stating that he believes that they have the situation in hand. 17 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/68 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Most Personal and Secret" informing him that he feels more confident about Avalanche [Invasion of Italy at Salerno] and that he hopes that the Eighth Army will launch their attack today and stating that he would be keen to know his reactions to Marshal Stalin's recent telegram Copy. 18 Sep 1943 - 18 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/69 Telegram from WSC to Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] stating that he does not believe that he will be able to assist him in transporting the Second Canadian Division and Corps Headquarters to the Mediterranean and explaining his reasons why. 18 Sep 1943 - 18 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/70 Telegram from General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] to WSC marked "Most Secret" reporting on the situation in Italy and stating that he believes that the initiative has passed to them and commenting on the successes of some of the Divisions. 18 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/71 Telegram from Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) to WSC informing him that he has sent his report on Italy to the Foreign Office as he was unsure of his whereabouts. 18 Sep 1943 - 18 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/72 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Secret" stating that he is delighted that he had a safe journey home Copy. Sep 1943 - Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/73 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff] marked "Personal and Most Secret" stating that he must try to convince Admiral Ernest King [Commander in Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations] of his resolve to bring the United States into these Islands [Azores] to assist in the war and adding that the reason why the Portuguese are more frightened by the presence of the United States than of Britain is that they believe that the United States want the Azores [Atlantic Ocean]. 20 Sep 1943 - 20 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/74 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "Most Secret and Personal" informing him that he will be leaving South Africa for Cairo [Egypt] on September 27th and stating that a hint from him to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army], General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] and Harold Macmillan [Minister Resident in Algiers] suggesting that they can speak freely to him will allow him to bring with him a first hand account. 20 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/75 Telegram from Admiral Sir James Somerville [Commander in Chief Eastern Fleet] to WSC marked "Personal" reporting on the results of the Sea and Swell Survey. 20 Sep 1943 - 20 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/76 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Most Secret" informing him that he is sending him his comments on General Dwight Eisenhower's [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Government] proposals for dealing with the Italian government and stating that he is informing the Soviet government of the line which they should take. 20 Sep 1943 - 20 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/77-78 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Most Secret" containing his message to Harold Macmillan [Minister Resident in Algiers] regarding the War Cabinet's conclusions on how to deal with the Italian authorities, stating that: King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy's authority should be strengthened; that the government should be established as an anti-Fascist coalition; that they have no intention of giving the Italian Government Allied status; that the Italian Government should immediately wage war on Germany and so become a co-belligerent; that they are willing to hand over Italian territory as soon as it has been freed from the enemy and that they should try to obtain a signed instrument of surrender. 20 Sep 1943 - 20 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/79 Telegram from WSC to Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) containing CHAR 20/118/77-78. 21 Sep 1943 - 21 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/80 Telegram from WSC to Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) marked "Most Secret" containing some amendments which should be made to his recent telegram. 21 Sep 1943 - 21 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/81 Telegram from WSC to Marshal Stalin marked "Personal and Most Secret" stating that: due to the announcement that Benito Mussolini has been established by the Germans as the head of the Republican Fascist Government, they must seek to strengthen the position of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and Marshal Pietro Badoglio [Italian Prime Minister]; that he is proposing to advise the King of Italy to address his people and ask for their support for the Badoglio government; that the Italians will not become their allies but their co-belligerents; that he is trying to insist on the signing of an armistice and that they are proposing to hand back Italian land once it has been freed of the enemy. 21 Sep 1943 - 21 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/82 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Secret" containing a message which he is proposing to send to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] stating that: he should withold the long term armistice plans for the time being; that he is empowered to make recommendations to lighten the provisions of the military armistice and so enable the Italians to be in a position to wage war against Germany; that the Italian Government will be allowed to continue as long as they declare war on Germany; that the Italian Government will be seen as a co-belligerent; that the Allied Military Government and the Armistice Control Commission will be empowered to offer advice to the Italian Government and that he should encourage the use of the Italian forces against Germany. 21 Sep 1943 - 21 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/83 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] to WSC marked "Personal and Secret" stating that he is delighted that he has arrived safely and adding that he is feeling much better Signature in typescript. Copy. Sep 1943 - Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/84 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "Most Secret and Personal" informing him that he has sent a message to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army], Harold Macmillan [Minister Resident in Algiers] and General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] stating that they can speak freely with him and adding that he expects that during his visit to Britain that he will occupy a place in the War Cabinet and asking him his wishes for arrangements to be made for his accommodation. 21 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/85 Telegram from WSC to Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) marked "Most Secret and Personal" informing him of General Jan Smuts' [Prime Minister of South Africa] itinerary for his visit to North Africa and authorizing him to discuss matters freely with him Copy. 21 Sep 1943 - 21 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/86 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] marked "Most Secret and Personal" informing him of General Jan Smuts'[Prime Minister of South Africa] itinerary for his visit to North Africa and authorizing him to discuss matters freely with him. 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/87 Telegram from WSC to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] marked "Personal and Private" congratulating him on the successes in Italy and suggesting that he should try to push as many French troops into Corsica as possible and informing him of General Jan Smuts' [Prime Minister of South Africa] itinerary for his visit to North Africa and authorizing him to discuss matters freely with him. 21 Sep 1943 - 21 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/88 Telegram from WSC to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] containing a message from him to General Mark Clark [Commander of the United States Fifth Army] congratulating him for the success of the landings on the beaches of Salerno. 21 Sep 1943 - 21 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/89 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Most Secret" stating that he prefers his reply to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] and adding that he does not have any objection to King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy making a speech, although he is not sure what good it will do. 21 Sep 1943 - 21 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/90 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Most Secret" containing some corrections to his recent telegram. 21 Sep 1943 - 21 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/91-92 Telegram from WSC to Admiral Sir Percy Noble [Head of the British Admiralty Delegation] informing him that it has been agreed that the United States Naval authorities should go ahead with experiments to construct floating airfields and stating that he would like him to be his liaison officer on this project and to receive fortnightly reports and asking him to inform Admiral Ernest King [Commander in Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations] of this request and enclosing a list of concerns which he is hoping to have sorted out. 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/93 Telegram from Henry Morgenthau [United States Secretary of the Treasury] to WSC of condolence at the death of Sir Kingsley Wood (Chancellor of the Exchequer). 21 Sep 1943 - 21 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/94 Telegram from Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) to WSC marked "Most Secret" informing him of the Chief of Staff's delight at the clear instructions which he has sent and stating that they are still waiting for President Roosevelt's instructions and reporting on the situation in Italy and suggesting that the long term armistice agreement be kept silent. 22 Sep 1943 - 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/95 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "Most Secret and Personal" accepting his offer to be the guest of the British government during his stay there and adding that he does not envisage that he will be able to stay very long as he plans to be back in his country by the end of November Annotated. 22 Sep 1943 - 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/96 Telegram from WSC to Haile Sellassie (Emperor of Ethiopia, formerly Abyssinia) thanking him for his message of congratulations. 22 Sep 1943 - 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/97 Telegram from General Mark Clark [Commander of the United States Fifth Army] to WSC thanking him for his message of congratulations. 22 Sep 1943 - 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/98 Telegram from Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) to WSC marked "Most Secret" informing him that at General Dwight Eisenhower's [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] conference the policy of the British Government was set out and that it was warmly welcomed by all, but that they are still awaiting Washington's agreement and stating that he has sent Lieutenant General Noel Mason MacFarlane [Governor and Commander in Chief Gibraltar] a message explaining the background. 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/99 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Most Secret" informing him that their messages do not seem to differ too much and that he is happy to adopt his statement as the directive and to use his own as an amendment for commentary. 23 Sep 1943 - 23 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/100 Telegram from Mackenzie King (Prime Minister of Canada) to WSC marked "Most Secret and Personal" stating that he is very pleased to hear the outcome of his discussions on civil aviation with President Roosevelt and that no opposition has been raised regarding the future commonwealth meeting and asking him for the date of the preliminary meeting in London Annotated. 22 Sep 1943 - 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/101 Telegram from General Sir Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] to WSC stating that it would be splendid if he could come and visit them. 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/102 Telegram from Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) to WSC containing a message from General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] to Lieutenant General Noel Mason MacFarlane [Governor and Commander in Chief Gibraltar] informing him that the Allies believes that it is important that King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy should make a speech to the Italian people and explaining why this is necessary and commenting on what the content of the speech should be. 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/103 Telegram from Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) to WSC marked "Most Secret" containing a message from him to Lieutenant General Noel Mason MacFarlane [Governor and Commander in Chief Gibraltar] informing him that they have received a message from the British Government detailing their policy on the situation in Italy and stating that as soon as they have received one from the United States Government they will relate to him the plan of action. 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/104-05 Telegram from Mackenzie King (Prime Minister of Canada) to WSC marked "Most Secret and Personal" regarding his views on post war civil aviation and detailing the points on which he is not in agreement. 22 Sep 1943 - 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/106 Telegram from Marshal Stalin to WSC marked "Personal and Secret" stating that he agrees with his plan to have King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy address his people and suggesting that he should say very clearly that the Italians will fight against the Germans and adding that he agrees with his proposals regarding the signing of the armistice terms and asking him to clarify his comment that the Italians cannot be held accountable to all of the armistice conditions at the moment. 22 Sep 1943 - 22 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/107 Telegram from WSC to Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) informing him that his next telegram contains a message from President Roosevelt to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] and that this message will constitute the new directive. 23 Sep 1943 - 23 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/108 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Secret" informing him that he has sent to General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] as a directive, the message which they had both agreed upon and that he also sent his message attached as commentary. 23 Sep 1943 - 23 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/109 Telegram from General Dwight Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] to WSC thanking him for his message and reassuring him that General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] will be well received. 23 Sep 1943 - 23 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/110 Telegram from WSC to Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) marked "Most Secret" containing the text of President Roosevelt's message see CHAR 20/118/82. 23 Sep 1943 - 23 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/111 Telegram from Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) to WSC marked "Most Secret" asking him to clarify President Roosevelt's statement that the long term armistice agreement should be withheld and arguing against this course of action stating that he is not sure whether the situation will be the same in a few weeks time. 23 Sep 1943 - 23 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/112 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Most Secret" informing him that he has received a message from Marshal Stalin stating that he feels that the question of the long term armistice could be settled by the new commission. 24 Sep 1943 - 24 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/113 Telegram from WSC to Harold Macmillan (Minister Resident in Algiers) informing him that he has just received a message from Marshal Stalin stating that he agrees that King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy should speak to the Italian People but that he should clearly note that Italy is at war with Germany alongside Britain, the United States and the Soviet Union and that these nations should be named in his speech. 23 Sep 1943 - 23 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/114-15 Telegram from Richard Casey (Minister of State Middle East) to WSC marked "Personal and Most Secret" regarding the capture of Rhodes and informing him that the Commander in Chief there believes they have a good chance of achieving this, and commenting on the benefits of occupying this island. 24 Sep 1943 - 24 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/116 Telegram from John Curtin (Prime Minister of Australia) to WSC of condolence at the death of Sir Kingsley Wood [Chancellor of the Exchequer]. 23 Sep 1943 - 23 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/117 Telegram from Richard Casey (Minister of State Middle East) to WSC marked "Personal and Secret" suggesting that he should read a proposal by Brigadier Maclean as he believes that he may wish to support his idea. 23 Sep 1943 - 23 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/118 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Secret" informing him of Harold Macmillan's [Minister Resident in Algiers] belief that Marshal Pietro Badoglio [Italian Prime Minister] is ready to sign the peace agreements and that the longer this is left the more difficulties may arise and that he would feel happier if they could clinch the matter now and stating that on General Dwight Eisenhower's [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] suggestion they have made the preamble less harsh. 24 Sep 1943 - 24 Sep 1943
CHAR 20/118/119-20 Telegram from King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy to King George VI of England and President Roosevelt stating the importance of freeing all parts of Italy of the Germans, and that in order to do this they must occupy Rome. 24 Sep 1943 - 24 Sep 1943