Official: Prime Minister: Personal Telegrams from Casablanca, Turkey and Cyprus.

Reference code: CHAR 20/127

Part of: CHAR 20
Next record: CHAR 20/128
Previous record: CHAR 20/126

Date: 13 Jan 1943 - 06 Feb 1943

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Open, with the exception of folio 48 which has been 'sanitised' on Cabinet Office instructions under S23 of the Freedom of Information Act. Review date 2021.

Physical: 1 file
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Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/127/1 Folder marked "Prime Minister's Telegrams from North Africa (Casablanca), Turkey, Cyprus (Symbol) Jan-Feb 1943 Annotated. 1943
CHAR 20/127/2 Note marked "Personal Telegrams from Casablanca, Turkey, Cyprus Jan-Feb 1943 Annotated with a note for the printer. 1943
CHAR 20/127/3 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee informing him that Admiral Q [President Roosevelt] is expected tomorrow and stating that he believes that they will require at least a fortnight. 13 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/4 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Private and Confidential" informing him that Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] has suggested Jean Monnet as the Civil Head and commenting on his opinion of this figure and asking him for his views. 16 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/5 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee, Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] and the War Cabinet marked "Most Immediate" informing them that they have invited General Henri Giraud [High Commissioner for French Africa and Army Commander in Chief] and General de Gaulle to meet them and containing a message to de Gaulle to be delivered by Eden asking him to meet them Copy. 16 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/6-7 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee, Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] and the War Cabinet marked "Immediate" reporting on the progress of the conference and informing them of the priorities of the different delegates regarding the planned operations, concentrating on the Mediterranean and Pacific theatres Annotated. Copy. 18 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/8 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Most Immediate" stating that he may tell him but informing him that Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] has suggested that this should be left until the last possible moment Copy. 17 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/9 Telegram from WSC to A V Alexander [later Alexander of Hillsborough] (First Lord of the Admiralty) marked "Immediate" informing him that he has spoken to Lord Leathers (Minister of War Transport) regarding his request and commenting on his reaction and detailing a couple of ways in which ship building berths could be saved and stating that he expects a 30% reduction in his new demands Copy. 17 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/10-11 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee, Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] and the War Cabinet marked "Important" containing the agreed proposals for the organisation of French Africa Copy. 17 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/12-13 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord of Avon] marked "Most Immediate" stating that if he is in agreement he should give the following message to General de Gaulle informing him that he was invited to the conference by President Roosevelt as well as himself and that he has not yet told General Henri Giraud [High Commissioner of French Africa and Army Commander in Chief] and commenting on the likely results if he continues to refuse to attend Copy. 18 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/14 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [Later Lord Avon] and Sir Archibald Sinclair (later Lord Thurso, Secretary of State for Air) marked "Most Secret and Personal" stating that if the second nights attack on Berlin [Germany] was successful that they should send a message to Marshal Stalin from him Copy. 18 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/15 Telegram from WSC to Brigadier Hollis marked "Most Secret and Personal" stating that he is not happy with the speed or volume of the information which he is sending and commenting on the usual practice Copy. 18 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/16 Telegram from WSC to Sir Archibald Sinclair (Secretary of State for Air) stating that he hopes that he will repeat this several times in order to make a real impression, if the weather permits Copy. 18 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/17 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Important" stating that he is concerned by the failure of 4 out of 18 and adding that this will make their position with the bear [Soviet Union] even worse Copy. 19 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/18-20 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee and the War Cabinet reporting on the outline for the conduct of the war in 1943 and stating that they will produce a statement of the work of the conference for the press Copy. 19 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/21 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Most Immediate" stating that he needs an answer regarding Joan of Arc Copy. 20 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/22 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Most Secret and Personal" stating that they waited all day for General de Gaulle's answer and noting that it will soon be too late as President Roosevelt will make other arrangements and asking him to inform him of the alterations made to his message by the cabinet Copy. 20 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/23 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Personal" stating that he would like to meet Gascoigne and asking him to make the arrangements Copy. 20 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/24-25 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee and Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Personal and Most Secret" informing them for their preparations for the end of the conference and commenting on their discussions regarding the Turkish question and notifying them that he intends to fly to Cairo [Egypt] after the meeting stating that he feels that General Sir Henry Wilson [Commander in Chief Persia and Iraq] should take over General Sir Harold Alexander's place [to be Deputy Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] as Commander in Chief Middle East and suggesting that he should get in contact with the Turkish authorities Copy. 20 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/26-27 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee and Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Most Immediate" informing them that they have still not heard from General de Gaulle and containing the suggested joint statement from President Roosevelt and himself regarding the outcome of the conference, stating who was present, how often they met and commenting on the situation in French North Africa Copy. 21 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/28 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Most Secret" stating that he believes that President Roosevelt will wait another day and that he will of course wait and try to keep Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] with him Copy. 22 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/29 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Personal and Secret" stating that he can tell General de Gaulle that he had arranged for him and General Henri Giraud [High Commissioner of French North Africa and Army Commander in Chief] to have separate villas next to each other so that they could meet each other privately as often as possible and stating that he is very sorry to hear about Turkey as he believed that they are missing a golden opportunity and commenting on the ways in which the Allies could have helped them Copy. 22 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/30 Telegram from WSC to Lord Swinton [earlier Philip Lloyd Greame and Philip Cunliffe Lister] (Minister Resident in West Africa) marked "Personal and Most Secret" informing him that he has been in conference with President Roosevelt near Casablanca for the last ten days and stating that he would like him to meet with the President as he passes through. 23 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/31 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee informing him of the Persident Roosevelt's views regarding the provision of post war relief supplies. 23 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/32 Telegram from WSC to Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] (Lord President of the Council) regarding tube alloys [atomic bomb research] stating that he is receiving personal assurances but that it is thought better not to send any instructions by telegraph from there. 23 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/33-35 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee and Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] asking that the Turkish matter be considered again by the cabinet and containing a message to be sent to the Turkish authorities informing them that he has been charged with the duty of discussing security and arms matters with the Turkish army and asking for a meeting with Sukru Saracoglu and suggesting Cyprus as the meeting place and reporting on the latest progress of the conference in Casablanca, commenting on his meeting with General de Gaulle. 24 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/36 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee and the War Cabinet containing a letter signed by himself and President Roosevelt which will be sent to their Chiefs of Staff which raises the importance of: finding a way of running the Soviet convoys during the Husky period [Invasion of Sicily]; of sending air reinforcements to China; of launching Husky [Invasion of Sicily] in June and the need to build up a United States striking force in Britain. 25 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/37 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee and the War Cabinet marked "Most Immediate" discussing his and President Roosevelt's opinions on Turkey entering the war and stating that he hopes that the message will be sent. 25 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/38 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee and Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Private and Personal" informing them of his location. 25 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/39 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee and Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Most Immediate. Personal and Secret" stating that he is grateful that they are allowing him to carry out his plan and adding that he will try to ensure that the possibilities in Southern Tunisia are exploited to the full. 26 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/40 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee and Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] and War Cabinet marked regarding the wording of the public announcement due to be released tomorrow regarding Marshal Stalin. 26 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/41 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee and Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] and War Cabinet stating that nothing will please Marshal Stalin more than the Allies placing 50 or 60 divisions in France and adding that he believes that he will be furious with the joint statement and explaining why he did not show them the document for their approval. 26 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/42-43 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee and Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] A V Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Hillsborough] (First Lord of the Admiralty) and the War Cabinet regarding the scandal of Admiral Rene Godefroy's [Commander of the French Fleet in the Eastern Mediterranean] fleet in Alexandria and suggesting that they should consider if this matter should be brought to a head and informing them of the action taken by the French authorities in North Africa and commenting on the possible action they could take. 26 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/44 Telegram from WSC to King George VI informing him that he arrived this morning and containing a signed message to him from President Roosevelt reporting on the success of the conference and. 26 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/45 Telegram from WSC to Sir Archibald Sinclair [later Lord Thurso] Secretary of State for Air) stating that he believes that it is important to keep on [bombing] the big city whenever the weather allows, to show that their reprisals have not affected them. 27 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/46 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] marked "Most Secret and Personal" asking him to inform Sir Hughe Knatchbull Huggessen (British Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary in Turkey) that he hopes that he and the Military and Air Attaches will accompany the President to the meeting. 27 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/47 Telegram from WSC to King George VI asking him to send a message through him, to Ismet Inonu (President of Turkey). 27 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/48 Copy of a telegram from WSC to the Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon] and the Minister of Information [Brendan Bracken] marked "most secret" relaying a "disgraceful communication " issued by the Arab news agency about changes in command and the position of [Dwight] Eisenhower, noting that "nothing could be more calculated to cause ill feeling with the United States". Typescript. 28 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/49 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee informing him of the documents which he is sending him and reporting on his talks with Ismet Inonu [President of Turkey] stating that: they made friends at once; that he informed him that he did not want them to enter the war if it was going to lead to a Turkish disaster and that he said it was in Turkey's interests to play her part. 31 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/50 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee informing him that he arrived yesterday and that he has already had a long a friendly discussion with Ismet Inonu (President of Turkey), Sukru Saracoglu (Prime Minister of Turkey) and Numan Menemenjoglu (Turkish Minister for Foreign Affairs). 31 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/51-52 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee containing the text of the agreement made between the British and Turkish authorities regarding the supply of arms. 31 Jan 1943
CHAR 20/127/53 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] replying to his earlier messages and commenting on the situation in Algiers and stating that he should consult with Lord Halifax [arlier Edward Wood and later Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] and adding that he agrees with Harold Macmillan [Minister Resident in Algiers] that these proposals were presented to President Roosevelt by Robert Murphy [United States Political Representative in Algiers] and informing him that he hopes to pay a surprise visit to General Dwight Eisenhower's [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] headquarters on his way home. 01 Feb 1943
CHAR 20/127/54 Telegram from WSC to Brendan Bracken (Minister of Information) asking him to report on the reactions of the world press to the Turkish communique and containing a note to the Private Office suggesting that he should send these in instalments and not wait until he they have had a reaction from all countries. 01 Feb 1943
CHAR 20/127/55 Telegram from WSC to Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal (Chief of the Air Staff) stating that he is sorry to learn of the death of Dykes [?Brigadier Vivian Dykes] and Stewart [?Lieutenant Colonel Douglas Stewart] and asking him to send his condolences to their relatives. 01 Feb 1943
CHAR 20/127/56 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee, Sir James Grigg (Secretary of State for War) and Leo Amery (Secretary of State of India and Burma) informing them that both he and General Sir Alan Brooke [Later Lord Alanbrooke of Brookeborough] (Chief of Imperial General Staff) agree that the Persia and Iraq command should be given to General Sir Claude Auchinleck. 02 Feb 1943
CHAR 20/127/57 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee for the War Cabinet stating that he hopes that they will allow Richard Casey (Minister of State, Middle East) some freedom to handle the matter with Admiral Rene Godefroy [Commander of the French Fleet in the Eastern Mediterranean] adding that it will take a long time to solve the matter if the War Cabinet have to look over every detail. 02 Feb 1943
CHAR 20/127/58 Telegram from WSC to Brendon Bracken (Minister of Information) stating that he presumes that he has sent his message to 3rd Lord Selborne [earlier Lord Wolmer] (Minister of Economic Warfare) and adding that he is glad that Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] is raising the matter in Cabinet. 02 Feb 1943
CHAR 20/127/59 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee thanking him for his message of warning and stating that both he and General Sir Alan Brooke [Later Lord Alanbrooke of Brookeborough] (Chief of Imperial General Staff) believe that they should stick to their original plan, at least as far as landing at the air field at A. 02 Feb 1943
CHAR 20/127/60 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] asking him to forward to him any report made by Sir Hughe Kantchbull Hugessen [British Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary in Turkey] regarding the visit. 04 Feb 1943
CHAR 20/127/61 Telegram from WSC to Clement Attlee marked "Most Immediate" informing him that he is at General Dwight Eisenhower's [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre, United States Army] headquarters and commenting on the security measures taken during their journey there and informing him that he intends to return to Britain as soon as the weather permits and commenting on his activities there. 05 Feb 1943
CHAR 20/127/62 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon] reporting on a meeting he had with Robert Murphy [United States Political Representative in Algiers] regarding the two offending documents and informing him that he stated that he doubted whether President Roosevelt would allow him to be treated in this way and that he managed to persuade him to amend the text and that he informed General Henri Giraud [Civil and Military Head of all French North Africa] that he has not seen these documents before. 06 Feb 1943