Official: Prime Minister: Personal Telegrams (copies).

Reference code: CHAR 20/46

Part of: CHAR 20
Next record: CHAR 20/47
Previous record: CHAR 20/45

Date: Nov 1941 - Dec 1941

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UKAT

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Open

Physical: 1 bound file (126 folios)
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Original Reference: T 901 - T 1000 Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/46/1 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] with proposed statement to the House on General Alan Cunningham's replacement by Major-General Neil Ritchie as commander of the 8th Army. 30 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/46/2-3 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] suggesting a joint ultimatum to Japan to prevent war. 30 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/46/4 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan Desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]. 30 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/46/5 Telegram from WSC to Lieutenant-General Alfred Godwin-Austen, Commander 13th Corps, "I am highly complimented by your message". 30 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/46/6-7 Telegram from Middle East Defence Committee on aid for Turkey; require air rather than land support, and need raw materials for military factories. 30 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/46/8 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; Allies advancing but meeting resistance. 01 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/9 Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] with text of message sent to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, suggesting joint ultimatum to Japan. 01 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/10-12 Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan Desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; advises declaration on change in command be reworded in light of the illness of General Alan Cunningham [former commander of the 8th Army]; retaliation ordered by Field Marshal Erwin Rommel has not materialised; acknowledged by WSC. 01 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/13 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC protesting at diversion of light bombers from Middle East shipment to the Soviet Union. 01 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/14 Telegram from WSC to Lieutenant-General Edward Wetherall [General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, East Africa] congratulating him on glorious conclusion to campaign in Abyssinia [Ethiopia]. 02 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/15 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Charles Fowkes congratulating him on brilliantly conceived operations at Gondar [Ethiopia, earlier Abyssinia]. 03 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/16 Telegram from John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC supporting his ultimatum to Japan and urging a stronger United States military presence in Far East. 02 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/17-19 Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC advising all tanks unloaded; on Libyan Desert battle, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; morale good. 02 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/20 Telegram from the Governor and Commander-in-Chief of the Bahamas [Duke of Windsor, earlier King Edward VIII and Edward, Prince of Wales] to WSC thanking him for his telegram. 03 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/21 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] enquiring about deployment of reinforcements. 04 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/22 Telegram from Field Marshal Baron Carol Mannerheim [? Commander-in-Chief, Finnish armed forces] to WSC regretting he cannot halt Finland's hostilities towards the Soviet Union. 02 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/23-24 Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; resuming offensive. 04 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/25 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] advising that action has been authorised at Kra Isthmus [Siam, later Thailand] to aid Dutch. 05 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/26 Telegram from Chief of General Staff, Middle East [Major-General Arthur Smith] to WSC with news of battle; information on supply shipments. 05 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/27 Telegram from Dominions Office to Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] on replacement Speaker's Chair for House of Commons. 06 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/28 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; Italian prisoners, and tanks. 06 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/29 Telegram from Lieutenant-General Edward Wetherall [General Officer Commanding-in-Chief, East Africa] to WSC with thanks from East Africa Command following success in Gondar [Ethiopia, earlier Abyssinia]. 06 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/30-32 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; enemy manoeuvres; troop deployment. 06 Dec 1941 - 07 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/33 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] to WSC advising that Canada has declared war on Finland, Romania and Hungary. 06 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/34 Telegram from WSC to [Luang Bipul Songgram] Prime Minister of Thailand [Siam] advising that in event of imminent Japanese attack on Thailand Britain will intervene. 07 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/35 Telegram from WSC to the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] advising that light bombers were diverted from the Middle East to the Soviet Union to fulfil United States aid obligations. 07 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/36 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on wording of bulletin concerning General Alan Cunningham's replacement [as commander of the 8th Army]. 07 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/37 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] requesting news of casualties; advises United States will declare war on Japan in event of invasion of Thailand [Siam], Malaya [later Malaysia], Burma or the East Indies; good news from the Soviet Union; General Alan Cunningham's return to Britain. 07 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/38 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan desert; recovery of abandoned German tanks. 07 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/39 Telegram from John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC acknowledging receipt of telegrams. 08 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/40 Telegram from WSC to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek "British Empire and United States have been attacked by Japan - always we have been friends: now we face a common enemy". 08 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/41 Telegram from WSC to Eamon de Valera [Prime Minister of Ireland] "Now is your chance. Now or never. "A nation once again". Am ready to meet you at any time". 08 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/42 Telegram from WSC and Averell Harriman to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States] "Thinking of you at this historic moment". 08 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/43 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] to WSC advising that Canada has declared war on Japan. 08 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/44 Telegram from Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster [Alfred Duff Cooper, later 1st Lord Norwich] to WSC requesting authority to act; powers similar to Oliver Lyttelton [Minister of State, Middle East, later 1st Lord Chandos]. 08 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/45 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] on wording of bulletin concerning General Alan Cunningham's replacement [as commander of the 8th Army] and general statement on progress of battle. 08 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/46 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; Allies advancing, New Zealand casualty figures. 08 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/47-49 Telegram from WSC to [Alfred] Duff Cooper [later 1st Lord Norwich], Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, authorising him to form a War Council, and detailing principle tasks. 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/50 Telegram from WSC to [? Sir Hughe Knatchbull-Hugessen, British Ambassador to Turkey] the diplomatic representative in Angora [Ankara, Turkey] on confronting Turkish criticism of Allied operations in Libya. 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/51 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] assessing reactions to Allied success in Africa, and Japan's attack on the United States [? at Pearl Harbor]. Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/52 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] with condolences on severe losses and casualties in Libyan desert. 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/53 Telegram from John Winant [United States Ambassador to Britain] to WSC with message from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] advising that the United States Senate and House of Representatives have voted declaration of war. 08 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/54-55 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] requesting another conference to review joint policy; would bring Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound [1st Sea Lord and Chief of Naval Staff], Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal [Chief of Air Staff], Field-Marshal Sir John Dill [Chief of Imperial General Staff] and 1st Lord Beaverbrook [Minister of Supply, earlier Max Aitken]. 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/56 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC advising that General Sir Robert Haining, Intendant General, should be relieved and replaced by a civilian. 08 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/57 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC advising General Alan Cunningham's replacement by Major- General Neil Ritchie [as commander of the 8th Army] can be announced as "tide has turned". 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/58-59 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC on reallocation of military supplies from the United States intended for Britain and Europe, following Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor; suggests supply committee should be created. 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/60 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King], the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin], Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] and Prime Minister of South Africa [General Jan Smuts] with statement on the battle of Libya for House of Commons. 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/61 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] asking for update on battle progress. 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/62 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon] on Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor [United States], and aggression towards Malaya [later Malaysia]; Germany and Italy about to declare war on the United States; Soviet success along Leningrad and Moscow front [Soviet Union]; success in Libya. 10 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/63-64 Telegrams from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle in Libyan desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]; "Enemy is apparently in full retreat towards the west". 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/65 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC on adjustments to the Lend-Lease administration. 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/66 Telegram from the Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon] to WSC thanking him for his message. 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/67 Telegram from WSC to Sir Stafford Cripps [British Ambassador to the Soviet Union] "I agree". 10 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/68 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC with proposal from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] for meeting in January in Bermuda. 09 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/69-71 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC advising he act upon enclosed message from General Bernard Freyberg [Commander of New Zealand forces, Middle East] to Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] criticising tactics in battle for Libya. 10 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/72 Telegram from Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC asking permission to broadcast WSC's message commending the New Zealand division in the battle for the Libyan desert, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]. 10 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/73 Telegram from Eamon de Valera [Prime Minister of Ireland] to WSC suggesting Lord Cranborne [Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, later 5th Lord Salisbury] visit to develop "a fuller understanding of our position". 10 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/74 Telegram from [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, later 1st Lord Norwich] to WSC suggesting composition of War Council to meet every morning. 11 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/75-76 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC on battle for Libyan desert; Major-General Neil Ritchie [commander, 8th Army] moving towards Tobruk, expects enemy will regroup on line of Derna and Mechili [Libya]. 11 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/77 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] seeking discussion on Vichy France, and French territory in North Africa. 11 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/46/78 Telegram from Dominions Office to the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] agreeing to publication of WSC's message. [see CHAR 20/46/72]. 11 Nov 1941
CHAR 20/46/79 Telegram from [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, later 1st Lord Norwich] to WSC asking whether he may make press release regarding arrival of Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall as new Commander-in-Chief, Far East. 11 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/80-81 Telegram from the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt to WSC advising that Lend-Lease agreements will be honoured, although shipment of planes will be delayed; risks incurred by meeting too great. 11 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/82 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with news of battle in western desert; enemy congregating around Gazala [? Libya]; prisoner of war figures. 11 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/83-84 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to Dominions Office, [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, later 1st Lord Norwich] and WSC seeking creation of a Commonwealth representative to work with Duff Cooper in Singapore; includes note from Arthur Snelling, Dominions Office, to Leslie Rowan [Private Secretary to WSC]. 11 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/85 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] on diversion from Suez [Egypt] to Bombay [India] of United States ships carrying British 18th Division. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/86-87 Telegrams from [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, later 1st Lord Norwich] to WSC requesting that Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall [Commander-in-Chief, Far East] be transferred from Cairo [Egypt] to Singapore; also urgent need or reinforcements. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/88-89 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon] on effect of the entry into the war of Japan and the United States; loss of the Prince of Wales and Repulse, and United States fleet at Pearl Harbor giving Japan control of the Pacific. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/90 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] expressing admiration for South African Divisions in Libyan battle, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/91 Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] on loss of the Prince of Wales and Repulse giving Japan control of the Pacific. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/92 Telegram from Prime Minister of Australia, John Curtin, to WSC thanking him for his telegram of 9 December. 11 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/93 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon] hoping that Stalin will be strong enough to declare war on Japan. 13 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/94 Telegram from WSC to [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, later 1st Lord Norwich] proposing Sir George Sansom to be Director of Propaganda for the Far East and member of war council. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/95-98 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] and the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] advising that 18th Division has been diverted to Bombay [India] but Crusader, Acrobat and Gymnast [codenames for major British operation in North Africa, the operation against Tripoli, Libya, and for the plans for the British occupation of North West Africa] should continue; General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander-in- Chief, India] will be given Burma command and Auchinleck's jurisdiction extended; Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall will either replace Major-General Arthur Smith as Chief of General Staff or transfer to Singapore; Japanese have advantage over the United States in the Philippines; Hong Kong isolated. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/99-100 Telegram from WSC to Major-General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander-in-Chief, India] giving him command of Burma; Iraq and Persia [Iran] to come under Cairo [Egypt] command. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/101 Telegram from WSC to [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, later 1st Lord Norwich] asking if he wants Air Chief Marshal Sir Robert Brooke-Popham [Commander-in-Chief, Far East] superseded in view of defence of Burma being transferred to Commander-in-Chief, India. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/102 Telegram from WSC to Eamon de Valera [Prime Minister of Ireland] agreeing to send Lord Cranborne [Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs, later 5th Lord Salisbury] to Eire for discussions; will arrange secret visit for himself and Stephenson [? John Stephenson, Assistant Secretary, Dominions Office]. 11 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/103 Telegram from WSC to [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, later 1st Lord Norwich] approving suggestions for War Council, with addition of Director General of Propaganda. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/104 Telegram from [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, later 1st Lord Norwich] to WSC expressing dissatisfaction with waging of land campaign in Singapore; cites reasons for Air Chief Marshal Sir Robert Brooke-Popham's removal [as Commander-in-Chief, Far East]. 13 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/105 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC agreeing to diversion of 18th Division to Bombay [India]. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/106 Telegram from Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC with limited news of battle. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/107 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon, in Moscow, Soviet Union] suggesting recent Soviet success may make Stalin willing to declare war on Japan. 13 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/108 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC with condolences on the sinking of the Prince of Wales and death of Admiral Sir Tom Phillips [Commander-in-Chief, Eastern Fleet]. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/109 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC suggesting WSC's proposed meeting with [Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States, in Washington] should be kept secret until after the event. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/110 Telegram from Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek to WSC deploring Japanese treachery and hailing Britain and the United States as allies. 10 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/111 Telegram from [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, later 1st Lord Norwich] to WSC agreeing to Sir George Sansom becoming Director of Propaganda for the Far East. 13 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/112-113 Telegrams from WSC to Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon, in Moscow, Soviet Union] with [? Chiefs of Staff] views on "whether it would be to our advantage if Russia declared war on Japan"; asking whether Soviet government would lend part of Far Eastern Submarine fleet and crew to sail under British flag. 12 Dec 1941 - 13 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/114-115 Telegram from Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC requesting liaison with Sir Earle Page [Special Australian Envoy to British War Cabinet] to provide information about policy development before decisions are implemented. 13 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/116 Telegram from WSC to [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, later 1st Lord Norwich] advising that Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall [Commander-in-Chief, Far East] will proceed to Singapore, meeting General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander- in-Chief, India and Burma] on the way if possible. 13 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/117-118 Telegrams from Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon, in Moscow, Soviet Union] to WSC asking opinion on the Soviet Union declaring war on Japan; will explain to Stalin importance of Libyan campaign, Crusader [codename for major British operation in North Africa]. 13 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/119 Telegram from WSC to [Alfred] Duff Cooper [Resident Cabinet Minister at Singapore for Far Eastern affairs, later 1st Lord Norwich] advising that Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall's appointment as Commander-in-Chief, Far East should not yet be announced; transfer of troops to Eastern theatre; German defeat at hands of Soviet Union. 14 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/120 Telegram from WSC to the Governor-General of Burma [Sir Reginald Dorman-Smith] advising that General Sir Archibald Wavell has been appointed Commander-in-Chief, Burma; extra troops will be transferred following decisive success in Libya. 13 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/121-122 Telegram from WSC to the Viceroy and Governor-General of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] advising against embarking on constitutional change when Japanese armies are approaching India and Burma. 12 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/123-124 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC suggesting an examination into possibilities of lightning campaign from Tripoli [Libya] to seize Tunis and Bizerta [Tunisia]. 13 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/125 Telegram from WSC to Governor of Hong Kong [Sir Mark Young] with message of solidarity in the port's ordeal. 13 Dec 1941
CHAR 20/46/126 Old file cover. Dec 1941