Official: Prime Minister: Personal telegrams.

Reference code: CHAR 20/70

Part of: CHAR 20
Next record: CHAR 20/71A-B
Previous record: CHAR 20/69A-B

Date: Feb 1942

Scope/content:

Keywords

UKAT

Geographic

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Open

Physical: 1 bound file (136 folios)
Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: Original references: T 201/2 - T 300/2 Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/70/1 Old file cover. Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/2-3 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] regarding troops stationed in Britain: states that troops from the United States brought to Britain are not fully trained and are used to set free British divisions for service in the Middle East and Far East; explains that it is only a shortage of troop-carrying tonnage that keeps British divisions at home; grieves that it is necessary to use the New Zealand Division again so soon; expresses desire to work all New Zealand and Australian troops back into the Japanese theatre. [See CHAR 20/69B/152 for Fraser's query on troops in Britain]. 09 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/4 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC advising him to comment favourably on his recent meeting with Wendell Willkie [American Republican Leader]: "In view of hydra-headed activities of the isolationists we need all the help he can give us". 08 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/5-6 Telegram from WSC to the President of the Turkish Republic [General Ismet Inonu] approving Turkey's policy of strict neutrality and strong re-armament: hopes that there will soon be good supplies of all modern weapons from the United States and Britain; states that Britain and the United States will get stronger as the war continues. Annotated; "NOT SENT". 08 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/7 Telegram from the Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] to WSC: quotes telegram from Dr Der Bijl, Director-General of War Supplies in the Union [? of South Africa] to Field-Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] commenting on how well-organised the base ordnance workshops are in Egypt. 09 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/8 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC expressing pleasure that the Pacific War Council will deal with the whole of the Pacific. 09 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/9 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific) regarding the defence of Singapore: comments on relative Allied and Japanese troop strengths; states that "The battle must be fought to the bitter end at all costs". 10 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/10 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC regarding the appointment of Vice- Admiral Conrad Helfrich as Acting Commander of ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] Naval Forces. 10 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/11 Telegram from WSC to Madrid [? Sir Samuel Hoare, British Ambassador to Spain on Special Mission, later 1st Lord Templewood] stating that the Foreign Office now says ships are sailing as [Hoare] wishes. Annotated with note adding that ships are taking supplies, especially petroleum, from the United States to Spain. 10 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/12 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: states that the Air Ministry would like to announce Air Marshal Sir Richard Peirse as Commander- in-Chief of ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] Air Forces; informs that Air Marshal Arthur Harris is to be withdrawn from the Combined Staffs Committee and replaced by Air Marshal Douglas Evill; comments on the situation in Singapore. 11 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/13 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to WSC regarding the latest situation in Singapore: states that the battle is not going well and lists difficulties; informs that he has "given the most categorical orders that there is to be no thought of surrender"; explains that he has broken two small bones in his back. 11 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/14-15 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC: comments on air transport schemes for China and Africa; states that the pressure on General Douglas MacArthur is getting more acute; states that the new naval command in the ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] area is all set; comments on loss of the Normandie; promises that there will be no guarantees about Madagascar or Reunion; comments on difficulties regarding the use of big bombers in the Far East; hopes that General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] will give General Erwin Rommel [Commander, Afrika Corps] a push; comments on health of Harry [Hopkins, Special adviser and assistant to Roosevelt]. 11 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/16 Telegram from the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC conveying message of support from the New Zealand House of Representatives. Received 11 February British Time. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/17 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander in Chief, Middle East, expressing confidence in him. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/18 Telegram from WSC to Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist Leader] advising him against his suggested visit to see [Mohandas] Gandhi at Wardha [India]. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/19-20 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] with texts of suggested messages of support to be sent to Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist Leader] from WSC and the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/21 Telegram from Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC: expresses relief that only one brigade of the New Zealand Division will now be used by General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East]; states that the information provided by WSC [see CHAR 20/70/2-3] will deal with any criticism concerning the retention of British troops in the Britain; states that public opinion is sound but equipment is badly needed. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/22-23 Letter from H Freeman Matthews [Counsellor, United States Embassy, London] to WSC reciting texts of two telegrams from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC, on the actions of the French Vichy Government in supplying the axis powers in North Africa, enclosing the text of a telegram sent to Marshal Philippe Petain [Prime Minister of France] and also concerning changes at ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] Command, requesting a delay in the announcement of the appointment of Air Marshal Sir Richard Peirse as [Commander-in-Chief of ABDA Air Forces]. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/24-25 Letter from H Freeman Matthews [Counsellor, United States Embassy in London] to WSC reciting the text of a telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC regarding the Lend-Lease Agreement: states that Britain is not being asked to trade the principle of Imperial preference, but wants nothing to be excluded from discussions on post-war economic policy. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/26 Letter from H Freeman Matthews [Counsellor, United States Embassy in London] to WSC reciting text of a telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC: states that the President perceives no difficulty in China sitting on the Pacific Council in London. Annotated; "I will telegraph to Chiang K S" [Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek, Chinese Nationalist Leader]. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/27 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] regarding opposition of Cabinet to the text of a suggested message to Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist Leader]. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/28 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] thanking him for his kind message [of support, see CHAR 20/70/16]. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/29 Telegram from WSC to Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist Leader] inviting him to send a representative to sit as a member of the Pacific War Council. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/30 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: thanks President for comments on Lend-Lease [see CHAR 20/70/24-25] which entirely meet WSC's difficulties; approves of President's telegram [to the French Vichy Government [see CHAR 20/70/22-23]; comments on relations with Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist Leader]; comments on the passage up the English Channel of the Scharnhorst and the Gneisenau [German battleships formerly blockaded in Brest, France]; states that a fierce battle is raging at Singapore; states that announcements regarding Air Marshal Sir Richard Peirse [Commander-in-Chief of ABDA (Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian Air Forces)] and Air Marshal Arthur Harris [former head of RAF delegation to the United States] will be held up. 12 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/31 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] to WSC confirming that the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] is of same way of thinking [? with regard to suggested messages to Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek, Chinese Nationalist Leader]. 13 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/32 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Canada [William Mackenzie King] clarifying the scope and functions of the Pacific War Council, and agreeing that it is not essential for Canada to be represented on the Council at this stage. 13 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/33 Telegram from Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist Leader] to WSC stating that he no longer intended to visit Wardha [India][to see Mohandas Gandhi]. 13 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/34 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, thanking WSC for his continued confidence and unfailing support. 13 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/35 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to WSC stating that he has received telegram from Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival [General Officer Commanding, Malaya, later Malaysia] that the enemy are close to town [Singapore]; fears that resistance is not likely to be very prolonged. 14 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/36 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to WSC regarding personnel changes at ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] Command: comments on the possible appointment of an Admiral from the United States as deputy to Vice-Admiral Conrad Helfrich [Commander-in-Chief, Allied Naval Forces in the Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia]. 14 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/37 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell, Supreme Commander, South West Pacific, advising him to instruct Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival [General Officer Commanding, Malaya, later Malaysia] accordingly when no further result can be gained at Singapore. 14 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/38 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC urging the replacement of Sir Hubert Young as Governor of Trinidad [and Tobago]. 14 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/39 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] to WSC regarding the need to remove Sir Hubert Young as Governor of Trinidad [and Tobago]. 14 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/40-41 Telegram from the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] to WSC commenting on plan [on Indian affairs]: advises against "doing anything hasty or unsound" and states that the "soundness" of the Indian army is more important than opinion in the United States and of British minorities; believes that the Defence Council should not have the function of constitution-making; offers to provide constructive alternatives. 14 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/42 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to WSC regarding use of the Australian Corps in the defence of Java [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia]: reports conversation with the Governor-General [of Australia, 1st Lord Gowrie, earlier Alexander Hore-Ruthven] regarding the likely view of the Australian Government. 15 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/43-45 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC regarding use of the Australian Army: reports on his communication with Sir Earle Page [Special Australian Envoy to War Cabinet] regarding the war in the Far East; recommends that the Australian Expeditionary Force should be concentrated in the Pacific theatre; concludes that Australia is the main base for operations against Japan and must be made secure; recommends that some of the Australian Imperial Forces should not proceed to the Dutch East Indies [later Indonesia] but return to Australia. 15 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/46 Telegram from WSC to the Government of Australia promising full support for the Australian procurement of machine tools, and clarifying procedures for obtaining war supplies. [See CHAR 20/69B/144-5 for Australian Government's telegram]. 16 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/47-49 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] and the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] reciting a telegram sent by General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to the Chiefs of Staff in London and Washington [United States]: believes that the enemy advance on Southern Sumatra [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia] necessitates a review of plans for the defence of the Dutch East Indies; comments on implications for Australian troops and the defence of Java [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia]. 15 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/50 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to WSC informing him of the latest situation in Singapore, and reciting his telegram sent to Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival [General Officer Commanding, Malaya, later Malaysia] giving him discretion to cease resistance. 15 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/51 Telegram from Stalin to WSC expressing confidence that the Allies will "break the enemy and achieve complete victory". Annotated [by Denis Kelly, Literary Assistant to WSC] "Printed in Stalin telegrams". 14 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/52-54 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: comments on personnel changes at ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] Command; comments on implications of the new situation created by the fall of Singapore and Japanese landings in Sumatra [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia]; states that a battle is impending in Libya; comments on the retreat of the German naval forces from Brest [France], and the damage inflicted on the [German battleships], the Prinz Eugen, the Scharnhorst and the Gneisenau. 16 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/55 Telegram from WSC to the Governor of Burma [Sir Reginald Dorman-Smith] expressing admiration for his "firm, robust attitude", and commenting on reinforcements for Burma: "I regard Burma and contact with China as the most important feature in the whole theatre of war.". 16 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/56 Telegram from WSC to Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] regarding the creation of a national assembly for India. 16 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/57 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] asking him to keep the strictest censorship on all journalists. 17 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/58 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC offering support following the fall of Singapore. 16 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/59-60 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to WSC regarding strategy and policy in the Far East: comments on the geography of Java [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia], the likely enemy attack, and strengths of allied naval, land and air forces; comments on the difficulties of landing the Australian Corps; concludes that priority should be given to the defence of Burma and Australia; recommends diversion of Australian troops and creation of a heavy bomber force in Burma. 16 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/61-65 Telegram from the Government of New Zealand to WSC agreeing to ask the United States for fighter squadrons, and commenting on the strategic importance of New Zealand: suggests that the loss of the ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] area leads to a need for new bases and to a possible Japanese threat to Australia and New Zealand; believes that New Zealand must become a main base area and requests it be equipped and defended as such. 17 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/66 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC conveying the opinion of the Australian Chiefs of Staff: as Java [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia] is likely to fall, recommends diversion and recall of Australian troops to Australia. 17 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/67-68 Telegram from the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] to WSC suggesting that troops in Burma are not fighting with "proper relish" due to lack of inspiration from Lieutenant-General Thomas Hutton [General Officer Commanding, Burma] and urging him to act without delay. 17 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/69 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] reciting the text of a telegram from the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] [see CHAR 20/70/67-68] on the uninspiring leadership of Lieutenant-General Thomas Hutton [General Officer Commanding, Burma] and asking for his thoughts. 18 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/70 Telegram from the Governor of Burma [Sir Reginald Dorman- Smith] to WSC: comments on the role of Burma as a base for offensive action against Japan; suggests that control of Burma should revert to India; hopes that WSC will squash proposals to reduce pay of British officers and men. 18 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/71 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] regarding agreement with the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] that the United States would give the Vichy Government [France] no guarantees about non-occupation of Madagascar and Reunion because of the dangers of Japan using the islands. 18 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/72 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to WSC regarding military command in Burma: feels disturbed at the "lack of real fighting spirit" shown by troops in Malaya [later Malaysia] and Burma, and lists some causes; comments on Lieutenant-General Thomas Hutton [General Officer Commanding, Burma] and proposal to replace him with General Harold Alexander; refers to own rapid recovery. 18 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/73-75 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC: offers support following the fall of Singapore; comments on the escape of the German ships [the Scharnhorst, the Gneisenau and the Prinz Eugen] from the English Channel; comments on the situation in the Far East, and suggests that the United States should reinforce Australia and New Zealand whilst Britain reinforces India and Burma; states that the United States will continue to move supplies into China; comments on the implications of the loss of the ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] area; enquires about the visit [to India] of Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist Leader]. 19 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/76 Telegram from Robert Menzies [former Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC offering support and admiration. 19 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/77-78 Telegram from the Government of New Zealand to WSC regarding the provision of fighter aircraft for New Zealand: asks WSC to help arrange the diversion of two United States pursuit squadrons; comments on the need for fighter aircraft. 19 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/79-80 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: comments on the pressure and personal stress he is under; comments on the health of "Max" [1st Lord Beaverbrook, earlier Max Aitken]; states that "Democracy has to prove that it can provide a granite foundation for war against tyranny"; comments on Roosevelt's forthcoming radio broadcast regarding the flight of the German ships [the Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen] from Brest [France]. 20 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/81 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] regarding the military situation in the Far East: comments on the implications of rapid enemy advance in the ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] area; surmises that General Douglas MacArthur [Commander-in-Chief, United States Army in Philippines] "will look after the Australian side"; asks Wavell where he would like his headquarters and suggests his return to India; comments on decision to send General Harold Alexander [General Officer Commanding, Burma] to Burma front and on the advantages of having an overall commander for all three Services. 20 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/82 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt] containing a message from the Government of the Netherlands to President Roosevelt regarding the wording of a telegram to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] and continued defence of Java [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia]. 20 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/83-88 Telegram from the Government of New Zealand to WSC listing specific resources required by air force, army and navy in order to defend New Zealand against a Japanese invasion force. 19 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/89 Telegram from Governor of Burma [Sir Reginald Dorman- Smith] to WSC appealing for Dennys [? James Denny, India Command] to be appointed head of the Liaison Mission to the Chinese Armies in Burma. 20 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/90 Telegram from Secretary of State for India [Leo Amery] to the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] conveying the text of a message from WSC to Sir Tej Bahadur Sapru [? President, Indian Liberal Federation] stating that an invitation has been issued to the Government of India to be represented on the War Cabinet and Pacific War Council. 19 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/91 Telegram from Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC commenting on Madagascar and public opinion in South Africa: refers to strong indications of alarm in coastal towns, especially Durban, and outlines supplies needed to put defences in order. 20 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/92 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC, reciting President Roosevelt's amended text of instructions [to General Archibald Sir Wavell, Supreme Commander, South West Pacific, regarding the situation in Java, Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia]. [See also CHAR 20/70/100]. 20 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/93-94 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] requesting permission to divert [the 7th] Australian division to Rangoon [Burma]: supports the principle of Australian troops returning home but states that it is the only force that can reach Rangoon in time; refers to the earlier role of the Australian Government in urging the reinforcement of Singapore rather than Burma; stresses the importance of maintaining good relations with the United States; requires immediate answer. 20 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/95-96 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] regarding the necessity of diverting the 7th Australian division to Rangoon [Burma] and the refusal of the Australian Government to allow this: urges Roosevelt to press for the diversion and asks for a message that he can convey to the Australian Government. [20 Feb 1942]
CHAR 20/70/97 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] reciting the text of a telegram from the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, to WSC regarding the diversion of [the 7th] Australian division to Burma. [See also CHAR 20/70/98]. 21 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/98 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC regarding the importance of the temporary diversion of [the 7th] Australian division to Burma: asks WSC to inform the Australian Government of the dispatch of additional American troops and planes to Australia. 21 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/99 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] to WSC informing him of the intention of the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to send a telegram to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] appealing for the diversion of [the 7th] Australian division to Burma. 21 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/100 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC reciting Roosevelt's amended text of instructions to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] regarding the defence of Java [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia]. 21 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/101-102 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC explaining the refusal of the Australian Government to allow the diversion of [the 7th] Australian division to Burma: comments on the role already played by Australian forces in the defence of the ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] area and lists objections to landing troops in Burma. Received 21 February British Time. 22 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/103 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission to Washington, United States] to WSC informing him that he has authorised despatch of a letter to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific]. 22 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/104-105 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC reciting the text of his message to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia]: promises American troops and naval protection for Australia; emphasises the strategic importance of Burma and appeals for the diversion of [the 7th] Australian division to Burma. 21 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/106 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to WSC regarding the military situation in the Far East: states that the defence of the ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] area has broken down and that the defence of Java [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia] cannot now last long; comments on the situation in Burma; comments on the destination of the [7th] Australian Division; comments on the "little further usefulness" of ABDA Headquarters and on the likely future roles of its personnel; comments on his own position and possible return to India. 21 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/107 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] conveying the decisions of the Pacific War Council, including: hopes that the flow of American heavy bombers to Java [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia] can be resumed until the Supreme Commander [South West Pacific, General Sir Archibald Wavell] decides that it is useless; evacuation policy; the successful naval action off Bali [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia], reinforcing the request for naval reinforcements. 22 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/108 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] regarding the temporary diversion of the convoy carrying the [7th] Australian Division. 22 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/109 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] regarding the situation in the Far East: requires Wavell to proceed to India and resume his position as Commander-in-Chief; praises Wavell's "admirable conduct of ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] operations in the teeth of adverse fortune and over-whelming odds"; comments on the refusal of the Australian Government to allow their [7th] division to land at Rangoon [Burma], and on his decision to turn the escorting convoy northward; expresses the belief that "the Nation is solid behind me here". 22 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/110 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] to WSC informing him that Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt] has just told him that John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] has refused the appeal by President Roosevelt to let the [7th] Australian Division go to Burma. 22 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/111 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC regarding the situation in the Far East: does not consider it necessary to send any further message to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific]; is not hopeful of sending naval reinforcements to the ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] area. 22 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/112-113 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC regarding the situation in the Far East: comments on the refusal by John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] to divert the [7th] Australian division [to Burma] and quotes the text of his message to Curtin urging the diversion of the second returning division; states that he is working on plans to make the ANZAC [Australian and New Zealand Army Corps] area more secure; states that he no longer intends to mention German ships running the English Channel [the Scharnhorst, Gneisenau and Prinz Eugen] in his speech. 23 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/114 Telegram from WSC to Robert Menzies [former Prime Minister of Australia] thanking him for his kind telegram [of support, see CHAR 20/70/76]. [23] Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/115 Telegram from John Curtin, Prime Minister of Australia, to WSC protesting about the diversion of the convoy [escorting the 7th Australian division] towards Rangoon [Burma] and listing reasons for his continued opposition to the use of the Australian division in Burma. 23 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/116 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to WSC: states that he is planning to leave Java [Dutch East Indies, later Indonesia] on 25 February and to fly to India via Rangoon [Burma]; thanks WSC for entrusting him with command in India and suggests that General Sir Alan Hartley [Commander- in-Chief, India] should remain as his deputy; believes WSC is right to try and use [the 7th] Australian division in Burma. 23 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/117 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] regarding plans for the convoy [escorting the 7th Australian division] to proceed to Australia and giving reason for its temporary diversion. 23 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/118 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States] to WSC regarding the continued flight of American heavy bombers across Africa to the Far East. [23] Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/119 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] to WSC regarding the wording of announcement of General Sir Archibald Wavell's reappointment as Commander-in-Chief, India. 23 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/120 Telegram from WSC to Moscow, Soviet Union, conveying the admiration and gratitude of the peoples of the British Empire on the occasion of the twenty fourth anniversary of the foundation of the Red Army. 23 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/121 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission, Washington, United States] to WSC, reciting the text of the message from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] following Curtin's refusal to divert the 7th Australian Division to Burma. 23 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/122 Telegram from Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist Leader] to WSC regarding the success of his visit to India, and appointing Vi Wellington Koo, Chinese Ambassador to Britain, as his representative on the Pacific War Council. 23 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/123 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] offering "warmest congratulations on your heartening declaration". 24 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/124 Telegram from the Government of New Zealand to WSC proposing to move Walter Nash [Minister of New Zealand in the United States] from Washington to London to become Resident Minister on the War Cabinet and on the Pacific War Council; asks whether there is any possibility of the Pacific War Council moving to Washington. 24 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/125 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] confirming that he knows nothing of any change of location [of the Pacific War Council] to Washington [United States], and offering to welcome Walter Nash [Resident Minister for New Zealand on the War Cabinet]. 25 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/126 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Supreme Commander, South West Pacific] to WSC regarding the latest situation in the Far East: states that he is leaving ABDA [Australian, British, Dutch and Australasian] Command tonight with Air Marshal Sir Richard Peirse [Commander-in-Chief, ABDA Air Forces] and will fly to Rangoon [Burma] or Delhi [India] via Colombo [Ceylon, later Sri Lanka]; states that he is without news of the latest situation in Burma; comments on the increased difficulties of defending Rangoon. 25 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/127 Telegram from WSC to the Governor of Burma [Sir Reginald Dorman-Smith] [on the Australian Government's refusal to send a division to Burma]: "We have made every appeal reinforced by President [Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States] but Australian Government absolutely refuses. Fight on.". 26 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/128 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, asking about his intentions in the Middle East, on the supply of Malta and disasters in the Far East. 26 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/129 Copy letter from Francis Brown [Assistant Private Secretary to the Prime Minister] to Lieutenant-Colonel Peter Dunphie [Military Assistant to General Sir Alan Brooke, Chief of Imperial General Staff, later 1st Lord Alanbrooke] stating that the Prime Minister wished the Chief of the Imperial Staff to see the attached telegram to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander-in-Chief, India], and asking Dunphie to have the telegram despatched if approved. Annotated by Francis Brown: "Col Dunphie rang up to say C I G S approved and wd despatch telegram". 26 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/130 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander-in-Chief, India] at Colombo [Ceylon, later Sri Lanka] or first point of interception asking whether the "key situation" in Ceylon required the appointment of a first-rate soldier such as Lieutenant-General Sir Henry Pownall. Annotated: "Approved by PM". 26 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/131 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] reciting texts of telegrams from the Governor of Burma [Sir Reginald Dorman-Smith] to WSC on 24 - 25 February enquiring about the arrival of an Australian division. 26 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/132 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State, Middle East [Oliver Lyttelton, later 1st Lord Chandos] requesting him to return as soon as possible. 26 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/133 Telegram from WSC to Sir Samuel Hoare [British Ambassador to Spain on special mission, later 1st Lord Templewood] expressing the hope that Government changes will "relieve special difficulties under which you suffer". 26 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/134-135 Telegram from the British High Commissioner in Australia [Sir Ronald Cross] to WSC regarding the desire of Robert Menzies [former Prime Minister of Australia] to take a seat in the House of Commons. 26 Feb 1942
CHAR 20/70/136 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander- in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC stating that he will telegraph WSC with a draft appreciation of the situation tomorrow, and that he has sent his instructions for the 8th Army with maps to the Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Sir Alan Brooke, later 1st Lord Alanbrooke]. 26 Feb 1942