Official: Prime Minister: Prime Minister's Personal Telegrams.

Reference code: CHAR 20/73

Part of: CHAR 20
Next record: CHAR 20/74
Previous record: CHAR 20/72

Date: 28 Mar 1942 - 20 Apr 1942

Scope/content:

Other details

Access:

Open

Physical: 1 bound file and 1 folder
Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: T 501/2 to T 600/2 Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/73/1 Old file cover. Mar 1942 - Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/2 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC informing him that he has had much talk with Max [1st Lord Beaverbrook, earlier Max Aitken] and that he seemed well. 28 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/73/3 Telegram from WSC to the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] (India): agrees that it would be possibly useful to collect information about the fall of Singapore but recommends that this is done by an Officer of the Intelligence Staff and opposes an inquiry; states that "We are all waiting anxiously for the Indian reaction to our proposals"; comments on Cripps' previous request for material and advisers. 30 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/73/4 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC reporting remarks made by Herbert Evatt [Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney-General] at a private meeting on 26 March. 29 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/73/5 Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] informing him of the movement of a British armoured division around the Cape [South Africa] in late April or early May, and pledging to divert this force should Australia be invaded. [See also CHAR 20/73/12 for correction]. 30 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/73/6 Telegram from Sir Archibald Clark Kerr [British Ambassador to the Soviet Union, later 1st Lord Inverchapel] to WSC conveying the text of a message by Premier Joseph Stalin to WSC (dated 27 March 1942) regarding the possible use of poison gas against the Soviet Union by Germany or Finland: expresses gratitude for the British promise to make retaliatory gas attacks against Germany and asks for this to be extended to include Finland; asks the British Government to issue a public warning and offers to make a similar warning in case of a German gas attack on Britain; asks for help in obtaining certain chemical means of defence and counter-attack. 30 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/73/7 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander- in-Chief, India] (Burma) to WSC confirming that he has received WSC's telegram but must consult records in Delhi. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/8-9 Telegram from [?] William Hughes [former Prime Minister of Australia] (Australia) to WSC commenting on anti-British feeling in Australia and the need to impress Herbert Evatt [Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney General]. 30 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/73/10 Telegram from WSC to [?] William Hughes [former Prime Minister of Australia] (Australia) replying to his telegram: "You may be sure that everything you say is studied by me most earnestly.". 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/11 Telegram from WSC to Herbert Evatt [Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney General] (Washington [United States]): informs him of plans to divert British forces should Australia be invaded; comments on the importance of not committing troops to Australia until it is clearly identified as the chosen enemy target; comments on the build up of naval force in the Indian Ocean; states that it would be a mistake for the Commonwealth Government to recall the 9th Australian Division and promises the return of two Australian brigades from Ceylon [later Sri Lanka]; states that it is not possible to divert the whole flow of British production for six weeks; expresses the hope of meeting Evatt soon. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/12 Telegram from WSC to the Government of Australia correcting information in his telegram of 30 March [see CHAR 20/73/5] regarding British troop movements around the Cape [South Africa]. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/13-14 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] commenting on the heavy enemy air attack against Malta and British difficulties in providing adequate Spitfire reinforcements; asks that the United States aircraft carrier Wasp be used to take Spitfires from the Clyde [Scotland] to Malta and suggests the third week of April. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/15 Telegram from John Curtin, Prime Minister of Australia, to WSC thanking him for assurances of support in the event of an invasion. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/16 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC commenting on the establishment of the Pacific War Council in Washington [United States]: comments on likely differences between the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] and Australia and New Zealand over the role of the council; proposes to suggest inclusion of an Indian representative on the Council. 31 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/73/17 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC regarding the announcement by Stephen Early, Press Secretary to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] of the creation of a Pacific War Council in Washington; relates details of the press release including the composition of the council. 31 Mar 1942
CHAR 20/73/18 Telegram from Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] to WSC stating that the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] is not inviting India to be represented on the Pacific War Council but is seeing officials of Indian Government separately. Repeated to the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun]. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/19-20 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (India) to WSC regarding the latest situation in India: states that Congress seems certain to refuse proposals and that the Moslem League and other sections of opinion will do likewise; comments on "almost unanimous" protest against the complete retention of control over defence by the British Government; comments on low morale and the growth of anti-British feeling and unrest; comments on the importance of getting Indian leaders involved in the war effort and relates the text of an explanatory letter sent to the main Indian community; asks for full authority to negotiate an adjustment subject to the agreement of the Commander- in-Chief [General Sir Archibald Wavell] and Viceroy [and Governor-General, 2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun]. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/21-22 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (India) to WSC reciting the text of a letter sent by Cripps to Congress leaders suggesting a meeting between themselves, Jawaharlal Nehru and the Commander-in- Chief [General Sir Archibald Wavell] to discuss the question of responsibility for the defence of India. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/23 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander-in- Chief, India] (Burma) to WSC regarding the latest situation in Burma: reports on the itinerary of the visit; states that the situation at both Toungoo [Burma] and Prome [Burma] appears unfavourable; comments on the inability of the Governor of Burma [Sir Reginald Dorman-Smith] to remove ineffective civil servants due to the Government of Burma Act. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/24 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander-in-Chief, India, conveying a message of admiration and congratulation to General Harold Alexander [General Officer Commanding, Burma]. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/25-30 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: states that the position at home "has always been quite solid" but that disasters made people restive in Parliament and the press; comments on the new position of "Dickie" [Lord Louis Mountbatten] as Chief of Combined Operations; predicts that Japan will press northwards through Burma and comments on British reinforcements to the Far East which could be diverted to Australia in the event of an invasion; comments on the British position in Ceylon [later Sri Lanka] and the Indian Ocean; comments on the need to make Japanese anxious and asks about plans for Californian commandos; comments on Soviet-German struggle and support for the Soviet Union through shipping convoys and bombing attacks on Germany; comments on fighting at Malta; comments on support for the Soviet Union against gas attacks; comments on the successes of Averell Harriman [United States representative in London of the Combined Shipping Adjustment Board] and John Winant [United States Ambassador to Britain]; states that he may propose a week-end visit to meet Roosevelt when the weather gets better. Heavily annotated and marked "On PM's instructions no distribution given". 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/31 Telegram from WSC to Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (India) informing him that he cannot give him any authority to compromise on the defence of India without submitting the issue to Cabinet and Ministers; states that he will bring Cripps's telegram before the Cabinet tomorrow. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/32 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (India) to WSC stating that Congress have accepted his offer of discussions with the Commander-in-Chief [General Sir Archibald Wavell] and that he will stay on in India until Sunday week. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/33 Telegram from 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Max Aitken] (Washington [United States]) to WSC reporting on his meeting with the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: states that the President is instructing the Under-Secretary of State [Sumner Welles] to give a plan to the Ambassador [? Lord Halifax, British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] and that the President wished the Under-Secretary to deal with the Ambassador because of the "difficult and even dangerous political repercussions here if the President can be accused of selling Balts down river.". 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/34-35 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC stating that he has completed his survey of the immediate and long range problems of the military situations facing the United Nations and is sending Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to Roosevelt] and General George Marshall [Chief of Staff, United States Army] to London to present the salient points to WSC before showing them to Stalin's representatives. 02 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/36 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] expressing his delight that Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to Roosevelt] and General George Marshall [Chief of Staff, United States Army] will be coming to London and stating that Admiral Ernest King [Commander-in-Chief, United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations] would also be welcome. 02 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/37 Telegram from General Wladyslaw Sikorski [Prime Minister of the Polish Government-in-exile and Commander-in-Chief of the Polish Army] to WSC thanking him for his assistance in connection with the evacuation of Polish forces from the Soviet Union; comments on the progress of recruitment and evacuation from the Soviet Union and agrees with the policy of transferring the main concentration of new Polish units to the Middle East; states that he wishes to bring sufficient troops from the Soviet Union to Britain to complete the armoured division, the paratroop brigade, the Air Force and the Navy; asks WSC to put pressure on the Soviet Government to allow the recruitment of Polish forces to continue. 01 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/38-39 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (India) to WSC summarizing the resolution of the Congress Working Committee rejecting Government proposals for the future of India and quoting verbatim the paragraph regarding defence. 02 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/40 Telegram from WSC to Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (India) stating the Government position with regard to negotiations with Congress Party leaders: approves of further talks on the defence question but must see proposals before acceptance; states that the Cabinet is disinclined to depart from the published text of the declaration which represents their final position; states that there is no objection in principle to the appointment of a new Indian member on the Council to co-operate in military organization; is prepared to consider Congress proposals to provide for Indian association with defence if they are then prepared to accept the whole scheme but states that " Up to the present Congress spokesmen appear to have avoided anything which could be constructed as even a conditional acceptance of the post-war proposal.". 03 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/41 Telegram from the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt to WSC regarding his request for American assistance in transporting Spitfires to Malta [see CHAR 20/73/13-14] and commenting on the availability of the Furious. 03 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/42 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States] to WSC: "See you soon Please start the fire". 03 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/43 Telegram from the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, to WSC opposing the use of leaflets and other informal methods to link the United States with the operation against Madagascar ["Ironclad"]. 03 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/44 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander- in-Chief, India, to WSC enclosing texts of messages exchanged between Wavell and Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival [General Officer Commanding, Malaya, later Malaysia] on 13 February 1942 regarding the situation in Singapore Town [see also CHAR 20/73/47]. 04 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/45 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] expressing full agreement with the President's view [on keeping the United States out of operation "Ironclad" against Madagascar, see CHAR 20/73/43]. 04 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/46 Telegram from Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC regarding India: states that India is now the key to the whole defence of the Empire and advises against putting that key in unskilled Indian hands. 04 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/47 Second and last part of telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander-in-Chief, India, to WSC enclosing texts of messages exchanged between Wavell and Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival [General Officer Commanding, Malaya, later Malaysia] between 14 and 15 February 1942 regarding the situation in Singapore Town. 04 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/48 Telegram from WSC to the Viceroy [and Governor- General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] advising him to telegraph exactly what he thinks and that WSC will then decide distribution. 04 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/49-50 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (India) to WSC regarding the latest situation in India: summarizes Indian reaction to the British Government's scheme and the implications of acceptance or rejection by Congress; proposes three possible courses of action with regard to the question of responsibility for defence. 04 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/51 Telegram from WSC to Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (India): informs him that the India Committee and War Cabinet will consider his proposals on Monday evening [6 April] and asks what functions it would be proposed to hand over [? to Indian control]; comments on news from Ceylon [later Sri Lanka]; recites text of message from Isobel, Lady Cripps. 05 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/52 Telegram from the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] to the Secretary of State for India [Leo Amery] and WSC commenting on a telegram by Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] regarding defence [see CHAR 20/73/49-50]. 05 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/53-54 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (India) to WSC requesting vital supplies of plant, personnel and machinery for specific projects. 05 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/55 Telegram from General Harold Alexander [General Officer Commanding, Burma] to WSC thanking him for his most encouraging message. 05 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/56 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander- in-Chief, India, to WSC commenting on the question of responsibility for the defence of India: believes it is not possible to separate his dual functions as civil and defence member without causing complete dislocation. 06 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/57 Telegram from WSC to Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] requesting clarification of paragraph 18 of Cripps's telegram of 4 April [see CHAR 20/73/49-50]. Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/58-62 Telegram from the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] to the Secretary of State for India [Leo Amery] and WSC commenting on the question of responsibility for the defence of India: feels that there are no very serious risks in giving an Indian member of the Council a new Defence Co-ordination portfolio but feels it is not possible to take away the substance of the Defence portfolio from the Commander-in-Chief [General Sir Archibald Wavell]; sees no reason why the Commander- in-Chief should not be styled War Minister but states that there can be no question of majority decisions of Council being effective against the requirements of the British Government; comments on the position of the Executive Council and the Commander-in-Chief. 06 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/63 Telegram from Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] (India) to WSC replying to his request for clarification [see CHAR 20/73/57] by stating his agreement with the position of the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun on Indian defence] [see CHAR 20/73/58-62]. 06 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/64 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] to WSC stating that he need not worry about there being any difference between himself, the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] and [word omitted in telegram] over interpretation of clause [on Indian defence]. 06 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/65-67 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] reciting detailed comments by the Chiefs of Staff on offensive naval action in the Far East: states that it is necessary to remain strategically on the defensive in both the Indian and Pacific Oceans and outlines reasons; comments on the implementation of a future strategic offensive and interim offensive action; comments on the relative strengths of the fleets of the United States and Japan. 05 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/68 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] commenting on the presence of a large Japanese naval force in the Indian Ocean; wonders whether these movements are a prelude to an invasion of Ceylon [later Sri Lanka] and suggests that the United States Pacific Fleet might be used to compel the Japanese naval forces back to the Pacific. 07 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/69 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] regarding naval losses in the Indian Ocean: recites message from the Deputy Commander-in- Chief at Colombo [Ceylon, later Sri Lanka] to WSC regarding the sinking of the merchant ships Gandara and Dardamus; comments on the sinking of the cruisers HMS Dorsetshire and HMS Cornwall; states that he is hoping to see Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to Roosevelt] and General George Marshall [Chief of Staff, United States Army] today. Labelled "ACTION THIS DAY". 08 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/70 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] to WSC regarding help given by Lieutenant-Colonel Louis Johnson, Personal Representative of the President of the United States in India, and asking WSC to thank him. Received 8 April 1942 British Time. 09 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/71 Telegram from WSC to the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] repeated to the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] and the Commander-in-Chief [General Sir Archibald Wavell] stating that the Cabinet will study his latest formula immediately but insisting that "you must not commit us in any way". 09 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/72 Telegram from WSC to the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] repeated to the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] and the Commander-in-Chief [General Sir Archibald Wavell] commenting on the position in India of Lieutenant-Colonel Louis Johnson [Personal Representative of the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, in India] and on the attitude of Roosevelt to the involvement of the United States in the Indian constitutional issue. 09 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/73 Telegram from WSC to Premier Joseph Stalin regarding chemical weapons: states that he will issue a warning to Germany and Finland about British retaliation for poison gas attacks against the Soviet Union at the beginning of May; asks that Stalin send a specialist to explain Soviet requirements; offers to supply mustard and bleaching materials to the Soviet Union in advance of an expert's report. 09 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/74-75 Telegram from the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] (India) to WSC commenting on the text of a new formula regarding responsibility for the defence of India and asking for the authority of the War Cabinet to proceed. 10 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/76-77 Telegram from WSC to the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] repeated to the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] expressing some concerns about proposals for the Indian settlement. 10 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/78 Telegram from the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] (India) to WSC regarding the rejection of proposals for a settlement by the Congress Party: "There is clearly no hope of agreement and I shall start home on Sunday." Received 10 April 1942 British Time. 11 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/79 Telegram from WSC to the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] repeated to the Viceroy [and Governor-General] of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] and the Commander-in-Chief [General Sir Archibald Wavell] offering support and encouragement for their work to achieve a settlement: "You have done everything in human power". 11 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/80-81 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] informing him of the failure to reach a settlement on India: recites the texts of telegrams exchanged between WSC and Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] on 11 April 1942 [see CHAR 20/73/78 and CHAR 20/73/79]. 11 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/82 Telegram from the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] (India) to WSC regarding the general feeling in India and the attitudes of the different groups. 11 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/83 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, requesting further information on tank and reserve machine strength. 12 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/84 Telegram from Sir Walter Monckton [Director General of British Propaganda and Information Services at Cairo, Egypt] to WSC informing him that he is about to visit Malta with Air Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief, RAF, Middle East]. 12 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/85-87 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: comments on the President's proposals for the future of the war which will be discussed by the Defence Committee on 14 April; comments on the President's message regarding India [see CHAR 20/73/91-92] and on the distress that a serious difference between them would cause him. 12 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/88 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East: "In spite of the disadvantages of uncertainty I think it unwise to press for clear-cut decision now.". 12 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/89-90 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Karachi [India, later Pakistan]) to WSC regarding the defence situation in India, particularly the air and naval situation and commenting on the need for heavy bombers and reconnaissance aircraft. 13 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/91-92 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to Roosevelt] reciting a message for WSC regarding the break-down of negotiations in India: comments on public opinion in the United States regarding India; asks that the departure of Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] be postponed and negotiations resumed; suggests the creation of a Nationalist Government in India similar to the government of the United States under the Articles of Confederation. 12 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/93 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC giving information on British and enemy tank strengths. 13 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/94 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in- Chief, Middle East] to WSC thanking him for his telegram of 12 April [see CHAR 20/73/88] and stating that he quite understands. 13 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/95 Telegram from WSC to the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] (Cairo [Egypt]): refers to his immediately following telegram; comments on concerns over the prolonged inaction of the army in Libya and the situation in the Middle East. 14 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/96 Telegram from WSC to the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] (Cairo [Egypt]) concerning the position of the Air Ministry with regard to supplying bombers to India. 14 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/97 Telegram from WSC to Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Cairo [Egypt]) informing him of the contents of the White Paper regarding India and asking for his approval of text relating to defence formulae. 14 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/98-99 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC repeated to Herbert Evatt [Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney General] regarding the defence of Australia: conveys the view of the Supreme Commander, South West Pacific Area [General Douglas MacArthur] that the 9th Australian Division could be allowed to remain in the Middle East in return for the provision of required naval and air strength; comments on conclusions of the British Chiefs of Staff regarding the build up of forces in Australia; states the view that all Australian troops abroad should be returned to Australia but agrees to the postponement of the return of the 9th Division; comments on the likely effect on the morale of the 9th Division; suggests that the despatch of forces from the United States to Australia is not conditional; comments on an offer by WSC to divert forces to Australia in the event of Japanese invasion. 14 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/100-102 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] concerning "the grave situation" arising from the large Japanese naval presence in the Indian Ocean: suggests alternative plans for moving capital ships to the Indian Ocean; presses for American heavy bombers in India; comments on his meeting with the President's envoys and states that he is sending the 1st Sea Lord [Admiral of the Fleet Sir Dudley Pound] to see the President and Admiral Ernest King [Commander-in-Chief United States Navy and Chief of Naval Operations] in order to establish closer naval links. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/103 Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] thanking him for his decision to allow the Australian 9th Division to remain in the Middle East for the present and commenting on plans to build up a strong naval force in the Indian Ocean. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/104 Telegram from the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Stafford Cripps] (Cairo [Egypt]) to WSC expressing the hope that he will be able to meet General George Marshall [Chief of Staff, United States Army], Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States] and Richard Casey [Minister of State, Middle East] on his return to London. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/105 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Cairo [Egypt]) to WSC commenting on the publication of documents relating to his mission in India; states that he hopes to leave Lagos [Nigeria] on Saturday [18 April]. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/106 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Cairo [Egypt]) to WSC stating that the texts he has referred to [see CHAR 20/73/105] are being transmitted in following telegrams [see CHAR 20/73/107-114]. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/107 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Cairo [Egypt]) to WSC reciting the text of a telegram from Cripps to Maulana Abdul Kalem Azad [President of the Congress Party, India] dated 30 March 1942 regarding proposals for the division of defence responsibilities in India. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/108 Copy message from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Cairo [Egypt]) to WSC correcting the text of a telegram [see CHAR 20/73/109]. [15 Apr 1942]
CHAR 20/73/109 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Cairo [Egypt]) to WSC reciting text of telegram from Cripps to Maulana Abdul Kalem Azad [President of the Congress Party] dated 1 Apr 1942 suggesting a meeting between the Commander-in-Chief [General Sir Archibald Wavell], Jawaharlal Nehru, Cripps and Azad regarding proposals for the division of defence responsibilities in India. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/110 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Cairo [Egypt]) to WSC reciting the text of a telegram from Maulana Abdul Kalem Azad [President of the Congress Party] to Cripps dated 1 April 1942 agreeing to a meeting with the Commander-in-Chief [General Sir Archibald Wavell] and offering to discuss his committee's decisions with regard to the British proposals. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/111 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Cairo [Egypt]) to WSC reciting the text of a telegram from Cripps to Maulana Abdul Kalem Azad [President of the Congress Party] dated 2 April 1942 clarifying the procedure by which a Province would decide whether to join the Indian Union. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/112 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Cairo [Egypt]) to WSC reciting the text of a telegram from Cripps to Maulana Abdul Kalem Azad [President of the Congress Party] dated 3 April 1942 confirming the arrangements for the meeting with General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander- in-Chief, India, at 6pm on 4 April 1942. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/113 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Cairo [Egypt]) to WSC reciting the text of a telegram from Maulana Abdul Kalem Azad [President of the Congress Party] to Cripps dated 4 April 1942 regarding the forthcoming meeting with the Commander-in-Chief [General Sir Archibald Wavell]. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/114 Telegram from Sir Stafford Cripps [Lord Privy Seal] (Cairo [Egypt]) to WSC reciting the text of a telegram from Cripps to Maulana Abdul Kalem Azad [President of the Congress Party] dated 7 April 1942 outlining proposals for a division of responsibilities regarding the defence of India and listing those responsibilities that could be assumed by an Indian representative. 15 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/115-117 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC regarding immediate British war needs: comments on United States Air Force suggestions for getting planes to India; questions the viability of a naval concentration in the Ceylon [later Sri Lanka] area using mixed forces and suggests that consideration be given to the temporary American replacement of British Home Fleet units. 17 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/118 Telegram from the President of the United States, Franklin Roosevelt, to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to President Roosevelt] for WSC containing several observations on the proposal to send American planes to India. 17 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/119 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to President Roosevelt] for WSC concerning shipping and the decision to lay up all tankers operating on the Atlantic Coast. 17 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/120-123 Typescript copy of letter from Vi Wellington Koo [Chinese Ambassador to Britain] to WSC containing the text of a telegram from Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist leader] to WSC commenting on his recent visit to Burma: comments on the scene of "desolation and disorder" in Mandalay; comments on the superiority of the enemy in the air; comments on the dangers of defeat in Burma and appeals for reinforcements of air power. [See CHAR 20/74/39-40 for WSC's reply]. 17 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/124-125 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] informing him of the conclusions reached with the President's envoys at the meeting last Tuesday [14 April 1942]: agrees with concentration against the main enemy [Germany] but feels that some resources must be set aside to halt the Japanese advance; discusses the President's plan for 1943 with a campaign in Europe and comments on the need for discussions with Joseph Stalin, the need to deceive the enemy about attacks, and suggests a public announcement "that our two nations are resolved to march forward into Europe together in a noble brotherhood of arms". 17 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/126 Telegram from John Curtin, Prime Minister of Australia, expressing uneasiness on the sinkings of HMS Dorsetshire, HMS Cornwall and HMS Hermes and asking for more information on the naval situation in the Far East. 17 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/127 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC informing him of a proposal to hold a conference in Ottawa [Canada] in May to discuss the Air Training Programme and the renewal of the Empire Training Plan on an overall basis for the United Nations. 18 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/128-130 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander-in-Chief, India: comments on fighter and bomber strengths in India and Ceylon [later Sri Lanka] and details reinforcements; comments on plans to build up a powerful naval force in the Indian Ocean under Admiral Sir James Somerville [Commander-in-Chief, Eastern Fleet]; comments on the strategic importance of holding Colombo [Ceylon] and preserving the link with China; states that he is sending Wavell extracts of a telegram from Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist leader] [see CHAR 20/73/131-133] and points out that the collapse of China would liberate Japanese divisions for the invasion of India. 19 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/131-133 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell, Commander-in-Chief, India, containing extracts of a telegram [on the situation in Burma] from Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist leader] to WSC. [See CHAR 20/73/120-123]. 19 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/134 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: comments on a plan to strengthen the British fleet in the Indian Ocean by using United States ships to reinforce the British Navy at Scapa [Scotland]; states that he is sending a note drafted by Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal [Chief of the Air Staff] regarding air reinforcements for Burma, India and Ceylon [later Sri Lanka] but welcomes the proposal to use the United States aircraft carrier Ranger; comments on a telegram from Generalissimo Chiang-Kai-shek [Chinese Nationalist leader, see CHAR 20/73/120-123] and the difficult situation of General Harold Alexander [General Officer Commanding, Burma] in Burma. 19 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/135-136 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] reciting a note drafted by Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Portal [Chief of the Air Staff] regarding air reinforcements for Burma, India and Ceylon [later Sri Lanka]: agrees with proposals to bring United States bombardment squadrons in India up to full strength and to transfer 34 heavy and medium bomber aircraft from British allocations; comments on the need to retain Kittyhawk aircraft for use in Middle East. 19 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/137 Telegram from the Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] to WSC commenting on the decision of the United States to withdraw Admiral William Leahy [former United States Ambassador to France] from Vichy France and asking for WSC's opinion on whether Canada should maintain its diplomatic relations with Vichy. 19 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/138 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] regarding the need to create some additional combined bodies for dealing with supplies and suggesting the setting up of a single controlling body. 20 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/139 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] asking him about "puff-balls" for use against tanks. [See CHAR 20/74/4 for reply]. 20 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/140 Telegram from the Middle East Defence Committee to WSC and the Chiefs of Staff recommending that Lieutenant-General Sir William Dobbie [Governor and Commander-in-Chief, Malta] should be relieved and replaced by a young and vigorous Civil Governor. 20 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/141 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] asking him to consider offering British and American support to Marshal Philippe Petain [Head of Vichy Government, France] and Admiral of the Fleet Jean Darlan [Commander-in-Chief of land, sea and air forces, Vichy] if they will carry the French fleet to Africa. [See CHAR 20/74/5 for Roosevelt's reply]. 20 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/142 Telegram from WSC to Herbert Evatt [Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney General] stating that he is looking forward to meeting Evatt and his party and commenting on the final arrangements for their journey to London. 20 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/143 Telegram to the Governor-General of Australia [1st Lord Gowrie, earlier Alexander Hore-Ruthven] asking him to relay a message to the Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] from WSC explaining that it will not be possible for Herbert Evatt [Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney-General] to become a member of the Privy Council. Typescript. 20 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/144 Telegram from Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC commenting on operation "Ironclad" [occupation of Diego Suarez, Madagascar]: suggests that the towns of Tamatave and Majunga should also be occupied rendering the surrender of the whole island inevitable; offers to despatch a bomber squadron from Lindi [Tanzania] as soon as Diego aerodrome has been secured; comments on the need to rupture relations with Vichy France. 20 Apr 1942
CHAR 20/73/145 Telegram from Herbert Evatt [Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney General] (Washington [United States]) to Stanley Bruce [High Commissioner for Australia in London] conveying a message for WSC: regrets that he must postpone his visit to London in order to deal with important matters in Washington. 20 Apr 1942