Official: Prime Minister: Personal telegrams.

Reference code: CHAR 20/78

Part of: CHAR 20
Next record: CHAR 20/79A-B
Previous record: CHAR 20/77

Date: 14 Jul 1942 - 11 Aug 1942

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Other details

Access: Physical: File
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Original Reference: T1001/2 - T1100/2 Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/78/1 Old file cover. [Jul] 1942 - [Aug] 1942
CHAR 20/78/2 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" regarding convoys to Soviet Union and commenting on the implications of heavy losses to recent convoys to Murmansk and recommending concentration on Mediterranean route to Russia. 14 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/3 Telegram from General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" reporting on the defects to the Valentine tanks received with the 8th Armoured Division. 14 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/4 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "most secret and personal" referring to Smuts' telegram to WSC of 14 Jul about convoys to the Soviet Union and stating that "there is no difference between us in thought.". 15 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/5-7 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC reporting the opinion of the United States Chiefs of Staff on proposed Anglo-American joint operations prior to their visit to England: Comments on American objections to "Gymnast" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa]; comments on plans for action in the Pacific and implications for "Bolero" [Codename for preparations for main Allied invasion of France]; comments on the views of General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] and Admiral Ernest King [Commander in Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations]; states that he believes there to be highly placed Americans "who do not believe that anything better than a stalemate with Germany is possible."; suggests that WSC must convince his visitors of his determination to strike the Germans in Europe. 15 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/8 Telegram from John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC thanking him for his telegram regarding the measures in hand for the reinforcement of the Middle East and commenting on the role of the 9th Australian Infantry Division and the aid from President Roosevelt and Premier Stalin. 15 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/9 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC marked "personal" informing him that the party [General George Marshall, Admiral Ernest King, and Harry Hopkins] leaves for England on the evening of Thursday 16 July. 15 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/10 Telegram from General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" commenting on his intention to defeat the enemy in the western desert and the implications of the battle for the front in Persia [Iran] and Iraq. 15 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/11 Telegram from Minister of State in West Africa [Lord Swinton, earlier Philip Cunliffe-Lister, earlier Philip Lloyd-Greame] to WSC informing him that he has established a War Council and issued a directive [see CHAR 20/78/12]. 14 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/12 Telegram from Minister of State in West Africa [Lord Swinton, earlier Philip Cunliffe-Lister, earlier Philip Lloyd Greame] to WSC reciting text of directive regarding the membership of the West African War Council [see also CHAR 20/78/11]. 14 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/13 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] marked "most secret and personal" expressing his pleasure at the forthcoming visit to England by "our friends" [General George Marshall, Admiral Ernest King and Harry Hopkins]. 16 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/14 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret": Comments on the forthcoming convoy to Malta with seaborne fighter protection, and the possibility of sending an even more powerfully mounted and protected convoy to the Soviet Union if it succeeds; comments on visit to England by "our friends" [General George Marshall, Admiral Ernest King and Harry Hopkins]; thanks Roosevelt for his telegrams nos 166 and 167. 16 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/15 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC regarding supplies to the Soviet Union: Reluctantly agrees to the position which the Admiralty has taken with regard to the Russian convoy and approves WSC's letter to Stalin; comments on increasing traffic through Persia [Iran] and suggests that American railway men take over the operation of the railroad. 16 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/16 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC informing him that General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army], Admiral Ernest King [Commander in Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations] , and Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt] are leaving for London [United Kingdom] at once. 16 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/17 Telegram from Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC marked "most secret and personal": Thanks him for the information regarding reinforcements for the Middle East and for his references to New Zealand and New Zealand troops; comments on the battle in North Africa, the defence of Malta, and the increasing success of enemy attacks on convoys to Russia; comments on increased shipping losses and asks WSC about the reasons for the increase. 16 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/18 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] and repeated to WSC marked "most secret and personal" warning of danger of enemy tactics in the North African desert. 15 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/19 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" stating that upon arrival "our friends" [General George Marshall, Admiral Ernest King, and Harry Hopkins] will be conveyed to the "usual week-end resort" where the British Chiefs of Staff will be awaiting them. 16 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/20 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" stating that he is holding up the long telegram to Premier Stalin and would be grateful if Roosevelt could say nothing to Stalin in the meanwhile. 16 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/21-22 Telegram from John Curtin (Prime Minister of Australia) to WSC marked "most secret" giving details of numbers of Australian troops serving in the Middle East, commenting on difficulties of sending further reinforcements from Australia and advocating concentration of all Australian forces in Australia. 16 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/23 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of British chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC marked "personal" suggesting that he postpone his invitation for "our friends" [General George Marshall, Admiral Ernest King, and Harry Hopkins] to spend the week-end at Chequers as they need to spend the time with their American colleagues in England. 16 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/24 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC stating that "our friends" [General George Marshall, Admiral Ernest King and Harry Hopkins] ought to go straight to London [United Kingdom] and "orient" themselves before any general meeting. 17 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/25 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt agreeing to the suggestion in his telegram no 168 [that General George Marshall, Admiral Ernest King and Harry Hopkins should go straight to London and not to Chequers]. 17 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/26-28 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "most immediate, personal and most secret" regarding convoys to the Soviet Union: Comments on the difficulties of sending convoys to north Russia and reports the decision to cancel PQ 18 [Jul convoy]; outlines proposals to increase supplies to soviet Union via Persian routes [Iran]; comments on possibility of joint operations in northern Norway after October; comments on possibility of helping the Russian southern flank once General Erwin Rommel [Commander German North Afrika Korps] has been defeated; thanks Stalin for Boston bombers and comments on British and United States reinforcements for Middle East; comments on Stalin's offer to allow three Polish Divisions to Palestine [Israel] and hopes that these plans will not fall to the ground on account of the Poles wanting to bring dependents with them. 17 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/29 Telegram from Lieutenant-General Thomas Corbett [Chief of General Staff Middle East] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" reporting on the deployment of the 8th Armoured Division, the Sherman tanks, the 105mm self-propelled guns, and the 44th Division. 17 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/30-32 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt informing him of the amended text of his telegram of 17 Jul to Premier Stalin [see CHAR 20/78/26-28]. 18 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/33 Telegram from WSC to 6th Lord Gort (Governor and commander in Chief of Malta) marked "personal and secret" asking for information, expressing confidence, and offering support. 18 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/34-37 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal" reporting on the general situation in the Middle East: Comments on the battle in the desert and outlines its three phases since the fall of Tobruk [Libya]; comments on morale within Egypt and precautions against enemy occupation of the Nile Delta; comments on domestic problems within Syria and the problem of cereal supply throughout the Middle East; comments on the problem of handling Polish and Greek refugees; comments on visit of staff officers from Malta and his plans to see 6th Lord Gort [Governor and Commander in Chief of Malta]; comments on unexpected announcement of negotiations with Vichy France about ships at Alexandria [Egypt]; comments on enlistment of Yugoslav dissidents in British forces; expresses feeling of disability at not having been able to visit other centres of Middle East. 19 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/38 Telegram from 6th Lord Gort [Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Malta] to WSC marked "personal and secret" thanking him for his telegram and commenting on the arrival of HMS Welshman with her cargo, and his concern over supplies of aviation spirit. 20 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/39 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] marked "personal and secret" commenting on decision by General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to assume personal command of the Eighth Army and stating that Casey should not leave Cairo [Egypt] till the battle is decided and that thereafter it would be better for him to visit Malta than for Lord Gort [Governor and Commander in Chief of Malta] to visit Egypt. 21 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/40 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" regarding anti-submarine craft and the need for a common pool to ensure that they are assigned to the best common advantage. 21 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/41 Telegram from Viceroy of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow] to WSC informing him that fighter squadron 615 is now operational in defence of Calcutta [India] and expressing his confidence that, "it will fight as well over the Sundarbans in defence of India as it fought over the hop-fields of Kent" Annotated by WSC in red ink: "Thank you so much Please convey my good wishes to 615 squadron. I am confident they will win new distinction in [2 words deleted] India and Burma". 22 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/42 Telegram from WSC to Viceroy of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow]: "Thank you so much. Please convey my good wishes to 615 Squadron. I am confident they will win new distinction in India and Burma" [see also CHAR 20/78/41 for manuscript version of this reply by WSC , in red ink on base of telegram of 22 Jul from Viceroy of India about 615 Squadron]. 22 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/43-44 Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] marked "most secret" reciting text of minute prepared by Chiefs of Staff giving reasons why the Australian 9th Division should be kept in the Middle East. 24 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/45-47 Telegram from Premier Stalin to WSC marked "personal and secret" expressing his dissatisfaction with the decisions to stop the supply of war materials to the Soviet Union by the northern route and to postpone the creation of the second front in Europe until 1943. 23 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/48 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] marked "most secret and personal" asking him to consider ways of maintaining the New Zealand Division in the Middle East and commenting on the alternatives to the despatch of reinforcements. 25 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/49-50 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "secret" agreeing that anti-submarine craft, whether from the United Kingdom or the United States, should be assigned to operate in those areas where their services are most urgently needed but commenting on the need to ensure that everything in the common pool is constantly employed. 25 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/51 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" commenting on concerns about the role of the War Cabinet raised with Smuts by Sidney Waterson [High Commissioner for the Union of South Africa in London, United Kingdom] [with filing slip]. 24 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/52 Telegram from WSC to Air Vice Marshal Hugh Lloyd congratulating him on his fourteen months as Royal Air Force Commander on Malta and wishing him continued success in his new command. 25 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/53-55 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "most secret and pesonal" commenting on the role of the War Cabinet and the machinery for directing the war and on his discussions with General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army], Admiral Ernest King [Commander in Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations] and Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt]. 25 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/56 Telegram from Minister of State in West Africa [Lord Swinton, earlier Philip Cunliffe-Lister, earlier Philip Lloyd-Greame] to WSC regarding naval and air requirements for West Africa With annotation by Francis Brown [private secretary to the Prime Minister] dated 29 Jul: "I have spoken to Colonel Jacob about the long distribution list on attached Tel[egram]". 24 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/57 Telegram from WSC to ? Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood, then Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] marked "most secret and personal" informing him that Foreign Office telegram 4482 of 25 Jul was a strictly private message to President Roosevelt and should not be repeated to anyone, including Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States]. 26 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/58 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" referring to discussions between Admiral Ernest King [Commander in Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations] and Admiral Sir Dudley Pound [First Sea Lord] on the allocation of naval ecort craft, and confirming that the common pool will only exist up to the time of allocation Annotated, initialled and dated. 26 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/59-60 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" commenting on war strategy for 1942 and 1943: Comments on the difficulties of a planned war policy and the differing objectives for 1942 and 1943; stresses the importance of holding the Middle East,; recommends abandoning the northern supply route to the Soviet Union; suggests that Australia is "essentially a side show"; discusses the possibility of re-opening the Burma Road; comments on preparations for a new front in western Europe in 1943. 25 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/61 Telegram from WSC to General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "personal and most secret" regarding the battle in the North African desert: Suggests that Auchinleck has the advantage over General Erwin Rommel [Commander German North Afrika Corps] in the air, and in communications and reinforcements; asks for information about the 44th Division and the Siwa Oasis [Egypt]; informs Auchinleck that the Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Alan Brooke] will be coming out to him early next week; refers to immediately following telegram [see CHAR 20/78/62] which should be deciphered by Auchinleck's personal staff. 27 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/62 Telegram from WSC to General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "personal and most secret" informing him of his discussions with General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army], Admiral Ernest King [Commander in Chief United States Fleet and Chief of Naval Operations] and Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt] and stating that complete agreement was reached with the Americans for a combined attack in October along the lines of "Gymnast" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa]. 27 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/63 Telegram from Air Marshal Hugh Lloyd to WSC marked "personal" thanking him for his message. 27 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/64-67 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret": Comments on the success of this week's talks between the United Kingdom and United States high officers; comments on the importance of establishing a second front this year and refers to "Torch" (hitherto called "Gymnast") [Codename for operation in French North West Africa]; comments on deception plans; comments on "Bolero" [Codename for preparations for main allied invasion of Europe]; comments on import levels and use of reserves of stock in United Kingdom; comments on battle in North African desert and the importance of aiding the Russian southern flank. 27 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/68 Telegram from Sir Ronald Campbell [British Minister Plenipotentiary to Washington, United States] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" confirming that Foreign Office telegram 4482 has not been copied or shown to anyone except President Roosevelt and that it has not been shown to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States]. 26 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/69 Telegram from WSC to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] marked "most secret and personal" informing him that only 12 of the 50 Spitfires will be despatched in Jul and outlining arrangements for further deliveries in Aug. 27 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/70 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt] marked "personal and secret" stating his belief that the "Conferences" should remain secret as a public announcement would focus desire to know what happened. 27 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/71 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt] to WSC marked "secret" thanking him and CSC for their many courtesies and referring to his forthcoming wedding. 28 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/72 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "secret" regarding the visit of General George Marshall, Admiral Ernest King and Harry Hopkins to the United Kingdom: Confirms that the "three musketeers" have arrived back safely and that Hopkins' wedding is still scheduled; expresses his pleasure at "the successful meeting of minds" and comments on points raised in WSC's telegram of 27 Jul [see CHAR 20/78/64-67] regarding "Torch" [operation in French North West Africa], imports to the United Kingdom, and air support for the Russian southern flank. 28 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/73 Telegram from WSC to ?Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood, then Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] marked "personal" asking him to press the Griffin case against him to a conclusion Annotated. 28 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/74 Telegram from General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" thanking him for his telegram of 27 Jul about agreement with the Americans [see CHAR 20/78/62] and asking if he can show it to the Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey], the Commander in Chief Mediterranean [Admiral Henry Harwood] and the Air Officer Commander in Chief Mediterranean [Air Marshal Arthur Tedder]. 28 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/75 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret" regarding Stalin's reply to his message of 18 Jul: Proposes to refer Stalin to Aide Memoire handed to Vyacheslav Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] and suggests ways in which they might reply to Stalin; asks Roosevelt for his views; states that the problems of Russian convoys and the latest position about bombing and commando raids on Germany are being explained to Ivan Maisky [Soviet Ambassador to United Kingdom]. 29 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/76-77 Telegram from General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" regarding the battle in the North African desert and commenting on the 8th Armoured Division and the 44th Division and on the implications of the enemy occupation of the Siwa Oasis [Egypt]. 29 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/78-79 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "personal and most secret" agreeing that the reply to Stalin must be handled with great care, suggesting that Stalin should be told that the United States and the United Kingdom have determined upon a course of action in 1942, and commenting on the need to put air power directly on the Russian southern front. 29 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/80-81 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC marked "personal" regarding the command of "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa]: Believes that General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] is clearly the man for the job but suggests that General Dwight D Eisenhower be appointed as his deputy; suggests that planning for "Sledgehammer" [Codename for plan to launch diversionary attack on coast of France] be delegated to a Britisher so that Eisenhower and his staff can concentrate on "Torch"; expresses admiration for WSC's handling of negotiations and hopes to see him in London early next week. 30 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/82-88 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "secret and strictly confidential" reciting text of telegram sent to Roosevelt by Chiang-Kai-Shek [President of China] commenting on the political situation within India and urging the United States and the United Nations to take a more active role in promoting a settlement. 30 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/89 Telegram from Middle East Defence Committee to WSC and Chiefs of Staff requesting an increased number of submarines and suggesting how these might be obtained. 30 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/90 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "absolutely secret" informing him that he hopes to arrive in Cairo [Egypt] on Monday or Tuesday next and would be grateful if Smuts could meet him there With note that the telegram is to be deciphered by Smuts' personal assistant Initialled. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/91 Telegram from WSC to Sir Miles Lampson [later Lord Killearn, British Ambassador to Egypt] marked "absolutely secret" informing him that he will be arriving in Cairo during Monday 3 Aug with the Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Alan Brooke] and Sir Alexander Cadogan [Permanent Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs] With note that telegram is to be deciphered by the Ambassador's personal assistant Annotated and initialled by WSC. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/92 Telegram from WSC to General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] and Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] marked "absolutely secret" informing them that he hopes to arrive in Cairo [Egypt] on Mon 3 Aug, that the Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Alan Brooke] should arrive by a different route on the same day, and that he has asked Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] and General Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] to come to Cairo during the same week A sentence concerning the invitation of Lord Gort, Governor of Malta, has been crossed through With note that the telegram is to be deciphered by Auchinleck's personal assistant Initialled. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/93 Telegram from WSC to General Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] marked "absolutely secret" asking him to meet WSC and the Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Alan Brooke] in Cairo [Egypt] on 4, 5 or 6 Aug With handwritten addition: "in order to discuss Indian and general war-plans" With note that the telegram is to be deciphered by Wavell's personal assistant Annotated and initialled by WSC. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/94 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "absolutely secret": Informs Stalin of preliminary arrangements to run a large convoy to Archangel [Soviet Union] in September; offers to meet Stalin in Astrakhan or the Caucasus [Soviet Union] and states that he is starting for Cairo [Egypt] forthwith With annotation indicating that the telegram was handed by WSC to Ivan Maisky [Soviet Ambassador to United Kingdom] for despatch. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/95 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "personal and secret" informing him of plans to sail a convoy of 40 ships to the Soviet Union in September and warning of the danger unless there is an adequate air threat to the German surface forces in the Barents Sea With annotation indicating that the telegram was handed by WSC to Ivan Maisky [Soviet Ambassador to the United Kingdom] for despatch. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/96 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" commenting on his telegrams to Premier Stalin, his visit to Cairo [Egypt], plans to attempt another convoy to Soviet Union in September, and air support for the Russian southern front. 30 Jul 1942 - 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/97-99 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" refuting Chiang-Kai-Shek's [President of China] estimate of the Indian situation: States that Congress Party does not represent India and comments on other other groups and classes; comments on policy of British Government Initialled [Date of telegram amended from 30 Jul to 31 Jul]. 30 Jul 1942 - 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/100-101 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "absolutely secret" regarding the command of joint operations: Suggests that General George Marshall [Chief of staff United States Army] be given supreme command of "Round-Up" [Codename for liberation of Europe] with General Dwight D Eisenhower as his deputy and General Harold Alexander as Task Force Commander; suggests that Eisenhower and Alexander both work on "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] and that Eisenhower supervise "Bolero" [preparations for main Allied invasion of France] and "Sledgehammer" [Codename for plan to attack coast of France in 1942]; states that Eisenhower would then command "Torch" while Marshall or another carried forward "Bolero", "Sledgehammer" and "Round-Up" Initialled [Date amended from 30 Jul to 31 Jul]. 30 Jul 1942 - 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/102 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC marked "private" reporting on President Roosevelt's account of his talk with Maxim Litvinoff [Soviet Ambassador to the United States] and on the President's plans to aid the Soviet Union [With filing slip]. 30 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/103 Telegram from General Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] to WSC confirming that he will arrive in Cairo [Egypt] on the afternoon of 4 Aug. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/104 Telegram from Sir Miles Lampson [later Lord Killearn, British Ambassador to Egypt] to WSC marked "most secret" confirming that he will be delighted to put up WSC's party. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/105-106 Telegram from John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC marked "most secret" regarding the use of Australian troops in the Middle East: Comments on the review by the United Kingdom Chiefs of Staff and on the threat to Australia from the Japanese; agrees to extend the period for the temporary retention of the Australian 9th Division in the Middle East and to provide two months reinforcements; comments on the need to develop air strength in Australia and states that the agreement for 9th Division to remain in Middle East is conditional on measures being taken to ensure the allotment of aircraft. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/107 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] marked "private and most secret"suggesting that Dill may wish to postpone his visit to United Kingdom. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/108 Telegram from Sir Ronald Campbell [Minister Plenipotentiary to Washington, United States] regarding legal opinion in the Griffin case. 30 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/109 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State for the Middle East [Richard Casey] informing him that Lord Cranborne [later 5th Lord Salisbury, earlier Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Secretary of State for the Colonies and Leader of the House of Lords] is leaving by air for Malta tomorrow and will return after 3 days. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/110 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] marked "personal" regarding the overriding priority of operation "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] and stating that Dill should ask to see President Roosevelt urgently. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/111-114 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" reporting on deficiencies in personnel, transport and ammunition in the Middle East. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/115-116 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] marked "personal and secret" reciting text of message for General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] regarding shipping of United States equipment to the United Kingdom. 01 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/117 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt strongly endorsing the recommendations of the Combined Shipping Boards Initialled and dated in red ink. 01 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/118 Telegram from WSC to General Alan Brooke [later Lord Alanbrooke of Brookeborough, Chief of the Imperial General Staff] (Gibraltar) marked "personal and most secret" reciting text of telegram received from General Claude Auchinleck [Commander in Chief Middle East] advocating a temporarily defensive policy in the middle east, and stating that it "shows how necessary it is for us to get to the Middle East at once.". 01 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/119 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to the Secretary of State for the Dominions [Clement Attlee] marked "most secret and personal" asking him to inform WSC that Smuts will be in Cairo [Egypt] on Monday noon [3 Aug]. 01 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/120 Telegram from John Curtin (Prime Minister of Australia) to WSC marked "most secret and personal" acknowledging the revised shipping arrangements for the despatch of the Spitfires to Australia. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/121-122 Telegram from Premier Stalin to WSC marked "absolutely secret" inviting him to a meeting with the Soviet Government in Moscow [Soviet Union] to be fixed according to the time necessary for the completion of WSC's business in Cairo [Egypt], and commenting on the decision to send another convoy of war materials to the Soviet Union at the beginning of September. 31 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/123 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "absolutely secret" confirming that he will meet him in Moscow [Soviet Union] and that he will fix the date from Cairo [Egypt]. 01 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/124 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC marked "personal" confirming that President Roosevelt has issued orders for "full steam ahead TORCH" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa: States that in American mind "Round-Up" [Codename for liberation of occupied Europe, later "Overlord"] is excluded in 1943 by acceptance of "Torch"; concludes that WSC would accept General George Marshall [Chief of staff United States Army] for command of "Torch" [With separate filing slip]. 01 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/125 Telegram from WSC to Vice-Admiral Neville Syfret [Commander Force "H" Sea Command] wishing him luck: "I am so glad you have this great task to do." [Escorting merchant shipping to Malta]. 02 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/126 Telegram from Sir Ronald Campbell [Minister Plenipotentiary to Washington, United States] to WSC reciting translation of a letter of 26 Jul from Alexis Leger in which he states that the proposal has never been made to him by General Charles De Gaulle and that he does not feel able to modify his conclusion [Despatched by bag and received 2 Aug 1942]. 28 Jul 1942
CHAR 20/78/127 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "most secret" regarding his arrangements for travelling from Cairo [Egypt] to Moscow [Soviet Union]. 05 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/128 Telegram from Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC marked "most secret" informing him of New Zealand Government's intention to reinforce the New Zealand Division in the Middle East. 05 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/129 Telegram from Prime Minister [WSC] to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" in which he asks for [Roosevelt's] "aid and countenance" with "Joe" [Stalin] and for Averell [Harriman, American diplomat] to be permitted to go with him [to Moscow, Soviet Union]. He instructs [Roosevelt] to send a duplicate reply to London as his movements are being kept "vague" and complains of having "a somewhat raw job". Includes filing note. 15 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/130 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "private" informing him that he is asking Averell Harriman to leave for Moscow [Soviet Union] at the earliest possible moment [With filing slip]. 05 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/131 Telegram from "former naval person" [WSC] to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" thanking him for allowing Averell [Harriman, American diplomat] to go with him [to Moscow, Soviet Union]. Includes filing note. 06 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/132 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "personal and most secret" informing him that the proposal by the British Chiefs of Staff that General Dwight D Eisenhower be designated Commander in Chief for "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] is acceptable [with filing slip]. 06 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/133 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] marked "most secret and personal" regarding shipping of United States Sherman tanks to the Middle East. 07 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/134 Telegram from Premier Stalin to WSC marked "most secret and personal" confirming that all necessary instructions have been given to Soviet Air Force representatives in Teheran [Persia, later Iran] [regarding visit of WSC to Soviet Union] [With filing slip]. 07 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/135 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [British Chiefs of Staff representative in Washington, United States] to WSC marked "personal" regarding the shipping of United States Sherman tanks to the Middle East, stating that the manifests and stowage plans left for the Middle East on 31 Jul, and commenting on the provision of sand shields. 07 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/136 Telegram from WSC to Peter Fraser [Prime Minister of New Zealand] marked "most secret and personal" thanking Fraser for the promise of reinforcements for the New Zealand Division in the Middle East and stating that he is in Egypt, where he has seen General Bernard Freyberg [General Officer Commanding New Zealand Forces Middle East], and tht he hopes to visit the New Zealand Division in the near future [With filing slip]. 07 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/137 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of British Chiefs of Staff in washington, United States] marked "most secret and personal" regarding the fitting of sun shields to United States Sherman tanks. 08 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/138-139 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt: Comments on accelerating the date of "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] and the appointment of General Dwight D Eisenhower as Allied Commander in Chief; endorses suggestion from Admiralty about United States submarines working from Gibraltar; describes reorganisation of the High Command in the Middle East including appointment of General Harold Alexander as Commander in Chief Middle East and General Bernard Montgomery as Commander Eighth Army; states that he is giving his personal attention to the reception and utilization of the Sherman tanks and 105mm guns from the United States; states that Averell Harriman has just arrived and that "we shall be off soon on our further quest"; states that he is also seeing General Maxwell and General Lewis Brereton [Commander of United States Middle East Air Forces]. [08] Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/140 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "personal and most secret" regarding advancing the date for "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] and the announcement of General Dwight D Eisenhower as its commander: Wishes WSC and Averell Harriman luck on their "great adventure." [With filing slip]. 08 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/141 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC marked "personal" regarding sun shields for the Sherman tanks. 09 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/142 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "secret and personal" regarding the text of the President's message for the anniversary of the Atlantic Charter on Aug 14 and commenting on possible implications if applied to Asia, Africa, India or Palestine. 09 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/143 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "personal and most secret" informing WSC of his reply to Chiang-Kai-Shek [President of China] regarding India [With filing slip]. 09 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/144 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" thanking him for his message to Chiang-Kai-Shek [President of China] [see CHAR 20/78/143]. 10 Aug 1942
CHAR 20/78/145 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "most secret" informing him of the personnel changes at Middle East High Command and commenting on General Claude Auchinleck's disinclination to take a new command: States that it was splendid having Smuts with him in this business, hopes that he has not been fatigued by the journey and states that all arrangements are being made for the Imperial War Cabinet session in September. 11 Aug 1942