Official: Prime Minister: Personal Telegrams.

Reference code: CHAR 20/80

Part of: CHAR 20
Next record: CHAR 20/81
Previous record: CHAR 20/79A-B

Date: Sep 1942 - Oct 1942

Scope/content:

Other details

Access: Physical: 1 bound file (140 folios)
Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: T1201/2 - T1300/2 Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/80/1 Old file cover. [Sep] 1942 - [Oct] 1942
CHAR 20/80/2 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of South Africa [General Jan Smuts] marked "most secret and personal" expressing anxiety about a speech made by Smuts in Pretoria [South Africa] referring to North Africa and clearing the Mediterranean. 09 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/3 Telegram from Premier Stalin to WSC marked "personal and secret" confirming that he has received WSC's message regarding convoy PQ 18 [northern convoy to Soviet Union] on 7 Sep and is arranging for the transfer of additional long range bombers, and wishing WSC success for the outcome in Egypt and for "Torch" [codename for operation in French North West Africa]. 09 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/4 Telegram from ? United Kingdom High Commissioner in Canada [Malcolm Macdonald] to WSC reciting text of letter from W Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] replying to WSC's request for naval escort vessels and offering a number of corvettes on the understanding that they are returned as soon as possible and commenting on the implications of such a loan, which will include the closure of the St Lawrence River to ocean-going shipping. 10 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/5 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" apologising for the worry caused by his speech and explaining that in South Africa the term "North Africa" is generally used to describe the Middle East. 09 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/6-7 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" reporting on: The results of the fighting in the first week of Sep; the attitude of the troops; the deployment of the new Sherman tanks; the appointment of Lord Moyne [earlier Walter Guinness] as Deputy Minister in the Middle East ; the political anxiety caused by Syria and General Charles De Gaulle; the visit of Wendell Willkie [United States politician]; and commenting on WSC's generous gesture in giving the Australian Navy HMS Shropshire and promising a short summary of the progress that has been made in the setting up of the Persia [Iran] - Iraq Command [see CHAR 20/80/8-10]. 10 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/8-10 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" regarding the new command in Persia [Iran] - Iraq under General Henry Wilson and reporting on the concentration of forces and the establishment of new headquarters. 10 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/11 Telegram from John Curtin (Prime Minister of Australia) to WSC marked "most secret" commenting on the change in views regarding the use of the Eastern Fleet for strategic offensive action in the Pacific and asking about its implications should the Japanese succeed in capturing Port Moresby [Papua New Guinea] and launch an attack against Western Australia. 11 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/12-13 Telegram from John Curtin (Prime Minister of Australia) to WSC marked "most secret" reciting the text of a message he has despatched to President Roosevelt regarding the need for increased land forces in the South West Pacific Area in which he comments on the present distribution of the Army in Australia, the effect of geographical factors and the need to maintain forces in Papua New Guinea and the Middle East. 11 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/14 Telegram from WSC to the Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] thanking him for his two telegrams. 11 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/15 Telegram from Viceroy of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow] to WSC marked "personal" commenting on recent visits to India by Americans, including Colonel Louis Johnson and Lauchlin Currie, and explaining that while existing tension persists he is anxious to avoid doing anything that might encourage Gandhi's supporters and so can not welcome the suggestion that Sherwood Eddy visit India in the role of a mediator. 10 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/16 Telegram from WSC to Commander in Chief Middle East [General Harold Alexander] marked "personal" questioning appointment of Lieutenant-General Sir Oliver Leese [as a Corps Commander] but approving Alexander's wish and asking about "Lightfoot" [Codename for allied offensive in western desert]. 11 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/17 Telegram from Commander in Chief Middle East [General Harold Alexander] to WSC and Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Alan Brooke] marked "most secret" reporting on the unloading and deployment of United States Sherman tanks. 11 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/18-19 Telegram from Minister of State in West Africa [Lord Swinton, earlier Philip Cunliffe-Lister, earlier Philip Lloyd-Greame] to WSC asking him to suspend despatch of Royal Air Force Regiment personnel to West Africa as it is impossible to provide accommodation and aerodrome local defence can be performed by African units: "Moreover sending complete white units for this purpose is surely great waste of white manpower.". 11 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/20 Telegram from WSC to W Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] marked "most secret and personal" thanking him for the promise of 17 corvettes for "our special operation" and acknowledging the added difficulties that this will create in Canadian waters. 12 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/21 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "personal and secret" thanking him for the long range bombers, torpedo bombers and fighters which he is sending to help PQ 18 [northern convoy to Soviet Union] and informing him of figures for weight of bombs dropped on Germany by the Royal Air Force since 1 Jul, including individual totals for Duisberg, Dusseldorf, Saarbrucken, Bremen, Hamburg, Osnabruck, Kassel, Wilhelmshaven, Mainz, Frankfurt, and Nuremberg. 12 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/22 Telegram from Sir Harold MacMichael [British High Commissioner in Palestine and Transjordan, later Jordan] to WSC marked "private and personal" reciting text of a message from Emir of Transjordan [Abdullah ibn Hussein] thanking WSC for his kind message. 11 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/23 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" informing him that all the United States Sherman tanks have arrived safely in Egypt and commenting on their deployment. 12 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/24-26 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "most secret" regarding the establishment of an advanced base in Persia [Iran] and the need to obtain Russian agreement and commenting on the "old question" of liaison and planning with the Russians in the Caucasus [Soviet Union]. 11 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/27 Telegram from General Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" explaining his decision to appoint Lieutenant-General Sir Oliver Leese, Brian Horrocks and Herbert Lumsden but not Leslie Morshead as Corps Commanders and commenting on the "able generalship" of General Bernard Montgomery, the need for intensive training, the arrival of equipment, and the plans for an offensive ("Lightfoot"). 12 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/28 Telegram from WSC to Admiral Henry Harwood (Commander in Chief Mediterranean) marked "hush - most secret" wishing him good fortune and asking for timely reports. 13 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/29 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] marked "personal and secret" stating that the question of the advanced base at Teheran [Persia, later Iran] has been submitted to the Chiefs of Staff Committee, and that he will be able to make a request to Stalin for closer liaison once he has heard from President Roosevelt about the joint Anglo-American Air Force for the Russian southern flank. 13 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/30 Telegram from WSC to Commander in Chief Middle East [General Harold Alexander] marked "personal and secret" asking for a list of British casualties in men, guns and tanks in repulse of the recent Rommel offensive. 14 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/31 Telegram from Commander in Chief Mediterranean [Admiral Henry Harwood] to WSC marked "most secret" informing him that the first shore objective at Tobruk [Libya] has been gained and that weather conditions for landing from destroyers are good. 14 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/32-33 Telegram from General Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] to WSC marked "personal" regarding prospects for offensive action on Eastern Frontier during the coming winter: Lists setbacks which have postponed hopes of occupying Burma; comments on the appreciation he has sent to Chiefs of staff listing objectives ; refers to need for aircraft, comments on unsatisfactory nature of liaison with Americans under General Joseph Stilwell [Commander of the United States Army forces in China, Burma and India]; comments on success of operations in Madagascar. 14 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/34-35 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" : Asks for final plan regarding trans-Persian railway; hopes to receive Roosevelt's wishes regarding the joint Anglo-American Air Force for the Russian southern flank and comments on the need for a firm offer in order to get the full facilities and to gain some favours from Stalin for the Poles; comments extensively on "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] and refers to secret intelligence, plans for a wireless station broadcasting propaganda material, and agrees that General Charles De Gaulle will be an irritant and that his movement must be kept out; comments on the bad news from the PQ convoy [northern convoy to Soviet Union]. 15 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/36 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" informing him that the date [for operation in French North West Africa codenamed "Torch"] is 4 Nov. 15 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/37 Telegram from General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] to WSC marked "secret" stating that President Roosevelt has given him WSC's message regarding the arrival of the United States Sherman tanks and SP 105's in Egypt and expressing his relief and informing WSC that his "generous words of appreciation" will given confidentially to the commanders of those units from whom the material was taken. 14 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/38 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret": Comments on the United States take over of the Persian Railway and states that there are some difficulties with Brigadier Bourne regarding detailed plans and that WSC should ask Averell Harriman to see Bourne; comments on plans for Anglo-American Air Force in southern Russia; expresses delight at good reports about "our main business" [? "Torch", operation in French North West Africa] and states that he has had a long and satisfactory talk with Admiral Bertram Ramsay and Admiral Andrew Cunningham; comments on PQ convoy [northern convoy to Soviet Union]. 16 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/39-42 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret" regarding the production of United States aircraft for use in the bombing of Germany: Comments on the first operations by the Flying Fortresses under General Carl Spaatz [Commanding General United States VIIIth Air Force]; comments on effect of night bomber offensive and refers to a paper on the subject by Air Marshal Arthur Harris [Air Officer Commander in Chief Bomber Command]; emphasises the importance of attacks by day and the value of building up General Spaatz's force of Flying Fortresses; expresses concern at the extent to which the build-up of United States air forces in the United Kingdom is falling behind expectations and comments on startling deficiencies in deliveries of American aircraft to the Middle East; suggests that special emphasis should be laid on United States production of heavy bombers and pursuit aircraft Initialled in red. 16 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/43 Telegram from WSC to Commander in Chief Middle East [General Harold Alexander] marked "personal and secret" stating that he is anxiously awaiting some account of Alexander's intentions and that he must know the week in which "it" [allied offensive in western desert codenamed "Lightfoot"] falls, "otherwise I cannot form the necessary judgements affecting the general war." Initialled in red and marked "no circulation". 17 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/44 Telegram from Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood, then Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] to WSC marked "secret" reporting that President Roosevelt is leaving on Thursday next for a fortnight's tour through the United States and informing him that the President has seen Admiral Andrew Cunningham [Head of British Admiralty Delegation in Washington, United States]. 16 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/45 Telegram from General Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief Middle East] and copied to Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Alan Brooke] marked "personal and most secret" informing him that the date chosen for "Lightfoot" [Codename for allied offensive in western desert] is 24 Oct and giving reasons. 19 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/46 Telegram from WSC to Lord Halifax, earlier Edward Wood, then Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] defending British policy in India against "superficial and uninstructed trends of American opinion" and interference by foreign countries, commenting on the position with regard to India in the House of Commons, and stating that: "I do not think I am out of touch with the total mind of the United States. It will soon have something else to occupy it than interfering with our business in India.". 19 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/47-48 Telegram from Commander in Chief Middle East [General Harold Alexander] to WSC and Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Alan Brooke] marked "personal" listing battle casualties for the period 31 Aug to 5 Sep. 16 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/49 Telegram from [? Commander in Chief Middle East, General Harold Alexander] to WSC and Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Alan Brooke] marked "personal" giving details of numbers of Sherman tanks and SP guns received in the Middle East and of the level of their output from the workshops. 20 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/50 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of South Africa [General Jan Smuts] marked "most secret and personal" expressing hope that Smuts will be able to come to United Kingdom as promised at end of Sep or beginning of Oct and commenting on the travel arrangements. 20 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/51-52 Telegram from WSC to General Harold Alexander [Commander in chief Middle East] marked "personal and most secret" expressing his distress at receiving such bad news [regarding date for allied offensive in western desert codenamed "Lightfoot"]: Asks if attempts on Tobruk [Libya] and Gialo [Libya] were related to the new date or an earlier one; asks about enemy reinforcements during interval; comments on implications of delay for defence of Malta and "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa]. 20 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/53 Telegram from WSC to General Harold Alexander [Commander in chief Middle East] marked "personal and most secret" containing the two possible dates for "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa]. 20 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/54 Telegram from WSC to General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] marked "secret" thanking him for his helpful intervention with General Charles De Gaulle [Chief of the Free French]. 21 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/55 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State in West Africa [Lord Swinton, earlier Philip Cunliffe-Lister, earlier Philip Lloyd-Greame] marked "personal" stating that the Air Ministry are only sending out small numbers of white personnel to West Africa "to give a backbone to the companies of West African troops defending the aerodromes" and asking for Swinton's views as soon as possible. 21 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/56-58 Telegram from General Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC and Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Alan Brooke] marked "most secret and personal" defending the date proposed for his offensive [codenamed "Lightfoot"] and commenting on reinforcements to the enemy, allied strength in relation to the enemy, the importance of attacking in the full moon period, the relation of the offensive to "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] and the defence of Malta, the attacks on Tobruk [Libya] and Benghazi [Libya] and raids by Lieutenant-Colonel David Stirling and the Long Range Desert Group. 21 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/59-61 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" regarding the effect of "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] on plans to aid the Soviet Union: Refers to talks with General Dwight D Eisenhower and United States officers and states that Eisenhower has announced the final date for "Torch" which is contained in his following telegram [see CHAR 20/80/62]; comments on the need to cancel further PQ convoys to the Soviet Union until the end of the year; comments on the possibility of staging "Jupiter" [Codename for operation in Northern Norway] in 1943; comments on decision not to proceed with "Round-Up" [Codename for the liberation of Europe] in 1943 and on supply of United States troops and equipment to United Kingdom; comments on implications of success or failure of "Torch". 22 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/62 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" informing him that the date for "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] is to be 8 Nov [see also CHAR 20/80/59-61]. 22 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/63 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" informing him that the codename for the allied operation in the western desert will be "Lightfoot". 22 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/64-65 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" reciting text of message from WSC to Stalin informing him of the progress of "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] and on its implications for supplying Russia via the northern route: States that he is anxious to examine the possibility of carrying out "Jupiter" [Codename for operation in Northern Norway] this winter and is sending General Andrew McNaughton (Commander in Chief of the Canadian Army) to Moscow [Soviet Union] to discuss the matter. [22] Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/66 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Canada [W Mackenzie King] marked "most secret and personal" asking him for permission to send Lieutenant-General Andrew McNaughton to Moscow [Soviet Union] to discuss plans for "Jupiter" [Codename for operation in Northern Norway] with Stalin and his experts. 22 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/67 Telegram from Middle East Defence Committee to WSC and Chiefs of Staff regarding the plans of General Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief Middle East] for an offensive and stating that: "we are convinced that it would be most dangerous to attempt to accelerate the date". 21 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/68 Telegram from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" regarding the travel arrangements for his visit to the United Kingdom and stating that he cannot hope to leave Cairo [Egypt] before 12 Oct. 22 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/69 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "personal and secret" providing him with figures for estimate of German operational aircraft production. 22 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/70 Telegram from Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood, then Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] to WSC marked "personal and secret" assuming that the War Cabinet wishes to be kept in touch with American opinion about India and stating that it is "uninstructed" but also very sensitive to the phrasing of any pronouncement: "Balaam's ass was also an uninstructed and persistent beast.". 21 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/71 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" suggesting that consideration be given to loading United States supply ships that may be going to French North Africa in next month with supplies that are relevant to "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa]. 22 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/72 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of South Africa [General Jan Smuts] marked "most secret and personal" regarding the travel arrangements for his visit to the United Kingdom and informing him that a Liberator will take Sturrock [? Claud Sturrock, South African Minister of Transport] to Cairo [Egypt] during the first week of Oct and will await him there. 23 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/73 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt] to WSC marked "secret" informing him that his urgent messages are being transmitted to President Roosevelt and urging him not to send the message to Stalin until he has heard from the President. 23 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/74 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt] marked "personal and most secret" confirming that he will not send the message [to Stalin] until he has heard from President Roosevelt. 23 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/75 Telegram from WSC to Commander in Chief Middle East [General Harold Alexander] marked "personal" stating that, "We are in your hands and of course a victorious battle makes amends for much delay." but commenting on the use of infantry to clear enemy fortifications and referring to German nervousness about Crete and the islands which can be used as a good cover for "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] and "Lightfoot" [Codename for allied offensive in western desert]. 23 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/76-79 Telegram from Prime Minister of Canada [W Mackenzie King] to WSC marked "most secret" and "personal" arguing that General Andrew McNaughton (Commander in Chief Canadian Army) should not be sent to Moscow [Soviet Union] for discussions about "Jupiter" [Codename for operation in Northern Norway] and giving reasons. 24 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/80-82 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Canada [W Mackenzie King] marked "most secret and personal" replying in detail to the objections raised by Mackenzie King to the despatch of General Andrew McNaughton (Commander in Chief Canadian Army) to Moscow [Soviet Union] for discussions about "Jupiter" [Codename for operation in Northern Norway]. 24 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/83-84 Telegram from WSC to Viceroy of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow] marked "private and personal" explaining the background to the telegram from the Lord Chancellor, the Chancellor of the Exchequer and the Secretary of State for India which was then amended by WSC and commenting on the problem of Britain developing a huge debt to India : Quotes Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour], " This is a singularly ill-contrived world but not so ill-contrived as that.". 24 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/85 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt] to WSC stating that the difficulty of communications with President Roosevelt makes it probably impossible to get off his message to WSC tonight. 25 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/86 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt] asking when he will hear about the plan for Anglo-American air aid to the Russian southern flank and suggesting a codename which is given in his next telegram [see CHAR 20/80/87] Initialled in red. 25 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/87 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Aide to President Roosevelt] referring to his immediately preceding telegram [see CHAR 20/80/86] and suggesting "Velvet" [as the codename for the joint Anglo-American air force for Russian southern flank]. 25 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/88 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" suggesting that he might want to talk to Colonel Dudley Clarke, the officer in charge of deception arrangements in the Middle East, who is due in London [United Kingdom] on 1 Oct for a fortnight. 25 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/89 Telegram from Air Marshal Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commander in Chief Mediterranean] to WSC marked "important" and "most secret" reporting that the puff ball has now been used against the enemy and concluding that its further use would not be justified. 25 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/90-91 Telegram from W Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] to WSC marked "most secret" continuing to oppose the appointment of Lieutenant-General Andrew McNaughton (Commander in Chief Canadian Army) as head of mission to Moscow [Soviet Union] [to discuss operation in Northern Norway codenamed "Jupiter"]. 26 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/92 Telegram from WSC to 6th Lord Gort [Governor and Commander in Chief Malta] marked "personal" stating that he has read Rowntree's report, that "everything in human power shall be done", and that he hopes to run some ships through to Malta in the flurry of "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa]. 26 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/93 Telegram from WSC to W Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] marked "most secret and personal" stating that he would not have troubled him if he had known that Lieutenant-General Andrew McNaughton [Commander in Chief Canadian Army] was opposed to the mission [to Moscow, Soviet Union, to discuss plans for operation in Northern Norway codenamed "Jupiter"]. 26 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/94 Telegram from WSC to Vyacheslav Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] marked "personal and private" asking him to look in to the closure of the British Naval Hospital at Vaenga [Murmansk, Soviet Union]. 27 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/95 Telegram from [? 4th Lord Harlech, earlier William Ormsby Gore, High Commissioner for United Kingdom in the Union of South Africa] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" reciting texts of messages from General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to Lord Harlech and WSC regarding his meeting with Colonel Pechkoff concerning the attitude of General Charles De Gaulle and the Free French towards Madagascar. 26 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/96 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret" agreeing with the decision to cancel PQ 19 [northern convoy to Soviet Union] but urging that Stalin is not told sooner than is necessary and suggesting that the ships remain idle in Iceland to give impression that the next convoy is running: States that he will be back in Washington [United States] on Thursday [1 Oct] and will cable then regarding the air force in the Caucasus and other matters. 27 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/97 Telegram from WSC to William Hughes [former Prime Minister of Australia] offering cordial congratulations and warmest wishes for his birthday. 26 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/98 Telegram from WSC to Commander in Chief Middle East [General Harold Alexander] marked "personal" asking for news about Lieutenant-Colonel David Stirling [Special Air Service] who is rumoured to be missing. 27 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/99 Telegram from Minister of State in West Africa [Lord Swinton, earlier Philip Cunliffe-Lister, earlier Philip Lloyd-Greame] to WSC marked "most secret" clarifying the different responsibilities of the army and the royal air force regiment in the defence of aerodromes and stressing the importance of giving priority of passage to supervisory personnel for construction and aerodrome work and officers and NCO's for African battalions and other units. 25 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/100 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" informing him that the earliest date PQ 19 [northern convoy to Soviet Union] could sail is 2 Oct but stating that they can keep up pretence of sailing until 7 Oct or later, agreeing over importance of making a firm offer about Caucasus air support , and commenting on the reception afforded to British troops in Tananarive [Madagascar]. 28 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/101-103 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" regarding the need to maintain troops in Northern Persia [Iran]: Refers to reports of internal dissidence in Russian occupied territories in Caucasus and emphasises importance of stopping the Germans as far forward as possible; reports wish of General Henry Wilson [Commander in Chief Persia and Iraq] to concentrate his forces at Kasvin [? Qazvin, Iran] and Kaniqin and comments on need to make urgent approaches to the Russians to get them to agree to the diversion of tonnage to Kasvin. 27 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/104 Telegram from General Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" confirming that Lieutenant-Colonel David Stirling [Special Air Service] is safe and well in Cairo [Egypt]. 28 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/105 Telegram from William Hughes [former Prime Minister of Australia] to WSC thanking him for his message of congratulations: "I think of you always as the man whose inspiring leadership has saved Britain and the free Nations of the world from disaster, and wherever the fighting is fiercest I see your oriflamme waving proudly and hear your voice urging us on to victory.". 28 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/106 Telegram from Clement Attlee [Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs and Deputy Prime Minister] to WSC reporting on his visit to Newfoundland and Canada and stating that he cannot be back in London [United Kingdom] in time for the opening of Parliament but hopes to be there by Wednesday [30 Sep]. 28 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/107 Telegram from General Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" : Apologises for his delay in replying but states that he has been at the front; thanks WSC for his suggestions and assures him that he will take heed of them; confirms that he is "playing up" Crete [as a cover for "Torch"] and suggests that the word "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] is becoming too well known and might be changed. 29 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/108 Telegram from 6th Lord Gort [Governor and Commander in Chief Malta] to WSC marked "personal" thanking him for "encouraging news" and stating that Lord Munster [General Staff Officer Malta] is in hospital with eczema but should be fit again shortly. 30 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/109-110 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "most secret and personal" warning him of information he has obtained regarding an impending German naval operation in the Caspian Sea, referring to the plan for a joint Anglo-American air force in the Caspian and Caucasus theatre, and explaining the unloading of 154 Aerocobras from PQ 19 [northern convoy to Soviet Union] for use in "Torch" [Codename for operation in French North West Africa] With annotation dated 4 Nov 1942 by Patrick Kinna [Secretary to WSC] indicating that the words "and was concerned with Torch" in paragraph 3 were deleted from the copy sent to the Minister of War Transport. 30 Sep 1942
CHAR 20/80/111 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] marked "personal and secret" informing him that Sir Roger Lumley has refused to remain as Governor of Bombay [India] and asking for Dill's views on whether he (Dill) should take up the Governorship or stay in Washington "where you are rendering far more important service". 01 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/112 Telegram from Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] to WSC marked "most secret" commenting on the proposal to divert refrigerated ships from the New Zealand - United Kingdom trade and objecting to the fact that New Zealand has not been consulted: "I suggest that nothing is more likely to create misunderstandings and resentment between members of the British Commonwealth than a want of frankness". 01 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/113 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to WSC marked "personal and secret" stating: "In War I am very happy to serve where I am most required.". 02 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/114 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] marked "personal and secret" stating: "I felt sure this would be your answer. Many thanks." [see also CHAR 20/80/113]. 02 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/115-116 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" giving the tonnages which will remain to carry aid to Soviet Union if the War Cabinet agree to the tonnages required in Northern Persia [Iran] by General Sir Henry Wilson [Commander in Chief Persia and Iraq] and Air Marshal Sir Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commander in Chief Mediterranean] and outlining the points which will require Russian agreement if it is decided to maintain a force in Northern Persia of sufficient strength to meet a small German force from 15 Nov. 02 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/117 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret" informing him that he has just returned from his trip and will send him a fuller message tomorrow, and stating that he did not get a chance to see "the American Eagle" but that "our mutual enterprise is progressing well here.". 02 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/118 Telegram from WSC to Minister Resident in West Africa [Lord Swinton, earlierPhilip Cunliffe-Lister] marked "personal and most secret": expressing pleasure that he has been able to reach agreement locally on the policy for defence of aerodromes; commenting on the training of local RAF station personnel by British army personnel; referring to the need to give a high priority to the passage of RAF personnel required for the depots and staging points on the Takoradi route [Gold Coast, later Ghana], which is playing a more important part than ever in providing the aircraft required in the Middle East. 04 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/119 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal and secret" informing him of the arrival there of Lord Moyne [earlier Walter Guinness, Deputy Minister in the Middle East] and stating that he proposes to visit Basra [Iraq], Teheran [Iran] and Baghdad [Iraq], leaving Cairo [Egypt] on 09 October and returning on 17 October. 04 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/120-122 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" commenting on the Progress Report of the Combined Production and Resources Board: suggests that the programme for tank provision is on a scale out of all proportion to anything that might be brought to bear on the enemy in 1943, and advocates a more careful scrutiny of targets to avoid exhausting resources; states that a further effect of setting the targets of the main items too high is that everything else is then calculated in proportion, and cites figures for ball ammunition to illustrate point. 04 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/123 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] asking when Hopkins is planning to visit the United Kingdom as WSC is "becoming deeply concerned about the layout for 1943" and stating that if this visit were to be long delayed WSC would send Oliver Lyttleton [later Lord Chandos, Minister of Production] to the United States. 04 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/124 Telegram from WSC to the Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] marked "personal and secret" suggesting that he awaits the arrival of General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] [before embarking on his tour of Iran and Iraq]. 04 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/125 Telegram from WSC to General Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "personal" asking whether there are any lessons to be drawn from the Brigade action around Munassib [?Egypt]. 05 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/126-127 Telegram from Premier Stalin to WSC marked "personal and secret" informing him of the deterioration of the situation in the Stalingrad area [Soviet Union] since the beginning of September, due to German air superiority, and asking for supplies of fighter aircraft from Great Britain and the United States. Claims that Germany are manufacturing not less than 2500 combat aircraft a month, far more than the 1300 suggested by British intelligence. 03 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/128-129 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] to WSC marked "personal" informing him of the situation in India: states that preparations for offensive action have been retarded by sickness, monsoon damage and Congress sabotage; comments on lack of naval and air support for Akyab operation [Burma]; states that he is meeting General Joseph Stilwell [Chief of Staff to Chiang-Kai-Shek and Commander of United States Forces in China, India and Burma] next week in Delhi; mentions his intention to visit Assam between 08 and 13 October. 05 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/130 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked most secret and personal informing him that General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] is now due in Egypt on 10 October and that consequently he has rearranged his trip [to Iran and Iraq] for 12 to 20 October. 05 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/131 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" informing him that he has just received the immediately following telegram from Stalin [see CHAR 20/80/132], stating that he feels a desperate effort ought to be made to meet this request, and commenting on the implications. Initialled. 06 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/132 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" reciting text of telegram from Stalin to WSC regarding the deterioration of the situation at Stalingrad [Soviet Union] and requesting supplies of fighter aircraft from Great Britain and the United States [see CHAR 20/80/126-127]. 06 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/133-134 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC commenting on WSC's proposed text of message for Stalin: advocates a firm commitment to putting an air force in the Caucasus; argues that shipping convoy PQ19 must sail to the Soviet Union and comments on how this might be achieved; refers to his anxiety about a forthcoming message from the United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union. 06 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/135 Telegram from Vyacheslav Molotov [Soviet Union Foreign Minister] to WSC marked "personal" referring to various documents on the question of the British medical personnel in Archangel and Voinga (Murmansk) [Soviet Union] and suggesting that WSC will be able to draw the necessary conclusions, particularly in regard to certain irregularities in the actions of the respective British naval authorities. 02 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/80/136-140 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" regarding assistance for the Soviet Union: states that there is no possibility of letting shipping convoy PQ19 sail to the Soviet Union in successive groups, that the cancellation of the convoy can no longer be concealed from the Russians, and comments on preparations to sail ten individual ships manned by volunteers during the October dark; argues that Stalin should be told now; states that nothing can be done with regard to "Velvet" [codename for proposal to establish an Anglo-American air force on the Soviet southern flank] until after the battle in Egypt but suggests that they could be more definite about the composition of the force; comments on the message to be brought to Roosevelt by Admiral William Standley [United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union] which WSC does not believe threatens a separate peace. 07 Oct 1942