Official: Prime Minister: Personal Telegrams T1301/2 - T1400/2.

Reference code: CHAR 20/81

Part of: CHAR 20
Next record: CHAR 20/82
Previous record: CHAR 20/80

Date: 07 Oct 1942 - 30 Oct 1942

Scope/content:

Other details

Access: Physical: 1 bound file (134 folios)
Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: T1301/2 - T1400/2 Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHAR 20/81/1 File cover. Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/2 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret" recommending that the application by the Chicago Tribune to publish a daily paper in England for United States troops be turned down: suggests that it should be rejected "on the ground that the Chicago Tribune prints lies and deliberate misrepresentations in lieu of news", but can be rejected on the ground that the United States Government or Army is proposing to produce such a paper. 07 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/3 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "secret" stating that the United States is prepared to send a heavy bomber group to "Velvet" [codename for proposed Anglo-American air force on Soviet southern flank] and that Great Britain would provide the fighters and medium or light bombers. 07 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/4-5 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" reciting text of proposed message for Premier Stalin outlining the assistance which can be given to the Soviet Union: comments on the likely effect of the battle in Egypt and "Torch" [codename for allied occupation of French north-west Africa]; comments on the composition of the air force which will be sent to the Soviet southern flank in the Caucasus; outlines proposal to supply the Soviet Union with more Spitfires; refers to the success of the last shipping convoy to Archangel [Soviet Union] and outlines plan to send ten individual ships from Iceland during the moonless period. 07 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/6 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" regarding the desire of the Chicago Tribune to publish a daily paper in England: informs him that no official application has been received and that, when it is, Robert McCormick [editor and publisher of the Chicago Tribune] "will be told that no opportunity will be given to him to reproduce in England the lies and misrepresentations which are the staple of the Chicago Tribune's editorial policy"; states that General Dwight Eisenhower has been told that every possible facility will be given to the American Army if it will produce a daily paper for the American troops. [07] Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/7 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell (Commander in Chief, India) marked "personal": expresses pleasure that Wavell is pressing forward with his plans; states that he now feels much more comfortable about the Caucasus [Soviet Union] and that "it looks as if Hitler's campaign against Russia in 1942 will be a great disappointment to him"; promises to send copies of telegram correspondence with Stalin and Roosevelt. 07 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/8-9 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission in Washington] to WSC marked "personal" reporting his conversation with Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States]: comments on President Roosevelt's views on the reply to Stalin; the possibility of implementing "Velvet" [codename for proposal for Anglo-American air force on the Soviet southern flank] in the spring; the transfer of United States Air forces from other theatres to the Caucasus [Soviet Union]; the role of United States fighters in the United Kingdom; the instruction issued by Roosevelt for the production of 100,000 combat aircraft in 1943. 07 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/10 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Head of British Joint Staff Mission in Washington] to WSC marked "private" reporting gossip that the reasons for Admiral William Standley's [United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union] sudden return from Moscow are his disgust at Wendell Wilkie's activities and a desire to avoid the approaching Russian winter. 07 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/11 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC regarding assistance for the Soviet Union: agrees with WSC's proposals for delivering supplies by the northern route; comments on the need to make a firm commitment to the joint Anglo-American air force on the Russian front [Codename "Velvet"]; suggests amendments to WSC's proposed telegram to Stalin. 08 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/12 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" informing him that he is sending him three telegrams [see CHAR 20/81/13-16] about "Aspidistra" [codename for powerful British radio transmitter] and asking whether Roosevelt likes the idea of preparing one or more records. 07 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/13-14 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" outlining how "Aspidistra" (powerful British radio transmitter) will be used to assist "Torch" [codename for allied occupation of French north-west Africa] by disseminating political information to the maximum listening public in France and North Africa. 07 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/15 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" describing what type of records should be made for use with "Aspidistra" (powerful British radio transmitter) to assist "Torch" [codename for allied occupation of French north-west Africa]. 07 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/16 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and most secret" requesting immediate priority be given to the supply of six tubes required as essential spares for "Aspidistra" (powerful British radio transmitter) to assist "Torch" [codename for allied occupation of French north-west Africa]. 07 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/17 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "personal and secret" informing him that his "later information" [? Enigma decrypts] shows that German plans for sending shipping to the Caspian by rail have been suspended. 08 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/18-20 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "most secret and personal" outlining the various ways in which support can be given to the Soviet Union: comments on the nature and likely effect of attack in Egypt and "Torch" [codename for Anglo-American invasion of French north-west Africa]; outlines details of the Anglo-American Air Force which is to be put on the Soviet southern flank [codename "Velvet"]; describes plans to send a special re-enforcement of Spitfires to the Soviet Union; comments on decision to continue supplies by the northern route by means of ships sailed independently rather than escorted convoys; suggests that it would help if the Germans could be denied the use of airfields in northern Norway With annotations by ?Commander Charles Thompson [Personal Assistant to the Minister of Defence]. 08 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/21 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" informing him that he is sending Roosevelt the exact text of the telegram he has sent to Stalin [see CHAR 20/81/22-24] and explaining that he has added a sentence about Roosevelt cabling Stalin separately. 08 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/22-24 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" reciting text of his telegram to Stalin regarding Allied support for the Soviet Union [see CHAR 20/81/18-20] With annotations by ? Commander Charles Thompson [Personal Assistant to the Minister of Defence]. 08 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/25 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] commenting on the possibility of shipping economies by Britain taking additional quantities of frozen meat from the United States rather than the southern dominions, and assuring him that no decision will be taken until full discussion has taken place in London. 08 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/26-27 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "personal and most secret" reciting text of message to Stalin outlining the ways in which the United States can help the Soviet Union. Refers to: placing an air force under Soviet command in the Caucasus [codename "Velvet"]; arranging transfer of merchant ships; making an automobile tyre plant available; sending reinforcements of troops and supplies to the Persian Gulf. 09 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/28 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" informing him that the tubes he has requested [for use in powerful British radio transmitter "Aspidistra"] are obsolescent and suggesting alternatives. 09 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/29 Telegram from General Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Commander in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "personal" replying to WSC's telegram of 05 Oct [see CHAR 20/80/125, regarding brigade action around Munassib] and explaining why the operation was staged and what lessons were learnt for "Lightfoot" [codename for plan for second battle of El Alamein]. 09 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/30 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] marked "personal and secret" stating that he considers it more important than ever that Hopkins should come over at once as important decisions on the air programme are about to be taken. 09 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/31 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] marked "personal and secret" stating that they were unaware that the tubes [for use in "Aspidistra", British radio transmitter] were no longer being manufactured and asking Hopkins to get in touch with Professor Bayly at the Office of Strategic Services in New York. 09 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/32 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] to WSC informing him that he expects to have three new and three used tubes [for use in "Aspidistra", British radio transmitter] by 13 Oct which he will forward by the first available air transport to Brendan Bracken [Minister of Information]. 10 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/33 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret" informing WSC that he is making a radio disc [for broadcast by "Aspidistra", British radio transmitter] and stating that "while your French grammar is better than mine my accent is most alluring". 10 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/34 Telegram from Field Marshal Sir John Dill [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington] to WSC marked "private" informing him that Admiral William Leahy [Chief of Staff to the President of the United States] had told Dill that President Roosevelt had accepted the idea of making a record for "Aspidistra" [British radio transmitter] and reporting that Leahy thought Roosevelt would say something in French on the lines of the message to be issued by General Dwight D Eisenhower [Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre]. 09 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/35 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] marked "secret" expressing hope that "you will stand by us in this anxious business". 10 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/36 Telegram from WSC to General Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "private" thanking him for his recent communication, commenting on the raid of the Sussex, referring to recent "M.K." [Enigma decrypts] about enemy shortages and sickness, and expressing hope that Alexander will see something of Duncan Sandys [later Lord Duncan-Sandys, Financial Secretary to the War Office]. 10 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/37 Telegram from Minister Resident in west Africa [Lord Swinton, earlier Philip Lloyd Greame and Philip Cunliffe Lister] to WSC marked "most secret" regarding the use of the Royal Air Force Regiment: states that the RAF Regiment personnel already here should be sufficient to train station personnel providing they are themselves sufficiently trained to act as instructors; comments on importance of supervisory personnel for air route construction. 09 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/38 Telegram from WSC to Commander in Chief Middle East [General Harold Alexander, later Lord Alexander of Tunis] marked "personal" sending greetings and best wishes from Admiral Sir John Tovey [Commander in Chief Home Fleet] and Home Fleet to the Desert Army. 10 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/39 Telegram from Commander in Chief Middle East [General Harold Alexander, later Lord Alexander of Tunis] to WSC marked "personal" sending thanks of Desert army for the message from the Home Fleet: "We in turn salute our brothers in arms and wish you all good fortune". 11 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/40 Telegram from Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" regarding Canadian opposition to reprisal measures against German prisoners-of-war and expressing hope that WSC will accept the offers of mediation made by the Protecting Power and the International Red Cross Committee. 11 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/41-43 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal" presenting a general review of his work. Comments on: the arrival of Lord Moyne [earlier Walter Guinness, Deputy Minister of State in the Middle East], Duncan Sandys [later Lord Duncan-Sandys, Financial Secretary to the War Office] and Field Marshal Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa]; liaison with Commanders in Chief and Services; relations with United States personnel and Free French forces; the internal political situation in Egypt; liaison with forces of dependent allies and dominions; measures to curb war expenditure; questions of civil supply; relief and refugee work; the need for a security drive to stop risk of "leakage" to enemy; contact with senior officials, Jews and Arabs in Palestine [later Israel]. 11 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/44 Telegram from Chiang-Kai-Shek [President of China] to WSC expressing appreciation for the British decision to "abrogate extraterritoriality in China" and assuming that WSC will arrange for publicity after delivering the message. 12 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/45 Telegram from WSC to General Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "most secret and private" informing Alexander that he is arranging for more exactly textual M.K.'s [Enigma decrypts] to be sent from now on. 12 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/46 Telegram from Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood, then Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" reporting a rather hurried talk with Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] who is doubtful about coming to England but in favour of Oliver [Lyttelton, later Lord Chandos, Minister of Production] coming to the United States early to handle the aircraft question and its repercussions on other supply problems. 12 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/47-48 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "secret" conveying text of reply by United States Chiefs of Staff to WSC's telegram of 04 Oct regarding the need to scrutinise production programmes: comments on objectives for tank and ammunition production in 1943; suggests procedures for reviewing requirements. 13 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/49 Telegram from Field Marshal Jan Smuts(Cairo [Egypt]) [Prime Minister of South Africa] to WSC thanking him for his welcome plane and referring WSC to the programme previously signalled for his date of departure. 12 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/50 Telegram from WSC to Commander in Chief Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Tovey] marked "personal and secret" reciting text of message from General Harold Alexander [Commander in Chief Middle East] to Home Fleet expressing thanks for message of support for the Desert Army: "We in turn salute our brothers in arms and wish you all good fortune". 13 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/51 Telegram from Premier Stalin to WSC marked "personal and secret" thanking him for his message of 09 Oct. 13 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/52-53 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] marked "secret": states that he can see no awfully good reason for coming to England now and suggests that production problems can be ironed out between Oliver Lyttelton [later Lord Chandos, Minister of Production] and Donald Nelson [Chairman United States War Production Board]; expresses hope that WSC will not get disturbed about article in "Life" magazine; states that the President is in good health and spirits; mentions that Hopkins' son Robert is in the army in England; comments on Eleanor Roosevelt's forthcoming visit to the United Kingdom; ends the telegram with "Your femme General Knox has been here. All your British Officers seem to be marrying American gals but this time the gals haven't any money repeat any money.". 14 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/54 Telegram from WSC to Commander in Chief Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Tovey] marked "personal and secret" stating how much he enjoyed his visit to the Fleet and thanking him for his hospitality. 14 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/55 Telegram from Resident Minister in West Africa [Lord Swinton, earlier Philip Lloyd Greame and Philip Cunliffe Lister] marked "most secret" referring to the increase in U-Boat sinkings in the area and asking whether it is possible to accelerate despatch of Catalinas and basing of long range American aircraft at Ascension [Island]. 15 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/56 Telegram from Commander in Chief Home Fleet [Admiral Sir John Tovey] to WSC marked "personal" expressing pleasure that WSC's brief stay had provided a refreshing break and thanking him for the honour conferred on the Fleet by his visit: "Your presence with us has been an encouragement and inspiration to all". 15 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/57 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] to WSC marked "private and personal" thanking him for the award of an honour but asking if WSC can announce it forthwith and setting out the reasons for this request: "Gingerbread is always gingerbread but may I have it with the gilt on please.". 15 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/58-59 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] to WSC marked "personal": reports on visit to Eastern Army in north east Assam, Fort Hertz (Burma) and Makqpur and refers to high incidence of malaria; reports on visit to Chinese at Ramgarh and proposals to increase force; comments on talks with Wellington Koo [Chinese Ambassador to Britain] and telegram from Chiang-Kai-Shek [President of China]; refers to forthcoming talks with General Joseph Stilwell [Commander United States Forces in China, Burma and India] and to problems over the control of the Tenth Air Force; thanks WSC for showing him the Stalin telegrams. 15 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/60-62 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] marked "personal and secret" expressing his anxiety about the American air programme: suggests a qualitative review and urges the development of bombers suitable for use at night and the Mustang fighter; questions whether Liberators will be able to bomb far into Germany by day; comments on results so far achieved by Fortresses in daylight bombing of France and suggests that the dangers will increase terribly outside the range of fighter protection; outlines the need for long range aircraft to harry U-Boats and asks for at least 50 Liberators fitted with A.S.V.; promises to send Oliver Lyttelton [later Lord Chandos, Minister of Production] with either Air Marshal Sir Charles Portal [Chief of the Air Staff] or Air Chief Marshal Sir Wilfrid Freeman in order to discuss the munitions programme and the air policy; comments on recent criticism in the United States press; refers to Eleanor Roosevelt's forthcoming visit to the United Kingdom. 16 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/63 Telegram from WSC to Lieutenant General Sir William Platt [General Officer Commanding in Chief East Africa] offering congratulations upon the success of his Madagascar task and asking for his advice as to when this message should be published. 16 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/64-65 Telegram from Ahmad Ghavam (Prime Minister of Iran) to WSC regarding the urgent need for food supplies and transportation facilities if a famine is to be averted in Teheran. 17 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/66 Note in hand of Charles Barker [Private Secretary to WSC][probably relating to CHAR 20/81/67-68] stating that Colonel Ellis [Cabinet Office] asks if copies of the attached telegram may be sent to M.O.2 and the Director of Movements, War Office. With further note of 19 Oct in hand of John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC] that Colonel Ellis subsequently repeated his request which was agreed. 19 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/67-68 Telegram from Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC marked "most secret" outlining the manpower needs for land, navy and air forces in Australia and New Guinea, including the unanimous conclusion of the Advisory War Council that the government should call for the early return to Australia of the Ninth Division of the Australian Imperial Force from the Middle East. Annotated by Charles Barker [Prime Minister's Private Secretary]. 17 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/69 Telegram from Government of Australia to Dominions Office marked "most immediate" and "most secret" reciting text of additional sentence [for inclusion in telegram of 17 October from John Curtin (Prime Minister of Australia) to WSC] regarding disbandment of Australian Tenth Division. 19 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/70 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "immediate" and "most secret and personal" referring to a previous telegram and stating that he should have added that the 150 Spitfires are all armed with 2 cannons and 4 machine guns. 18 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/71 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" expressing concern about supplies of 100 Octane and urging Roosevelt to get United States authorities to increase plant capacity. 18 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/72 Telegram from WSC to 2nd Lord Jellicoe [earlier Lord Brocas, serving Captain in the Royal Navy] congratulating him on his Distinguished Service Order. 19 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/73 Telegram from WSC to Lieutenant Commander 2nd Lord Beatty marked "personal" congratulating him on his Distinguished Service Cross: "As one of your Father's friends and admirers, this gives me the utmost pleasure.". 19 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/74 Telegram from Lieutenant General Sir William Platt [General Officer Commanding in Chief East African Command] to WSC thanking him for his kind telegram [regarding Madagascar] which "will give great pleasure to the troops who really did work" and suggesting that WSC may wish to delay publication until operations south of Ambositra have been completed. 19 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/75 Telegram from WSC to General Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Commander in Chief Middle East] marked "personal" commenting that while events are moving favourably, "all our hopes are centred upon the battle you and Montgomery are going to fight", and asking Alexander to send the code word "Zip" when it starts. 20 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/76 Telegram from WSC to Air Marshal Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding in Chief Middle East] marked "personal": "All good wishes.". 20 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/77 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret and personal" commenting on the various factors influencing future requirements of hundred octane and promising a final decision about the necessity for increasing plant capacity beyond present plans at an early date. 20 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/78 Telegram from Minister Resident in West Africa [Lord Swinton, earlier Philip Lloyd Greame and Philip Cunliffe-Lister] to WSC (Minister of Defence) marked "secret" drawing his attention to item 1 of the Minutes of Committee of Service Members held at Freetown [Sierra Leone] on 7 Oct 1942 and to his telegrams nos. 295 and 299 which deal with the detailed recommendations. 18 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/79 Telegram from Lieutenant Commander 2nd Lord Beatty to WSC marked "personal" expressing appreciation for his kind signal. 20 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/80-84 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "most secret and personal" reporting observations made during his recent visit to Baghdad [Iraq] and the Persian Gulf Ports on the difficulties of getting aid to Russia and on the administrative problems facing the new Persia [now Iran] / Iraq Command. 20 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/85 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" stating his belief that the danger of offensive action by the French fleet would be reduced by the presence of United States warships in the Mediterranean, and suggesting the temporary attachment for four or five days of four American destroyers to British naval units, to be replaced in the American Atlantic flotilla by a corresponding number of British destroyers. 21 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/86 Telegram from Air Marshal Arthur Tedder [Air Officer Commanding in Chief Middle East] to WSC marked "important most secret" thanking him for his message: "Have just visited my squadrons whose battle of course has already begun. They are fighting fit and determined to clean up this affair.". 22 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/87 Telegram from Commander in Chief Middle East [General Harold Alexander, later Lord Alexander of Tunis] to WSC and Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Sir Alan Brooke, later Lord Alanbrooke] marked "personal" informing them that "Zip" [code name for beginning of second battle of El Alamein] was 2200 hours local time today. 23 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/88 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" informing him that the battle in Egypt [2nd battle of El Alamein] began tonight at 8 pm London time and that: "All the Shermans and 105 S.B.'s which you gave me on that dark Tobruk morning will play their part.". 23 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/89 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "private and secret" expressing his delight that Eleanor Roosevelt has arrived safely [in the United Kingdom]. States that he is looking forward to her coming at the weekend and thanks Roosevelt for the letter she brought. States that he is pressing General Jan Smuts [Prime Minister of South Africa] to visit Roosevelt and refers to Smuts as "one of the finest men in the world." Annotated. 24 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/90 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] informing him that Robert [Hopkins' son] inspected Dover [Kent] with him today and is coming to spend the weekend: "He is a charming boy.". 24 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/91 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret" regarding WSC's proposal for an interchange of destroyers, and stating that the detailed plans for the use of American destroyers in "Torch" [code name for Anglo-American invasion of French north west Africa] make it impossible to substitute British destroyers in the time available. Comments on the possibility of an exchange immediately after the assault phase. 24 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/92-94 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal" reporting on his recent eight day visit to Iraq and Persia [now Iran] and commenting on: the difficulties facing General Sir Henry Wilson [Commander in Chief Persia and Iraq] ; his discussions with General Wladyslaw Anders [Commander Polish Forces in Iran and Palestine], including the question of a further approach to Stalin regarding the release of the 60,000 Poles still believed to be in Russia; the preparations for the despatch of an air contingent to the Soviet Union; and the economic problems facing Iraq and Persia. 23 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/95-96 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" regarding the lack of communication from Premier Stalin, apart from a cryptic "Thank you", commenting on its implications for their plans to send planes and supplies to the Soviet Union, speculating on the reasons for the silence, and asking Roosevelt for his thoughts. 24 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/97 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] thanking him for his wire, sending his love to Robert [Hopkins' son who was staying with WSC], and sending "best of luck" for the army in Libya. 24 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/98 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret" commenting on plans to increase production of escort vessels, merchant ships, and combat planes in 1943. Also makes brief mention of Guadalcanal [Solomon Islands], Eleanor Roosevelt's visit to the United Kingdom, and wishes WSC good luck with the battle in the Libyan desert. 24 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/99 Telegram from WSC to Resident Minister in West Africa [Lord Swinton, earlier Philip Lloyd Greame and Philip Cunliffe Lister] marked "most secret" informing him of details of the arrival of the British Catalina Squadron in West Africa and the American B.24's on Ascension Island. 24 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/100 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" informing him that he has seen Monsieur Boheman, the Swedish Secretary-General, commenting favourably on him, and expressing the hope that Roosevelt will have an opportunity to talk with him (Boheman) during his visit to the United States: "I feel it most important that Sweden should be in with us all before the end, though the moment for bringing her in must be wisely chosen.". 24 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/101 Telegram from WSC to Duncan Sandys [later Lord Duncan-Sandys, Financial Secretary to the War Office] (Cairo, [Egypt]) asking to be informed before he makes any plans for coming home and sending his good wishes. 25 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/102-103 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" explaining that he does not want to omit the reference to the participation of British forces in "Torch" [codename for Anglo-American occupation of French North West Africa] from the British message to the Spanish and Portuguese governments "if only to remove any suspicions about the object of our own concentrations at Gibraltar and to lend force to the assurances we are giving them". 24 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/104 Telegram from WSC to Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] thanking him for his MOS/51 and stating that he has "not thought it opportune" to make the request outlined in his paragraph 3 because "Our relations with the Soviet are pretty bleak at present" but stating that he has referred Casey's telegram to the Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later Lord Avon]. 26 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/105-106 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret" reciting text of press release for issue to the United States press immediately following the American landings in French North West Africa [Codename "Torch"]. 27 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/107 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret" agreeing with WSC's suggestions of 26 Oct regarding the British messages to General Franco [President of Spain] and Dr Antonio Salazar [Prime Minister of Portugal] [about Anglo-American occupation of French North West Africa] but expressing the hope that he "will stress the fact that the expedition is under American command". 27 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/108 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret" thanking him for his information regarding Monsieur Boheman [Swedish Secretary General] and confirming that he will see Boheman in the United States. 27 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/109 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" commenting on the first three days of Eleanor Roosevelt's visit to England and on her programme of official engagements. On Downing Street paper. Initialled. 27 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/110 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King], Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin], and Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] marked "most secret and personal" regarding the tying up of prisoners of war. WSC states that he is currently awaiting the German reply to a protest conveyed through the Swiss government, and that no further measures will be taken without a full discussion with the Commonwealth Prime Ministers. He then describes his impression of what has been happening within Germany. 28 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/111-112 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] marked "personal and most secret" informing him that the "great battle in Egypt has opened well" and commenting on the situation in the western desert and the valiant role of the New Zealanders. 27 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/113 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King], Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] and Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] marked " most secret and personal" informing them that the "great battle in Egypt has opened well" and commenting on the situation in the western desert. Refers to the valiant role of the New Zealanders (to Prime Minister of New Zealand only) and the 9th Australian Division (to Prime Minister of Australia only). 28 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/114 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] informing him that Lord Camrose [earlier Sir William Berry] "a great personal friend of mine and also a most powerful and steady supporter of the Government" is in the United States, and asking if President Roosevelt would be able to find an opportunity of seeing him. 27 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/115 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "most secret" explaining that he is not unduly disturbed about the lack of responses from Moscow [Soviet Union] as, "I have decided they do not use speech for the same purpose that we do." He states that he has not heard about any difficulty "at our end" regarding arrangements for landing fields on the Russian southern flank, but will explore the matter at once. Comments on his belief that the Russians are "going to hold this winter" and his determination that obligations to Stalin should be honoured "one hundred percent". 28 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/116 Telegram from WSC to General Lord Gort [Governor and Commander in Chief Malta] marked "personal and secret" commenting on "Torch" [codename for Anglo American occupation of French North West Africa] and the battle in Egypt, praising Gort's work in "animating the magnificent resistance" of Malta, and informing him that his name is to be submitted to the King [George VI] for promotion to the rank of Field Marshal in the New Year Honours List. 28 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/117 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] marked "personal and most secret" informing him that the "great battle in Egypt" has opened well and commenting on developments. [28] Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/118 Telegram from Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood, then Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] to WSC marked "secret and personal" reporting on his talk of that morning with Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] regarding a speech made by Wendell Willkie which was critical of the prosecution of the war and indirectly of the British Empire. 27 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/119-120 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "personal and secret" reciting the text of the message he has sent to John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] urging him not to withdraw the 9th Division of the Australian Imperial Force from the Middle East and offering to dispatch a United States Division to Australia from Hawaii. 29 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/121 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" expressing gratitude for his help in persuading John Curtin [Prime Minister of Australia] not to withdraw Australian Division from the Middle East. 29 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/122 Telegram from General Lord Gort (Governor and Commander in Chief Malta) to WSC marked "most secret and personal" thanking him for his encouraging and appreciative message and for the "wholly unexpected" indication in his paragraph 3 [that Gort was being recommended for promotion to Field Marshal]. 29 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/123 Telegram from Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] to WSC marked "most secret" thanking WSC for the information about the Middle East, but stressing the "vital importance" of the return of the 9th Division of the Australian Imperial Force to Australia as soon as possible, and asking WSC to use his personal interest in ensuring the fullest co-operation by all concerned. 29 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/124-125 Telegram from WSC to General Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis] (Commander in Chief Middle East) marked "private" conveying congratulations of the Defence Committee of the War Cabinet for the resolute and successful manner in which he and General Bernard Montgomery [General Officer Commanding Eighth Army] have opened the battle. He refers to Boniface information [Enigma decrypts] regarding strain and anxiety behind the enemy's front. He comments on the progress of "Torch" [codename for Anglo American occupation of French North West Africa] and on the secret negotiations between General Mark Clark [Commander of United States Ground Forces in Europe] and "friendly" French generals. 29 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/126 Telegram from WSC to General MacCreary [General Richard McCreery, Chief of General Staff Middle East] marked "personal" asking to know how Shermans and self -propelled 105's have fared. 30 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/127 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal and secret" reporting that he has spent the last 24 hours in forward area with General Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Commander in Chief Middle East] and Lieutenant General Bernard Montgomery [General Officer Commanding Eighth Army]: "They fully realise importance of achieving break through at earliest possible moment and are directing themselves strenuously to this end.". 30 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/128 Telegram from Foreign Office to Washington reciting text of message from WSC to Dr Chaim Weizmann [President of the World Zionist Organization] marked "private" on 25th anniversary of the Balfour Declaration: "Better days will surely come for your suffering people and for the great cause for which you have fought so bravely.". 30 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/129 Telegram from WSC to General Lord Gort (Governor and Commander in Chief Malta) marked "private" informing him that "Torch" [codename for Anglo American occupation of French North West Africa] "is moving forward so far with complete secrecy and good fortune", and commenting on the secret negotiations between "an American general of high rank" [General Mark Clark, Commander of United States Ground Forces in Europe] and "friendly" French generals. He asks Gort to bear all this in mind when thinking about "Breastplate". 30 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/130 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" commenting on the "Plough Scheme", and the importance of improving upon the present design even though it is not practicable this winter. 30 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/131 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] marked "most secret and personal" confirming that he understands his wishes and assuring him of his personal interest [regarding the return of the 9th Division of the Australian Imperial Force from the Middle East to Australia]. 30 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/132 Telegram from WSC to Chief of the General Staff Middle East [General Richard McCreery] marked "personal" asking to know best estimate of Eighth Army casualties and for information on recovery of wounded Eighth Army tanks. 30 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/133 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" suggesting two changes to the President's proposed press release regarding "Torch" [codename for Anglo American occupation of French North West Africa]. 27 Oct 1942
CHAR 20/81/134 Telegram from General Harold Alexander [later Lord Alexander of Tunis, Commander in Chief Middle East] to the Chief of the Imperial General Staff [General Sir Alan Brooke, later Lord Alanbrooke] and WSC marked "private" stating that he and General Bernard Montgomery [General Officer Commanding Eighth Army] are "fully agreed that utmost pressure of our offensive must be maintained" and announcing intention to put in a large scale attack with infantry and tanks to break a way through for the Tenth Corps. 30 Oct 1942