Official: Prime Minister: correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower [President of the United States].

Reference code: CHUR 6/3A-C

Part of: CHUR 6
Next record: CHUR 6/4
Previous record: CHUR 6/2

Date: 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955

Scope/content:

ff 1- 139 are copies of letters and telegrams from WSC to President Dwight D Eisenhower, 07 Feb 1953 - 31 Mar 1955.

ff 140 - 214 are copies of letters from President Dwight D Eisenhower to WSC, 02 Feb1953 - 29 Mar 1955.

ff 215 - 282 are copies of correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower, 29 Jan 1953 - 24 Mar 1955. Includes original letters from Dwight D Eisenhower, James D Moffett (2nd Secretary, United States Embassy in Britain) and Winthrop Aldrich (United States Ambassador to Great Britain) congratulating WSC on 80th birthday.

The correspondence covers all aspects of international relations, including: Egypt, Korea, defence of Western Europe, WSC's proposal for a personal mission to speak with the Soviet leadership, WSC's history of the Second World War, the Bermuda Conference, WSC's stroke, East-West trade relations, nuclear weapons and H-bomb testing, relations with the Soviet Union, relations with communist China, policy in South-East Asia and Indochina, Cyprus, Formosa [Taiwan], WSC's visit to the United States, publication of Yalta letters.

Keywords

UKAT

Personal

Geographic

Corporate

Other details

Access:

Open

Physical: 3 files (282 loose folios)
Publication: Alternative format:
Original Reference: Language:

Contained records

Reference Record Date
CHUR 6/3A/9-12 Copy of a letter from WSC to the President of the United States [President Dwight Eisenhower] marked "top secret: private and personal" in which he apologises for the delay in replying to Eisenhower; comments on the possibilities of the French delaying ratification [of the European Defence Community]; agrees that there can be no Four Power conference before ratification; discusses the increase in the Soviet Union's nuclear power; Great Britain's nuclear capability in the atomic and hydrogen "sphere"; thanks him for co-operation of the Unites States officers; expresses regret that Eisenhower was not in office at the time of the discussion of the McMahon Act and the delay in adding to US deterrent power. He notes that British scientists have mastered atomic and hydrogen weapons independently "through [Clement] Attlee's somewhat unconstitutional exertions in making vast sums available for nuclear development without disclosing the fact to Parliament" and encloses a paper (CP (54) 390) [not present] which has had a good response. Churchill concludes by agreeing to sit for Eisenhower's artist friend "Although my experiences as a model have not been altogether agreeable lately I submit myself with great confidence to your well-balanced love of truth and mercy." [a reference to the portrait of WSC by Graham Sutherland]. Unsigned carbon typescript. 12 Jan 1955
CHUR 6/3A/28-29 Copy of a letter from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] marked "private and secret" in which he discusses his need to do his duty; explains that he is not seeking a "dramatic exit" but feels that East-West liaison through Foreign Offices will not produce a decisive result; and explains the reasons for his belief that there should be a summit meeting between himself, [Eisenhower], and the new leaders of the Soviet Union. Unsigned typescript. 08 Aug 1954
CHUR 6/3A/40-41 Copy of a telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, marked "top secret" in which he explains why he sent a telegram to [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] without submitting it to Eisenhower; asks him to re-read recent correspondence; re-affirms his conviction that there should be a summit meeting with the Soviet Union; discusses Molotov's reply and the likelihood that the Soviet Union may welcome domestic prosperity and international contacts; and comments on grave military events in Vietnam. He concludes by promising to keep Eisenhower fully informed and to wait for a response before making an official approach to Molotov. Typescript. 08 Jul 1954
CHUR 6/3A/42 Telegram from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower] President of the United States marked "top secret" including the text of his message to [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] suggesting a Two Power meeting between the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, and the text of the response from Molotov expressing sympathy for the proposal. Typescript. 07 Jul 1954
CHUR 6/3A/60-64 Copy of a letter from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower] President of the United States marked "private & personal" on East West trade; explaining his hopes to ease relations with the Soviet Union and that development of life in the Soviet Union and enjoyment of consumer goods may relax the "grim discipline"; he feels that weapons and military equipment should not be exported to the Soviet Union, but that the export of many items should not be banned because they might be used for military purposes; he discusses Soviet progress with the hydrogen bomb and difficulties in trade between the United Kingdom and the United States. Unsigned carbon typescript. 24 Mar 1954
CHUR 6/3A/66-68 Copy of a letter from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower] President of the United States marked "most secret and confidential" on subjects including: agreement between the United Kingdom and the United States on key principles; the nuclear test at Eniwetok Atoll and implications for London "I am told that several million people would certainly be obliterated by four or five of the latest H bombs"; statements by Sterling Cole; the Soviet Union's nuclear capability; the responsibility conferred by the power of nuclear weapons; and his belief in the need to have a personal summit meeting [between the United Kingdom, Soviet Union and the United States]. Typescript. 08 Mar 1954
CHUR 6/3A/92-93 Copy of a letter from WSC to "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower], President of the United States marked "most secret and personal" in which he explains that he suffered a stroke which paralysed his left side and affected his speech and so was not able to accompany him as planned. He discusses a previous stroke in 1949 which has been kept secret, and hopes that he will be able to continue to pursue his "theme". He also discusses negotiations with Egypt and expresses confidence in [5th Lord] Salisbury [earlier Lord Cranborne] and the possibility of a Four Power summit meeting and change of policy by the Soviet Union. Typescript. 01 Jul 1953
CHUR 6/3A/113 Copy of a telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, with a draft of a proposed personal message from WSC to [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] suggesting that he visits Moscow, because of the illness of [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], in order to "restore an easy and friendly basis" between the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union. Carbon typescript. 04 May 1953
CHUR 6/3A/124 Telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, marked "personal and private" on the improvement in the Soviet "mood" and the need for continued vigilance and defensive rearmament; explaining that the British Ambassador to the Soviet Union [Sir William Hayter] has been instructed to settle minor points with the Soviets; and the need for close co-operation. Typescript. 05 April 1953
CHUR 6/3B/176-180 Copy of a letter from "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] (The White House) to WSC marked "eyes only- top secret" in which he reflects on WSC's desires to make a joint pronouncement; to transfer responsibility to his successor [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon]; and to achieve a recognisable milestone towards peace which [Eisenhower] feels lies behind WSC's attempts to meet [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Union Foreign Minister]. He suggests that WSC might make a speech on the rights to self-government including an undertaking that within 25 years all colonies (apart from military bases) should be offered the opportunity for self-government and drawing a contrast with communism, explaining that he believes the United Kingdom and the United States could work together. Unsigned carbon typescript. 22 Jul 1954
CHUR 6/3B/209-210 Copy of a letter from "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] (The White House, Washington) to WSC marked "top secret" thanking him for his comments on his speech. He feels that they should not rush the next step with the Soviet Union and should delay seeking a Four Power summit or personal contact, although he asks for as much notice as possible should WSC seek personal contact "for some special and local reason." Typescript. 25 Apr 1953
CHUR 6/3C/234-235 Copy of a letter from "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower] President of the United States to WSC commenting "You did not let any grass grow under your feet"; asking for advance notice of any public announcement about WSC's personal message to the Soviet Union; discussing a possible statement by Eisenhower; emphasising the importance of delicate handling to avoid the impression that Eisenhower had sanctioned the approach, or that there was disagreement between the United Kingdom and the United States. Typescript. 07 Jul 1954
CHUR 6/3C/241-242 Copy of a letter from "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] (The White House, Washington} to WSC marked "personal" expressing pleasure at WSC's good health; commenting on outbursts by [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Union Foreign Minister]; the importance of unity between free nations; and future history and legacy of leaders. Typescript. 09 Feb 1954