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Score Reference Record Date
25 CHAR 2/41/20 Notes [by Crompton Llewelyn Davies] showing that wages of the entire stoke-hole crew of the "Lusitania" for two Atlantic crossings amount to less than the royalties received by the landowner for the coal consumed on the voyages. [Jul 1909]
25 CHAR 2/46/108 Letter from J A Webster (Board of Trade) to Edward Marsh enclosing a memorandum on the shipping laws to help him answer a letter from the Hull and District Junior Liberal Association [see CHAR 2/46/114]. Signed and annotated typescript. 28 Nov 1910
25 CHAR 2/46/109 Letter from Gilbert Smith, chairman of the Hull and District Junior Liberal Association (Paragon Chambers, Jameson Street, [Hull, Yorkshire]) to WSC reporting the complaint by Havelock Wilson that British seamen are suffering because the shipping laws governing the composition of crews are not being properly enforced and asking WSC whether Wilson has correctly represented his views on the subject. Signed typescript. 2 pieces. 22 Nov 1910
25 CHAR 2/46/110-113 Letter from [Edward Marsh] to Gilbert Smith [chairman of the Hull and District Junior Liberal Association] answering the complaint of Havelock Wilson that British seamen are suffering because the shipping laws governing the composition of crews are not being properly enforced. Typescript copy. 02 Dec 1910
25 CHAR 2/46/114-115 Memorandum [by J A Webster of the Board of Trade] answering the complaint of Havelock Wilson that British seamen are suffering because the shipping laws governing the composition of crews are not being properly enforced. Annotated typescript. Sent with CHAR 2/46/108. 28 Nov 1910
25 CHAR 2/51/7-13 Letter from W H Shaw, port steward of the British Yukon Navigation Company (White Horse, Yukon Territory, Canada) to WSC praising him, David Lloyd-George and the Government generally for their measures "for the benefit of the struggling masses." He describes: the poor living conditions he experienced in Huddersfield [Yorkshire] before leaving about 27 years earlier and their bad effects on morality and on the fitness of men enlisting for the Army; his approval of the Government's land reform measures as the means of improving living conditions for the poor; the death from consumption of his mother and sister; his emmigration to Canada and his employment in Toronto and British Columbia; the moose skin cushion cover and moccassins he has sent to CSC and WSC; the photographs of steamers and trains on the White Pass and Yukon Route and details of the Canadian government's annuity scheme which he has also sent. Advocates home rule for Ireland, England, Scotland and Wales. 08 Jan 1911
25 CHAR 2/92/3 Cuttings from the Daily Mail on British shipping losses from submarines and mines and German satisfaction with the performance of their U-boats. With typescript comments by [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher]. c 1917
25 CHAR 2/92/4 Note by [Lord Fisher, earlier Sir John Fisher] that if the recent return of British shipping losses is correct Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] [First Lord of the Admiralty] was right to reprimand Admiral Sir John Jellicoe [later Lord Jellicoe] for saying that the German submarine menace had been grappled with effectively. c 1917
25 CHAR 2/92/6 "Monthly summary of vessels sunk by enemy submarines since August 1914.". Apr 1914 - 1917
25 CHAR 2/92/75-76 Letter from Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] to Herbert Asquith [later Lord Oxford and Asquith] giving his views on: the possibility of Britain being invaded; the Channel Tunnel; insurance of British shipping in time of war and the submarine threat, a memorandum about which he encloses [see CHAR 2/92/77-79]. Typescript copy with annotations, including some referring to the publication of the letter. May 1914
25 CHAR 2/123/48-49 Letter from Leo Weinthal (801 Salisbury House, London Wall, London) to WSC (2 Sussex Square) enclosing a copy of General Jan Smuts's introduction to the proposed history of the Cape to Cairo railway and river route [Africa] [see CHAR 2/123/50-54] and asking WSC for a contribution to the work and the loan of one or two of his Egyptian paintings for reproduction in it. 14 Jun 1922
25 CHAR 2/123/50-54 Introduction by General Jan Smuts to the history of the Cape to Cairo railway and river route [Africa]. Sent with CHAR 2/123/48-49. 26 May 1922
25 CHAR 2/124B/122-126 Introduction by General Jan Smuts to the history of the Cape to Cairo railway and river route [Africa]. Sent with CHAR 2/124B/121. 26 May 1922
25 CHAR 2/124B/130-132 Introductory note to the history of the Cape to Cairo railway and river route [Africa]. Draft written in WSC's name by C W Hobley and sent with CHAR 2/124B/129 for WSC's approval. [Sep] [1922]
25 CHAR 2/124B/134 Notes from [Edward Marsh] to [WSC] asking whether WSC is prepared to write anything for Leo Weinthal's history of the Cape to Cairo railway and river route [Africa] and whether he agrees to let Weinthal publish a passage from "My African Journey" and reproduce his pictures of Egypt. Annotated by WSC that he will not write anything and that he agrees to the publication of the passage but not to the reproduction of the pictures. 09 Sep 1922 - 11 Sep 1922
25 CHAR 2/191/21 Letter from Lord Lloyd [earlier Sir George Lloyd] (30 Portman Square, London) to WSC urging him to accept an invitation from the Navy League to speak at Gravesend [Kent] on the naval and shipping situation. 19 Sep 1933
25 CHAR 2/270 Public and Political: General: Air Defence: Deputations to the Prime Minister. 21 Jul 1936 - 21 Jan 1937
25 CHAR 2/272 Public and Political: General: Royal Navy and Fleet Air Arm. 11 Feb 1936 - 21 Dec 1936
25 CHAR 2/334 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 16 Oct 1938 - 31 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 2/366 Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence L - Q. 28 Jul 1939 - 20 May 1940
25 CHAR 2/371A-B Public and Political: General: Defence. 06 Nov 1936 - 20 Jan 1942
25 CHAR 2/574A-B Public and Political: General: Correspondence H-K. 1910 - May 1934
25 CHAR 7/78A-B Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence Ho-Hu. 02 May 1939 - 30 Jul 1945
25 CHAR 7/82A-B Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence L. 09 Jun 1941 - 25 Jul 1945
25 CHAR 7/86 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence N. 14 Feb 1940 - 20 Jul 1945
25 CHAR 7/88 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence Pi-Pr. 15 Mar 1940 - 10 Jul 1945
25 CHAR 8/544 Literary: articles: Strand Magazine. Nov 1935 - May 1936
25 CHAR 8/619 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC. 02 Jan 1938 - 27 Mar 1938
25 CHAR 8/651 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 1 ("The World Crisis" series). Oct 1939 - Nov 1939
25 CHAR 8/667 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3. Mar 1940 - 19 May 1940
25 CHAR 8/674 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 1 ("The World Crisis" series). 07 Jan 1940 - 21 Dec 1940
25 CHAR 8/675 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles by WSC: 2 ("The World Crisis" series). 03 Mar 1940 - 21 Apr 1940
25 CHAR 9/43/41-42 "The supremacy of the navy" 10 Feb 1912
25 CHAR 9/110 Speeches: speech notes and source material. 19 Mar 1934 - 24 Jul 1934
25 CHAR 9/126 Speeches: speech notes and source material. 31 May 1937 - 20 Nov 1937
25 CHAR 9/127 Speeches: miscellaneous biblical, literary, and historical quotations, and notes for use in speeches by WSC, in a file marked: "Keep handy for the Prime Minister". 16 Nov 1937 - 1945
25 CHAR 9/130A-D Speeches: House of Commons and others: speech notes and source material [all dates below are 1938]. 1938 - 1939
25 CHAR 9/139A-B Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material. 27 Feb 1940 - 13 May 1940
25 CHAR 9/143 Speeches: speech notes (by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material. 20 Jan 1940 - 29 Feb 1940
25 CHAR 9/146A-B Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material. 22 Jan 1941 - 07 May 1941
25 CHAR 9/147A-B Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material. 20 May 1941 - 25 Jun 1941
25 CHAR 9/148A-B Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material. 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
25 CHAR 9/149A-B Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material. 21 Oct 1941 - 11 Dec 1941
25 CHAR 9/150A-B Speeches: speech notes and other material. 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 9/150A/52-75 "Give us the tools" 9 Feb 1941
25 CHAR 9/175 Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 05 Nov 1940 - 19 Dec 1940
25 CHAR 9/177A-D Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 22 Jan 1941 - 22 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 9/178A-C Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 30 Apr 1941 - 10 Jun 1941
25 CHAR 9/179A-B Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 25 Jun 1941 - 09 Sep 1941
25 CHAR 9/180A-B Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 30 Sep 1941 - 11 Dec 1941
25 CHAR 9/181A-B Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 9/183A-C Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 27 Jan 1942 - 13 Apr 1942
25 CHAR 9/184A-C Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 23 Apr 1942 - 02 Jun 1942
25 CHAR 9/185A-D Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 06 May 1942 - 02 Jul 1942
25 CHAR 9/190A-B Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 10 Aug 1942 - 17 Feb 1943
25 CHAR 9/191A-B Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 30 Mar 1943 - 08 Jun 1943
25 CHAR 9/192A-C Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 27 Jul 1943 - 13 Oct 1943
25 CHAR 9/194A-B Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 11 May 1943 - 30 Jun 1943
25 CHAR 9/204A-C Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 08 Feb 1944 - 12 Nov 1944
25 CHAR 9/206A-B Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 20 Feb 1945 - 15 May 1945
25 CHAR 10/4 Official: Colonial Office: East African Mail Service: printed reports. Jun 1904 - Mar 1907
25 CHAR 10/24 Official: Colonial Office: correspondence. 02 Apr 1907 - 27 Apr 1907
25 CHAR 10/31 Official: Colonial Office: administration report of the Aden [later Yemen] Port Trust. 1906 - 1907
25 CHAR 10/42 Official: Colonial Office: supplementary estimates: West Indian telegraphic communications and mail service: prints and papers. Jun 1906 - Aug 1907
25 CHAR 10/48 Official: Colonial Office: Cyprus: prints, papers and correspondence. 1906 - 1908
25 CHAR 10/52 Official: Colonial Office: All Red Route: papers. 1907 - 1908
25 CHAR 11/7 Official: Board of Trade: Naval Conference Committee: notes and papers. 26 Oct 1908 - 03 Nov 1908
25 CHAR 11/18 Official: Board of Trade: notes and papers. 28 May 1907 - Jan 1910
25 CHAR 11/20 Official: Board of Trade: Report on Work, 1906 - 1909: notes and prints. 01 Mar 1908 - 03 Jan 1910
25 CHAR 11/30 Official: Board of Trade: Suez Canal: notes and prints. 26 Oct 1909 - 15 Nov 1909
25 CHAR 11/32 Official: Board of Trade: Maritime Affairs: prints. 08 Apr 1909 - 07 Sep 1909
25 CHAR 11/36 Official: Board of Trade: Baghdad Railway, Mesopotamia and Persian Gulf: notes and printed papers. 06 Jun 1905 - 24 Mar 1910
25 CHAR 13 Official: Admiralty 1911 - 1915
25 CHAR 13/1/51 Memorandum by Rear-Admiral Ernest Troubridge, [Chief of the War Staff, Admiralty] (Admiralty), on the writings and speeches of [Frederick] Leverton Harris on the protection of overseas trade, and the necessity of keeping it going and in British hands during a war. [Dec] [1911]
25 CHAR 13/1/52 Memorandum by Captain Edward Inglefield [Assistant Director of Naval Intelligence] on National Insurance of War Risks. [Printed]. 12 Jan 1904
25 CHAR 13/4/1 Minute by Rear-Admiral Alexander Bethell, Director of Naval Intelligence, on Fanning Island, an atoll in the Pacific Ocean on the direct route from Vancouver [Canada] to Auckland [New Zealand], and from San Francisco [United States] to Fiji and Sydney [Australia]. The island had been bought by an Anglo-Canadian syndicate who hoped to work its phosphates resources, and were investigating the possibility of creating a coaling station for merchant steamers; Bethell recommends improving the harbour. [Typescript, signed by Bethell, and initialled by WSC]. 29 Nov 1911 - 01 Dec 1911
25 CHAR 13/5/36 Letter from WSC to David Lloyd George [Chancellor of the Exchequer], objecting to the Treasury decision to block construction of oil tankers. [Manuscript copy in letter book]. 05 Nov 1912
25 CHAR 13/6A/37 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], to the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven], Rear-Admiral Henry Campbell [Rear-Admiral Home Fleets at the Nore], the Permanent Secretary of the Admiralty [Sir (William) Graham Greene], and the Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty [Sir Francis Hopwood, later 1st Lord Southborough], on a visit from Howard Houlder of the Houlder Line Company, who had decided to lay down four 19 knot ships for transport of meat along the Argentine trade route, asking if the vessels should be armed further than normal merchantmen, and made more like auxiliary cruisers. [Carbon]. 06 Jun [1914]
25 CHAR 13/6B/290-295 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the protection of maritime trade. [Incomplete carbon copy]. [1913]
25 CHAR 13/6B/357-358 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven], the Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty [Sir Francis Hopwood, later 1st Lord Southborough], the Secretary to the Admiralty [Sir (William) Graham Greene] and Admiral Henry Campbell, on the reservations of Admiral of the Fleet Sir Gerald Noel on the legal aspects of armed merchantmen. [Carbon]. 12 Jun [1913]
25 CHAR 13/13/82 Minute by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] (Oban [Argyllshire, Scotland]) on the substitution of internal combustion engines for steam engines in oil tankers. [Carbon]. 22 Sep 1912
25 CHAR 13/17/22 Admiralty memorandum comparing the general course of wages with the wages of merchant seamen for the years 1887-1912. Oct 1912
25 CHAR 13/19/4 Letter from Sydney Buxton [President of the Board of Trade] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the need for an Ice Observation Vessel in the North Atlantic, to establish how far it was possible to give timely warnings about the movement of ice, such as caused the Titanic disaster. 20 Jan 1913
25 CHAR 13/19/16-17 Letter from Admiral Sir Alfred Winsloe, [Admiral Commanding China Station] (HMS Minotaur, Hong Kong) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] with an account of his visit to the French colony at Saigon [later Vietnam], arrangements for joint British and French action against Germany in Far Eastern waters in case of war, pay levels and the problems of transferring officers from merchant shipping to the Navy. 13 Feb 1913
25 CHAR 13/19/50 Letter from Sir Francis Hopwood [Additional Civil Lord of the Admiralty, later 1st Lord Southborough] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on dealing with ship-owners over the programme for arming merchant shipping, particularly Sir Thomas Sutherland, Chairman of the Peninsular and Oriental Steamship Company [P and O]. 25 Mar 1913
25 CHAR 13/20/45-47 Minute by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the defence of trade. [Incomplete typescript, initialled by WSC]. 21 Aug 1913
25 CHAR 13/20/50 Letter from Admiral Sir Reginald Custance to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the defence of trade. 24 Aug 1913
25 CHAR 13/20/53-56 Letter from [WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] sending a memorandum [not present] on British trade protection in time of war. [Carbon]. 08 Sep 1913
25 CHAR 13/20/57-59 Minute from [WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty] to the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] on trade protection, particularly the policy of arming merchant steamers. [Carbon]. 01 Sep 1913
25 CHAR 13/20/70-73 Letter from Sir John Brunner, President of the National Liberal Federation (Silverlands, Chertsey [Surrey]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] with congratulations on his appeal to Germany to "help England in the endeavour to bring about a reduction in the colossal amount spent by the civilised world in preparations for war"; Brunner states that it will be necessary to give up Britain's claim to capture and destroy private property at sea in time of war for such an appeal to work. 22 Oct 1913
25 CHAR 13/21/1-3 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [Chairman, Royal Commission on Oil Fuel] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on oil fuel, with a copy of a press cutting on the use of oil motors in German shipyards. [Carbon copy]. 18 Jan 1913
25 CHAR 13/21/8-9 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher [Chairman, Royal Commission on Oil Fuel] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] with congratulations on his speech [in the House of Commons] on the Navy Estimates; Fisher also encourages WSC to continue putting obsolete guns in merchant ships and comments on the bid by the Standard Oil Company for China oil. [Carbon copy; see CHAR 13/21/51-55 for original]. 31 Mar 1913
25 CHAR 13/22A/122 Minute by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the need for discretion on the subject of supplying ammunition to merchant ships. [Carbon copy]. 07 Jun 1913
25 CHAR 13/26/39-50 Memorandum by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on trade protection on and after the outbreak of war. [Typescript, written August 1913, with hand-written revisions, April 1914; see also CHAR 13/26/83-84]. 21 Aug 1913 - 14 Apr 1914
25 CHAR 13/26/83-84 Minute by WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the re-draft of his memorandum of August 1913 on trade defence [see CHAR 13/26/39-50]. [Carbon copy]. 14 Apr 1914
25 CHAR 13/27A/42-43 Extract from the Times, giving an Admiralty announcement warning that German mines have been scattered in the open sea on the trade route between the United States and Liverpool via Northern Ireland; also making the whole of the North Sea a military area, and warning merchant shipping of the dangers. [Typescript copy]. 03 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/10-11 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Secretary of the Admiralty [Sir (William) Graham Greene], the 1st Sea Lord [Prince Louis of Battenberg, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] and the Chief of Staff [Vice-Admiral Sir (Frederick) Doveton Sturdee], on the establishment of a standing Admiralty Committee on the Restriction of Enemy Trade, under the chairmanship of the Additional Civil Lord [Sir Francis Hopwood, later 1st Lord Southborough]. [Carbon copy]. 12 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/20 Minute from WSC to the Admiralty Press Bureau, giving an Admiralty statement, warning neutral shipping of the dangers of crossing the North Sea. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC]. 22 Aug [1914]
25 CHAR 13/29/229-230 Admiralty memorandum listing arrivals and sailings from British ports, 18-26 February, numbers of steam and sailing ships registered under the British Flag, and ships over 100 tons built in Britain and the colonies in 1913. [Feb] [1914]
25 CHAR 13/39/2 Telegram from Admiralty to Various Intelligence Officers, reporting that experience of the first two months of war showed that no increase in loss of merchant shipping was incurred by keeping trade routes open, and stressing the importance of keeping trade going. Initialled by Edward Heaton-Ellis [Assistant Director of Intelligence Division], Richard Webb [Director of Trade Division] and Vice- Admiral Sir [Frederick] Doveton Sturdee [Chief of Staff]. [Carbon]. 16 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/44/37-39 Letter from Andrew Bonar Law [Leader of the Conservative Party] (Pembroke Lodge, Edwardes Square, Kensington [London]) to WSC, [First Lord of the Admiralty], on a complaint that the Admiralty were making inefficient use of merchant ships commandeered for war services. 12 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/47/3 Admiralty intercepted message, giving a German official communique declaring the waters around Great Britain and Ireland a war region, and warning that hostile merchant ships and possibly neutrals would be attacked. 04 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/47/4 Intercepted wireless message from the German Embassy, on reports in newspapers that British merchant ships were to use a neutral flag, stating that this was an admission that Britain was unable to protect its merchant fleet. [Duplicate typescript]. 04 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/47/117 Admiralty minute asking the press not to publish the loss of British merchant shipping as a result of enemy activity, unless the losses had already been reported by the Admiralty. 26 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/49/83-87 Letter from Colonel Sir Matthew Nathan [Under-Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland] to Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC], sending a copy of a letter from F L Heyn, of the Ulster Steamship Company Limited, asking for the release of steamers requisitioned by the Admiralty, in order to ship flax from Russia. Nathan suggests that in view of the poverty in Belfast [Northern Ireland], one steamer might be released. Also includes note between Marsh and Graeme Thomson, Director of Transports, on a suggested reply. 31 Mar 1915 - 05 Apr 1915
25 CHAR 15/120 Official: Munitions. May 1917 - Dec 1917
25 CHAR 15/121 Official: Munitions. Mar 1918 - Sep 1918
25 CHAR 15/137 Official: Munitions. Jan 1918 - Dec 1918
25 CHAR 18/30A-B Official: Treasury: WSC's minutes. 02 Jan 1926 - 14 Dec 1926
25 CHAR 19 Official: Admiralty 1939 - 1940
25 CHAR 19/2C/251-253 Memorandum from WSC to Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain on reasons for establishing a Ministry of Shipping. [carbon]. 11 Sep 1939
25 CHAR 19/3/1 First Lord of the Admiralty's printed minutes, September 1939. 04 Sep 1939 - 30 Sep 1939
25 CHAR 19/3/3 First Lord of the Admiralty's printed minutes, November 1939. 01 Nov 1939 - 30 Nov 1939
25 CHAR 19/3/4 First Lord of the Admiralty's printed minutes, December 1939. 01 Dec 1939 - 31 Dec 1939
25 CHAR 19/4/2-8 Memorandum from WSC on "Publicity regarding destruction of or damage to enemy submarines, British warships and merchant vessels". 06 Sep 1939
25 CHAR 19/4/9 Printed memorandum from WSC on "The urgency of chartering neutral tonnage". 16 Oct 1939
25 CHAR 19/4/29 Printed note from WSC circulating comments from Staff in the Admiralty Trade Division on a memorandum "WP(G)(39)86" [not included in the file] by the Ministry of Shipping. [Oct 1939]
25 CHAR 19/4/34 Typed memorandum from WSC with specimens of "cheerful chats" about Naval matters for BBC broadcasting; to give details of the day's casualties and the fate of ships Germaine, Ragni, HC Flood, Ursus, Atheltemplar and Inverlaine. 16 Dec 1939
25 CHAR 19/4/36 Printed note from WSC, with enclosures on Admiralty advice to the BBC on broadcasting of shipping losses. 20 Dec 1939
25 CHAR 19/6/1 First Lord of the Admiralty's printed minutes, January 1940. Jan 1940
25 CHAR 19/6/2 First Lord of the Admiralty's printed minutes, February 1940. Feb 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/6 Minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on entrances and arrivals, i.e. imports. [Copy]. 16 Jan 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/8 Minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on seizing of German ships as sanctions. 19 Jan 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/9 Minute from [Rear-Admiral] John Godfrey, Director of Naval Intelligence, to WSC on German ships carrying ore from Narvik [Norway]. [Copy]. 18 Jan 1940-19 Jan 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/11-12 Minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on shipping and improvement of imports. 22 Jan 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/18-19 Minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on shipping earnings and imports. 14 Feb 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/22 2 minutes, one initialled "F.A.L." [both probably from F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant], to WSC refuting objections by the Board of Trade [topic unclear] and on the rate of importation. [Feb 1940]
25 CHAR 19/7/25-28 Minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on estimates by the Ministry of Shipping, particularly on oil and coal. 19 Feb 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/29-31 Minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on a Ministry of Shipping report on merchant shipbuilding and repairs in war. 21 Feb 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/32-34 Minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on a memorandum ("W.P.(G) (40) 51") on the shipping situation and the food programme. 22 Feb 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/52 Minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on changes to shipbuilding policy with the possibility of acquiring Scandinavian ships. 16 Apr 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/54-58 Minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on the results of the German invasion of Scandinavia, with particular emphasis on British imports, with an analysis of findings by the Director of the Trade Division [Captain Maurice Mansergh]. 16 Apr 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/60-65 Minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on "The Economic Consequences of German aggression in Scandinavia". 19 Apr 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/69-70 Minute from Director of the Trade Division [Captain Maurice Mansergh] to WSC entitled "Position regarding the Danish and Norwegian Mercantile tonnage in accordance with the First Sea Lord's Minute No. 312". 29 Apr 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/79 Minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC listing Norwegian and Dutch vessels in various ports, by tonnage. 07 May 1940
25 CHAR 19/7/80 Incomplete minute [from ?F A Lindemann, later 1st Lord Cherwell, WSC's Personal Assistant] to WSC on shipping for the British Expeditionary Force to France. 08 May 1940
25 CHAR 19/8/2 Printed note by WSC for the War Cabinet on broadcasting of shipping losses. 11 Jan 1940
25 CHAR 19/8/3 Printed note by WSC for the War Cabinet on German attacks on Swedish and Norwegian shipping. 25 Jan 1940
25 CHAR 19/8/9 Printed memorandum by WSC for the War Cabinet on degaussing [demagnetisation] of merchant ships. 15 Mar 1940
25 CHAR 19/8/14-15 Typed memorandum by WSC for the War Cabinet on publication of shipping losses. 26 Apr 1940
25 CHAR 20/2A/51 Letter from WSC to [D J de Geer] Prime Minister of the Netherlands on armament of Netherlands merchant ships. 25 Aug 1940
25 CHAR 20/2A/52-53 Admiralty memo on the provision of defensive equipment for the Netherlands and other Allies. [Aug 1940]
25 CHAR 20/2A/56 Letter from WSC to Sir Arthur Salter [Parliamentary Secretary to Ministry of Shipping] on the arming of Netherlands merchant ships. [Carbon]. 28 Aug 1940
25 CHAR 20/2A/57 Letter from WSC to A V Alexander, First Lord of the Admiralty, on production of tankers and other cargo vessels. [Carbon]. 05 Sep 1940
25 CHAR 20/11/58 Letter from [1st] Lord Cadman to WSC suggesting that coal and oil should be dealt with by different departments as coal relates to labour matters while petroleum deals with supply, shipping and world-wide distribution. 13 May 1940
25 CHAR 20/15/13 Printed copies of telegrams and letters exchanged between "the Naval Person (WSC) and President (Franklin) Roosevelt": 11 Sept 1939 Letter from Roosevelt to WSC congratulating him on his return to the Admiralty. 5 Oct 1939 Telephone conversation summary of message from WSC to Roosevelt asking if the Iroquois off the west of Ireland has orders to search ships in those waters. 5 Oct 1940 WSC to Roosevelt agreeing to a neutral zone of 300 miles from the United States coast, stresses that if German raiders take refuge in South American waters British ships will follow. 16 Oct 1940 WSC to Roosevelt on U-boat hunting with "Asdic" [anti-submarine detection indicator], which he offers to share with the United States; the sinking of the Royal Oak and the disappearance of the Scheer; comments disparagingly on inaccuracy of German bombing. 24 Dec 1939 WSC to Roosevelt on action off the [River] Plate in South American waters; feels America should not be aggrieved but rather grateful to Britain for liberating the South Atlantic to trade freely. 29 Jan 1940 WSC to Roosevelt relaying his order not to divert American ships into the British Isles' combat zone. 30 Jan 1940 WSC to Roosevelt asking for arrangements to be made ensuring that American ships will not be carrying any objectionable cargo. 7 Jan 1940 Letter from WSC to Roosevelt enclosing a precis of reports about Naval action off Montevideo [Uruguay]: the hunting of the Admiral Graf Spee and the Battle of the River Plate. 1 Feb 1940 Letter from Roosevelt to WSC thanking him for the account of the hunting of the Graf Spee; mentions public criticism of the searching and detention of American ships. 28 Feb 1940 WSC to Roosevelt on persuading the Moore McCormack Line to accept "Navicerts" [British system of inspecting cargoes of neutral ships] and not to carry mails for Scandinavian countries. 6 Mar 1940 Roosevelt to WSC stating that he is having the situation examined. 7 May 1940 Letter from WSC to Roosevelt sending official account of the Battle of the River Plate. Sep 1939-May 1940
25 CHAR 20/17/1 Old file cover: "Norway" and "Operation Paul" [mining of Scandinavian shipping channels to prevent ore being exported to Germany]. 1940
25 CHAR 20/17/8-9 Memorandum from [Admiral of the Fleet Sir] Dudley Pound [1st Sea Lord] setting out options for Operation Paul [mining of Scandinavian shipping channels to prevent ore being exported to Germany]: sixty modified Swordfish aircraft could carry out a bombing raid on Lulea [Sweden] from carriers situated in the vicinity of Bodo and Vest Fjord [both Norway]; however as at least a quarter of aircraft and possibly a carrier could be lost, an alternative would be to operate the aircraft from the Norwegian coast to avoid risking carriers, or to carry out sporadic bombing missions on German ore-carrying ships. [carbon copy]. 05 Jun 1940
25 CHAR 20/17/16 Minute from WSC to [Major-]General [Hastings] Ismay [Chief of Staff to the Minister of Defence] on obstructing German ships from removing ore from Lulea [Sweden]; suggests planting "vegetables" [mines]. [copy]. 14 May 1940
25 CHAR 20/20/11 Letter from WSC to the First Lord [of the Admiralty, A V Alexander, later 1st Lord Alexander of Hillsborough] informing him that it is: "the duty of the naval authorities to carry out the approved policy of the transference of men from other shipbuilding and ship-repairing tasks to merchant ship repair work". [typescript copy]. 02 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 20/21A/64 Letter from WSC to John Maclay [later 1st Lord Muirshiel] assuring him that the Defence Committee has already considered the competition for shipping tonnage between the import programme and military operations, particularly in the Middle East. 10 Feb 1941
25 CHAR 20/21B/134-135 Letter from WSC to the First Lord of the Admiralty [A V Alexander] advising that, at the suggestion of Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin], Sir Arthur Salter [Parliamentary Secretary to Ministry of Shipping] should be sent to explain British import and shipping needs to the United States Government. 10 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/21B/136 Letter from WSC to Sir Andrew Duncan [Minister of Supply] ascertaining whether there would be any objection to Sir Arthur Salter [Parliamentary Secretary to Ministry of Shipping] becoming a member of the British Supply Council in the United States. 10 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/21B/137-138 Letter from WSC to the Minister of Shipping, Ronald Cross, advising him of the suggestion by Lord Halifax [British Ambassador to the United States, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] that Sir Arthur Salter [Parliamentary Secretary to Ministry of Shipping] should be sent to explain British import and shipping needs to the United States Government and asking for his agreement. 10 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/21B/143-145 Letter from WSC to Sir Arthur Salter [Head of British Merchant Shipping Mission to the United States] informing him of his mission to convince the United States Government of the assistance required with merchant shipping and increase of tonnage, inform them of the measures already taken and supervise the handling of technical questions arising from the shipbuilding programme. 12 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/21B/165-166 Letter from WSC to 1st Lord Maclay [former Minister of Shipping] on his memorandum about the Ministry of Shipping, reassuring him that the Ministry and Admiralty are on far better terms than during the last war. Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/21B/175-176 Letter from WSC to Lawrence Holt on shipping problems; does not think laying up ships in Canada or the United States would be advisable. 28 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/21C/216-219 Letter from WSC to Sir Herbert Williams enclosing a report on the trans-shipment of goods into fast freighters when passing through shipping danger zones; schemes have been put into operation wherever possible. [See CHAR 20/21B/185 for initial answer to Williams's enquiry]. 30 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 20/22B/181-182 Letter from WSC to Emanuel Shinwell agreeing that something should be done to reduce the size of convoys and the matter is under review by the First Lord of the Admiralty [A V Alexander]. 13 Oct 1941
25 CHAR 20/36/2 Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, February 1941. 01 Feb 1941 - 28 Feb 1941
25 CHAR 20/36/3 Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, March 1941. 01 Mar 1941 - 31 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/36/4 Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, April 1941. 01 Apr 1941 - 30 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 20/36/8 Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, August 1941. 01 Aug 1941 - 31 Aug 1941
25 CHAR 20/37/6 Telegram from General [Sir Archibald] Wavell, Commander-in-Chief, Middle East, to WSC advising that shipping at Massawa will be dropped now Asmara [Eritrea] has been surrendered and commenting on other aspects of the conflict in northern Africa. 01 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 20/37/59 Telegram from "Former Naval Person" [WSC] to President [Franklin] Roosevelt on the danger of [Admiral Jean] Darlan [Vice-Premier of Vichy France] transferring French ships from African ports to French ports in danger of German occupation, and on the escort of convoys. 06 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 20/37/81-82 Telegram from Government of Canada to Dominions Office sending on a message to WSC on Canadian anti-submarine protection of shipping which they claim has not been recognised by UK military advisers. 10 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 20/37/113-115 Telegram from President [Franklin Roosevelt] to the Former Naval Person [WSC] on the United States' change of policy in the Atlantic: to include the extension of the security zone to whole of North Atlantic west of longitude 25 degrees; informing the United Kingdom of the position of aggressor ships; escorting of British convoys. [see also CHAR 20/37/97]. 11 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 20/38/36 Telegram from WSC to Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean [Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham], on decision to use HMS Ark Royal, HMS Argus, HMS Furious and HMS Victorious to repeat operations "Winch" [codename for plan to reinforce Malta with aircraft] and "Dunlop"; need for protection of Crete [Greece], Malta and Libya and enforcement of operations "Tiger" [codename for plan to transport tanks on merchant ships through Mediterranean] and "Jaguar" [codename for plan to reinforce Malta with aircraft]. 01 May 1941
25 CHAR 20/38/53-54 Telegram from Sir Arthur Salter [Head of British Merchant Shipping Mission, Washington, United States] to WSC on difficulties in realising the United States promises of 2 million tons of merchant marine aid. 02 May 1941
25 CHAR 20/38/67-70 Telegram from WSC to General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] advising increased action around Tobruk [Libya]; referring to implications of operation "Tiger" [codename for operation to pass merchant ships through the Mediterranean]; and commenting on situation in Middle East. With amendments in secretary's hand, including additional message of support for General Leslie Morshead at Tobruk [Libya]. 04 May 1941
25 CHAR 20/38/90-92 Two copies of telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to President of the United States](Washington) on shipping losses in April. 09 May 1941
25 CHAR 20/38/115 Telegram from WSC to Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean [Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham], thanking him for the naval contribution to success of operation "Tiger" [codename for operation to pass merchant ships through Mediterranean], and stating that it may prove decisive in Libyan campaign. [see CHAR 20/38/125 .]. 14 May 1941
25 CHAR 20/38/120 Telegram from General Sir Archibald Wavell [Commander- in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC: Reports that tanks have been sent to join General William Gott's forces in attacking Sollum area [Egypt] without waiting for "Tiger" [codename for operation to pass merchant ships through Mediterranean]; states that securing Baghdad [Iraq] will be difficult as Iraqis have flooded roads and German airforce is in vicinity. 13 May 1941
25 CHAR 20/39/1-4 Telegram from WSC to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood, then Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States ] reciting text of message from Wendell Wilkie [see CHAR 20/38/158 ], with cancelled draft reply from WSC to Wilkie responding in detail to Wilkie's comments about munitions and shipping and marked "submitted to President but cancelled", with actual reply from WSC to Wilkie, and with telegram from WSC to Roosevelt expressing anxiety about American position "Whatever happens you may be sure we shall fight on and I am sure we can at least save ourselves. But what is the good of that?". 21 May 1941
25 CHAR 20/39/17-21 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt commenting on the severity of the battle of Crete [Greece] and asking for sightings of German convoy including Bismarck and Prince Eugen recently departed from Bergen [Norway]. With memorandum on US naval patrols and U-Boat action in the Atlantic, with list of ships sunk west of 26 degrees west between 31 March and 20 May 1941. 20 May 1941
25 CHAR 20/40/25 Telegram from WSC to Wendell Wilkie asking him to be cautious "lest in trying to galvanize American opinion" he discloses information which may dishearten British merchant seamen. 20 Jun 1941
25 CHAR 20/40/56 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC "am asking Congress... to substantially increase our building of merchant ships so that we should build a minimum of five to five and a half million tons in 1942 and seven million in 1943". 26 Jun 1941
25 CHAR 20/40/92-93 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt on the expansion of the American merchant shipbuilding programme and commenting on the destruction of enemy submarines and merchant vessels. 01 Jul 1941
25 CHAR 20/40/116-119 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt on plan for the defence of the Atlantic: He comments on implications of U-boat attacks for convoys and escorts , and regrets Senator Wheeler's indiscretion revealing the destination of United States expedition recently departed from Newfoundland for Iceland. [Telegram has been bound incorrectly, with first page at back]. 07 Jul 1941
25 CHAR 20/40/133 Telegram from General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to WSC stating that he does not "wish any alteration in composition of convoy W.S.10". 11 Jul 1941
25 CHAR 20/42A/51-53 Telegram from WSC to [Franklin Roosevelt], President of the United States, on improvements to railway linking Persian Gulf to Caspian Sea; asks for loan of United States ships to transport British troops to Middle East. 01 Sep 1941
25 CHAR 20/42A/94-95 Telegram from Franklin Roosevelt, President of the United States, to WSC promising maritime assistance to reinforce the Middle East. 06 Sep 1941
25 CHAR 20/43/17 Telegram from WSC to the Viceroy of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] asking him to intervene and speed up shipping from Indian ports. 24 Sep 1941
25 CHAR 20/43/61 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Ministers of Australia and New Zealand [Arthur Fadden and Peter Fraser] on offer by the United States of ships and naval crew to transport extra divisions to Eastern Theatre. 03 Oct 1941
25 CHAR 20/43/62 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Canada [Mackenzie King] on offer by the United States of extra shipping across the Atlantic. 03 Oct 1941
25 CHAR 20/43/94-96 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC on threat to legislation posed by armed United States transports being used for British troop movement: suggests crew should be British, flying British flag. 08 Oct 1941
25 CHAR 20/43/107 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] requesting option of British troops being dispatched from Halifax in Canada with United States ships and escorts. 08 Oct 1941
25 CHAR 20/43/127 Telegram from [Mackenzie King, Prime Minister of Canada] to WSC on restrictions to the offer of transport and food for the Middle East by the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] so as not to prejudice revision of the United States Neutrality Act. 11 Oct 1941
25 CHAR 20/43/129-130 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of Australia [John Curtin] on alterations in transportation of troops by United States ships through British waters so as not to prejudice revision of the Neutrality Act; will soon have squadron of battleships in Indian Ocean. 11 Oct 1941
25 CHAR 20/44/29 Telegram from WSC to the Prime Minister of South Africa [General Jan Smuts] on alterations to transportation of troops by United States ships through British waters do as not to prejudice revision of the United States Neutrality Act; will soon have squadron of battleships in Indian Ocean. 19 Oct 1941
25 CHAR 20/47/34-36 Telegram from the Viceroy and Governor-General of India [2nd Lord Linlithgow, earlier Lord Hopetoun] to WSC regretting port statistics cannot be provided until Admiral Turner [? Vice-Admiral Frederick Turner, Engineer-in-Chief of the Fleet] takes office; visit by [Reginald] Stewart Mactier [Deputy Director of Port and Transit Control, Ministry of War Transport] to review allocation of ports to increased volume of shipping. 13 Dec 1941
25 CHAR 20/52/76-78 Letter and memorandum from Stanley Bruce [High Commissioner for Australia in London] to WSC urging greater defence to maintain convoys to the Soviet Union. 07 Jul 1942
25 CHAR 20/53C/284-286 Letter from WSC to [Franklin Roosevelt], President of the United States, thanking him for the gifts from the people of the United States but emphasizing that the shipping lanes are required for military purposes. 14 Jun 1942
25 CHAR 20/54B/122 Letter from WSC to [William] Averell Harriman [United States representative in London of Combined Shipping Adjustment Board] thanking him for the figures on number and type of merchant ships completed in the United States in September. 07 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/54B/150-163 Letter from WSC to [Franklin Roosevelt] President of the United States, detailing secret military plans, reorganisation of command, and projected course of the war: Major-General Sir Claude Auchinleck [Commander-in-Chief, Middle East] to attack Cyrenaica [Libya], then advance on Tripoli; invasion of Norway has been planned as a cover; reports of German preparation for invasion of Britain over North Sea; seeks introduction of American troops to Northern Ireland; command. structure between the Army, RAF and Navy and the disadvantages of one overall commander; value of a British victory in the Middle East in its effect on Italy, Spain and Turkey; current inability to give much support to the Soviet Union; future invasion plans and army structure; protection of merchant shipping against Japanese attack and the chances of preserving peace with Japan. 20 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/54B/182-186 Letter from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] with major points of joint strategy: expansion of shipping convoys against U-boat attack; increase of food imports in 1943; more American troops to Britain; increasing bombing, night bombing and using aircraft against U-boats. 31 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/54C/211 Letter from WSC to David Robertson explaining that an Anti-U-boat Warfare Committee is considering the need for specialist aircraft to protect shipping. 12 Nov 1942
25 CHAR 20/67/1 Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, January and February 1942. Some written by WSC when in the United States. 02 Jan 1942 - 28 Feb 1942
25 CHAR 20/67/6 Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, July and August 1942. Some written by WSC when in the Middle East. 03 Jul 1942 - 28 Aug 1942
25 CHAR 20/69A/11-14 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] commenting on documents dealing with munition assignments, Anglo-American Shipping Adjustment Board, and the Combined Raw Materials Board: Britain proposes to form a clearing-house for all supplies to and from the Empire, developing existing shipping arrangements with the United States and other United Nations countries as necessary. 22 Jan 1942
25 CHAR 20/69A/45-48 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] (but signed by Cordell Hull [United States Secretary of State]) to WSC regarding the text of documents relating to Munitions, Shipping and Raw Materials Boards, with proposals for the release of documents and names of Board members. 26 Jan 1942
25 CHAR 20/70/2-3 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] regarding troops stationed in Britain: states that troops from the United States brought to Britain are not fully trained and are used to set free British divisions for service in the Middle East and Far East; explains that it is only a shortage of troop-carrying tonnage that keeps British divisions at home; grieves that it is necessary to use the New Zealand Division again so soon; expresses desire to work all New Zealand and Australian troops back into the Japanese theatre. [See CHAR 20/69B/152 for Fraser's query on troops in Britain]. 09 Feb 1942
25 CHAR 20/71A/4 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin regarding the effect of the war in the Far East on the Levant-Caspian front: details troop withdrawals and diversions; comments on the problems caused by shipping scarcity; refers to maintenance of supplies for the Soviet Union and the improved naval situation in the Atlantic. Crossed through in red and marked: "cancelled". 27 Feb 1942
25 CHAR 20/71A/33-34 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] requesting American assistance in the shipping of troops, imports and equipment: includes details of proposed troop movements and analysis of the situation with regard to imports. 04 Mar 1942
25 CHAR 20/71A/44-46 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: reflects on the deterioration of British affairs since December 7 1941; comments on British naval plans for the Indian Ocean and North Atlantic; requests a statement of the dispositions and plans of the United States Air Force; comments on the diversion of an Allied army from the Levant-Caspian front to Australia and India, and on the need for the United States to reinforce Australia and New Zealand; comments on problems of shipping; comments on the need to defend India; states that the Japanese are "becoming ever more widely spread" and recommends that the United States develop large scale commando forces on the Californian shore. 05 Mar 1942
25 CHAR 20/71B/142-143 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States], commenting on immense numbers of sinkings of tankers in the Caribbean and Western Atlantic and possible solutions. 12 Mar 1942
25 CHAR 20/72/60 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt]: comments on his loan of American shipping and release of the Queen Mary, the Queen Elizabeth and the Aquitania for British use; suggests that a further 9000 American troops be sent to Iceland; expresses pleasure at the level of shipping of American personnel; expresses anxiety at the level of air provision for the Levant-Caspian front and asks for American light bombers and fighters to be diverted to the Middle East. 21 Mar 1942
25 CHAR 20/74/28-29 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and assistant to the President of the United States] to WSC regarding accumulations of shipping for the Soviet Union and asking if more ships can be carried in the next convoys in order to clear this up. 25 Apr 1942
25 CHAR 20/74/46-47 Telegram from the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] to WSC expressing his concern over plans to limit shipments of supplies to the Soviet Union: asks WSC to review the size of immediate convoys; hopes that Anthony Eden [Foreign Secretary, later 1st Lord Avon] will avoid giving the Soviet Ambassador [Ivan Maisky] any flat statement about the limit to the number of ships that can be convoyed; "It seems to me that any word reaching [Joseph] Stalin at this time that our supplies were stopping for any reason would have a most unfortunate effect". 27 Apr 1942
25 CHAR 20/74/54-55 Telegram from WSC to the President of the United States [Franklin Roosevelt] regarding shipments of supplies to the Soviet Union: comments on logistics of convoy sizes and tonnage; makes a recommendation for working off the present accumulation held in Iceland; "We are at our utmost strain for convoy escorts.". 28 Apr 1942
25 CHAR 20/76/134 Telegram from Oliver Lyttelton [later 1st Lord Chandos, Minister of Production] (Washington [United States]) to WSC marked "secret and personal" regarding ship production in the United States and commenting on the sinking of ships off the east coast of the United States, the need to increase carriage on inland waterways, and the need to cut back merchant shipbuilding programme in 1943 to raise production of escort vessels. 17 Jun 1942
25 CHAR 20/77/14 Telegram from General Archibald Wavell [Commander in Chief India] to WSC marked "personal" asking whether the assault shipping used in Ironclad [Codename for operation against Madagsacar] is to be returned to the United Kingdom or sent on to India. 22 Jun 1942
25 CHAR 20/77/38 Telegram from General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] to WSC marked "secret" regarding the shipment of 100 howitzers and 300 tanks to the Middle East and stating that Major-General Douglas Pratt [Major-General in charge of Armoured Fighting Vehicles, Washington, United States] has approved the proposed equipment. 28 Jun 1942
25 CHAR 20/77/47 Telegram from Minister of State in the Middle East [Richard Casey] to WSC marked "personal and most secret" reporting on the latest situation in Egypt and commenting on RAF mobilisation, arrangements for the defence of the Delta, and the plans of Admiral Henry Harwood [Commander in Chief Mediterranean] for supporting the Eighth Army and evacuating merchant shipping from Alexandria [Egypt]. 30 Jun 1942
25 CHAR 20/77/65 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special adviser and Assistant to the President of the united States] marked "personal and secret" informing him that he is sending him his own personal return of shipping losses for the first six months of 1942 [see CHAR 20/77/66] and commenting on the "remorselessly increasing losses of American and American-controlled shipping.". 04 Jul 1942
25 CHAR 20/77/66 Sheet marked secret of weekly totals of merchant tonnage sunk by enemy action in the period January to June 1942 [Sent by WSC to Harry Hopkins, see CHAR 20/77/65]. 04 Jul 1942
25 CHAR 20/77/76 Telegram from WSC to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] marked "personal and secret" asking whether he has taken any decision about not publishing American shipping losses. 06 Jul 1942
25 CHAR 20/77/92 Telegram from Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] to WSC informing him that no decision has yet been made as to the change of policy relative to American shipping losses but that the matter is now under discussion. 07 Jul 1942
25 CHAR 20/77/117-118 Telegram from WSC to the governments of Australia and New Zealand marked "personal and most secret" reporting on the battle in the Middle East: comments on Australian and New Zealand Divisions in the Middle East; comments on the present situation and gives details of the reinforcements of troops , tanks , guns, and aircraft that have been sent to Egypt; comments on preparations to defend the Nile Delta; comments on heavy losses of convoys to Soviet Union and on aid given to Middle East by Stalin; comments on the support of the House of Commons and the goodwill of the Australian and New Zealand governments and people. 12 Jul 1942
25 CHAR 20/77/127-128 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" regarding the northern shipping convoys to the Soviet Union: reports on the heavy losses sustained by PQ 17 [June convoy]; advises against running PQ 18 [July convoy]; comments on the future prospects of supplying Russia by this northern route; states that allied shipping losses for week ending July 13 were 400,000 tons, " a rate unexampled in either this war or the last". 14 Jul 1942
25 CHAR 20/77/130-132 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" reciting draft text of telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin: comments on convoys to north Russia since 1941 and the change in German strategy which has led to the heavy losses of PQ 17 [Jun convoy]; comments on the dangers and difficulties and reports decision to cancel further convoys to north Russia; outlines alternative measures to get supplies to the Soviet Union; comments on the importance of combined Russo-British operations to drive the enemy out of the northern Norwegian airfields and calls for liaison between Soviet and British officers; comments on possibility of supporting Russian southern front once General Erwin Rommel [Commander German North Afrika Corps] has been beaten back; thanks Stalin for 40 Boston bombers; comments on Stalin's offer to allow three Polish Divisions join their compatriots in Palestine [Israel]. 14 Jul 1942
25 CHAR 20/80/133-134 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC commenting on WSC's proposed text of message for Stalin: advocates a firm commitment to putting an air force in the Caucasus; argues that shipping convoy PQ19 must sail to the Soviet Union and comments on how this might be achieved; refers to his anxiety about a forthcoming message from the United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union. 06 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/80/136-140 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" regarding assistance for the Soviet Union: states that there is no possibility of letting shipping convoy PQ19 sail to the Soviet Union in successive groups, that the cancellation of the convoy can no longer be concealed from the Russians, and comments on preparations to sail ten individual ships manned by volunteers during the October dark; argues that Stalin should be told now; states that nothing can be done with regard to "Velvet" [codename for proposal to establish an Anglo-American air force on the Soviet southern flank] until after the battle in Egypt but suggests that they could be more definite about the composition of the force; comments on the message to be brought to Roosevelt by Admiral William Standley [United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union] which WSC does not believe threatens a separate peace. 07 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/81/4-5 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" reciting text of proposed message for Premier Stalin outlining the assistance which can be given to the Soviet Union: comments on the likely effect of the battle in Egypt and "Torch" [codename for allied occupation of French north-west Africa]; comments on the composition of the air force which will be sent to the Soviet southern flank in the Caucasus; outlines proposal to supply the Soviet Union with more Spitfires; refers to the success of the last shipping convoy to Archangel [Soviet Union] and outlines plan to send ten individual ships from Iceland during the moonless period. 07 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/81/11 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC regarding assistance for the Soviet Union: agrees with WSC's proposals for delivering supplies by the northern route; comments on the need to make a firm commitment to the joint Anglo-American air force on the Russian front [Codename "Velvet"]; suggests amendments to WSC's proposed telegram to Stalin. 08 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/81/18-20 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "most secret and personal" outlining the various ways in which support can be given to the Soviet Union: comments on the nature and likely effect of attack in Egypt and "Torch" [codename for Anglo-American invasion of French north-west Africa]; outlines details of the Anglo-American Air Force which is to be put on the Soviet southern flank [codename "Velvet"]; describes plans to send a special re-enforcement of Spitfires to the Soviet Union; comments on decision to continue supplies by the northern route by means of ships sailed independently rather than escorted convoys; suggests that it would help if the Germans could be denied the use of airfields in northern Norway With annotations by ?Commander Charles Thompson [Personal Assistant to the Minister of Defence]. 08 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/81/22-24 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "most secret and personal" reciting text of his telegram to Stalin regarding Allied support for the Soviet Union [see CHAR 20/81/18-20] With annotations by ? Commander Charles Thompson [Personal Assistant to the Minister of Defence]. 08 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/81/25 Telegram from WSC to Prime Minister of New Zealand [Peter Fraser] commenting on the possibility of shipping economies by Britain taking additional quantities of frozen meat from the United States rather than the southern dominions, and assuring him that no decision will be taken until full discussion has taken place in London. 08 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/81/26-27 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "personal and most secret" reciting text of message to Stalin outlining the ways in which the United States can help the Soviet Union. Refers to: placing an air force under Soviet command in the Caucasus [codename "Velvet"]; arranging transfer of merchant ships; making an automobile tyre plant available; sending reinforcements of troops and supplies to the Persian Gulf. 09 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/81/55 Telegram from Resident Minister in West Africa [Lord Swinton, earlier Philip Lloyd Greame and Philip Cunliffe Lister] marked "most secret" referring to the increase in U-Boat sinkings in the area and asking whether it is possible to accelerate despatch of Catalinas and basing of long range American aircraft at Ascension [Island]. 15 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/81/95-96 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "personal and secret" regarding the lack of communication from Premier Stalin, apart from a cryptic "Thank you", commenting on its implications for their plans to send planes and supplies to the Soviet Union, speculating on the reasons for the silence, and asking Roosevelt for his thoughts. 24 Oct 1942
25 CHAR 20/85/80 Telegram from WSC to Premier Stalin marked "personal, private and most secret" expressing his encouragement at "the growing magnitude of your victories in the south" and commenting on the campaign in North Africa, the northern convoys to the Soviet Union, and his forthcoming meeting with President Roosevelt. 30 Dec 1942
25 CHAR 20/85/81 Revised proof of document circulated to War Cabinet reciting text of telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt regarding production and shipping. 30 Dec 1942
25 CHAR 20/87/10 Telegram from WSC [Cairo, Egypt] to First Sea Lord [Admiral Sir Dudley Pound] marked "most secret and personal" asking for his best estimate of the position and arrival dates of the Sherman convoy ships. 07 Aug 1942
25 CHAR 20/87/15 Telegram from WSC [Cairo, Egypt] to Deputy Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] stating that it is indispensable to run further convoys to Northern Russia (PQ's) after Sep: "I cannot believe Admiralty resources will not admit of this as well as Torch [Codename for operations in French North West Africa].". 10 Aug 1942
25 CHAR 20/87/17 Telegram from WSC [Cairo, Egypt] to First Sea Lord [Admiral Dudley Pound] marked "most secret and personal" asking him for early information about "Pedestal" [Codename for major British convoy to Malta] if it can safely be sent to Moscow [Soviet Union], but requesting that it not be sent to Teheran [Iran]. 10 Aug 1942
25 CHAR 20/87/22 Telegram from WSC [Moscow, Soviet Union] to Deputy Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] regarding his need to mention the PQ convoys to Northern Russia, and asking for reassurance about the ability to send at least sixty ships in Sep. 13 Aug 1942
25 CHAR 20/87/24 Telegram from WSC [Moscow, Soviet Union] to First Sea Lord [Admiral Dudley Pound] thanking him for his message regarding the convoy to Malta, and asking for a fuller account of the operation as soon as possible Annotated. 14 Aug 1942
25 CHAR 20/87/34 Telegram from WSC [Moscow, Soviet Union] to First Sea Lord [Admiral Dudley Pound] thanking him for his telegram [regarding the convoy to Malta] and stating that the "Prolongation of life of Malta was worth the heavy cost.". 15 Aug 1942
25 CHAR 20/87/47 Telegram from WSC [Cairo, Egypt] to First Lord of the Admiralty [Albert Alexander, later Lord Alexander of Hillsborough] and First Sea Lord [Admiral Dudley Pound] asking them to convey his compliments to Admiral Neville Syfret, Admiral Harold Burrough, Admiral Lumley Lyster and all officers and men engaged "in the magnificent crash through of supplies to Malta", and commenting on the reports in the papers regarding the number of enemy aircraft shot down which do not take account of those shot down by carriers. 17 Aug 1942
25 CHAR 20/87/71 Telegram from WSC [Cairo, Egypt] to First Sea Lord [Admiral Dudley Pound] marked "most secret and personal" asking him to cable the latest news of the progress of the ships carrying the Sherman tanks Annotated, probably during writing of WSC's "The Second World War" c1948-1954. 21 Aug 1942
25 CHAR 20/104/1 Prime Minister's printed personal minutes, July 1943. 01 Jul 1943 - 31 Jul 1943
25 CHAR 20/109/102 Telegram from WSC to Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood, later Lord Irwin, British Ambassador in the United States] marked 'personal and secret' with a message for [Harry] Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] in which he confirms his understanding that the US will ship seven million tons to Britain by the end of November 1943 and that this is the limit of the US undertaking, but asks for allowance to be made for sinkings because the seven million tons is vital and is 'our absolute minimum.' Typescript. 9 Apr 1943
25 CHAR 20/109/107 Telegram from WSC to Marshal Stalin marked 'most secret and personal' in which he reports that 375 Hurricanes and 285 Airocobras and Kittyhawks for Russia were in the cancelled convoys (JW 54 and 55); discusses the practical difficulties in arranging for the aircraft and accompanying spare parts to be transported to Russia; offers a maximum of 60 Hurricane IID airoplanes, discussing their advantages and successes against Rommel's tanks in Tunisia; and reassures Stalin that he is determined to get the aircraft to him "as soon as it is humanly possible". Typescript. 10 Apr 1943
25 CHAR 20/109/116 Telegram from WSC to Marshal Stalin marked 'personal and most secret' reporting that the Nazi-Fascist forces are falling back to Enfidaville [Enfida, Tunisia], that the Eighth Army is pushing northwards, that over 200,000 of the enemy are "in the net", 25,000 prisoners taken and 5-10,000 killed; on successful air raids on Duisberg and Frankfurt [Germany] of which he has sent a film and photographs to please the Russian soldiers; and his hopes to push some fast ships to the Persian Gulf carrying special priority cargoes including drugs and medical appliances purchases by CSC's Fund. He notes that the [Aid to Russia] Fund will shortly reach 3,000,000 pounds and is proof of "the warm regard of the British people for the Russian people". Typescript. 11 Apr 1943
25 CHAR 20/173/103 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" requesting assent for publication of British, Allied and neutral merchant shipping losses since the outbreak of war. 25 Oct 1944
25 CHAR 20/173/112 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Top Secret" stating that he has no objection to the publication of shipping losses up to and including December 1943, but does not want losses after that date published. 27 Oct 1944
25 CHAR 20/174/95 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Secret" informing him of the suggested text for the October anti-U-boat statement. Copy. 07 Nov 1944
25 CHAR 20/174/108 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" asking for a slight amendment to the October anti-U-boat statement. 08 Nov 1944
25 CHAR 20/175/37 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Secret" stating that publication of shipping losses will not include those lost since 1 January 1944. 18 Nov 1944

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