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Results 1 to 250 (sorted by score)

Score Reference Record Date
25 CHAR 2/17/31-32 Letter from Douglas M Gane (456 Great St Helen's, [London]) to WSC asserting that in view of the growth of French power on the Atlantic coast of Morocco Britain should have safeguarded her communications with Cape Colony [South Africa] by obtaining the right to use the port of Santa Cruz de Tenerife [Canary Islands], which could have been done by including Spain in the recent Anglo-French agreement. 16 Apr 1904
25 CHAR 2/22/84 Letter from 5th Lord Rosebery (Villa Rosebery, Posilipo, Naples, [Italy]) to WSC denying that he was referring to WSC or David Lloyd-George in pointing out that active speech-making rather than proof of administrative ability leads to appointment to high government office. Criticises Lloyd- George for having reportedly claimed that the Government is pursuing a Liberal foreign policy. 04 May 1905
25 CHAR 2/33/12 Note by [?Sir Edward Grey, later Lord Grey of Fallodon] (Foreign Office) on a letter referring to British policy in Asia Minor. [1908]
25 CHAR 2/36/43 Letter from WSC (Board of Trade) to Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] denying that he has tried to usurp the position of the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Grey in the area of foreign policy. Draft in WSC's hand. 24 Dec 1908
25 CHAR 2/36/47-48 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] (Fallodon, Christon Bank, Northumberland) to WSC justifying his warning to WSC to be careful about discussing foreign policy with prominent politicians in France. 26 Dec 1908
25 CHAR 2/52/59 Letter from Sir John French [later Lord French and Lord Ypres] (22 North Audley Street, Grosvenor Square, [London]) to WSC enclosing military maps and a pamphlet on the Normandy peninsula [France] to illustrate his recent remarks on the strength of an Anglo- French military alliance. 23 Jul 1911
25 CHAR 2/53/33-34 Letter from Sir Arthur Nicolson [later 1st Lord Carnock] (Foreign Office) to WSC on the threatened occupation by Italy of Tripoli [Libya] and the possible response of Turkey and Germany. Thinks the occupation will expedite the settlement of the Morocco question [the Agadir crisis] and that Britain shoud remain neutral. 28 Sep 1911
25 CHAR 2/53/85 Letter from William Royle (Elmwood, Rusholme, [Manchester]) to WSC reporting dissatisfaction among Liberal ranks with the Government's hostile attitude towards Germany and its subservient policy towards Russia with regard to Persia. 18 Dec 1911
25 CHAR 2/53/86-87 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to William Royle citing the growth of German naval power as the reason why Britain should not antagonise Russia in Persia. Warns that France may be forced into war with Germany to avoid national humiliation, but hopes that the rise of democratic forces in Germany and the recovery of Russia after her disasters in Manchuria [China] will lessen the threat of German aggression. Signed and annotated typescript copy. 20 Dec 1911
25 CHAR 2/53/95 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] (Foreign Office) to WSC returning a draft [?of a letter by WSC defending the Government's foreign policy; see CHAR 2/53/86-87], agreeing with the point about German naval expenditure and asserting that the Manchester Guardian and others have incorrectly assessed the increase in Britain's political responsibility in northern Persia following the Anglo-Russian agreement. 20 Dec 1911
25 CHAR 2/56/88 Letter from Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] (4 Carlton Gardens, Pall Mall, [London]) to WSC stating that he has written to Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] [about the European situation]. 13 Jun 1912
25 CHAR 2/57/64-68 Letter from Irene Noel (Hotel Continental, Athens, [Greece]) to WSC reporting that Eleutherios Venezelos of Greece is to visit Britain for talks. Outlines the Greek position on Salonika and on self-government for Albania and urges the British government not to give too much support to Bulgaria as opposed to Greece. Asks that Admiral Tufnell be replaced by a more efficient man to command the navy in Greece. 07 Dec 1912
25 CHAR 2/57/75 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [later Lord Grey of Fallodon] (14 Sloane Gardens, [London]) to David Lloyd George reporting on the meeting of European ambassadors and on peace negotiations between Turkey and the Balkan states. Copy. Sent with CHAR 2/57/74. 21 Dec 1912
25 CHAR 2/62/119 Letter from Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord Quickswood] (House of Commons) to WSC criticising the Government's foreign policy of the Triple Entente and explaining why he avoids meeting WSC. [Dec] [1913]
25 CHAR 2/64/3 Letter from Arthur Ponsonby (House of Commons) to WSC reporting the strong feeling among Liberal MPs that Britain should not be drawn into war. Typescript copy of this letter at CHAR 2/64/4. 31 Jul 1914
25 CHAR 2/64/5 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Arthur Ponsonby agreeing that Britain should remain neutral as long as her own interests or treaty obligations are not involved but adding that a German attack on France or Belgium would change the current position. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. A typescript copy at CHAR 2/64/6. 31 Jul 1914
25 CHAR 2/64/7 Letter from Lord Robert Cecil [later Lord Cecil of Chelwood] (Hatfield House, Hertfordshire) to WSC assuring him of the support of the Unionist Party if the Government decide to despatch an expeditionary force to Europe. Typescript copy of this letter at CHAR 2/64/8. 01 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 2/111/127 Note from WSC to [Austen Chamberlain]: "this is all working up to you." With Chamberlain's reply that his budget is destroyed whatever [? foreign] policy is adopted because there is no policy which can be carried out within the estimates. [Dec] [1920]
25 CHAR 2/122/86-87 Letter from H A Gwynne (The Morning Post, 346 Strand, [London]) to WSC urging him to protest against David Lloyd George's policy at the Genoa Conference of allowing the aggrandisement of Russia and Germany at the expense of France. 24 Apr 1922
25 CHAR 2/122/94 Letter from WSC to H A Gwynne arguing that the Bolsheviks will use their attendance at the Genoa Conference for propaganda purposes at home and that in the unlikely event of their reaching an agreement at the Conference, bringing the threat of a rift between Britain and France, "a very grave issue will be raised on which in the first instance the Cabinet must pronounce." Carbon typescript copy. 27 Apr 1922
25 CHAR 2/122/118-120 Letter from WSC (Colonial Office) to "Eddie" [17th Lord Derby] arguing that it is a delicate time to speak about Anglo-French relations because France may invade the Ruhr [Germany] and that Britain should have used her influence to prevent such an event rather than "quarrelling with France for not pandering to the Bolshevists". Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 08 May 1922
25 CHAR 2/124B/143-144 Letter from WSC to Lord Balfour [earlier Arthur Balfour] on: the danger of the Coalition breaking up when unity is essential to meet the challenge of the Labour Party; the inclination of 1st Lord Birkenhead [earlier F E Smith] and [David Lloyd George] to have a general election in October; the evidence from Scotland that the longer the election was postponed the worse it would be for the Coalition; WSC's reluctant agreement to an October election; the forthcoming meeting at Chequers to plan the campaign, dealing with foreign policy, unemployment, agriculture, Ireland, the Government's tackling of post-war reconstruction and the damage done by strikes and the withdrawal of eight labour members from the Government. Draft in the hand of Edward Marsh. 12 Sep 1922
25 CHAR 2/164/93-100 Letter from [Lord Cecil of Chelwood, earlier Lord Robert Cecil] (Holker Hall, Cark-in-Cartmell, Lancashire) arguing [with reference to the "The Aftermath", the last volume of "The World Crisis"] that David Lloyd George was in a very powerful position at the end of the war and need not have been induced by the press to stand for a punitive peace settlement. Recalls the attitude of various statesmen to the work of the League of Nations Commission and the question of the establishment of mandates. 08 Jan 1929
25 CHAR 2/234/2-3 Letter from WSC to [George Trevelyan] on how many letters he has of Edward Grey's [1st Lord Grey of Fallodon] for Trevelyan to use in his biography of Grey, and Grey's role as Foreign Secretary in resisting Germany in 1914. Unsigned copy. 03 Jan 1935
25 CHAR 2/236/122-124 Letter from Desmond Morton (Earlylands, Crockham Hill, Edenbridge, Kent) to WSC, congratulating him on his speech [on the Anglo-German Naval Agreement], "recalling attention to the fact that Germany remains the true menace to European peace", and remarking on how those ministers previously mildly opposed to the anti-German attitude have reversed their positions. He also points out the Foreign Secretary [Sir Samuel Hoare, later 1st Lord Templewood]'s sudden change of attitude, the lunacy of the current policy on Italy and Abyssinia [later Ethiopia] and the need for a restatement of the situation with Germany. Manuscript. 12 Jul 1935
25 CHAR 2/237/157 Letter from Leo Amery (112 Eaton Square, London SW1) to WSC, sending copy of book [? The Forward View], explaining his opposition to the League of Nations as a coercive body. 25 Oct 1935
25 CHAR 2/237/163-165 Letter from Desmond Morton, Crookham Hill, Edenbridge, Kent, to WSC, congratulations on speech in the House of Commons on German re-armament, commenting that Germany had not liked the speech "but resentfully admired it in private". Also commenting that League of Nations sanctions were becoming a mockery, and that although Britain should continue to support the League it should not overrate the League's power "when opposed to that of Germany whose strength and cunning, compared with Italy, are the attributes of a Bengal tiger compared with those of a common tom-cat (and not even a ginger one either!)". 26 Oct 1935
25 CHAR 2/237/166-167 Letter from Captain Gerald Muirhead-Gould, Naval Attache, British Embassy, Berlin, (sent from Warsaw, Poland) to WSC, praising his speech of 24 Oct in the House of Commons on German re-armament. Commenting that he had to wait until he left Germany before sending the letter, as the Germans were so annoyed with WSC for telling the truth that no letters addressed to WSC would have got out of the country. Also commenting that the Germans feared that WSC would become First Lord of the Admiralty or Minister of Defence. 28 Oct 1935
25 CHAR 2/237/182-184 Letter from Roy Harrod, Christ Church, Oxford, to WSC, on the international situation, particularly the need to offer "something reasonable, even generous, to Italy". Also commenting on the Oxford Union's "won't fight" debate, stating that the "won't fight" brigade were "precisely all that is best in the country. They are willing to fight and die - more willing than any generation has been - but not for outworn causes". 31 Oct 1935
25 CHAR 2/238/6-10 Letter from William Athelstan-Johnson, Albemarle Street, London to WSC, on the political situation in Germany, and the international situation. 01 Nov 1935
25 CHAR 2/238/17 Letter from WSC to Roy Harrod, on the harm done by the Oxford Union resolution [that "this House would not fight for King and Country"]. Commenting that it played a traceable part in feelings of contempt for Britain "which led Mussolini into adventures so perilous to him and to us all". Also commenting that he had declared himself against handing over British Colonies to the League of Nations "as if they were cattle we could no longer afford to look after ourselves" and predicting that "we are entering a period of violent convulsion". [Carbon]. 05 Nov 1935
25 CHAR 2/238/19-22 Letter from Cecil L'Estrange Malone, Phene Street, Chelsea SW3 to WSC, enclosing cuttings from the Northampton Chronicle and Echo, on his decision not to stand as Labour candidate for Northampton in the forthcoming General Election, because of his disagreement with the Party's foreign policy. 05 Nov 1935
25 CHAR 2/238/31 Letter from Roy Harrod, Christ Church, Oxford, to WSC, on the international situation, particularly the Italo-Abyssinian dispute. 09 Nov 1935
25 CHAR 2/238/32 Letter from Pierre Flandin, Ministre d'Etat, Paris to WSC, congratulations on election victory. 10 Nov 1935
25 CHAR 2/238/33-36 Letter from C Collingwood Townshend, Chalfont St Giles, Bucks, to WSC, on the international situation [with note by Violet Pearman that it was not answered]. 10 Nov 1935
25 CHAR 2/238/121-122 Letter from Brendan Bracken, 20 Bishopsgate, London EC2 to WSC, commenting on the "political earthquake", a debate in the House of Commons on the "Hoare-Laval-Abyssinian plan. Stating that Stanley Baldwin was "incoherent, and his face a study in misery", "Duff [Cooper, Later Lord Norwich] looked as if he had just had a stroke" and that the only Ministers who looked pleased were "Neville Chamberlain (Samuel Hoare's principal backer in the Cabinet)" and John Simon, who of course was delighted that Hoare and Anthony Eden (later Lord Avon) "should be discredited". "Hoare had let the Government down "with a resounding bang", and the rage of the Government's press supporters like Geoffrey Dawson (The Times) and Lord Camrose "can hardly be described". Commenting that Eden was bitterly resentful, but would not resign, and that Baldwin was greatly discredited "the leader's feet are worse than clay, or even dung" Stating that he was delighted by events "Baldwin is a disingenuous and ungenerous dud" - at times of difficulty he "wavers and is pulled along by forceful or ruthless men like Chamberlain and Hoare". 11 Dec 1935
25 CHAR 2/238/126-127 Telegram from Randolph Churchill to WSC, on the political situation. Reporting that the Government were standing firm on the peace proposals, and were bound to get a reasonable majority in debate in the House of Commons. Advising him to remain in Spain and not return for the debate. 17 Dec 1935
25 CHAR 2/238/128-130 Letter from Randolph Churchill, May Fair Hotel, Berkeley Street, London W1 to WSC, on the political situation. Stating that WSC had made a wise decision to remain in Spain, as the Government would win the debate in the House of Commons "There will be a large number of abstentions, but few Conservatives will go into the Lobby against the Government". Reporting that the authors of this "shameful surrender" Stanley Baldwin, Samuel Hoare (later Lord Templewood) and Sir Robert Vansittart intended to raise the cry that they had saved the country from war, "a war which we might have lost". Stating that the county as a whole were horrified by the Italo-Abyssinian peace proposals, and the Government would never recover the prestige they had lost in the last week. Predicting that there would be no resignations from the Cabinet, but that Duff Cooper [later Lord Norwich] felt most keenly and was most likely to go. "All the disgruntled elements in the Cabinet will wish for your inclusion as an offset to Baldwin". Reporting that "The Times" had broken with the Government and was pursuing a "very excellent line" and that Brendan Bracken was torn between his desire to see "sanctions terminated and Baldwin exterminated". 17 Dec 1935
25 CHAR 2/238/135-138 Letter from Desmond Morton to WSC, on the political situation, particularly the Hoare-Laval peace terms. Commenting that he had canvassed friends in Government, who agreed that the terms were "sound", the concessions to Italy were within the limits of the original proposals of the Council of Five. "In spite of certain obvious faults we greatly prefer Italians to Ethiopians, who,...are far from being either Christians or civilised." Stating that Baldwin had sacrificed his friend [Hoare], not because Hoare had made an error, but because he believed "it was the only hope of saving his own skin". Commenting that the name of Baldwin was "mud", and there was an "astonishing reaction" against all politicians. "Were we at all inclined to fascism, now would be the time for a march on London", and that it was for the best that WSC was abroad, and took no part in the debates. 20 Dec 1935
25 CHAR 2/251/2 Letter from Samuel Hoare [later Lord Templewood], Hotel Castell, Zuoz, Switzerland to WSC, thanks for letter on his resignation as Foreign Secretary. Commenting that he was not prepared to risk a European War "with French opinion overwhelmingly opposed to it". Stating that he continued to be worried by the "indifference of the British world to the dangers that you and I foresee only too clearly". 02 Jan 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/59 Letter from Anthony Eden (later Lord Avon), Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, thanks for speech in House of Commons on 8 Nov WSC spoke on the need for a precise plan in foreign policy. 09 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/60 Letter from Joseph Beck, Polish Minister for Foreign Affairs, sending gift of book by the late Marshal Joseph Pilsudsky. 09 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/65 Letter from WSC to Lady Houston, thanks for letter on the League of Nations, stating that he had very carefully considered the course he was taking from the view of the "safety of England from the German Nazi menace", and that he shared her regrets for the "misguided policy of the MacDonald-Badwin regime" in defence and external affairs [carbon]. 09 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/68-70 Letter from Ivan Maisky, Soviet Ambassador to Britain, commenting on WSC's speech in Foreign Affairs debate in the House of Commons, rejecting the claim that the Soviet Union was primarily responsible for the outbreak of civil war in Spain. Stating that the German and Italian governments had set to work to foster anti-republican propaganda, and to prepare military rebellion against the republican Government, and that it would be truer to say that German propaganda and intrigue was largely responsible for the outbreak of the civil war. 10 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/81 Letter from WSC to Sir Guy Fleetwood Wilson, thanks for letter on the international situation, commenting that he was "trying to marshal all the forces I can to prevent this coming war and to strengthen Britain" [carbon]. 13 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/83 Letter from WSC to Sir Archibald Boyd-Carpenter MP, thanks for letter of congratulation on speech in Defence debate in the House of Commons, commenting that he had never heard "such a squalid confession from a public man" as Stanley Baldwin had offered [Baldwin had been seeking to explain why he had not rearmed more forcefully between the autumn 1933 and summer 1935] [carbon]. 13 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/84 Letter from Sir Archibald Boyd-Carpenter MP to WSC, congratulations on speech in the Defence debate in the House of Commons. Commenting on the "pathetic effort of SB which makes one feel almost ill" [Stanley Baldwin had been seeking to explain why he had not rearmed more forcefully between the autumn 1933 and summer 1935]. 13 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/94-95 Letter from Sir Leo Chiozza Money, Bramley, Surrey, to WSC, on the international situation, particularly WSC's speech in the Defence debate in the House of Commons. 14 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/96 Letter from Major-General Sir Hugh Tudor to WSC on rearmament, particularly speech in Defence debate in the House of Commons and Stanley Baldwin's reasons for not rearming more forcefully between 1933 and 1935. 14 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/109-111 Letter from Eleanor Rathbone MP to WSC, asking for meeting to discuss a campaign in favour of collective security through the League of Nations, enclosing cutting of her letter to the Manchester Guardian on the Government's European Policy. 18 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/113-114 Letter from Lucy, Lady Houston, Byron Cottage, Hampstead Heath, to WSC, on the international situation particularly his support for the League of Nations and "that awful little ass Mr Eden - who isn't fit to black your shoes". [Nov] 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/115 Letter from WSC to Lucy, Lady Houston, on the international situation, commenting that if the League of Nations was to be based on weak and disarmed nations he would share her prejudices, but that what was proposed was an association of strong and well armed states to resist an aggressor, and that Britain should be made strong again as fast as possible [carbon]. 18 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/123-126 Letter from Sir John Chancellor, Hyde Park Square, London W2 to WSC, 19 Nov 1936, enclosing copy of White Paper Cmd 1700 Palestine: Correspondence with the Palestine Arab Delegation and the Zionist Organisation, [Feb-June 1922], published June 1922, commenting that the most important documents were No.5, the Colonial Office's letter to the Zionist Organisation, and its enclosure, WSC's Statement of British Policy in Palestine. Feb 1922 - 19 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/260/167-168 Letter from WSC to Anthony Eden, [later Lord Avon], Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, reporting that it had been suggested that at his forthcoming meeting at the Royal Albert Hall he should propose intervention by the League of Nations in Spain. Commenting that he wished to keep in step with the Foreign Office, suggesting meeting to discuss the matter [carbon]. 27 Nov 1936
25 CHAR 2/261/5-6 Letter from Henry Wickham Steed, Lansdowne House, Holland Park, London W11 to WSC, reporting conversation with the German writer and philosopher F W Foerster on the international situation, particularly relations between Germany, France and the Soviet Union. 02 Dec 1936
25 CHAR 2/262/2 Cutting from The Morning Post - The International Situation - What he Public Ought to Know. 15 Jan 1936
25 CHAR 2/262/3-7 Cutting from The Morning Post - National Defence: The Whole Truth - What the Country is not Told - Inside Story of the Peace Crisis. 16 Jan 1936
25 CHAR 2/262/8-11 Cutting from The Morning Post - The Facts About the Fleet - Shortage of Men, Ships, Shells and Oil. 17 Jan 1936
25 CHAR 2/262/12 Cutting from The Morning Post - Germany, France and Italy - reactions of "Morning Post Disclosures" [on the inadequacy of Britain's defences]. 17 Jan 1936
25 CHAR 2/262/13-16 Cutting from The Morning Post - What They Say - Views of the Men Who Know - comments on the disclosures by the Morning Post of the inadequacy of Britain's defences by The Archbishop of York (William Temple), Admiral of the Fleet Lord Beatty, Lord Tyrrell, Lord Milne, Sir Austen Chamberlain, Lord Winterton, Admiral of the Fleet Sir Roger Keyes, Sir Edward Grigg (later Lord Altrincham) and Sir Arnold Wilson. 17 Jan 1936
25 CHAR 2/262/28-29 Cutting from The News Chronicle - Sir Samuel Hoare's Defence to his Constituency - Could not Refuse Ambassador's Insistent Request to Call on Laval in Paris - giving the text of personal statement by Sir Samuel Hoare (later Lord Templewood) defending his action in negotiating the Hoare-Laval Peace Plan. 07 Feb 1936
25 CHAR 2/262/30 Cutting from the Sunday Express - column - Politicians and Politics by Peter Howard. 09 Feb 1936
25 CHAR 2/262/44 Cutting from the Evening Standard - article by WSC "Stop it Now", on the international situation. 03 Apr 1936
25 CHAR 2/262/45-47 Memorandum - "Consequences, from the military point of view, of an evolution of the international situation of Belgium from that defined by the Treaty of Locarno", author unknown. [1936]
25 CHAR 2/262/62 Printed speech by Sir John Simon, Home Secretary, in the House of Commons "Why Sanctions Should Cease", explaining the Government's belief that following the end of the Italo-Abyssinian War there was "no longer any utility in continuing sanctions". Published by the Liberal National Organization. 23 Jun 1936
25 CHAR 2/328 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938
25 CHAR 2/329 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 01 Apr 1938 - 31 May 1938
25 CHAR 2/331 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 01 Aug 1938 - 30 Sep 1938
25 CHAR 2/331/4 Letter from [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain [Prime Minister] (The Manor House, Great Durnford, Salisbury [Wiltshire]) to WSC, thanking him for his letter and for sending some papers [notes of an interview between WSC and a Major von Kleist, on Germany's intentions towards Czechoslovakia, with a letter given by WSC to von Kleist describing what Britain's reaction would be to an invasion of Czechoslovakia]. Chamberlain writes that he had actually already seen them, as 1st Lord Halifax [Foreign Secretary, earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin] had shown them to him, but hopes that WSC's letter would help. He also says that the latest information from Prague was rather more encouraging. 26 Aug 1938
25 CHAR 2/332 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 10 May 1938 - 31 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 2/333 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 31 Oct 1938 - 06 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 2/334 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 16 Oct 1938 - 31 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 2/335 Public and Political: General: Various Papers. Jul 1937 - May 1939
25 CHAR 2/340A-B Public and Political: General: Germany and the European Situation: Memoranda. 19 Aug 1937 - 23 Nov 1938
25 CHAR 2/346 Public and Political: General: Resignation of Foreign Secretary. 26 Jan 1938 - 25 Feb 1938
25 CHAR 2/359 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 01 May 1939 - 30 Jun 1939
25 CHAR 2/360 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 12 Jun 1939 - 31 Jul 1939
25 CHAR 2/361A-B Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 19 Jul 1939 - 31 Aug 1939
25 CHAR 2/373 Public and Political: General: Foreign policy: Germany: Memoranda. 01 Jan 1939 - 27 May 1939
25 CHAR 2/376 Public and Political: General: Defence of Freedom and Peace Union: correspondence mainly with A H Richards [General Organising Secretary of the Anti-Nazi Council]. Dec 1938 - Sep 1939
25 CHAR 2/378 Public and Political: General: correspondence mainly with representatives of the League of Nations Union at a national and local level. Feb 1939 - Aug 1939
25 CHAR 2/389A-B Public and Political: General: press cuttings of articles, letters, and leader comments, on the international situation and British politics, mainly from national and local British newspapers and magazines, such as the Times, the Daily Mail, the Daily Telegraph, the Manchester Guardian, the Illustrated London News, and Picture Post, as well as United States and German articles. Dec 1938 - Oct 1939
25 CHAR 2/439 Public and Political: General: correspondence and papers, mainly on books concerning WSC and Christmas wishes from international figures. Jan 1942 - Dec 1942
25 CHAR 2/463 Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, A-B, many on WSC's health, his travels abroad, and offering support for his leadership. [please note that most of the file dates from 1943]. Mar 1941 - Aug 1947
25 CHAR 2/552 Public and Political: General: General Election: Position of Professor Laski, Chairman of the Labour Party. 02 Jun 1945 - 03 Jul 1945
25 CHAR 2/554 Public and Political: General: General Election: Manifestos. Jun 1945
25 CHAR 2/577 Public and Political: General: London naval agreement. 22 Apr 1930 - 05 Jul 1930
25 CHAR 2/588 Public and Political: General: Committee to promote Hapsburg claims. May 1931 - Sep 1932
25 CHAR 2/602A-B Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public on the Munich Crisis, Germany and Czechoslovakia; mostly supporting WSC's stance, some offering their services. Sep 1938 - Oct 1938
25 CHAR 2/603A-B Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, mostly supporting WSC's stance. 01 Oct 1938 - 06 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 2/604A-B Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, mostly supporting WSC's stance, some offering their services. 07 Oct 1938 - 24 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 2/605A-B Public and Political: General: correspondence, mostly on the Munich Crisis, from the general public in Britain and abroad, mostly supporting WSC's stance. Oct 1938 - Jan 1939
25 CHAR 2/606A-C Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, Germany and Czechoslovakia; mostly supporting WSC's stance and criticising the policies of Neville Chamberlain's government, some offering their services. 16 Sep 1938 - 01 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 2/607A-C Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public in Britain and abroad on the Munich Crisis, Germany and Czechoslovakia; mostly supporting WSC and his fellow critics of Neville Chamberlain's policy towards Adolf Hitler. 02 Oct 1938 - 07 Nov 1938
25 CHAR 2/608A-C Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public abroad, mainly from the United States, on the Munich Crisis, Germany, Czechoslovakia, and other aspects of the international situation; mostly supporting WSC's stance, praising his speeches and broadcasts. 14 Sep 1938 - 18 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 2/609A-B Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public mainly abroad, particularly the United States, on the Munich Crisis, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Anglo-American relations and other international affairs; mostly supporting WSC's stance, praising his broadcasts and articles, some making appeals concerning personal matters. 19 Oct 1938 - 05 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 5/28A/20-30 Copy of a letter from WSC to J C Robertson [President, Dundee Liberal Association to be read out on WSC's behalf to electors] on subjects including: criticism of the Conservative government; the position of the House of Commons with 4 Secretaries of State in the House of Lords; his hope to be adopted as their parliamentary candidate as a "Liberal and a Free Trader"; socialism; commitments in Mesopotamia [Iraq] and Palestine and WSC's responsibility for reducing expenditure; his pride in his involvement with the Irish Treaty Settlement and hopes that Ulster will "render in her own way and at her own time an enormous service to the British empire"; and his pride in policies which have prevented the Turks starting another war in Europe; loyalty to David Lloyd George; and an appeal for the Liberal Association of Dundee to select and support him. Carbon typescript. 27 Oct 1922
25 CHAR 7 Political: Constituency: Epping [Essex] 1924 - 1945
25 CHAR 7/19 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence I-L. Jan 1935 - Dec 1935
25 CHAR 7/20 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence M-O. Jan 1935 - Dec 1935
25 CHAR 7/21 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence P. Jan 1935 - Dec 1935
25 CHAR 7/22 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence R-T. Jan 1935 - Dec 1935
25 CHAR 7/23A-B Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence U-Y. Jan 1935 - Dec 1935
25 CHAR 7/24 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: election materials. Nov 1935
25 CHAR 7/25 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence A-B. Jan 1936 - Dec 1936
25 CHAR 7/26 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence C-D. Jan 1936 - Dec 1936
25 CHAR 7/28 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence F-G. Jan 1936 - Dec 1936
25 CHAR 7/29 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence H. Jan 1936 - Dec 1936
25 CHAR 7/30 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence I-K. Dec 1935 - Dec 1936
25 CHAR 7/31 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence L-N. Jan 1936 - Dec 1936
25 CHAR 7/32 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence O-R. Jan 1936 - Dec 1936
25 CHAR 7/33 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence S-T. Jan 1936 - Dec 1936
25 CHAR 7/34A-B Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence W-Y. Jan 1936 - Dec 1936
25 CHAR 7/36 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence C-D. Jan 1937 - Dec 1937
25 CHAR 7/37 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence E-G. Jan 1937 - Dec 1937
25 CHAR 7/39 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence K-N. Jan 1937 - Dec 1937
25 CHAR 7/46 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence H. Jan 1938 - Dec 1938
25 CHAR 7/47A-B Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence I-L. Jan 1938 - Dec 1938
25 CHAR 7/48 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence M-P. Jan 1938 - Dec 1938
25 CHAR 7/49 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence Q-V. Jan 1938 - Dec 1938
25 CHAR 7/51 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence. Feb 1938 - Mar 1938
25 CHAR 7/52 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]. 26 Oct 1938 - 16 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 7/100 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence Wan. 17 Aug 1940 - 24 Jul 1945
25 CHAR 8/200B/202-206 "Shall we all commit suicide?" Sep 1924
25 CHAR 8/231 Literary: Articles. 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
25 CHAR 8/232 Literary: Articles. 01 Jan 1929 - 31 Dec 1929
25 CHAR 8/253 Literary: "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis". 1918
25 CHAR 8/254 Literary: "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis". 1928 - 1929
25 CHAR 8/255 Literary: "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis". 1924
25 CHAR 8/258 Literary: "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis". 1922 - 1929
25 CHAR 8/261 Literary: "The Aftermath", Volume 4 of "The World Crisis". 1917 - 1928
25 CHAR 8/279A-B Literary: Articles. 1930
25 CHAR 8/594 Literary: various correspondence. 14 Sep 1937 - 31 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 8/596 Literary: volume 4 of "Marlborough: His Life and Times": letters of congratulations and thanks for complimentary copies. 05 Sep 1938 - 23 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 8/598 Literary: "Arms and the Covenant": correspondence. 03 Apr 1938 - 11 Nov 1938
25 CHAR 8/599 Literary: "Arms and the Covenant" (and "Great Contemporaries"): letters of congratulations and thanks for complimentary copies. 06 Jan 1938 - 01 Jan 1939
25 CHAR 8/600 Literary: Evening Standard articles: correspondence. 13 Jan 1938 - 04 Nov 1938
25 CHAR 8/601 Literary: Daily Telegraph articles: correspondence. 04 Apr 1938 - 15 Nov 1938
25 CHAR 8/604 Literary: Collier's magazine articles: correspondence. 03 Feb 1938 - 30 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 8/607 Literary: Co-operation Press Service for International Understanding: business correspondence. 24 Dec 1937 - 27 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 8/609 Literary: various articles by WSC. Jan 1938 - Nov 1938
25 CHAR 8/610 Literary: Evening Standard articles by WSC. Jan 1938 - Sep 1938
25 CHAR 8/611 Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 1. Apr 1938 - Jun 1938
25 CHAR 8/612 Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 2. Jul 1938 - Sep 1938
25 CHAR 8/613 Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC 3. Oct 1938 - Dec 1938
25 CHAR 8/615 Literary: News of the World articles by WSC 2. May 1938 - Sep 1938
25 CHAR 8/621 Literary: Collier's magazine articles by WSC: 2. Nov 1938 - Apr 1940
25 CHAR 8/626 Literary: "A History of the English-Speaking Peoples": correspondence. 12 Dec 1938 - 27 Dec 1939
25 CHAR 8/628 Literary: "Step by Step": letters of congratulations and thanks for complimentary copies. 11 May 1939 - 09 Jul 1939
25 CHAR 8/638 Literary: Co-operation Press Service: business correspondence. 03 Jan 1939 - Dec 1939
25 CHAR 8/640 Literary: "While England Slept": abridged edition. Feb 1939
25 CHAR 8/641 Literary: various articles by WSC. c 1939
25 CHAR 8/645 Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC: 1. Jan 1939 - Mar 1939
25 CHAR 8/646 Literary: Daily Telegraph articles by WSC: 2. Apr 1939 - Jun 1939
25 CHAR 8/650 Literary: Daily Mirror articles by WSC. Jul 1939 - Aug 1939
25 CHAR 8/655 Literary: Picture Post articles. Mar 1939 - Aug 1939
25 CHAR 8/671 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 7. 29 Sep 1940 - 10 Nov 1940
25 CHAR 9/103 Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material. 16 Feb 1933 - 07 Nov 1933
25 CHAR 9/104 Speeches: speech notes and source material. Feb 1933 - 24 Apr 1933
25 CHAR 9/106 Speeches: speech notes and source material. 24 Jun 1933 - 17 Nov 1933
25 CHAR 9/111 Speeches: speech notes and source material. 01 Nov 1934 - 04 Dec 1934
25 CHAR 9/112A-B Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material. 11 Mar 1935 - 15 May 1935
25 CHAR 9/113 Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material. 22 May 1935 - 24 Oct 1935
25 CHAR 9/115A-B Speeches: speech notes and source material. 02 Mar 1935 - 12 Nov 1935
25 CHAR 9/116 Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material. 18 Dec 1935 - 10 Mar 1936
25 CHAR 9/117 Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material. 16 Mar 1936 - 30 Apr 1936
25 CHAR 9/120 Speeches: speech notes and other material. 14 Mar 1936 - 23 Jul 1936
25 CHAR 9/121 Speeches: speech notes and source material. 24 Sep 1936 - Dec 1936
25 CHAR 9/122 Speeches: speech notes and source material [1936 unless otherwise indicated]. 1936 - 1937
25 CHAR 9/123 Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material. 27 Jan 1937 - 24 May 1937
25 CHAR 9/124 Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes. 01 Jun 1937 - 21 Dec 1937
25 CHAR 9/125 Speeches: speech notes and source material. 18 Feb 1937 - 25 May 1937
25 CHAR 9/126 Speeches: speech notes and source material. 31 May 1937 - 20 Nov 1937
25 CHAR 9/128 Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and source material. 22 Feb 1938 - 24 Mar 1938
25 CHAR 9/130A-D Speeches: House of Commons and others: speech notes and source material [all dates below are 1938]. 1938 - 1939
25 CHAR 9/130/354-379 "A total and unmitigated defeat" 05 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 9/131 Speeches: speech notes and other material. 24 Feb 1938 - 17 May 1938
25 CHAR 9/132 Speeches: speech notes and other material. 23 May 1938 - Nov 1938
25 CHAR 9/133 Speeches: speech notes and source material. 28 Oct 1938 - 11 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 9/134A-B Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material. 21 Feb 1939 - 27 Apr 1939
25 CHAR 9/135A-B Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material. 19 May 1939 - 06 Dec 1939
25 CHAR 9/136 Speeches: speech notes and other material [dated 1939 unless otherwise indicated]. [Nov] [1938] - Apr 1939
25 CHAR 9/137 Speeches: speech notes and other material. 19 May 1939 - 28 Jun 1939
25 CHAR 9/138 Speeches: speech notes (some by WSC as First Lord of the Admiralty) and other material. 08 Aug 1939 - 24 Jan 1940
25 CHAR 9/148A-B Speeches: House of Commons: speech notes and other material. 09 Jul 1941 - 01 Oct 1941
25 CHAR 9/150A-B Speeches: speech notes and other material. 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 9/151 Speeches: speech notes and source material. 03 May 1941 - 26 Jun 1941
25 CHAR 9/152A-B Speeches: speech notes and other material. 14 Jul 1941 - 11 Nov 1941
25 CHAR 9/179A-B Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 25 Jun 1941 - 09 Sep 1941
25 CHAR 9/181A-B Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 09 Jan 1941 - 27 Apr 1941
25 CHAR 9/182A-B Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 05 May 1941 - 26 Dec 1941
25 CHAR 9/187A-B Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 08 Nov 1942 - 10 Dec 1942
25 CHAR 9/198A-B Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 13 Jul 1943 - 21 Apr 1944
25 CHAR 9/203A-B Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 30 Nov 1944 - 15 Dec 1944
25 CHAR 9/205A-D Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 01 Dec 1944 - 08 Feb 1945
25 CHAR 11/13 Official: Board of Trade: Anglo-French Commercial Relations: notes and papers. 22 Dec 1907 - 08 Nov 1909
25 CHAR 11/36 Official: Board of Trade: Baghdad Railway, Mesopotamia and Persian Gulf: notes and printed papers. 06 Jun 1905 - 24 Mar 1910
25 CHAR 12/4/40-41 Letter from WSC (Honor, Off Mytilene [Mitilini, Greece]) to Sir Edward Grey thanking him for taking over his "painful duties" [see CHAR 12/4/39]. WSC describes a decision over a capital case which he regrets, and speaks of the departmental work he has accomplished while on holiday. He describes the places he has visited (including Monte Carlo where he won o160), a meeting with Governor Mahmoud Muktar, and an incident in which de Forest [Count de Bendern] shot a seagull with a Mauser pistol. He says that he would like to discuss his extensive plans for the reform of prisons and punishment with Sir Edward. He ends with an observation based on his experiences "Why can't England and Germany come together in strong action & for general advantage?" Signed manuscript. 09 Sep 1910
25 CHAR 12/10/64 Letter from Lord Knollys [Private Secretary to King George V] (Buckingham Palace) to WSC thanking him on behalf of the King for sending him an account of the "German-Morocco" question [the sending of a gun boat to Agadir by Germany] and expressing the King's approval of Parliament's support of the Government's foreign policy. Signed manuscript. 27 Jul 1911
25 CHAR 12/10/80-84 Letter from Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office) to WSC marked "confidential". Subjects covered include: analysis of the condition of the Baltic corn market which demonstrates the effects of crop failure in Germany, not that Germany is preparing for war; lack of increased insurance for war risks which would precede war; analysis of the position of German troops near the Belgian frontier who are suffering from dysentery and the threat posed by the position of the German fleet at Skagen [Denmark]. Signed manuscript. 07 Sep 1911
25 CHAR 12/15/33-34 Letter from WSC (Home Office) to King Edward VII describing events in the House of Commons including: continuing discussion of the Army estimates and WSC's speech on whether the land force is sufficient for the needs of the country. 09 Mar 1910
25 CHAR 12/15/35-39 Letter from WSC (Home Office) to King Edward VII describing events in the House of Commons including: the fact that the Vote on Account approved by the House of Commons will supply the Government for six weeks and is therefore indicative of the Government's uncertain position and the financial powers of the House of Commons; reaction by Austen Chamberlain and F E Smith [later Lord Birkenhead] to the Government's decision; Sir Edward Grey's statement of Foreign Office policy on the Belgian annexation of the Congo; and WSC's opinions on the naval estimates which are due to be discussed and on Reginald McKenna's ship-building programme. 11 Mar 1910
25 CHAR 13/9/1 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on his conversation with Count Paul Metternich [German Ambassador to Britain], stating that negotiations with Germany were on an amicable footing, and he was reluctant to publish any papers about naval matters that might give rise to controversy. 13 Apr 1912
25 CHAR 13/9/31 Letter from "H of C" [1st Lord Haldane, Secretary of State for War] to WSC on naval policy in the Mediterranean, and its effect on the Foreign Office and War Office. 05 May 1912
25 CHAR 13/10/19-21 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] (Fallodon, Lesbury, Northumberland), to WSC, enclosing a letter from Sir Louis Mallet [Assistant Under-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs], (Foreign Office), on the pros and cons of sending a British naval squadron to Trieste [Italy], in the autumn, particularly the risks to relations with Austria and Italy; annotated by WSC: "It certainly sums up the cons very effectively". 10 Aug 1912 - 13 Aug 1912
25 CHAR 13/19/95 Letter from David Lloyd George [Chancellor of the Exchequer] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on that day's Cabinet discussion on the political and military situation in Eastern Europe: Lloyd George passes on the Cabinet's decision not to send in ships if France and Russia did not, in order to give Austria a free hand; explains his fears that a naval failure could mean the end of the Triple Entente; and his decision to support the policy of Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary]. [Marked "Secret", hand-written (not by Lloyd George), but signed by him]. 03 Apr 1913
25 CHAR 13/20/5-9 Letter from Vice-Admiral Sir Cecil Burney, Senior Officer and President, International Commission administering the town of Scutari [Shkoder, Albania], to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the political and military situation in the area. [Hand-written, with typed transcript]. 15 Jun 1913
25 CHAR 13/26/111-113 Memorandum by Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] giving reasons against WSC's possible meeting with Grand- Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz [Head of the German Navy]; also includes Grey's draft telegram to Sir [William] Edward Goschen [British Ambassador to Germany] declining the meeting. [Typescript draft by WSC]. 25 May 1913
25 CHAR 13/27B/75 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Lewis Harcourt [Secretary of State for the Colonies] regretting that there was no cruiser available to visit the island of Yap [in the Caroline Islands, Pacific Ocean], which had been taken over [from Germany] by Japan. WSC states that there was no military reason to eject the Japanese, and that the Admiralty would strongly deprecate any suspicious or ungracious act towards Japan. [Typescript copy]. 18 Oct [1914]
25 CHAR 13/29/125 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] on Austria's declaration of war on Japan. WSC suggests that the Japanese Government be sounded out on the possibility of sending a battle squadron to the Mediterranean, stating that there was reason to believe that Japan would take the invitation as a compliment. [Typescript copy on Colonial Office notepaper]. 29 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/33/34-52 Diary of a visit by 1st Lord Haldane [Secretary of State for War] to Berlin [Germany], 8-9 Feb 1912. Includes accounts of Haldane's conversations with: the Chancellor of Germany [Theobald von Bethmann Hollweg], on the balance of power in Europe, the increase in the British and German fleets and territorial questions in Africa; the Emperor [Kaiser Wilhelm II] and Grand-Admiral Alfred von Tirpitz [Head of the German Admiralty] on German naval increases; and with J Cambon [? French Ambassador to Germany] on Britain's intentions towards Germany and France. Also includes sketch of a formula for keeping the balance of power, and German proposals for relations with Britain in Persia [Iran], Turkey and Africa. [Carbon]. 08 Feb 1912 - 12 Feb 1912
25 CHAR 13/35/58 Telegram from Henry Beaumont, [Counsellor, British Embassy, Constantinople (later Istanbul)] reporting his conversation with the Grand Vizier, on Turkey's undertaking to remain neutral in the European War, and also on the German presence in Turkish ships. Includes note by WSC stating that this uncertainty would not do, and that a protest must be made to the Foreign Office. [Carbon]. 16 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/37/72 Telegram from Henry Beaumont, [Counsellor, British Embassy, Constantinople (later Istanbul)] reporting his conversation with the Grand Vizier, on Turkey's undertaking to remain neutral in the European War, and also on the German presence in Turkish ships. Includes note by WSC stating that this uncertainty would not do, and that a protest must be made to the Foreign Office. [Carbon]. 16 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/37/84 Telegram from Foreign Office to Sir Louis Mallett [British Ambassador to Turkey], suggesting that he point out to the Turkish Government that as soon as the German officers and men ceased to control the Turkish Navy the British fleet would move away. Also that it was the Germans who were keeping the Dardanelles closed to the great detriment of Turkey. [Carbon]. 04 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/37/85-86 Telegram from Sir Louis Mallett [British Ambassador to Turkey] to the Foreign Office, on the closure of the Dardanelles and Turkey's policy towards Germany. [Carbon]. 05 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/37/90-91 Telegram from the Foreign Office to Sir Louis Mallett, [British Ambassador to Turkey], on the Russian decision to recall their Ambassador in Constantinople [later Istanbul], and on Britain's response to Turkey's violations of neutrality. Mallet is ordered to leave Constantinople unless the Turkish Government dismisses the German Military and Naval Missions. [Carbon]. 30 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/41/25-26 Telegram from Sir Francis May, Governor of Hong Kong to the Secretary of State for the Colonies [Lewis Harcourt], on the possibility of Japan declaring war on Germany. May states that British and Chinese merchants had full confidence in the Royal Navy to protect commerce, and would view with disgust any attempt by Japan to interfere in Chinese waters, which would destroy British prestige in China. Includes covering note from Harry Batterbee, Colonial Office, to James Masterton-Smith [Private Secretary to WSC]. [Carbon]. 10 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/43/49 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], on relations with Japan, particularly Grey's attitude, stating that it would be easy to give mortal offence, which would not be forgotten; WSC also comments on the situation in the Balkans. Includes Grey's reply, stating that he felt that it was "all right now with Japan". [Hand-written, initialled by Grey and WSC]. 11 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/44/97 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith, later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] and Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] on the importance of the part to be played by Norway, the Netherlands and Belgium in the naval war with Germany. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. [Aug] 1914
25 CHAR 13/44/98 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] on the attitude of Portugal, explaining that the Admiralty saw relations with Spain as being more important. [Hand-written, initialled by WSC]. 05 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/45/1 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], asking for approval of WSC's personal message to Enver Pasha [Turkish Minister of War, on Turkish neutrality]. [Hand-written draft, initialled by WSC]. 15 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/45/2 Note by [Sir Edward Grey, Foreign Secretary], giving a draft personal message from WSC to [Enver Pasha, Turkish Minister of War], on Turkish neutrality. [Hand-written, unsigned]. [Aug] 1914
25 CHAR 13/45/86 Note from Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], reporting on his meeting with Noel Noel-Buxton on the Balkans, particularly the need to persevere with diplomacy, and the misfortune of having the pro-Serbian Sir Henry Bax-Ironside as [Minister Plenipotentiary] to Bulgaria. 1915
25 CHAR 13/45/96-99 Telegram from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Enver Pasha [Turkish Minister of War], urging him to preserve Turkish neutrality instead of siding with Germany, and threatening him with Allied sea-power. [Hand-written draft, 2 copies]. 15 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/45/101-102 Telegram from Sir Francis Elliot [British Minister, Athens, Greece] to the Foreign Office, on his meeting with the Russian Minister, who informed him that his Government would not allow Greek soldiers to enter Constantinople [later Istanbul, Turkey]. Elliot explains his fear that this might stop Greece from joining the Allies and urges that the Russian Government should be brought to reconsider. Also includes message from the Military Attache [Sir Thomas Cuninghame] on the views of the Greeks and Russians, suggesting that the problem could be solved by using only one Greek division in the Allied fleet against Turkey. [Carbon]. 04 Mar 1914
25 CHAR 13/45/123 Minute from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary], noting that as Austria had declared war on Japan, and in view of the situation with Turkey, the Japanese Government should be asked if they would send a battle-squadron to co-operate with the Allies. WSC adds that this would encourage Italy, and help gain command of the Baltic. Includes note by Grey asking for a meeting to discuss the matter. [Hand-written copy]. 29 Aug 1914
25 CHAR 13/47/24 Telegram from Sir Francis Elliot [British Minister to Greece] to the Foreign Office, on the possibility of Greece entering the war. Elliot states that Eleutherios Venizelos [Prime Minister of Greece], would be prepared to withdraw Greek troops and ships from Lemnos, and when it was occupied by Allied ships to send a formal protest for the sake of appearances. Includes copy of a reply from Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] agreeing that Venizelos should consult the King of Greece first. [Hand-written copy]. 06 Feb 1915 - 07 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/48/36 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on the German cruiser Dresden's presence in Chilean waters, and the possibility of sinking her. Grey advises against the violation of Chilean territorial waters. 04 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 16 Official: War and Air 1918 - 1921
25 CHAR 16/3 Official: War and Air: correspondence, much on demobilisation problems. 01 Jan 1919 - 31 Jan 1919
25 CHAR 16/4 Official: War and Air: correspondence, mainly on demobilisation and the reorganisation of the Air Ministry. 01 Feb 1919 - 28 Feb 1919
25 CHAR 16/5 Official: War and Air: correspondence. 22 Feb 1919 - 31 Mar 1919
25 CHAR 16/6 Official: War and Air: correspondence, much on the Russian campaign. 01 Apr 1919 - 30 Apr 1919
25 CHAR 16/7 Official: War and Air: correspondence, much on the Russian campaign. 01 May 1919 - 31 May 1919
25 CHAR 16/8 Official: War and Air: correspondence, mainly on the Russian campaign. 02 Jun 1919 - 30 Jun 1919
25 CHAR 16/9 Official: War and Air: correspondence, much on the Russian campaign. 01 Jul 1919 - 31 Jul 1919
25 CHAR 16/10 Official: War and Air: correspondence, much on the Russian campaign. 01 Aug 1919 - 31 Aug 1919
25 CHAR 16/11 Official: War and Air: correspondence, much on the Russian campaign. 24 Aug 1919 - 30 Sep 1919
25 CHAR 16/12 Official: War and Air: correspondence, mainly on the Russian campaign. 18 Sep 1919 - 31 Oct 1919
25 CHAR 16/13 Official: War and Air: correspondence, mainly on the Russian campaign. 01 Nov 1919 - 29 Nov 1919
25 CHAR 16/14 Official: War and Air: correspondence, much on the Russian campaign. 01 Dec 1919 - 31 Dec 1919
25 CHAR 16/15A-B Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes. 15 Jan 1919 - 27 Mar 1919
25 CHAR 16/16A-B Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes. 01 Apr 1919 - 28 Jun 1919
25 CHAR 16/17A-B Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes. 19 Jun 1919 - 31 Aug 1919
25 CHAR 16/18A-B Official: War and Air: WSC's minutes. 01 Sep 1919 - 31 Dec 1919
25 CHAR 16/19 Official: War and Air: War Cabinet papers. 12 Jan 1919 - 29 Dec 1919
25 CHAR 16/20 Official: War and Air: correspondence on Russian policy while WSC was at the Paris [France] Peace Conference. 15 Feb 1919 - 18 Feb 1919
25 CHAR 16/21 Official: War and Air: correspondence and papers on Russian policy and the Paris [France] Peace Conference (collected together for use in "The Aftermath" [published as Volume 4 of "The World Crisis"]). 15 Feb 1919 - 15 Dec 1919
25 CHAR 16/22 Official: War and Air: telegrams and letters on Russia. 14 Jan 1919 - 30 Dec 1919
25 CHAR 16/23 Official: War and Air: memoranda, notes, and other correspondence on Russia. 04 Feb 1919 - 30 Apr 1919

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