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25 CHAR 2/274/12-13 Copy of a letter from WSC to Eleanor Rathbone MP marked "private" enclosing a paper by Sir Henry Strakosch, explaining the basis for his figures for German expenditure [on rearmament], his use of confidential sources and his efforts "to find out the truth". He concludes "We really are in great danger." 13 Apr 1936
25 CHAR 2/609A/2A-2B Letter from John Hemingway [United States] enclosing a press cutting (see CHAR 2/609A/2a) on anti-British sentiment in the United States and the need for Britain to pay her debts and the low opinion of the Churchills held by those who have read Thackery. Signed typescript. Includes a cutting from an American newspaper of an article by George Rothwell Brown on resentment at WSC's broadcast to the United States. 19-20 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 2/609A/26 Letter from George E Bailey (New York [United States]) to WSC in response to WSC's broadcast to the United States. He says that he would not like the US to play a part in another European war, since Americans are still paying taxes to make up for unpaid loans, and feels that Great Britain should have prevented the German occupation of the Rhineland to prevent the Dictator [Adolf Hitler] becoming so powerful. Signed manuscript. 19 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 8/200B/202-206 "Shall we all commit suicide?" Sep 1924
25 CHAR 8/518A/33 "The Truth Abouth Hitler" Oct-Dec 1935
25 CHAR 8/518A/34 "The Truth about Hitler" Nov 1935
25 CHAR 9/132/61-78 "The defence of freedom and peace" 16 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 9/132/94-110 Draft speaking notes for WSC's broadcast to the United States([United States National Broadcasting Company]) entitled "The defence of freedom and peace" on the need for the democracies, including the United States, to unite against the dictatorships. At the start of the speech WSC says that it may not be possible to broadcast to the US in future because "The stations are closing down; the lights are going out". Issues covered include: the consequences of the "abandonment" of Czechoslovakia; likelihood of war; a call for the English-speaking peoples to "join hands together over land and sea" to ensure peace; the strength and efficiency of the Nazi totalitarian state and air power; the [Sino-Japanese war]; struggles against fascism in Spain; the need for the Unites States to join Britain and France; and the power of "a little mouse of thought" against dictators. WSC concludes by calling for action by the English-speaking peoples. Typescript draft notes annotated in black and red ink and blue crayon showing many edits and changes by WSC. 16 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 9/132/111 "Headway towards Freedom and Peace" Nov 1938
25 CHAR 9/132/112-113 "The defence of freedom and peace" 16 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 9/132/114-119 Printed proofs of WSC's broadcast to the United States (16 October 1938, [United States National Broadcasting Company]) entitled "The defence of freedom and peace" on the need for the democracies, including the United States, to unite against the dictatorships. At the start of the speech WSC says that it may not be possible to broadcast to the US in future because "The stations are closing down; the lights are going out". Issues covered include: the consequences of the "abandonment" of Czechoslovakia; likelihood of war; a call for the English-speaking peoples to "join hands together over land and sea" to ensure peace; the strength and efficiency of the Nazi totalitarian state and air power; the [Sino-Japanese war]; struggles against fascism in Spain; the need for the Unites States to join Britain and France; and the power of "a little mouse of thought" against dictators. WSC concludes by calling for action by the English-speaking peoples. Annotated in black ink, not in WSC's hand, with editions and changes. 16 Oct 1938
25 CHAR 16/61 Official: War and Air: intelligence reports. 28 Mar-23 Dec 1920
25 CHAR 16/62 Official: War and Air: intelligence reports, including material from the K K Series. 13 Oct 1920-18 Feb 1921
25 CHAR 16/74 Official: War and Air: intelligence reports, including material from the K K Series and others. 27 Dec 1920-5 Jan 1921
25 CHAR 18/12A/8 Copy of a memorandum from WSC to Sir Otto Niemeyer [Controller of Finance, Treasury] asking him about the impact of the return to the Gold Standard on the United States "Shall we not be relieving them from the consequences of their selfish and extortionate policy?" and suggesting that [Ralph] Hawtrey [Director of Financial Enquiries, Treasury] should draft a paper about the subject. 02 Jan 1925
25 CHAR 18/75/167-173 Copy of a memorandum from WSC to Sir Warren Fisher [Permanent Secretary] "and others concerned" on: the possibility of shortening the occupation of Germany if Germany makes improvements in payment of reparations; the economic impact of the early return of troops; disarmament and the need for France to retain a strong army to uphold the Locarno treaty; repayment of United States debt and the need to pass on costs to Germany; the need for the Treasury to adopt am attitude of "extreme reserve and vigilant criticism; and the results of the United States elections. 14 Sep 1928
25 CHAR 20/95B/171-172 Letter from Harold Butler (British Embassy, Washington D C, United States) [Minister in charge of the British Information Services in Washington] to Brendan Bracken [Minister of Information] stating: that according to Wendell Wilkie [United States Republican Leader] the Administration is losing all its support and that the Republicans would win the next election; that Wilkie considers post war bilateral agreements to be insufficient and is opposed to any formal Anglo-American agreement which he believes would antagonise the Soviet Union, China and France; that the United States certainly considers its participation in post war affairs as vital; that there is a growing number of people who believe in an Anglo American Alliance as a deterrent to future problems with the Soviet Union; that President Roosevelt will have to take a strong lead if he is to stage a recovery; and that it would be unwise for them to "put all our eggs in the Democratic basket". Signed. 05 Jul 1943
25 CHAR 20/216/90-103 Telegram from WSC to President Harry Truman marked "Personal and Top Secret" repeating his message to Marshal Stalin expressing his distress at the "misunderstandings" which have arisen between them over Poland: his regret over the lack of progress in consulting those Poles the British and Americans have recommended; rejecting the "Yugoslav precedent as a model for Poland"; criticising developments in Yugoslavia; explaining why he feels so strongly about Poland; justifying developments in Greece and Belgium; commenting on reports of disappearances and deportations in Poland; and appealing to Stalin to prevent a divided Europe emerging. Carbon copy. 28 Apr 1945
25 CHAR 20/216/104-109 Telegram from WSC to Marshal Stalin marked "Personal and Top Secret" expressing his distress at the "misunderstandings" which have arisen between them over Poland: his regret over the lack of progress in consulting those Poles the British and Americans have recommended; rejecting the "Yugoslav precedent as a model for Poland"; criticising developments in Yugoslavia; explaining why he feels so strongly about Poland; justifying developments in Greece and Belgium; commenting on reports of disappearances and deportations in Poland; and appealing to Stalin to prevent a divided Europe emerging. 29 Apr 1945
25 CHAR 20/217/67-68 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (San Francisco [United States]) marked "Personal and Top Secret" arguing that the Polish deadlock can only be resolved at a conference between the three Heads of Government [Marshal Stalin, President Harry Truman and WSC] in "some unshattered town in Germany"; that prior to that they should not alter their position; speculating on the future influence of the Soviet Union in Eastern and Central Europe; and suggesting that the Allies do not retreat from their present positions in Germany to the occupational line until they are reassured about Poland and the "temporary character of the Russian occupation of Germany". Carbon copy. 04 May 1945
25 CHAR 20/218/83 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary, San Francisco, United States] marked "Personal and Top Secret" expressing concern at the possible withdrawal of American troops from Europe and British demobilisation, leaving the Soviet Union in the dominant position; and stating that these issues are more important than a "world constitution which may never come into being till it is superseded after a period of appeasement by a third world war". 11 May 1945
25 CHAR 20/218/86-88 Telegram from WSC to President Harry Truman marked "Personal and Top Secret" repeating the text of a telegram [from WSC to Anthony Eden, later Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] arguing that the Polish deadlock can only be resolved at a conference between the three Heads of Government [Marshal Stalin, President Harry Truman and WSC] in "some unshattered town in Germany"; that prior to that they should not alter their position; speculating on the future influence of the Soviet Union in Eastern and Central Europe; and suggesting that the Allies do not retreat from their present positions in Germany to the occupational line until they are reassured about Poland and the "temporary character of the Russian occupation of Germany". 11 May 1945
25 CHAR 20/218/107 Telegram from Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later Lord Avon] (San Francisco [United States]) to WSC marked "Top Secret" agreeing that a June election would suit the Conservative Party better than an October one; and arguing that this date would also be advantageous in respect to foreign affairs, indicating his fears for future stability in this sphere. Copy. 12 May 1945
25 CHAR 20/218/109-110 Telegram from WSC to President Harry Truman marked "Personal and Top Secret" expressing his concern over the future strength of the Soviet Union in Europe and what is going on behind the "iron curtain" of the Soviet Front; and asserting the importance of them coming to an "understanding" with the Soviet Union before they withdraw significant forces from Europe and retire to their zones of occupation. 12 May 1945
25 CHAR 20/218/111-112 Telegram from WSC to Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later Lord Avon] (San Francisco [United States]) marked "personal" repeating the text of a message from him to President Harry Truman expressing his concern over the future strength of the Soviet Union in Europe and what is going on behind the "iron curtain" of the Soviet Front; and asserting the importance of them coming to an "understanding" with the Soviet Union before they withdraw significant forces from Europe and retire to their zones of occupation; and suggesting the message forms the basis of Eden's talks with Truman. Despatched on 13 May. Carbon copy. 12 May 1945 - 13 May 1945
25 CHAR 20/220/85 Telegram from WSC to President Harry Truman marked "Personal and Top Secret" agreeing with the delay over delivering Truman's message to Stalin [on establishing relations with Finland, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria], but emphasising that the problem over the Western Allies and the Soviet Union's battle for influence in Europe "will come up in its good time". 05 Jun 1945
25 CHAR 20/220/123 Telegram from WSC to President Harry Truman marked "Personal and Top Secret" suggesting that they refuse to withdraw the American and British forces in Germany to the agreed occupation line until an agreement is reached on the zones of occupation in Austria. 09 Jun 1945
25 CHAR 20/221/2 Telegram from WSC to Field Marshal Sir Harold Alexander [later 1st Lord Alexander of Tunis, Supreme Allied Commander Mediterranean Theatre] marked "Personal and Top Secret" repeating the text of his message to President Harry Truman suggesting that they refuse to withdraw the American and British forces in Germany to the agreed occupation line until an agreement is reached on the zones of occupation in Austria. 09 Jun 1945
25 CHAR 20/229C/301 Reminder note for WSC about a message for Marshal Stalin which reads: "I always hope our personal relationship will surmount many difficult and national problems which concern us." [annotated by WSC]. [May] [1945]
25 CHAR 20/236 Official: Prime Minister: "Terminal": record of the proceedings of the [Potsdam] Berlin Conference [Germany], 17 July to 1 August, 1945. Jul 1945 - Aug 1945
25 CHAR 20/236/1 "Terminal": record of the proceedings of the [Potsdam] Berlin Conference [Germany], 17 July to 1 August, 1945, marked "Top Secret" containing: memoranda, "Minutes of plenary and foreign secretaries' meetings", the "Protocol of the proceedings of the Berlin Conference", the "Report of the Tripartite Conference of Berlin", an appendix of conversations with the representatives of the Polish Provisional Government, and an index. [with later annotations by WSC's literary assistant Denis Kelly]. 17 Jul 1945 - 01 Aug 1945
25 CHAR 20/257/44-45 Telegram from WSC [Quebec, Canada] to Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon] marked "From: Octagon" and "Gunfire 76" and "Personal and Top Secret" repeating a paraphrase of a telegram from Averell Harriman [United States Ambassador to the Soviet Union] to Harry Hopkins [Special Adviser and Assistant to the President of the United States] expressing concern over growing Soviet intransigence giving examples including the Warsaw [Poland] uprising, the increasing influence of hard-liners, and possible future dangers if the Western Powers do not take a "firm stand", contrasting this with the friendly attitude of "90 percent of the Russian people" and other "favourable factors". [Copy]. 12 Sep 1944
25 CHAR 22/9 Official: Cabinet: Irish Committee: report on Irish Intelligence. May 1920-Jul 1921
25 CHUR 2/3 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on a number of immediate post-war issues (includes copies of wartime documents). Jan 1940 - Oct 1945
25 CHUR 2/3/105 Copy of a message from WSC to Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] marked "personal and secret" about the text of a draft message for [Harry Truman, President of the United States, from Attlee] in which he questions what [Attlee] wishes the Americans to do about sharing information about atomic weapons with the Soviet Union and a reference to an "Act of Faith"; discusses the importance of security in world policy and the timing of a United Nations conference; WSC's agreement with President Roosevelt which constitutes a "special relationship" and almost a "military understanding"; and his conviction that the Unites States should not share knowledge about the atomic bomb except in return for a system of inspection. He ends by sympathising with [Attlee's] anxieties. [Oct 1945]
25 CHUR 2/4 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence with Clement Attlee, Prime Minister [from July 1945] (includes copies of wartime documents). Dec 1943 - Jul 1951
25 CHUR 2/4/48-50 Copy of a letter from WSC to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister, marked "personal and private" thanking him for his draft speech on the Roosevelt Memorial Bill; promising to write again about a publication; and discussing demobilisation figures and the possibility of war with the Soviet Union, noting that the Russians are hampered by two reasons "their virtue and self restraint. The second, the possession by the United States of the Atomic bomb." 10 Oct 1946
25 CHUR 2/4/61-63 Copy of a letter from WSC (28, Hyde Park Gate, London) to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister, marked "private" in which he discusses subjects including: publication of their correspondence; information about Soviet forces in Europe; and the Atomic bomb and his agreement with the President [Franklin Roosevelt] that the United Kingdom is entitled to a share of information as well as to bombs. He ends by noting that he feels the public should be informed about the lack of consultation between the government and opposition on foreign policy, peace negotiations and national defence. 06 Oct 1946
25 CHUR 2/7A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. (includes copies of wartime documents). Feb 1941 - Dec 1946
25 CHUR 2/23 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, S-Z. Sep 1946 - Dec 1948
25 CHUR 2/24 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, A-B. Feb 1949 - May 1951
25 CHUR 2/27 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the movement towards a United Europe, H-Z. Aug 1948 - Sep 1951
25 CHUR 2/28 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on defence, atomic weapons and energy. Nov 1945 - Apr 1954
25 CHUR 2/28/45-51 Copy of a covering letter from WSC to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister, marked "private" sending on two enclosures and undertaking to support the government on national defence, while reserving the right to criticise the Government on defence spending, and suggesting a recall of Parliament at the end of August. 4-6 Aug 1950
25 CHUR 2/28/121-124 Letter from Clement Attlee, Prime Minister (10, Downing Street) to WSC marked "top secret" enclosing a note about the circumstances in which the clause in the Quebec Agreement was allowed to lapse which provided that neither the United States nor the United Kingdom would use the [atomic] bomb against third parties without the consent of the other. He explains: that the Americans were keen to get rid of the clause because Congress had not been informed about it and it went beyond the terms which the President has the power to agree; that the technical provisons about the exchange of information and raw materials remain in place; that the United Kingdom wished to be free of restrictions on the use of atomic energy for industrial purposes; the need for greater co-operation with the United States since the MacMahon [sic] Act; and that it was recognised that friendship and co-operation would be more significant than written agreements. He ends by paying tribute to WSC's efforts in securing the Quebec Agreement. Includes enclosure entitled "Top Secret: Atomic Energy: The Quebec Agreement of 1943" on the end of co-operation between the United States and the United Kingdom and Canada as a result of the McMahon Act; the "modus vivendi" and renewal of limited co-operation; the omission from the "modus vivendi" of clauses dealing with mutual consent for use of the bomb and industrial and commercial aspects; and limited exchange of technical information. Signed typescript. 2-3 Dec 1950
25 CHUR 2/28/126 Letter from Harry Truman [President of the United States] (The White House, Washington) to WSC explaining that he does not wish to publish the Quebec Agreement as requested by WSC because it will lead to requests for information about the current status of collaboration between the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States and that this would jeopardise the countries and NATO Allies. 24 Mar 1951
25 CHUR 2/28/127-128 Letter from Harry Truman [President of the United States] (The White House, Washington) to WSC in response to a personal note from WSC attached to his request to publish the Quebec Agreement. He discusses opposition in Congress to his efforts to carry out the Atlantic Treaty and asks WSC not to press him further, explaining that it will lead to unfortunate repercussions and embarassment and that it may ruin his whole defense program, "Your country's welfare and mine are at stake in that program." 16 Feb 1951
25 CHUR 2/28/132-134 Copy of a letter from WSC to the President of the United States [Harry Truman] asking for the publication of the 1943 Quebec Agreement, arguing that the British Parliament should have access to the facts, that consent from the British government would be needed to use the US air bases in East Anglia for the atomic bomb and this would strengthen the ties between the two countries. He ends by congratulating [Truman] on events in Korea and the Eisenhower mission. Unsigned carbon typescript. 12 Feb 1951
25 CHUR 2/29A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Defence - correspondence with Prime Minister Clement Attlee. Mar 1946 - Aug 1950
25 CHUR 2/30 Public and Political: General: Political: strength of Russian forces in Europe: correspondence and reports. Apr 1945 - Apr 1947
25 CHUR 2/31 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers, mainly from Field Marshal [1st Lord] Montgomery of Alamein [Chief of Imperial General Staff]. Feb 1948 - May 1950
25 CHUR 2/32 Public and Political: General: Political: European army: correspondence and papers. Aug 1950 - Nov 1950
25 CHUR 2/35 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the naval command in the Atlantic. Feb 1951 - May 1951
25 CHUR 2/36 Public and Political: General: Political: Defence: miscellaneous correspondence and papers. Feb 1947 - Sep 1951
25 CHUR 2/40A-B Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on Germany. Jun 1946 - Feb 1951
25 CHUR 2/46A-B Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on Palestine. Aug 1946 - Oct 1951
25 CHUR 2/53 Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C. Dec 1946 - Dec 1947
25 CHUR 2/54A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-I. Jun 1946 - Dec 1947
25 CHUR 2/55 Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence J-N. Oct 1946 - Dec 1947
25 CHUR 2/57A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence R-S. Jan 1947 - Nov 1947
25 CHUR 2/67A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C. Jun 1947 - Dec 1949
25 CHUR 2/68A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-H. May 1946 - Dec 1948
25 CHUR 2/68A/84-89 Copy of a letter from WSC (Hotel du Roy Rene, Aix-en-Provence, [France]) to Anthony [Eden, later 1st Lord Avon] marked "private and confidential" on subjects including: the grave situation in Hyderabad and the need for the Conservative Party to condemn the actions of the government of India; the possibility of German field-marshals being brought to trial; improving relations with the German people and the occupation of Berlin; possible pressure from the Soviet Union concerning war crimes trials; the timing of a four power summit meeting; the possibility that the Soviet Union has the atomic bomb; and public disapproval of the Labour government policy towards the Western Union and European Assembly. He ends by informing [Eden] that he feels that none of the issues, except Hyderabad, necessitates him altering his travel plans. 12 Sep 1948
25 CHUR 2/69A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence I-O. Dec 1947 - Jan 1949
25 CHUR 2/70A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence P-R. Jan 1948 - Dec 1949
25 CHUR 2/71A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence S. Apr 1946 - Dec 1948
25 CHUR 2/72A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z. Nov 1947 - Dec 1948
25 CHUR 2/80 Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-B. May 1948 - Feb 1950
25 CHUR 2/81A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D. Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
25 CHUR 2/83A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-L. May 1947 - Dec 1949
25 CHUR 2/84A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence M-Q. Jan 1949 - Dec 1949
25 CHUR 2/95A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D. Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
25 CHUR 2/96A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence E-F (almost all material dates from 1950). Nov 1946 - Dec 1950
25 CHUR 2/98 Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-J. Nov 1949 - Dec 1950
25 CHUR 2/99A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence K-N (most material dates from 1950). Dec 1948 - Dec 1950
25 CHUR 2/101A-B Public and Political: General: Political; Correspondence S. Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
25 CHUR 2/102A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence T-Z. Jan 1950 - Dec 1950
25 CHUR 2/106 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the Conservative attitude towards and WSC meeting supporters of Atlantic Union [advocates of increased collaboration between the UK, Canada and the United States]. Dec 1950 - Jul 1951
25 CHUR 2/110 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on trade with the Soviet Union and its satellite countries. Jul 1950 - Feb 1951
25 CHUR 2/113A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C. Jun 1950 - Oct 1951
25 CHUR 2/114A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-G. Nov 1950 - Nov 1951
25 CHUR 2/115A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-M. Mar 1950 - Nov 1951
25 CHUR 2/116 Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence N-R (most material dates from 1951). Oct 1946 - Nov 1951
25 CHUR 2/117A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence S-Z. Oct 1950 - Oct 1951
25 CHUR 2/122 Public and Political: General: Political: drafts for the Conservative Party manifesto for the October 1951 election. Sep 1951 - Oct 1951
25 CHUR 2/126 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on the dispute between Britain and Persia (Iran) over the nationalisation of the Anglo-Iranian Oil Company and its oilfields and refinery at Abadan. May 1951 - Oct 1951
25 CHUR 2/127A-B Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence A-C. Oct 1951 - Jul 1962
25 CHUR 2/130A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence P - S. 13 May 1950 - 17 Feb 1959
25 CHUR 2/133 Public and Political: General: Political: Press cuttings and Hansards. 06 Jan 1953 - 09 Dec 1954
25 CHUR 2/140 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A - D. 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945
25 CHUR 2/143 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with Field-Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery. 15 Feb 1943 - 18 Nov 1957
25 CHUR 2/146A-B Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence B. 13 Nov 1945 - 27 Oct 1948
25 CHUR 2/158 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with President Truman. 29 Jan 1946 - 01 May 1950
25 CHUR 2/158/47 Copy of a letter from WSC to President Harry Truman, sent with Lewis Douglas [United States Ambassador to Great Britain], expressing admiration for Truman's policies and efforts to "save the world from famine and war"; explaining that he would like to visit the United States but needs to remain because of the political situation; predicting success for the Conservatives in the event of an election; and expressing his support. 24 Sep 1947
25 CHUR 2/158/68-69 Copy of a letter from WSC (As from 5905, North Bay Road, Miami Beach, Florida) to President Harry Truman including: thanks for the use of a plane which he intends to use to travel to Cuba; the possibility that he will travel to Veracruz [Mexico] to paint; arrangements to meet with Truman to discuss WSC's planned message at Fulton [Missouri, United States]), commenting "I think it very likely that we shall be in full agreement about it. Under your auspices anything I say will command some attention and there is an opportunity for doing some good to this bewildered, baffled and breathless world"; admiration for Harry Hopkins; and congratulations on improvement in the strike situation. 29 Jan 1946
25 CHUR 2/175 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence P - R. 03 Aug 1946 - 28 Oct 1951
25 CHUR 2/176A-B Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Sa - Sm. 21 May 1941 - 27 Oct 1951
25 CHUR 2/196 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Q - Roo. 09 Dec 1940 - 18 Mar 1958
25 CHUR 2/210A-B Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with Bernard Baruch. 06 Oct 1945 - 06 Jul 1956
25 CHUR 2/217 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with President Eisenhower. 04 Feb 1952 - 22 Aug 1959
25 CHUR 2/217/15 "Cabinet: Note on Tube Alloys, 1954" 14 Dec 1954
25 CHUR 2/217/79 Letter from "Ike" Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States (The White House) to WSC on the forthcoming Four Power summit meeting at Geneva [Switzerland] between the United Kingdom, United States, Soviet Union and France. He expresses sadness that WSC will not be present at the meeting and says they will be inspired by WSC's "long quest for peace". Signed typescript. 15 Jul 1955
25 CHUR 2/221/64 Writ and Claim for libel issued by WSC against the Daily Mirror 25 Oct 1951
25 CHUR 2/254 Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: United States, Canada: invitations. 28 Dec 1946 - 14 Aug 1951
25 CHUR 2/508A-B Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence, D-H. Aug 1955 - Dec 1964
25 CHUR 2/509 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence, I-L. Sep 1957 - Dec 1964
25 CHUR 2/510A-B Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence, M. Aug 1956 - Oct 1964
25 CHUR 2/517A-B Public and Political: General: Political: The Eden Memoirs. Jan 1951 - May 1961
25 CHUR 2/519A-C Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Baruch - Beaverbrook. Jul 1951 - Jan 1965
25 CHUR 2/520 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Bedell Smith - Byrnes. Oct 1952 - Dec 1964
25 CHUR 2/521A-B Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence C. Apr 1947 - Jan 1965
25 CHUR 2/529 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence, Meigher - Montgomery. Apr 1955 - Dec 1964
25 CHUR 2/530A-B Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence, Moran - Nixon. Jul 1953 - Dec 1964
25 CHUR 2/560A-B Public and Political: General: Patronage: Correspondence, P-Q. [Mar] [1941] - Mar 1965
25 CHUR 2/566A-C Public and Political: General: Patronage: Westminster College, Fulton [Missouri, United States]. Mar [1946] - Jan 1965
25 CHUR 4/12A-B Literary: correspondence on the foreign rights in WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War") and other works, mainly with Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz], Q-Z. Jan 1946 - Apr 1955
25 CHUR 4/15A-C Literary: correspondence on publishing WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War"), mainly with representatives of Time-Life International, including Daniel Longwell [editor of Life Magazine], Walter Graebner [London representative], Andrew Heiskell [publisher], Monica Owen Horne, Constance Babbington-Smith, and Renee Harmer. Aug 1945 - Jan 1953
25 CHUR 4/17A-B Literary: correspondence on the serialisation of WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War") with representatives of the New York Times [United States], and correspondence on foreign editions of the memoirs and other miscellaneous matters, M-Z. Sep 1946 - Dec 1954
25 CHUR 4/59 Literary: correspondence thanking WSC for complimentary copies and congratulating him on volume 4 ("The Hinge of Fate") of his war memoirs ("The Second World War"). Nov 1950 - Aug 1951
25 CHUR 4/72 Literary: typescript proofs and draft copies [some annotated by WSC] of WSC's article entitled "The new American policy towards Greece and Turkey" [first published in Life magazine] on his speech at Fulton [United States, 5 March 1946], the spheres of influence developing between the Soviet Union and the western powers, United States policy in the Mediterranean and Middle East, Greek affairs including the communist uprising and elections, Soviet aspirations concerning the Bosphorus Straits [Karadeniz Bogazi, Turkey] and Persia [later Iran], and Britain's role in world affairs. 1947
25 CHUR 4/400A-C Literary: "The Second World War": preface for the abridged [one-volume] edition [eventually incorporated into the published version as "An Epilogue on the Years 1945 to 1957"] covering WSC's speeches at Fulton [United States] (March 1946) and Zurich [Switzerland] (September 1946), tensions with the Soviet Union, the founding of NATO, the Berlin [Germany] blockade, the European Movement, the atomic bomb, Stalin's death, Indian independence, the Korean War, the creation of Israel, and the United Nations. Feb 1957
25 CHUR 5/2A-D Speeches: speech notes. 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945
25 CHUR 5/4A-E Speeches: speech notes. 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946
25 CHUR 5/4A/51-100 "The Sinews of Peace" 5 Mar 1946
25 CHUR 5/4C/100-116 "The darkening international scene" 15 Mar 1946
25 CHUR 5/5A-B Speeches: speech notes. 03 May 1946 - 31 May 1946
25 CHUR 5/6A-C Speech notes: House of Commons. 26 May 1942 - 25 Jun 1946
25 CHUR 5/9A-E Speeches: Speech notes. 04 Oct 1946 - 28 Oct 1946
25 CHUR 5/10A-C Speeches: speech notes. 12 Nov 1946 - 12 Dec 1946
25 CHUR 5/13A-E Speeches: speech notes. 03 Jun 1947 - 16 Aug 1947
25 CHUR 5/14A-F Speeches: speech notes. 10 Sept 1947 - 28 Oct 1947
25 CHUR 5/16A-D Speeches: speech notes. Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948
25 CHUR 5/20A-D Speeches: speech notes. 10 Jul 1948 - 30 Jul 1948
25 CHUR 5/21A-B Speeches: speech notes. 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948
25 CHUR 5/21A/1-68 "Perils abroad and at home" 09 Oct 1948
25 CHUR 5/22A-B Speeches: speech notes. 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949
25 CHUR 5/24A-E Speeches: Speech notes. Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949
25 CHUR 5/25A-E Speeches: speech notes. 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949
25 CHUR 5/28A-B Speeches: Speech notes. 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
25 CHUR 5/29A-C Speeches: General Election Miscellanea. Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
25 CHUR 5/33A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
25 CHUR 5/33B/217-272 "Defence" 16 Mar 1950
25 CHUR 5/34A-D Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 18 Feb 1950 - 26 May 1950
25 CHUR 5/35A-B Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 02 Jun 1950 - 28 Jun 1950
25 CHUR 5/36A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950
25 CHUR 5/36A/114-133 "Korea" 05 Jul 1950
25 CHUR 5/37A-D Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950
25 CHUR 5/38A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 26 Feb 1949 - 29 Dec 1950
25 CHUR 5/39A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 04 Nov 1950 - 14 Dec 1950
25 CHUR 5/39B/275-302 "The International Situation" 30 Nov 1950
25 CHUR 5/39C/539-574 "The International Situation" 14 Dec 1950
25 CHUR 5/40A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 07 Feb 1951 - 21 Mar 1951
25 CHUR 5/40B/269-320 "Defence (Government Policy)" 15 Feb 1951
25 CHUR 5/44B/197-241 "Election Address" 23 Oct 1951
25 CHUR 5/45A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
25 CHUR 5/52A/1-44 Debate on the Address 03 Nov 1953
25 CHUR 5/53A-E Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard. 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954
25 CHUR 5/56A-B Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954
25 CHUR 5/57A-B Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard. 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955
25 CHUR 5/57A/33-89 "The deterrent-nuclear warfare" 01 Mar 1955
25 CHUR 5/62A-D Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
25 CHUR 6 Official: Prime Minister 1951 - 1955
25 CHUR 6/3A-C Official: Prime Minister: correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower [President of the United States]. 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
25 CHUR 6/3A/9-12 Copy of a letter from WSC to the President of the United States [President Dwight Eisenhower] marked "top secret: private and personal" in which he apologises for the delay in replying to Eisenhower; comments on the possibilities of the French delaying ratification [of the European Defence Community]; agrees that there can be no Four Power conference before ratification; discusses the increase in the Soviet Union's nuclear power; Great Britain's nuclear capability in the atomic and hydrogen "sphere"; thanks him for co-operation of the Unites States officers; expresses regret that Eisenhower was not in office at the time of the discussion of the McMahon Act and the delay in adding to US deterrent power. He notes that British scientists have mastered atomic and hydrogen weapons independently "through [Clement] Attlee's somewhat unconstitutional exertions in making vast sums available for nuclear development without disclosing the fact to Parliament" and encloses a paper (CP (54) 390) [not present] which has had a good response. Churchill concludes by agreeing to sit for Eisenhower's artist friend "Although my experiences as a model have not been altogether agreeable lately I submit myself with great confidence to your well-balanced love of truth and mercy." [a reference to the portrait of WSC by Graham Sutherland]. Unsigned carbon typescript. 12 Jan 1955
25 CHUR 6/3A/28-29 Copy of a letter from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] marked "private and secret" in which he discusses his need to do his duty; explains that he is not seeking a "dramatic exit" but feels that East-West liaison through Foreign Offices will not produce a decisive result; and explains the reasons for his belief that there should be a summit meeting between himself, [Eisenhower], and the new leaders of the Soviet Union. Unsigned typescript. 08 Aug 1954
25 CHUR 6/3A/40-41 Copy of a telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, marked "top secret" in which he explains why he sent a telegram to [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] without submitting it to Eisenhower; asks him to re-read recent correspondence; re-affirms his conviction that there should be a summit meeting with the Soviet Union; discusses Molotov's reply and the likelihood that the Soviet Union may welcome domestic prosperity and international contacts; and comments on grave military events in Vietnam. He concludes by promising to keep Eisenhower fully informed and to wait for a response before making an official approach to Molotov. Typescript. 08 Jul 1954
25 CHUR 6/3A/42 Telegram from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower] President of the United States marked "top secret" including the text of his message to [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] suggesting a Two Power meeting between the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, and the text of the response from Molotov expressing sympathy for the proposal. Typescript. 07 Jul 1954
25 CHUR 6/3A/60-64 Copy of a letter from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower] President of the United States marked "private & personal" on East West trade; explaining his hopes to ease relations with the Soviet Union and that development of life in the Soviet Union and enjoyment of consumer goods may relax the "grim discipline"; he feels that weapons and military equipment should not be exported to the Soviet Union, but that the export of many items should not be banned because they might be used for military purposes; he discusses Soviet progress with the hydrogen bomb and difficulties in trade between the United Kingdom and the United States. Unsigned carbon typescript. 24 Mar 1954
25 CHUR 6/3A/66-68 Copy of a letter from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower] President of the United States marked "most secret and confidential" on subjects including: agreement between the United Kingdom and the United States on key principles; the nuclear test at Eniwetok Atoll and implications for London "I am told that several million people would certainly be obliterated by four or five of the latest H bombs"; statements by Sterling Cole; the Soviet Union's nuclear capability; the responsibility conferred by the power of nuclear weapons; and his belief in the need to have a personal summit meeting [between the United Kingdom, Soviet Union and the United States]. Typescript. 08 Mar 1954
25 CHUR 6/3A/92-93 Copy of a letter from WSC to "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower], President of the United States marked "most secret and personal" in which he explains that he suffered a stroke which paralysed his left side and affected his speech and so was not able to accompany him as planned. He discusses a previous stroke in 1949 which has been kept secret, and hopes that he will be able to continue to pursue his "theme". He also discusses negotiations with Egypt and expresses confidence in [5th Lord] Salisbury [earlier Lord Cranborne] and the possibility of a Four Power summit meeting and change of policy by the Soviet Union. Typescript. 01 Jul 1953
25 CHUR 6/3A/113 Copy of a telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, with a draft of a proposed personal message from WSC to [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] suggesting that he visits Moscow, because of the illness of [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], in order to "restore an easy and friendly basis" between the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union. Carbon typescript. 04 May 1953
25 CHUR 6/3A/124 Telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, marked "personal and private" on the improvement in the Soviet "mood" and the need for continued vigilance and defensive rearmament; explaining that the British Ambassador to the Soviet Union [Sir William Hayter] has been instructed to settle minor points with the Soviets; and the need for close co-operation. Typescript. 05 April 1953
25 CHUR 6/3B/176-180 Copy of a letter from "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] (The White House) to WSC marked "eyes only- top secret" in which he reflects on WSC's desires to make a joint pronouncement; to transfer responsibility to his successor [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon]; and to achieve a recognisable milestone towards peace which [Eisenhower] feels lies behind WSC's attempts to meet [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Union Foreign Minister]. He suggests that WSC might make a speech on the rights to self-government including an undertaking that within 25 years all colonies (apart from military bases) should be offered the opportunity for self-government and drawing a contrast with communism, explaining that he believes the United Kingdom and the United States could work together. Unsigned carbon typescript. 22 Jul 1954
25 CHUR 6/3B/209-210 Copy of a letter from "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] (The White House, Washington) to WSC marked "top secret" thanking him for his comments on his speech. He feels that they should not rush the next step with the Soviet Union and should delay seeking a Four Power summit or personal contact, although he asks for as much notice as possible should WSC seek personal contact "for some special and local reason." Typescript. 25 Apr 1953
25 CHUR 6/3C/234-235 Copy of a letter from "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower] President of the United States to WSC commenting "You did not let any grass grow under your feet"; asking for advance notice of any public announcement about WSC's personal message to the Soviet Union; discussing a possible statement by Eisenhower; emphasising the importance of delicate handling to avoid the impression that Eisenhower had sanctioned the approach, or that there was disagreement between the United Kingdom and the United States. Typescript. 07 Jul 1954
25 CHUR 6/3C/241-242 Copy of a letter from "Ike" [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] (The White House, Washington} to WSC marked "personal" expressing pleasure at WSC's good health; commenting on outbursts by [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Union Foreign Minister]; the importance of unity between free nations; and future history and legacy of leaders. Typescript. 09 Feb 1954
25 CHUR 6/4 Official: Prime Minister: correspondence mainly relating to change of administration. 24 Aug 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
25 CHUR 5/18/23-53 "The Grand Design" 07 May 1948
25 CHUR 2/105/2-9 "Principles" 24 Jul 1950
25 CHUR 5/22B/302-352 Speech notes for WSC's speech (10 December, House of Commons) on foreign affairs including: the partition of Ireland and imperial preference; relations with the United States; the achievements of General Dwight Eisenhower; government policy regarding Germany and assistance to the people of Berlin; the progress of European integration; affairs in Palestine and Spain; and the likelihood of war with the Soviet Union. 10 Dec 1948
25 CHAR 17/14/3-9 "King Hussain and Ibn Saud: the Khurm-Turaba dispute" 13 Jan 1921
25 CHAR 17/14/10-12 "Ibn Rashid and Ibn Saud" [Jan 1921]
25 CHAR 17/14/89-91 Private memorandum from WSC, Secretary of State for War (War Office, Whitehall) to Sir Arthur Hirtzel [Deputy Under Secretary, India Office] asking whether it would be "right or possible to form a Mohammedan [Muslim] Guard of Indian volunteers" to protect the holy places; making observations on the weaknesses of King Hussain's position and seeking further information; Ibn Saud's likely reaction if a son of King Hussain became ruler over Mesopotamia; consistent nomenclature for Saud Bin Rashid [Ibn Rashid] and Bin Saud [Ibn Saud]; asking about a feud between the Wahabi sect and Sunni and Shia [Muslims] and about "doctrinal and ritualistic" differences between them. 23-25 Jan 1921
25 CHAR 17/14/92-96 Memorandum from [Sir Arthur Hirtzel, Deputy Under Secretary, India Office](India Office) to WSC in answer to his memorandum [CHAR 17/14/89-91] providing information about an Indian Mohammedan [Muslim] guard for holy places, explaining that shrines in Mesopotamia and Palestine haven't needed protection (annotated by WSC "No I meant Mecca and Medina"); King Hussain's position and possible threats; Ibn Saud's and a Shereefian ruler of Mesopotamia and his credibility; orthography of Ibn Saud and Ibn Rashid; Sunni, Shia and Wahabi [Muslims] and information about their opinions and beliefs. [25 Jan 1921]
25 CHAR 16/7/23-25 Letter from Enver [Pasha], ex- Turkish Minister of War (Smolensk [Russia]) to WSC making observations on Turkey's reasons for entering the war and on the huge sacrifices made and news of the 'coup de grace' [final blow] of dividing up his fatherland. He begs WSC to use his influence on [David] Lloyd George to re-establish links and to keep Asia Minor and Thrace together; warns him about Turkey and Arabia and against offending Islam. Ends by promising great loyalty. 03 May 1919
25 CHAR 9/42/1-22 "Navy Estimates" 18 Mar 1912

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