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Score Reference Record Date
25 CHAR 2/371A-B Public and Political: General: Defence. 06 Nov 1936 - 20 Jan 1942
25 CHAR 8/721 Literary: Co-operation Publishing Company: business correspondence. 27 Jul 1945 - 19 Dec 1945
25 CHAR 20/94A/95-96 Letter from WSC to Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] marked "Most secret" stating: that as a result of discussions held with the Lord President of the Council in Washington it was decided that draft articles of an agreement to govern collaboration on the "Tube Alloys" [Atom Bomb Research] project should be recommended jointly to President Roosevelt and himself; that these draft articles established a Combined Policy Committee; that given the role Canada is playing in this project he proposes that a Canadian member should be appointed to the committee; that he assumes he is in agreement with him asking President Roosevelt to invite Mr Howe, his suggested representative, to become a member of the committee Initialled. 11 Aug 1943
25 CHAR 20/94A/100-101 Letter from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "For you alone" stating: that he believes they should make a renewed final offer to U J [Marshal Stalin] to go to meet him at Fairbanks as soon as the military conference is over; that he is having a copy of the Tube Alloy Memorandum [Atom Bomb Research] made ready for their initials and that he hopes he is agreeable to Mr Howe joining them as a Canadian representative along with their two men, Field Marshal Sir John Dill and Colonel John Llewellin [British Minister Resident in Washington, United States]; that he is sure that the plan he has in mind regarding the question of commands is the best; that he was impressed with Gray's Irish message but suggests that he omits the section stating that they continue being nice to Eamon de Valera [Prime Minister of Ireland] and that regarding the French Committee he suggests that he goes as far as he can with his formula as there is no point in making a gesture of this kind in a grudging manner and that if he prefers separate documents can be used to convey their differing opinions Signature in typescript. 15 Aug 1943
25 CHAR 20/94A/102 Letter from WSC to Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] enclosing for his most secret information a copy of the signed Articles of Agreement governing collaboration between the authorities of the United States and Britain on the subject of Tube Alloys [Atom Bomb Research] and informing him that President Roosevelt has accepted his suggestion that Mr Howe joins them on the Combined Policy Committee as a representative of Canada Signature in typescript. Copy. 19 Aug 1943
25 CHAR 20/127/32 Telegram from WSC to Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] (Lord President of the Council) regarding tube alloys [atomic bomb research] stating that he is receiving personal assurances but that it is thought better not to send any instructions by telegraph from there. 23 Jan 1943
25 CHAR 20/128/51 Telegram from WSC (Washington [United States]) to Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley, Lord President of the Council] marked "Most Secret and Personal" regarding tube alloys [atomic bomb research] and commenting that his conversation with President Roosevelt was satisfactory. 26 May 1943
25 CHAR 20/128/53 Telegram from WSC (Trident, Washington Conference [United States]) to Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] (Lord President of the Council) informing him that President Roosevelt has agreed to the resumption of an exchange of information regarding Tube Alloys [atomic bomb research] and stating that this decision has been reached on the understanding that this weapon will be available for use in this war and asking him to inform Lord Cherwell [Earlier Frederick Lindemann, Prime Minister's Personal Assistant] of this news. 26 May 1943
25 CHAR 20/129/33 Telegram from WSC (Quadrant [Quebec Conference, Canada]) to Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] (Lord President of the Council) informing him that the articles of agreement regarding Tube Alloys [the atomic bomb] has been signed by him and President Roosevelt and informing him of those who have been named as representatives on the Combined Policy Committee. Copy. 20 Aug 1943
25 CHAR 20/129/44 Telegram from WSC (Quadrant [Quebec Conference, Canada)] to Sir John Anderson [later 1st Lord Waverley] (Lord President of the Council) marked "Private and Personal" informing him of the suggested next steps for the Tube alloys project [atomic bomb research], stating that it has been proposed that British Scientists should be sent to the United States and noting why problems arose before with Sir Wallace Akers [Director of Atomic Energy Research, under Department of Industrial and Scientific Research] asking his opinion on this matter. 27 Aug 1943
25 CHAR 20/210/104 Telegram from WSC to President Roosevelt marked "Personal and Top Secret" stating that he would like Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] to succeed Field Marshal Sir John Dill on the Combined Policy Committee on "Tube Alloys" [codename for atomic research]. Photocopy. 14 Jan 1945
25 CHAR 20/210/111 Telegram from President Roosevelt to WSC marked "Personal and Top Secret" stating that he is delighted to have Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington, United States] on the Combined Policy Committee [on atomic research]. Photocopy. 14 Jan 1945
25 CHAR 20/215/27 Telegram from WSC to Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (Washington [United States]) marked "Personal and Top Secret" informing him of the latest plans for Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery [Commander 21st Army Group] to take Lubeck [Germany]; the advance to Linz [Austria]; and for the Americans to take the region south of Stuttgart [Germany] where the main German "TA" [Tube Alloy, the atomic bomb] research is concentrated. Despatched on 19 April. 18 Apr 1945 - 19 Apr 1945
25 CHAR 20/219/26 Telegram from Foreign Secretary [Anthony Eden, later Lord Avon] (Washington [United States]) to WSC marked "Top Secret and Personal" stating that he needs two days in Washington: to speak to Henry Stimson [Secretary of War, United States] on a "special subject" [the atomic bomb], General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] and Field Marshal Sir Henry Wilson [Representative of the British Chiefs of Staff in Washington] on American withdrawals from Europe, Joseph Grew [Under Secretary of State, United States] and President Harry Truman on disputes with the Soviet Union. Copy. 14 May 1945
25 CHAR 20/219/41-43 Telegram from Anthony Eden [later Lord Avon, Foreign Secretary] (Washington [United States]) reporting a talk with Henry Stimson [Secretary of War, United States] on a "special subject" [the atomic bomb]; and with Stimson, General George Marshall [Chief of Staff United States Army] and John McCloy [Assistant Secretary of War] on the withdrawal of United States forces from Europe, Marshall emphasising the limited nature of such withdrawal in the next few months; the retreat of Anglo-American forces to the agreed zones of occupation in Germany; the Pacific War; and the offer by some German prisoners to fight against Japan. 14 May 1945
25 CHUR 2/3 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on a number of immediate post-war issues (includes copies of wartime documents). Jan 1940 - Oct 1945
25 CHUR 2/3/42-50 Statement by WSC on the atomic bomb [01-07 Aug 1945]
25 CHUR 2/3/105 Copy of a message from WSC to Prime Minister [Clement Attlee] marked "personal and secret" about the text of a draft message for [Harry Truman, President of the United States, from Attlee] in which he questions what [Attlee] wishes the Americans to do about sharing information about atomic weapons with the Soviet Union and a reference to an "Act of Faith"; discusses the importance of security in world policy and the timing of a United Nations conference; WSC's agreement with President Roosevelt which constitutes a "special relationship" and almost a "military understanding"; and his conviction that the Unites States should not share knowledge about the atomic bomb except in return for a system of inspection. He ends by sympathising with [Attlee's] anxieties. [Oct 1945]
25 CHUR 2/4 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence with Clement Attlee, Prime Minister [from July 1945] (includes copies of wartime documents). Dec 1943 - Jul 1951
25 CHUR 2/4/48-50 Copy of a letter from WSC to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister, marked "personal and private" thanking him for his draft speech on the Roosevelt Memorial Bill; promising to write again about a publication; and discussing demobilisation figures and the possibility of war with the Soviet Union, noting that the Russians are hampered by two reasons "their virtue and self restraint. The second, the possession by the United States of the Atomic bomb." 10 Oct 1946
25 CHUR 2/4/61-63 Copy of a letter from WSC (28, Hyde Park Gate, London) to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister, marked "private" in which he discusses subjects including: publication of their correspondence; information about Soviet forces in Europe; and the Atomic bomb and his agreement with the President [Franklin Roosevelt] that the United Kingdom is entitled to a share of information as well as to bombs. He ends by noting that he feels the public should be informed about the lack of consultation between the government and opposition on foreign policy, peace negotiations and national defence. 06 Oct 1946
25 CHUR 2/28 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers on defence, atomic weapons and energy. Nov 1945 - Apr 1954
25 CHUR 2/28/45-51 Copy of a covering letter from WSC to Clement Attlee, Prime Minister, marked "private" sending on two enclosures and undertaking to support the government on national defence, while reserving the right to criticise the Government on defence spending, and suggesting a recall of Parliament at the end of August. 4-6 Aug 1950
25 CHUR 2/28/121-124 Letter from Clement Attlee, Prime Minister (10, Downing Street) to WSC marked "top secret" enclosing a note about the circumstances in which the clause in the Quebec Agreement was allowed to lapse which provided that neither the United States nor the United Kingdom would use the [atomic] bomb against third parties without the consent of the other. He explains: that the Americans were keen to get rid of the clause because Congress had not been informed about it and it went beyond the terms which the President has the power to agree; that the technical provisons about the exchange of information and raw materials remain in place; that the United Kingdom wished to be free of restrictions on the use of atomic energy for industrial purposes; the need for greater co-operation with the United States since the MacMahon [sic] Act; and that it was recognised that friendship and co-operation would be more significant than written agreements. He ends by paying tribute to WSC's efforts in securing the Quebec Agreement. Includes enclosure entitled "Top Secret: Atomic Energy: The Quebec Agreement of 1943" on the end of co-operation between the United States and the United Kingdom and Canada as a result of the McMahon Act; the "modus vivendi" and renewal of limited co-operation; the omission from the "modus vivendi" of clauses dealing with mutual consent for use of the bomb and industrial and commercial aspects; and limited exchange of technical information. Signed typescript. 2-3 Dec 1950
25 CHUR 2/28/126 Letter from Harry Truman [President of the United States] (The White House, Washington) to WSC explaining that he does not wish to publish the Quebec Agreement as requested by WSC because it will lead to requests for information about the current status of collaboration between the United Kingdom, Canada and the United States and that this would jeopardise the countries and NATO Allies. 24 Mar 1951
25 CHUR 2/28/132-134 Copy of a letter from WSC to the President of the United States [Harry Truman] asking for the publication of the 1943 Quebec Agreement, arguing that the British Parliament should have access to the facts, that consent from the British government would be needed to use the US air bases in East Anglia for the atomic bomb and this would strengthen the ties between the two countries. He ends by congratulating [Truman] on events in Korea and the Eisenhower mission. Unsigned carbon typescript. 12 Feb 1951
25 CHUR 2/31 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence and papers, mainly from Field Marshal [1st Lord] Montgomery of Alamein [Chief of Imperial General Staff]. Feb 1948 - May 1950
25 CHUR 2/67A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-C. Jun 1947 - Dec 1949
25 CHUR 2/80 Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence A-B. May 1948 - Feb 1950
25 CHUR 2/81A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D. Dec 1948 - Dec 1949
25 CHUR 2/94 Public and Political: General: Political; Correspondence A-B. Dec 1949 - Nov 1950
25 CHUR 2/95A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence C-D. Aug 1949 - Dec 1950
25 CHUR 2/98 Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H-J. Nov 1949 - Dec 1950
25 CHUR 2/114A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D-G. Nov 1950 - Nov 1951
25 CHUR 2/128A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence D - G. 29 Sep 1951 - 19 Oct 1957
25 CHUR 2/129A-B Public and Political: General: Political: Correspondence H - O. 30 Jul 1951 - 22 Sep 1961
25 CHUR 2/133 Public and Political: General: Political: Press cuttings and Hansards. 06 Jan 1953 - 09 Dec 1954
25 CHUR 2/140 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence A - D. 04 Jul 1945 - 31 Dec 1945
25 CHUR 2/158 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with President Truman. 29 Jan 1946 - 01 May 1950
25 CHUR 2/170 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence H - J. 02 Nov 1948 - 30 Jan 1952
25 CHUR 2/183 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Con - Cz. 12 Jul 1951 - 28 Apr 1959
25 CHUR 2/209 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Personal correspondence Su - Z. 29 Oct 1951 - 14 Apr 1955
25 CHUR 2/210A-B Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with Bernard Baruch. 06 Oct 1945 - 06 Jul 1956
25 CHUR 2/217 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence with President Eisenhower. 04 Feb 1952 - 22 Aug 1959
25 CHUR 2/217/15 "Cabinet: Note on Tube Alloys, 1954" 14 Dec 1954
25 CHUR 2/217/75-78 Copy of a letter from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the Unites States, apologising for delay in replying to his letters; discussing his "feeling of both relief and denudation" after resigning as Prime Minister; expressing satisfaction with the timing of his resignation and the abilities of [Anthony Eden, later 1st Lord Avon] and with the prospect that a summit meeting with the Soviet Union will take place; and commenting that he is not in favour of nuclear saturation although he feels that it might lead to a new set of deterrents. Unsigned carbon typescript. 18 Jul 1955
25 CHUR 2/230A-B Public and Political: General: Visits and invitations: United States (January - March 1946) S - Z. 03 Oct 1945 - 07 Aug 1946
25 CHUR 2/506 Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence, A-B. Feb 1955 - Sep 1964
25 CHUR 2/508A-B Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence, D-H. Aug 1955 - Dec 1964
25 CHUR 2/510A-B Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence, M. Aug 1956 - Oct 1964
25 CHUR 2/511A-B Public and Political: General: Political: correspondence, N-P. Dec 1953 - Sep 1964
25 CHUR 2/519A-C Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence Baruch - Beaverbrook. Jul 1951 - Jan 1965
25 CHUR 2/533 Public and Political: General: Private and Personal: Correspondence, Reynaud - Salmond. Sep 1956 - Feb 1964
25 CHUR 3/88 Political: Constituency: Woodford [Essex]: Correspondence with or on behalf of constituents, P - S. 16 Oct 1953 - 18 Jan 1955
25 CHUR 4/19A-B Literary: correspondence with consultants and others on WSC's war memoirs ("The Second World War", mainly volumes 1 to 4), C-I. Jun 1946 - Dec 1950
25 CHUR 4/71 Literary: typescript proofs and draft copies [some annotated by WSC] of WSC's article entitled "One Way to Stop a Third World War". 1946
25 CHUR 4/297A-F Literary: The Second World War, Volume 4 "The Hinge of Fate", Appendices. Oct 1947 - Nov 1950
25 CHUR 4/298 Literary: The Second World War, Volume 4 "The Hinge of Fate", Various material. Feb 1942 - Oct 1953
25 CHUR 4/400A-C Literary: "The Second World War": preface for the abridged [one-volume] edition [eventually incorporated into the published version as "An Epilogue on the Years 1945 to 1957"] covering WSC's speeches at Fulton [United States] (March 1946) and Zurich [Switzerland] (September 1946), tensions with the Soviet Union, the founding of NATO, the Berlin [Germany] blockade, the European Movement, the atomic bomb, Stalin's death, Indian independence, the Korean War, the creation of Israel, and the United Nations. Feb 1957
25 CHUR 5/2A-D Speeches: speech notes. 07 Nov 1945 - 28 Nov 1945
25 CHUR 5/4A-E Speeches: speech notes. 13 Jan 1946 - 29 Apr 1946
25 CHUR 5/8A-C Speeches: speech notes. 20 Apr 1946 - 21 Sep 1946
25 CHUR 5/16A-D Speeches: speech notes. Jul 1944 - 16 Feb 1948
25 CHUR 5/21A-B Speeches: speech notes. 09 Oct 1948 - 28 Oct 1948
25 CHUR 5/21A/1-68 "Perils abroad and at home" 09 Oct 1948
25 CHUR 5/22A-B Speeches: speech notes. 12 Nov 1948 - 11 Feb 1949
25 CHUR 5/24A-E Speeches: Speech notes. Jan 1949 - 01 Apr 1949
25 CHUR 5/25A-E Speeches: speech notes. 01 Apr 1949 - 28 May 1949
25 CHUR 5/27A-E Speeches: speech notes. 28 Sep 1949 - 27 Oct 1949
25 CHUR 5/28A-B Speeches: Speech notes. 02 Nov 1949 - 28 Dec 1949
25 CHUR 5/29A-C Speeches: General Election Miscellanea. Oct 1949 - Feb 1950
25 CHUR 5/32A-C Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 11 Feb 1950 - 24 Feb 1950
25 CHUR 5/33A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 27 Feb 1950 - 28 Mar 1950
25 CHUR 5/33B/217-272 "Defence" 16 Mar 1950
25 CHUR 5/33C/578-622 "European Unity" 28 Mar 1950
25 CHUR 5/36A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 04 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1950
25 CHUR 5/36A/114-133 "Korea" 05 Jul 1950
25 CHUR 5/37A-D Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 11 Aug 1950 - 19 Sep 1950
25 CHUR 5/39A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 04 Nov 1950 - 14 Dec 1950
25 CHUR 5/39B/275-302 "The International Situation" 30 Nov 1950
25 CHUR 5/39C/539-574 "The International Situation" 14 Dec 1950
25 CHUR 5/40A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 07 Feb 1951 - 21 Mar 1951
25 CHUR 5/40B/269-320 "Defence (Government Policy)" 15 Feb 1951
25 CHUR 5/45A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 06 Nov 1951 - 22 Dec 1951
25 CHUR 5/46A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, prints and source material. 14 Jan 1952 - 26 Feb 1952
25 CHUR 5/52A-C Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard. 03 Nov 1953 - 17 Dec 1953
25 CHUR 5/52A/1-44 Debate on the Address 03 Nov 1953
25 CHUR 5/53A-E Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and Hansard. 01 Feb 1954 - 30 Apr 1954
25 CHUR 5/54A-B Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 07 Dec 1953 - 30 Jun 1954
25 CHUR 5/55A-B Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, Hansard and source material. 12 Jul 1954 - 05 Sep 1954
25 CHUR 5/56A-B Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 09 Oct 1954 - 08 Dec 1954
25 CHUR 5/57A-B Speeches: House of Commons and Non-House of Commons: Speech notes, source material and Hansard. 25 Jan 1955 - 28 Mar 1955
25 CHUR 5/57A/33-89 "The deterrent-nuclear warfare" 01 Mar 1955
25 CHUR 5/62A-D Speeches: Non-House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 06 Nov 1958 - 26 Oct 1960
25 CHUR 6/3A-C Official: Prime Minister: correspondence between WSC and President Dwight D Eisenhower [President of the United States]. 29 Jan 1953 - 31 Mar 1955
25 CHUR 6/3A/9-12 Copy of a letter from WSC to the President of the United States [President Dwight Eisenhower] marked "top secret: private and personal" in which he apologises for the delay in replying to Eisenhower; comments on the possibilities of the French delaying ratification [of the European Defence Community]; agrees that there can be no Four Power conference before ratification; discusses the increase in the Soviet Union's nuclear power; Great Britain's nuclear capability in the atomic and hydrogen "sphere"; thanks him for co-operation of the Unites States officers; expresses regret that Eisenhower was not in office at the time of the discussion of the McMahon Act and the delay in adding to US deterrent power. He notes that British scientists have mastered atomic and hydrogen weapons independently "through [Clement] Attlee's somewhat unconstitutional exertions in making vast sums available for nuclear development without disclosing the fact to Parliament" and encloses a paper (CP (54) 390) [not present] which has had a good response. Churchill concludes by agreeing to sit for Eisenhower's artist friend "Although my experiences as a model have not been altogether agreeable lately I submit myself with great confidence to your well-balanced love of truth and mercy." [a reference to the portrait of WSC by Graham Sutherland]. Unsigned carbon typescript. 12 Jan 1955
25 CHUR 6/3A/28-29 Copy of a letter from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States] marked "private and secret" in which he discusses his need to do his duty; explains that he is not seeking a "dramatic exit" but feels that East-West liaison through Foreign Offices will not produce a decisive result; and explains the reasons for his belief that there should be a summit meeting between himself, [Eisenhower], and the new leaders of the Soviet Union. Unsigned typescript. 08 Aug 1954
25 CHUR 6/3A/40-41 Copy of a telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, marked "top secret" in which he explains why he sent a telegram to [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] without submitting it to Eisenhower; asks him to re-read recent correspondence; re-affirms his conviction that there should be a summit meeting with the Soviet Union; discusses Molotov's reply and the likelihood that the Soviet Union may welcome domestic prosperity and international contacts; and comments on grave military events in Vietnam. He concludes by promising to keep Eisenhower fully informed and to wait for a response before making an official approach to Molotov. Typescript. 08 Jul 1954
25 CHUR 6/3A/66-68 Copy of a letter from WSC to [Dwight Eisenhower] President of the United States marked "most secret and confidential" on subjects including: agreement between the United Kingdom and the United States on key principles; the nuclear test at Eniwetok Atoll and implications for London "I am told that several million people would certainly be obliterated by four or five of the latest H bombs"; statements by Sterling Cole; the Soviet Union's nuclear capability; the responsibility conferred by the power of nuclear weapons; and his belief in the need to have a personal summit meeting [between the United Kingdom, Soviet Union and the United States]. Typescript. 08 Mar 1954
25 CHUR 6/3A/113 Copy of a telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, with a draft of a proposed personal message from WSC to [Vyacheslav] Molotov [Soviet Foreign Minister] suggesting that he visits Moscow, because of the illness of [Anthony] Eden [later 1st Lord Avon], in order to "restore an easy and friendly basis" between the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union. Carbon typescript. 04 May 1953
25 CHUR 6/3A/124 Telegram from WSC to Dwight Eisenhower, President of the United States, marked "personal and private" on the improvement in the Soviet "mood" and the need for continued vigilance and defensive rearmament; explaining that the British Ambassador to the Soviet Union [Sir William Hayter] has been instructed to settle minor points with the Soviets; and the need for close co-operation. Typescript. 05 April 1953
25 CHUR 5/8/145-162 "The Tragedy of Europe" 19 Sep 1946

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