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Score Reference Record Date
25 CHAR 1/118A/61-62 Letter from CSC to WSC, on meeting with one of his officers, Lt. Jock McDavid, also on the Northcliffe press's opposition to WSC, and the possibility of Lord Fisher returning to office. Typescript transcript at CHAR 1/118B/61-62. 08 Feb [1916]
25 CHAR 1/397A/38-39 Letter from Louis Alber [President, Affiliated Lecture and Concert Association Incorporated] to Senator William Borah, regretting the newspaper coverage of his attempt to arrange for Borah and WSC to debate the question of recognition of the Soviet Union. [Copy]. [Jan 1932]
25 CHAR 2/7/53 Letter from Hammond Hall, Editor, Daily Graphic, to WSC, on the paper's intention to discourage the policy of preferential tariffs "while not committing ourselves irrevocably to opposition". 02 Jun 1903
25 CHAR 2/8/59-60 Letter from Sir Sidney Low to WSC, on Canadian desire for an English Preference Party, also commenting that if free traders wanted good press coverage one of their millionaires should buy or start a newspaper, listing the likely attitudes of the press, most of whom would be hostile to the cause. 17 Aug 1903
25 CHAR 2/8/66-68 Letter from Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord Quickswood] to WSC, on his inclination to give up politics, advising him not to trust Sir Alfred Harmsworth [later Lord Northcliffe] and the Daily Mail over free trade, listing possible future events in order of preference (his favoured solution was for Joseph Chamberlain to resign as Colonial Secretary. 31 Aug 1903
25 CHAR 2/8/87 Letter from Alfred Harmsworth, [later Lord Northcliffe] to WSC, denying responsibility for coverage of letter by WSC against protective tariffs in the Daily Mail. 13 Oct 1903
25 CHAR 2/8/88 Letter from Thomas Marlowe, Editor, Daily Mail, to WSC, apologies for coverage of letter by WSC against protective tariffs. 13 Oct 1903
25 CHAR 2/9/18-19 Letter from Herbert Vivian to WSC, on public meetings and the need for newspaper coverage of the free trade cause. 15 Nov 1903
25 CHAR 2/11/5 Letter from J. St Loe Strachey, Editor of The Spectator, to WSC, on his willingness to back "any Imperialist Free Trade League", even if this meant that the Spectator lost half of its readership. 02 Jun 1903
25 CHAR 2/15/53 Letter from J.P. Alderson to WSC on the need for a free trade newspaper, and the possibility of the Daily Chronicle being converted into a free trade journal. 17 Jan 1904
25 CHAR 2/15/67 Letter from W. Nicholson to WSC, on unfair report of WSC's address to Whitby Conservative Association in the Yorkshire Herald. 26 Jan 1904
25 CHAR 2/16/30 Letter from Alfred Haserick to WSC, on South Africa, also asking for help in obtaining post as Near or Far Eastern correspondent of a "good" newspaper. 16 Feb 1904
25 CHAR 2/16/45 Letter from Lord Robert Cecil [later Lord Cecil of Chelwood] to WSC, sending articles from The Pilot, on free trade, a "well written and well edited" paper with sound views on the fiscal question, stating that he had invested as much as he could afford in the paper, and hoping that WSC would bring it to the attention of someone who was rich enough to help it. 27 Feb 1904
25 CHAR 2/17/72-73 Letter from William Robinson (154 New Hall Lane, Preston, [Lancashire]) to WSC (House of Commons) describing how he was forced out of his editorial posts at the Preston Herald and the Darwen Gazette by local Tory leaders, who objected to his support of Free Trade, and soliciting WSC's help in securing a post with a liberal paper. Annotated by WSC: "I will dictate a reply". 04 Jun 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/4 Letter from Thomas Seddon junior (22 Station Road, Prescot,[Lancashire]) to WSC on the arguments for and against the Aliens Bill and the influence of the local press in Seddon's area in turning even Radicals against the Opposition. Praises WSC's espousal of "progressive" policy. 02 Aug 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/61 Letter from Sidney Low (2 Durham Place, Chelsea, [London]) to WSC on his inability to influence the change in ownership of the Standard and on that paper's violent tone over the "Baltic Fleet imbroglio" [when the Russian Baltic squadron opened fire on the Hull fishing fleet, mistaking them for Japanese torpedo-boats]. Hopes WSC will approve of his new book, The Governance of England. 02 Nov 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/62-63 Letter from Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord Quickswood] (Hatfield House, Hatfield, Hertfordshire) to WSC discussing the feasibility of establishing a new Free Trade newspaper to replace the Standard. 07 Nov 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/64 Letter from Sidney Low (2 Durham Place, Chelsea, [London]) to WSC reporting that the new owners of the Standard have given him freedom to write on anything except the fiscal question and Joseph Chamberlain, and wondering whether the Liberals can "let the whole Press gradually pass under the control of a great Chamberlainized trust.". 09 Nov 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/72 Letter from Lord Hugh Cecil [later Lord Quickswood] (Hatfield House, Hatfield, Hertfordshire) to WSC referring to the 8th Duke of Devonshire's speech at Rawtenstall [Lancashire] and noting that Sir Alfred Harmsworth [later Lord Northcliffe] is said to be less Chamberlainite than C Arthur Pearson. Reminds WSC to get the approval of Lord Robert Cecil [later Lord Cecil of Chelwood] for the publication of letters from Lord Randolph Churchill to 3rd Lord Salisbury. 12 Nov 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/75 Letter from Sir Alfred Harmsworth [later Lord Northcliffe] (the Daily Mail, [London]) to WSC denying that he runs several newspapers advocating different political opinions Signed typescript. 14 Nov 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/78 Letter from Sir Alfred Harmsworth [later Lord Northcliffe] (the Daily Mail, [London]) to WSC explaining why WSC's recent speech [attacking large newspaper trusts] was thought to refer to Harmsworth. Signed typescript. 17 Nov 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/83 Letter from 5th Lord Rosebery (Dalmeny House, Edinburgh, [Scotland]) to WSC praising his recent speech in Glasgow and his criticism of C Arthur Pearson's purchase of the Standard. 21 Nov 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/90 Letter from J Moore Bayley (47 Temple Row, Birmingham) to WSC on letters relating to Lord Randolph Churchill's connection with Birmingham, WSC's criticism in the press of C Arthur Pearson, and the insufficient activity of local Free Trade Unionists. 23 Nov 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/91-92 Letter from WSC (105 Mount Street) to the editor of the Times defending his (WSC's) criticism of the effect of C Arthur Pearson's purchase of the Standard on the paper's journalists. Typescript copy with annotations in the hand of Annette Anning. 24 Nov 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/99 Letter from Sidney Low (2 Durham Place, Chelsea, [London]) to WSC defending his decision to continue to write for the Standard. 28 Nov 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/100 Letter from Sidney Low (2 Durham Place, Chelsea, [London]) to WSC explaining that he had no wish to misrepresent WSC in the recent controversy about Low's decision to continue to write for the Standard. 10 Dec 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/107-109 Letter from John Montagu [later 2nd Lord Montagu] (17 Shaftesbury Avenue, London) to WSC on the prosperity of the British car industry and Montagu's unsuccessful attempt to buy the Standard before C Arthur Pearson. Signed typescript. 30 Nov 1904
25 CHAR 2/18/137-139 Letter from WSC [105 Mount Street] to the Editor of the Times criticising the effect on journalistic freedom of C Arthur Pearson's ownership of a number of newspapers. Typescript copy with annotations in the hand of Annette Anning. [23 Nov 1904]
25 CHAR 2/18/142-145 Letter from WSC [105 Mount Street] to the Editor of the Times reasserting his view that C Arthur Pearson bought the Standard in order to change it into an anti-Free Trade paper. Typescript copy with annotations in the hand of Annette Anning. [21 Nov 1904]
25 CHAR 2/19/56 Letter from Hartman Morgan (Holly Terrace House, Holly Hill, Hampstead, [London]) to WSC announcing his intention of writing temporarily for the Manchester Guardian and referring to WSC's possible consultation of him on certain aspects of the fiscal question. 23 Apr 1904
25 CHAR 2/21/2 Issue of the "Free Trader". 08 Jan 1904
25 CHAR 2/22/37 Letter from R Millman Mackay (30 Greencroft Gardens, West Hampstead, [London]) to newspaper editors suggesting that all leading newspapers in the Empire should issue commercial supplements to be circulated throughout the Empire. Typescript Sent with CHAR 2/22/36. [Jan 1905]
25 CHAR 2/22/71 Letter from Sir Douglas Straight (Pall Mall Gazette, Newton Street, Holborn, [London]) to WSC asking him to agree to be photographed for publication in the Pall Mall Gazette and congratulating him on his speech on his motion in the House of Commons against imperial preference. 1 card. 10 Mar [1905]
25 CHAR 2/26/28 Letter from Herbert Vivian (Hotel de Luxembourg, Promenade des Anglais, Nice, [France]) to WSC on: "The Curiosity of Literature", "The River War", and the best way of engaging in published controversy with Colonel [?Ivor] Maxse; Vivian's review of WSC's last book; the activities of "those Labour devils". Suggests WSC meet Horatio Bottomley with a view to getting "our own paper to draw blood properly.". 19 Feb 1906
25 CHAR 2/29/43 Letter from William Parry, chemist (Port Victoria, South Australia) criticising James Kier Hardy and complaining of the Protectionist stance of newspapers in Australia. Urges WSC to continue his fight for Free Trade. Encloses newspaper cuttings [see CHAR 2/29/39]. 26 Feb 1907
25 CHAR 2/30/47 Letter from J Moore Bayley (47 Temple Row, Birmingham) to WSC praising his rebuke of the press in the House of Commons on the previous night [occasioned by an inaccurate report on the Colonial Conference in the Daily Mail]. 16 May 1907
25 CHAR 2/30/48-49 Letter from Herbert de Reuter (Reuter's Telegram Company Limited, 24 Old Jewry, London) to WSC explaining why the company did not cable to South Africa the whole of WSC's response in the House of Commons to the Daily Mail's false report of an incident at the Colonial Conference. Signed typescript. Annotated by WSC insisting that the full text of his answer was covered by Parliamentary privilege and should have been cabled. 17 May 1907
25 CHAR 2/30/52 Letter from Cornelia, Lady Wimborne (Canford Manor, Wimborne, [Dorset]) to WSC referring to his recent speech in Edinburgh [Scotland] in which he attacked the Daily Mail and inviting him to come and address a meeting on land reform. 21 May 1907
25 CHAR 2/30/53 Letter from A P Stevenson (12 Brunswick Square, Brighton, [Sussex]) to WSC congratulating him on his attack on the Daily Mail. 21 May 1907
25 CHAR 2/30/54 Letter from ?John Wighes (Holly Bank, Repton, Burton-on- Trent, [Staffordshire]) to WSC endorsing his attack on the Daily Mail. 21 May 1907
25 CHAR 2/30/58-59 Letter from Herbert Vivian (The Pleasaunce, Woking, [Surrey]) to WSC reporting C Arthur Pearson's explanation of why he was attacking WSC in his newspapers and his pledge to Vivian to desist if WSC made it clear that his (WSC's) attacks on Sir Alfred Harmsworth [later 1st Lord Northcliffe] did not include Pearson. Vivian offers to start a violent campaign against the "reptile press" if WSC does not wish to make concessions to Pearson. 23 May 1907
25 CHAR 2/34/34 Letter from E P Stevenson (15 Old Cavendish Street, [London]) to WSC congratulating him on his campaign [in North-West Manchester] and on his attack on the Harmsworth Press. Denounces the methods of the Daily Mail. 25 Apr 1908
25 CHAR 2/36/59 Letter from Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth] (Carlton Hotel, Frankfurt-am-Main, [Germany]) to WSC on newspaper reporting of political speeches. [Sep 1908]
25 CHAR 2/38/34-35 Letter from Arthur Lawrence, director of the Globe Press (35 Surrey Street, Strand, [London]) to WSC inviting him to join the committee of a planned club for enhancing "the social amenities between English and Americans." Expresses disappointment at WSC's defeat in the [North-West Manchester] by-election and endorses his remarks during the campaign about certain newspapers. Signed typescript. Annotated: "politely declined". Illustration of the Globe Press premises in letter-head. 27 Apr 1908
25 CHAR 2/39/45 Letter from Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth] (The Daily Mail) to WSC advising him to meet Canadian journalists, especially Sir Hugh Graham of the Montreal Star. 01 May 1909
25 CHAR 2/46/44 Letter from G Wallace Carter, general secretary of the Free Trade Union (8 Victoria Street, Westminster, London) to WSC (Home Office) describing the inadequate British news service in Canadian newspapers and suggesting that a summary of each day's parliamentary debates be cabled to all the Dominions free of charge. Signed typescript. Annotated with instruction by WSC to show the letter to Colonel [John Seely, late Lord Mottistone]. 01 Sep 1910
25 CHAR 2/53/24 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth] asking for the Times to report his speeches at Dundee [Angus, Scotland] in October as these are the only ones he is giving during the parliamentary recess. Praises the line taken by the Times and the Daily Mail [over the Agadir crisis in Morocco.] Typescript. Preceded by instruction to Edward Marsh to write the letter out. 13 Sep 1911
25 CHAR 2/53/28 Letter from Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth (Shire Donald Hotel, Newcastle, County Down, [Ulster, Ireland]) to WSC reporting that he has written to Printing House Square about the reporting of WSC's speeches [in Dundee, [Angus, Scotland]] and criticising the speeches of some of WSC's colleagues on the international situation because they betray a lack of awareness that Germany's army is unwieldy, bureaucratic and hidebound and that she really fears the French army. Asserts that his newspapers are not being provocative but are reporting the facts. Illustration of hotel on letter head. 18 Sep 1911
25 CHAR 2/54/2 Letter from John Gulland (12 Downing Street) to Mr Harris recommending that Macrae of the Free Trade paper the "Northern Weekly" should receive funding. 04 Jan 1911
25 CHAR 2/57/30-32 Letter from [WSC] to the Prime Minister [Herbert Asquith later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] reporting the view of Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth] that Liberal journalists have not been as well rewarded with honours as their Conservative counterparts and agreeing with Northcliffe that men like J A Spender, Henry Massingham, C P Scott, Robert Donald and Drysdale (of the Yorkshire Daily Observer) should be rewarded. Reports that Northcliffe believes Spender is danger of being turned out of the Westminster Gazette by Sir Alfred Mond. Incomplete typescript copy. Sheets filed in wrong order. 12 Aug 1912
25 CHAR 2/57/33 Letter from Herbert Asquith [later 1st Lord Oxford and Asquith] (The Wharf, Abingdon, [Oxfordshire]) to WSC rejecting the assertions of Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth] that J A Spender is in danger of being turned out of the Westminster Gazette and that Liberal journalists should be given more honours. Reports that Sir Robert Borden [Prime Minister of Canada] is a little less confident in his ability to do what he wishes and congratulates WSC on the "trouncing" he gave to Andrew Bonar Law. 16 Aug 1912
25 CHAR 2/59/41 Letter from Herbert Samuel (Office of Postmaster General) to WSC enclosing enclosing an extract from an official minute on the reporting by telephone of WSC's speech in Belfast [Ulster] [see CHAR 2/59/42-44]. Signed typescript. 13 Feb 1912
25 CHAR 2/62/41 Letter from Lord Northcliffe (The Times) to WSC commenting on the reporting of the Marconi scandal and criticising the absence of [Lord Murray of Elibank, earlier Alexander Murray, the Master of Elibank]. Mentions the arrangements for his trip in a submarine. Initialled typescript. 06 Jun 1913
25 CHAR 2/62/113 Letter from J L Garvin (9 Greville Place, [London]) to WSC asking whether WSC can supply definite information which would enable Garvin to assure William Astor [later Lord Astor] that his newspapers are on sound ground in taking a moderate line [?on Home Rule]. 12 Dec 1913
25 CHAR 2/64/23 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Northcliffe [later Sir Alfred Harmsworth] attacking the "panic-stricken stuff" written by the war correspondent of the "Times" and sending paraphrases of the telegrams being received by the Government [not present]. Typescript copy. 05 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 2/64/30 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Charles a Court Repington on: arrangements for providing information about the war to the press; the fall of Antwerp [Belgium]; the prospect of a hard struggle on the Western Front. Copy in WSC's hand. 15 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 2/64/34 Letter from J L Garvin (9 Greville Place, [London]) to WSC on the attitude of Waldorf Astor [later 2nd Lord Astor of Hever Castle] and 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] to the advocacy of a "vigorous, broad, independent national policy" in the "Observer". 04 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 2/64/35 Letter from J L Garvin (9 Greville Place, [London]) to WSC on the improved prospects of ?[William] Waldorf Astor [later 1st Lord Astor of Hever Castle] retaining ownership of the "Observer". 07 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 2/64/42 Letter from J L Garvin (9 Greville Place, [London]) to WSC on: the wish of "my young officer" [his son] to meet WSC and get his autograph; the way in which Andrew Bonar Law and "the whole frondeur-press have swung round to our line"; the possibility of 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Harold Harmsworth] or Waldorf Astor [later 2nd Lord Astor of Hever Castle] acquiring the "Observer". 22 Dec 1914
25 CHAR 2/65/57 Letter from WSC to Lord Haldane [earlier Richard Haldane] hoping that the press campaign against Haldane will be ineffective. Copy in the hand of Edward Marsh. 21 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/65/58 Letter from WSC to Lord Kitchener regretting the attacks in the press on Kitchener, expressing confidence that the Dardanelles campaign "will come out all right" and noting that Lord Fisher [earlier Sir John Fisher] "went mad". 21 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/65/59 Letter from Lord Kitchener (War Office) to WSC stating that the attempts in the press to create bad feeling between himself and Sir John French [later Lord French and Lord Ypres] will fail and mentioning the "cheerful" telegrams received from the Dardanelles. May 1915
25 CHAR 2/65/65 Letter from Sarah, Lady Wilson (Brighton, [Sussex]) to WSC urging him to stay at the Admiralty and condemning the press attacks on the conduct of the war as encouraging to the Germans. 21 May 1915
25 CHAR 2/66/20 Letter from E M Lafone (10 Embankment Gardens, Chelsea, [London]) to WSC expressing regret at his resignation as First Lord of the Admiralty and urging him to work for the regulation of the press. 28 May [1915]
25 CHAR 2/67/5 Letter from J L Garvin (Shootlands, Wotton, Dorking, [Surrey]) to WSC expressing confidence that WSC's forthcoming speech [at Dundee on the war situation] will be powerful and explaining that it is still uncertain whether he (Garvin) will continue as editor of the Observer. Describes his correspondence with Waldorf Astor [later 2nd Lord Astor of Hever Castle] on this matter and how he has written to Nancy Astor [later Lady Astor] asking her to take the judgement of Arthur Balfour [later Lord Balfour] judgement on naval policy. Notes that the Unionists support David Lloyd George. 03 Jun 1915
25 CHAR 2/69/3 Cutting from the "Daily Mail": editorial on: the falsehood of the charge by John Dillon that the Mail was responsible for the fall of the Government, which really resulted from the revelation that the army was getting insufficient supplies of high explosives; the need for compulsory national service; the unfairness of recruiting married men into the army instead of single men. 09 Jun 1915
25 CHAR 2/69/26 Cutting from the Daily Mail: editorial on the increased circulation of the Daily Mail despite attacks on its reports of the gravity of the war situation by "Hide-the-Truth" newspapers. 05 Jul 1915
25 CHAR 2/71/13 Letter from Lord Wimborne [2nd baron, later 1st viscount] [earlier Ivor Guest and Lord Ashby St Ledgers] (Wimborne House, Arlington Street, [London]) to WSC on: the stalemate in the war; the task of reconstruction after it is over; the increasing prominence of women and the imminent disappearance of the press. 15 Feb 1916
25 CHAR 2/103/73 Letter from 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] (71 Savoy Court, Strand, [London]) to David Lloyd George asserting that Lloyd George's coalition owes its survival to its supporters in the press and complaining about the attacks made on him [Rothermere], Lord Northcliffe [earlier Sir Alfred Harmsworth] and Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] at meetings of the Unionist War Committee. States that he will not work for the return of Conservative MPs, whom he believes will obstruct land legislation "of a most revolutionary character", which will be needed "to save this country from movements which will have a Bolshevist tendency." Signed typescript. 14 Nov 1918
25 CHAR 2/120/18 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Riddell [earlier Sir George Riddell] thanking him for a Christmas box of cigars and praising his handling of the American press at the Washington Conference on disarmament. 09 Jan 1922
25 CHAR 2/120/31-32 Telegram from WSC to [David Lloyd George] reporting the hostile attitude of the press, Sir George Younger and other Conservatives towards the calling of a general election and advising that no decision be taken until Lloyd George returns. Typescript copy annotated by WSC. 12 Jan 1922
25 CHAR 2/125/18 Extract from a letter from [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain to [Joseph] Austen Chamberlain, sent on to WSC. Writing in the train between Moose Jaw and Medicine Hat, Canada, Chamberlain comments on his surprise and delight at the strong pro-British feeling in Canada, and at the offers of service that had been pouring in since Britain had called on the Dominions for help. He states that Canada could raise tens of thousands of volunteers, and comments on criticism of [William] Mackenzie King [Prime Minister of Canada] for "his miserable and shameful hedging", adding that King's office depended on the French Canadian vote and the farmers' vote. Chamberlain thinks that veterans anxious to serve again might have left work, thinking they were wanted at once, as there was an exaggerated idea of the magnitude of the crisis. He says that misleading telegrams had been published giving the impression that Britain was taking sides with Greece to deprive Turkey of Constantinople [later Istanbul]; noting that most news was doctored for American consumption and then passed to Canada, Chamberlain states that something should be done to organize a Dominions press service. Unsigned typescript. Sent with CHAR 2/125/17. [24] [Sep] [1922]
25 CHAR 2/134/150 Letter from Sir Archibald Sinclair [later 1st Lord Thurso] (Dalnawillan, Altnabraec, Caithness, [Scotland]) to WSC congratulating him on his Edinburgh speech, complaining of the "defeatist" attitude of the Scottish Conservative press towards the Anglo-Russian treaty, and stressing the need for David Lloyd George to "stick to his guns.". 29 Sep 1924
25 CHAR 2/136/87 Letter from 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] (Claridge's Hotel, Avenue des Champs-Elysees, Paris, [France]) to WSC stating that he will tell his newspapers to support WSC when he begins negotiations for the repayment of the debts owed to Britain by France and Italy and that he has instructed them "to go slow on the food question". Asks WSC to advise his son, Esmond Harmsworth [later 2nd Lord Rothermere], to go travelling. Nov 1924
25 CHAR 2/136/88 Letter from 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] (Claridge's Hotel, Avenue de Champs-Elysees, Paris, [France]) to WSC stating that the presence of WSC and other friends of Rothermere's in the new Government will mean that criticism in Rothermere's newspapers will be tempered. Refers to the inevitability of Esmond Harmsworth [later 2nd Lord Rothermere] getting a job. [Nov] [1924]
25 CHAR 2/147/10 Letter from [WSC] (Chartwell) to F Stanley Jackson (33 Pont Street, [London]) on the increasingly Radical, Socialist and anti-Government line being taken by "John Bull". Carbon typescript copy. 10 Jan 1926
25 CHAR 2/149 Public and political: newspapers relating to the General Strike. May 1926
25 CHAR 2/157/1 Letter from Lord Burnham [earlier Harry Webster] (13 Bryanston Square, [London]) to WSC thanking him for his praise of the "Daily Telegraph" during Burnham's period of ownership, explaining why he has sold the paper and expressing confidence in the new owners. 18 Jan 1928
25 CHAR 2/157/8 Letter from [WSC] to Lord Burnham [earlier Harry Webster] expressing regret that he is selling the "Daily Telegraph" and praising the paper's conduct during Burnham's period of ownership. Typescript copy. 16 Jan 1928
25 CHAR 2/164/40 Letter from [Edward Marsh] to the editor of the "Daily Herald" on photographs [not present] which were obviously faked or forged by staff at the "Daily Herald" "for the purpose of sustaining a prejudicial caption." Carbon typescript copy. 18 Jun 1929
25 CHAR 2/164/46-47 Letter from W H Stevenson, associate editor of the "Daily Herald" (2 Carmelite Street, [London]) to Josephine Cummins denying that a photograph of WSC carrying a book entitled "War", which was published in his paper, was a forgery. 19 Jun 1929
25 CHAR 2/164/48 Letter from A G Delgado (28 Upper Hamilton Terrace, [London]) to WSC asking for advice on what he should do about the intention of the "Daily Herald" to give him trouble about his letter accusing the paper of publishing a forged photograph of WSC carrying a book entitled "War". 19 Jun 1929
25 CHAR 2/164/49 Letter from [Josephine Cummins] to A G Delgado expressing WSC's belief that the letter he has now sent to the "Daily Herald" will ensure that Delgado will not experience any more trouble [over the accusation that the paper published a forged photograph of WSC carrying a book entitled "War"]. Carbon typescript copy. 22 Jun 1929
25 CHAR 2/164/50 Letter from [Josephine Cummins] to W H Stevenson, associate editor of the "Daily Herald", conveying WSC's acceptance of Stevenson's assurance that the photograph [of WSC carrying a book entitled "War"] was not tampered with in any way. Carbon typescript copy. 22 Jun 1929
25 CHAR 2/164/51 Letter from William Mellor, editor of the "Daily Herald" (2 Carmelite Street, [London]) to WSC demanding an apology for WSC's accusation that the paper published a forged photograph [of WSC carrying a book entitled "War"]. 23 Jun 1929
25 CHAR 2/164/52 Letter from [Josephine Cummins] to William Mellor, editor of the "Daily Herald" stating that WSC believes that the abusive campaign which the Herald has conducted against him absolves him from making an apology [about the accusation that the paper published a forged photograph of WSC carrying a book entitled "War"]. Carbon typescript copy. 25 Jun 1929
25 CHAR 2/169/55-56 Letter from [WSC] to 1st Lord Balfour [earlier Arthur Balfour] (Fishers Hill, Woking, [Surrey]) promising to send him his articles on the battles of Tannenberg and the Marne, noting the failure of the bid by Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] and Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] to dominate the political scene, and reporting that he has been informally told that a strong speech by him on naval policy would be welcome to the Government and he is therefore going to give one to the Navy League. Carbon typescript copy. 22 Feb 1930
25 CHAR 2/169/60 Letter from [WSC] to Sir Abe Bailey (38 Bryanston Square, [London]) thanking him for praising his speech [on India and Egypt], mentioning that it ended with "a thrilling peroration about the Empire", that Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] is "running amok" but has split from "Max" [Lord Beaverbrook, earlier Sir Max Aitken] and asking for news about Sherwood's. Carbon typescript copy. 17 Sep 1930
25 CHAR 2/180A/46-48 Telegram from 1st Lord Rothermere [owner of the Daily Mail, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] (Cap Martin, [France]) to WSC congratulating him on his speech on India [at the Cannon Street Hotel, London], urging him to make more of the same sort and promising to publicise them. 13 Dec 1930
25 CHAR 2/180A/49 Telegram from 1st Lord Rothermere [owner of the Daily Mail, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] (Monte Carlo [Monaco]) to WSC congratulating him on his speech [on India] and promising unlimited support. 28 Jan 1931
25 CHAR 2/180A/50-51 Letter from 1st Lord Rothermere [owner of the Daily Mail, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] (Riviera Palace Hotel, Monte Carlo [Monaco]) to WSC urging him to continue with his campaign on India and promising to give him as much publicity as he wants. 29 Jan 1931
25 CHAR 2/180A/52-53 Letter from 1st Lord Rothermere [owner of the Daily Mail, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] (Riviera Palace Hotel, Monte Carlo [Monaco]) to WSC predicting that WSC will become Prime Minister, expressing doubt whether the Conservatives could win a General Election, suggesting that [James] Ramsay MacDonald [Prime Minister] could have the same number of followers in the next parliament as in this, and stating that one of the conditions for his support of 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken] "is that he goes all out on India and national economy.". 31 Jan 1931
25 CHAR 2/180A/59 Telegram from WSC to 1st Lord Rothermere [owner of the Daily Mail, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] (Royal Hotel, San Remo, [Italy]) reporting a satisfactory talk with [William] McWhirter [Managing Director, Associated Newspapers Limited] and [Herbert] Wilson. [Typescript copy]. 07 Feb 1931
25 CHAR 2/180A/60 Telegram from WSC to 1st Lord Rothermere [owner of the Daily Mail, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] (Royal Hotel, San Remo, [Italy]) reporting that Lancashire is more interested in India than anything else and that he is writing to Rothermere about publicity [see CHAR 2/180A/61-65], asking him to tell Herbert Wilson [? Associated Newspapers Limited] to contact him, agreeing that the meeting in the Albert Hall [London] should be in March instead of April, and praising Esmond Harmsworth [later 2nd Lord Rothermere] at the Manchester meeting. [Typescript copy]. 03 Feb 1931
25 CHAR 2/180A/61-65 Letter from [WSC] to [1st Lord Rothermere, owner of the Daily Mail, earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on: the interest in Indian affairs in Lancashire; the need for a Conservative Party meeting on the issue; the need for full reporting in Rothermere's newspapers of WSC's speeches on the issue; the good performance of Esmond Harmsworth [later 2nd Lord Rothermere] at the meeting in Manchester; the defeat of P E Springman, the candidate backed by 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Sir Max Aitken], in the Islington [London] by-election; the continuing strength of party feeling; WSC's determination to carry on the fight over India; the support for his stand from other Conservative MPs. Carbon typescript copy. 03 Feb 1931
25 CHAR 2/180A/83-85 Letter from Sir [John] Mark Hunter, Secretary of the Indian Empire Society (28 Alfred Place, [London]) to WSC on press publicity for the meeting at the Albert Hall [London]; includes draft notice to the Press Association. 16 Feb 1931
25 CHAR 2/183/3 Letter from H W Wilson (203 Elgin Avenue, London) to WSC explaining that the "Daily Mail" and the BBC are closely co-operating and that WSC will probably get the chance to broadcast on India if he asks Sir John Reith [later Lord Reith] to lunch. 09 Feb 1931
25 CHAR 2/185/34 Letter from Sir Charles Mendl (British Embassy, Paris, [France]) to WSC enclosing CHAR 2/185/35-59, commenting on the circulation of French newspapers and advising WSC to take his time in recovering from paratyphoid. 26 Sep 1932
25 CHAR 2/193/82-83 Letter from [WSC] to 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth] on the growing opposition to the Government's Indian policy among Conservatives in the country and the help given to the cause by the Daily Mail and the Morning Post. Carbon typescript copy. 03 May 1933
25 CHAR 2/193/125 Letter from Sir James Hawkey, vice-chairman of the West Essex Unionist Association (26 Broomhill Road, Woodford Green, Essex) to WSC enclosing a letter from Yeovil [Somerset] showing the methods adopted by their opponents in the constituencies [not present], stressing the need for a friendly press and deploring the attitude of the Sunday Express. 06 Jun 1933
25 CHAR 2/197/120 Letter from [WSC] to Vice-Admiral Cecil Usborne [chief organiser of the India Defence League] promising to talk to his friends in the press about getting greater publicity for the India Defence League before the Birmingham conference. Carbon typescript copy. 29 Sep 1933
25 CHAR 2/204/15 Letter from W H Stephenson, managing director and managing editor of the Southport Advertiser (5 Park Crescent, Southport, [Lancashire]) to WSC explaining that he is writing a life of his father, Sir Albert Stephenson, who owned the Oldham Daily and Weekly Standard and asking him to confirm that the Standard helped him win the Oldham seat. 18 Feb 1934
25 CHAR 2/204/16 Letter [WSC] to W H Stephenson [managing director and managing editor of the Southport Advertiser] confirming that the Oldham Standard helped him win the Oldham seat. Carbon typescript copy. 23 Feb 1934
25 CHAR 2/235/97 Letter from 1st Lord Camrose [Editor-in-Chief of the Sunday Times and Daily Telegraph, earlier Sir William Berry], to WSC, regretting that he cannot use Oliver Locker Lampson as a columnist in the Sunday Times, as he is already partially committed to John Buchan [later Lord Tweedsmuir]. Camrose adds that the dropping of Locker Lampson's work from the Daily Mail and Evening News had nothing to do with the trouble between Camrose himself and 1st Lord Rothermere [earlier Sir Harold Harmsworth]. Camrose then says that WSC can rely upon him to do all that he can in regard to air parity, and that the Daily Telegraph has kept well up with the subject. 14 May 1935
25 CHAR 2/240A/67 Letter from John Gretton (Belgrave Square, London SW1) to WSC, on the necessity for the Harmsworth press to "push" the Albert Hall meeting [of the India Defence League] on opposition to the Government of India Bill; commenting that a "flop" would do so much damage that it might be fatal, that an audience of at least 9,000 was necessary, as the Hall looked half empty with an audience of 7,000. 07 Mar 1935
25 CHAR 2/240A/71-72 Letter from Edward Russell, (the Morning Post, Tudor Street, London EC4), to WSC, on the disadvantages of the Post being seen to interfere in the India Bill and asking WSC to circulate speeches from the Post [from the Conference of Indian Princes] instead. 11 Mar 1935
25 CHAR 2/240A/83-84 Letter from WSC to H A Gwynne, [Editor of the Morning Post], with thanks for sending a letter from [Bhuphindra Singh], Maharaja of Patiala [Chancellor of the Indian Chamber of Princes] on the rejection of the Government of India Bill by the Indian Princes and on circulating the Post's report on the Princes' meeting. [Carbon]. 13 Mar 1935
25 CHAR 2/240A/85-86 Printed pamphlet "Report of the Speeches delivered at the Conference of Indian Princes, held at Bombay" [at which they rejected the Government of India Bill], printed by the Morning Post, and circulated by WSC to members of the House of Commons, with note that WSC wanted to know how many MPs acknowledge the report. 25 Feb 1935 - 17 Mar 1935
25 CHAR 2/246/111 Letter from WSC to Kenneth Henderson, Legal Department, Associated Newspapers, commenting that he was satisfied with the outcome of Randolph Churchill's libel action against Sir Thomas White. [in which Randolph made an out of court payment of 1,000 pounds]. Stating that he particularly appreciated the chivalrous manner in which the Daily Mail rated Randolph's interests above their own. [Carbon]. 18 Jul 1935
25 CHAR 2/265 Public and Political: General: Abdication of Edward VIII: American press cuttings. 12 Apr 1936 - 04 Dec 1936
25 CHAR 2/275 Public and Political: General: Germany: Political intelligence. 24 Jan 1936 - 24 Dec 1936
25 CHAR 2/278 Public and Political: General: Defence: Inventions and suggestions. Nov 1935 - 31 Jul 1936
25 CHAR 2/294 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 17 Nov 1936 - 26 Feb 1937
25 CHAR 2/328 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 05 Oct 1937 - 31 Mar 1938
25 CHAR 2/331 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 01 Aug 1938 - 30 Sep 1938
25 CHAR 2/333 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 31 Oct 1938 - 06 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 2/355 Public and Political: General: Press cuttings etc. 03 Feb 1938 - 20 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 2/360 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 12 Jun 1939 - 31 Jul 1939
25 CHAR 2/362 Public and Political: General: Correspondence. 01 Sep 1939 - 28 Dec 1939
25 CHAR 2/363 Public and Political: General: Personal Office: Correspondence A - B. 05 Jun 1918 - 27 Dec 1939
25 CHAR 2/386 Public and Political: General: correspondence with or about Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]. Sep 1939 - Sep 1941
25 CHAR 2/389A-B Public and Political: General: press cuttings of articles, letters, and leader comments, on the international situation and British politics, mainly from national and local British newspapers and magazines, such as the Times, the Daily Mail, the Daily Telegraph, the Manchester Guardian, the Illustrated London News, and Picture Post, as well as United States and German articles. Dec 1938 - Oct 1939
25 CHAR 2/393/98-101 Copy of a letter from Kathleen Hill [Secretary to WSC] to the Editor of the Daily Herald [Percy Cudlipp] about a misrepresentation of WSC's speech in the House of Commons. She encloses a cutting and transcript of the extract from the Daily Herald and an extract from the Official Report of WSC's speech, explaining that WSC was not "'promising' to sink all German ships in the Skagerrak and Kattegat [between Norway and Denmark], but only to give the fullest liberty of action to our submarines employed there to sink ships 'as opportunity serves.'", and asks [Cudlipp ] to reply. 11-27 Apr 1940
25 CHAR 2/393/102 Letter from Percy Cudlipp, Editor, Daily Herald (2-12 Endell Street, Long Acre, London) to Kathleen Hill, Secretary to WSC, in reply to her letter [CHAR 2/393/98-101] disputing that he had distorted WSC's words to make a hostile comment. He explains that a number of national newspapers interpreted WSC's words in a similar way; that he does not think the Daily Herald "was unfair in referring to a "promise" by Mr Churchill to sink all German ships on the Skagerrak and Kattegat [between Denmark and Norway]."; and that he feels WSC's speech gave the public an optimistic impression. 29 Apr 1940
25 CHAR 2/396 Public and Political: General: Personal Office correspondence, L-M, many congratulating WSC on becoming Prime Minister and Leader of the Conservative Party and praising his leadership. Dec 1939 - Dec 1940
25 CHAR 2/410 Public and Political: General: correspondence with or about Emery Reves [earlier Imre Revesz]. Jan 1940 - Nov 1940
25 CHAR 2/431 Public and Political: General: correspondence and papers concerning an action brought by William Griffin, editor and publisher of the New York Enquirer, against WSC for slander over WSC's denial of statements attributed to him by Griffin on the United States' entry into World War I. Jan 1941 - Oct 1941
25 CHAR 2/450 Public and Political: General: correspondence and papers concerning the Conservative and Unionist Party. Feb 1942 - Dec 1942
25 CHAR 2/556 Public and Political: General: General Election: Broadcasts and articles. 11 May 1945 - 28 Jun 1945
25 CHAR 2/557 Public and Political: General: General Election: Various press cuttings. 21 May 1945 - 04 Jul 1945
25 CHAR 2/570 Public and Political: General: Ulster Boundary. Mar 1922 - Oct 1924
25 CHAR 2/571 Public and Political: General: Trinity House. Feb 1920 - Mar 1929
25 CHAR 2/587 Public and Political: General: Indian affairs: Newspapers, press cuttings and photographs. 1931
25 CHAR 2/590 Public and Political: General: Proposed broadcasts abroad following BBC ban. 22 Apr 1932 - 04 Jul 1932
25 CHAR 2/598A-B Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public on the abdication crisis, L-Z, mainly supporting WSC's stance. Dec 1936
25 CHAR 2/609A-B Public and Political: General: correspondence from the general public mainly abroad, particularly the United States, on the Munich Crisis, Germany, Czechoslovakia, Anglo-American relations and other international affairs; mostly supporting WSC's stance, praising his broadcasts and articles, some making appeals concerning personal matters. 19 Oct 1938 - 05 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 3/4 Political: Constituency: Oldham [Lancashire]: correspondence. 12 Feb 1903 - 25 Aug 1903
25 CHAR 4/18 Political: Constituency: North West Manchester: By election defeat. Apr 1908
25 CHAR 4/19 Political: Constituency: North West Manchester: By election defeat. Apr 1908
25 CHAR 7/2 Political: Constituency, Epping [Essex]: correspondence. 20 Dec 1924 - 05 Nov 1925
25 CHAR 8/208 Literary: Various Correspondence relating to Volume 3 of "The World Crisis". Jan 1917 - Mar 1927
25 CHAR 8/229 Literary: Correspondence concerning articles by WSC in the Daily Mail. 14 Apr 1929 - 02 Jun 1929
25 CHAR 8/290 Literary: Correspondence concerning WSC's articles for the Daily Mail. 1931
25 CHAR 8/301 Literary: Articles by WSC for the Strand Magazine. 1931
25 CHAR 8/521 Literary: Articles: Collier's Weekly. Sep 1934 - Jul 1935
25 CHAR 8/540 Literary: articles. Jan 1936 - Sep 1936
25 CHAR 8/594 Literary: various correspondence. 14 Sep 1937 - 31 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 8/600 Literary: Evening Standard articles: correspondence. 13 Jan 1938 - 04 Nov 1938
25 CHAR 8/601 Literary: Daily Telegraph articles: correspondence. 04 Apr 1938 - 15 Nov 1938
25 CHAR 8/602 Literary: News of the World articles: correspondence. 19 Feb 1938 - 23 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 8/603 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles: correspondence. 04 Jan 1938 - 16 Sep 1938
25 CHAR 8/604 Literary: Collier's magazine articles: correspondence. 03 Feb 1938 - 30 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 8/606 Literary: Curtis Brown Limited: business correspondence. 13 Dec 1937 - 10 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 8/607 Literary: Co-operation Press Service for International Understanding: business correspondence. 24 Dec 1937 - 27 Dec 1938
25 CHAR 8/624 Literary: various correspondence. 04 Jan 1939 - 11 Dec 1939
25 CHAR 8/629 Literary: News of the World articles: correspondence. 21 Feb 1939 - 26 Oct 1939
25 CHAR 8/630 Literary: Daily Telegraph articles: correspondence. 13 Jan 1939 - 20 Jun 1939
25 CHAR 8/631 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles: correspondence. 14 Jun 1939 - 28 Dec 1939
25 CHAR 8/632 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles: correspondence. 04 Oct 1939 - 14 Dec 1939
25 CHAR 8/633 Literary: Daily Mirror articles: correspondence. 20 Mar 1939 - 26 Sep 1939
25 CHAR 8/634 Literary: Collier's magazine articles: correspondence. 09 Feb 1939 - 03 Dec 1939
25 CHAR 8/635 Literary: Picture Post articles: correspondence. 23 Jan 1939 - 03 Oct 1939
25 CHAR 8/638 Literary: Co-operation Press Service: business correspondence. 03 Jan 1939 - Dec 1939
25 CHAR 8/656 Literary: lists of WSC articles, lectures, etc. for 1894/1895 and 1923-1939. c 1939
25 CHAR 8/660 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles: correspondence. 02 Jan 1940 - 19 Feb 1941
25 CHAR 8/661 Literary: Sunday Chronicle articles: correspondence. Dec 1939 - 26 Sep 1940
25 CHAR 8/666 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 2. 03 Mar 1940 - 07 Apr 1940
25 CHAR 8/684 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles: correspondence. 24 Dec 1940 - 10 Dec 1941
25 CHAR 8/699 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles: correspondence. 28 Jan 1942 - 12 Jul 1942
25 CHAR 8/704 Literary: Sunday Dispatch articles by WSC: 3. 12 Apr 1942 - 10 May 1942
25 CHAR 9/73 Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings. 25 Apr 1925 - 15 Dec 1925
25 CHAR 9/95 Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and press cuttings. 20 Jan 1931 - 27 Jun 1931
25 CHAR 9/96 Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes, typescript and source material. 16 Mar 1931 - 22 Apr 1931
25 CHAR 9/185A-D Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 06 May 1942 - 02 Jul 1942
25 CHAR 9/193A-C Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 01 Feb 1943 - 31 Mar 1943
25 CHAR 9/196A-B Speeches: Non House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 06 Jun 1943 - 09 Nov 1943
25 CHAR 9/200A-B Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 19 Jul 1944 - 08 Aug 1944
25 CHAR 9/201A-D Speeches: House of Commons: Speech notes and source material. 28 Aug 1944 - 18 Oct 1944
25 CHAR 10/10 Official: Colonial Office: correspondence, mainly on South African affairs. 09 Feb 1906 - 12 May 1906
25 CHAR 10/11 Official: Colonial Office: correspondence, mainly on South African affairs. 23 Apr 1906 - 30 May 1906
25 CHAR 10/12 Official: Colonial Office: correspondence, mainly on South African affairs. 21 May 1906 - 28 Jun 1906
25 CHAR 12/2/45 Letter from Sydney Brooke (80 Addison Road, Kensington [London]) to WSC to arrange an appointment to discuss a bill for the restriction of the press in wartime and enclosing an article from the Fortnightly Review [see CHAR 12/2/46] which illustrates the attitude of some journalists who are "just as dissatisfied with the present state of affairs as the Admiralty itself". Signed manuscript annotated by WSC and Edward Marsh. 17 Jun 1910
25 CHAR 12/2/46 Pamphlet entitled "The Press in Wartime" outlining the conflicts between the press and secrecy in wartime, and stressing the need for regulations restricting the freedom of the press. Printed. Covering letter at CHAR 12/2/45. [1906]
25 CHAR 12/7/15-16 Letter from George Edwards (New Scotland Yard) to an un-named addressee reporting on a meeting with [John] Kempster [editor of the Police Review and Parade Gossip] to discuss the case of [Ex-Inspector John] Syme at which it emerged that Kempster was not keen to publish the Commissioner's judgement on the case. Signed typescript. 30 Sep 1910
25 CHAR 12/7/21 Letter from Sidney Harris [Under Secretary of State, Home Office] to Mr Mylius concerning the case of [Ex-Inspector John] Syme. He asks whether the editor of the Police Review and Parade Gossip, [John] Kempster, has definitely refused to publish the judgement reached in the case, and tells Mylius to forward the letter to Sir Edward Henry [Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police] if he is unable to answer. Signed manuscript with note by Sir Edward Henry asking Mylius to obtain a statement concerning Kempster's intentions from Mr [George] Edwards. See CHAR 12/7/15-16. 23 Sep 1910
25 CHAR 12/8/31 Letter from Sir Arthur Bigge [later Lord Stamfordham, Permanent Secretary to King George V] (Buckingham Palace) to Sidney Harris [Under Secretary of State, Home Office] thanking him for the February issue of the Liberator, adding "the King is glad to think that these are being stopped in the Post under the Home Secretary's warrant". Signed typescript. 18 Feb 1911
25 CHAR 12/9/91 Letter from Sir Edward Troup [Permanent Under Secretary of State, Home Office] to Sir Charles Mathews [Director of Public Prosecutions] enclosing newspaper cuttings from the Times [see CHAR 12/9/92]. He reports that WSC would like to know whether Christabel Pankhurst or the Times could be prosecuted for criminal libel. Signed manuscript. 04 Mar 1911
25 CHAR 12/10/79 Letter from Charles Scott [editor of the Manchester Guardian] (Arolla, Valais [Switzerland]) to WSC thanking him for explaining the action he has taken over the misconduct of a [Manchester Guardian] correspondent. Signed manuscript. 04 Sep 1911
25 CHAR 12/15/60-62 Letter from WSC (Home Office) to King Edward VII describing events in the House of Commons including: debate of the Vote on Account; censure of Sir Robert Anderson for his articles in Blackwood's Magazine and the decision that he would not be deprived of his pension; and the uproar which followed a remark made by [James] Campbell. 22 Apr 1910
25 CHAR 13/1/41 Letter from Lord Northcliffe [owner of the Times, earlier Alfred Harmsworth] to WSC, on the question of the suppression of news of naval movements in the newspapers, stating that it should be enforced tactfully but drastically, and that he was all for the most drastic censorship before and during war. 01 Dec 1911
25 CHAR 13/1/44 Letter from WSC (Admiralty) to Archibald Hurd, on his decision not to reveal his source of information about naval affairs, commenting on the lack of secrecy in regard to naval matters and the levity in which disclosures were regarded, and adding that unless the press were prepared to co-operate with the Admiralty, legislation would be required. [Typescript, annotated and signed by WSC]. 13 Dec 1911
25 CHAR 13/8/91 Letter from [1st] Lord Northcliffe [earlier Alfred Harmsworth] (The Times), to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, stating that at the request of the British Embassy, Berlin [Germany], he was reluctantly holding back news about the German naval scheme, complaining that the Foreign Office, while using the press "as a sort of doormat" were always talking of its "Dangerous tendency", also commenting that the Government were not very able in their management of the newspapers, and that his papers the "Times", "Daily Mail" and "Evening News" had been really helping them over the last two or three days "almost against their wish". 01 Mar 1912
25 CHAR 13/9/14 Minute from Prince Louis of Battenberg [2nd Sea Lord, later 1st Lord Milford Haven] to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the appointment of Admiral Sir William May as Chief Umpire at the forthcoming Manoeuvres, suggesting that he be provided with a headquarters at the Admiralty, or at Admiralty House, Devonport [Devon], rather than a flagship at sea; he also suggests that the press be banned from the Manoeuvres: "We have had bitter experiences with them in the past and I hope never to see them allowed on board ship again!". Annotated by WSC "Oh! Pray remember I was once one of those creatures". 24 Apr 1912
25 CHAR 13/9/22 Letter from Charles A'Court Repington, (Maryon Hall, Hampstead [London]), to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], stating that the Times would support WSC's proposals about the Dominions and the Navy, but would say nothing until after his speech; he adds that the Times had also got wind of WSC's proposals for a "naval National Reserve" and asks for an interview in order to ensure that the Times keeps in line with WSC's policy. 02 May 1912
25 CHAR 13/10/8-9 Letter from J L Garvin, [Editor of the Pall Mall Gazette and the Observer] to WSC, on the behaviour of Admiral Lord Charles Beresford and public concern about naval affairs. 08 Aug 1912
25 CHAR 13/10/16 Letter from J Alfred Spender, Editor of the Westminster Gazette, to James Masterton-Smith, [Private Secretary to WSC], with the text of a letter from Admiral Lord Charles Beresford to the Westminster Gazette on the Gazette's criticism of his comments on recent naval manoeuvres. 10 Aug 1912
25 CHAR 13/11/35-36 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], to Robert Donald, [Editor of the Daily Chronicle] on the oil fuel question, and on the opposition of the Daily News to the Canadian gift to Britain [of 3 Dreadnoughts]. [Carbon copy]. 07 Dec 1912
25 CHAR 13/14/9-12 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] offering congratulations on his "splendid memorandum", which was "Napoleonic in its audacity and Cromwellian in its thoroughness". Fisher advises WSC not to spend money on major repairs to ships, as they went out of date so quickly, but to build new; he states that he once told the German Naval Attache that he could arrange for him to steal plans for ships more than a year old, and alleges that the Attache had paid 500 pounds for documents left out on purpose. Fisher also alleges that his messenger used to sort through his waste paper basket, but states that he did not "run him in" as he was a "patriot without knowing it". Fisher also comments on J L Garvin's appointment as Editor of the Pall Mall Gazette. [See CHAR 13/16/5-6 for typescript copy]. 10 Jan 1912
25 CHAR 13/14/94-97 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, (Hotel Excelsior, Naples [Italy]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the departure of 15,000 Italian troops to Tripoli [? Libya]: Fisher comments that no Italian newspapers had "given the show away" and wonders if British newspapers would do the same. He asks WSC if he could trust Ralph Blumenfeld, Editor of the Daily Express, H A Gwynne, Editor of the Morning Post, or Leslie Cornford of the Standard, suggesting that if war broke out, all three should be arrested on a "false charge of contravening the Criminal Law Amendment Act". Fisher also comments on relations with Germany, predicting that they would not fight until they had got two more Army Groups ready, and their woefully-behind aviation was up to the French standard: "This won't be till AD 1914 (Kindly put that date in your diary)", stressing the importance of having Vice- Admiral Sir John Jellicoe as "top dog" in 1914. [See CHAR 13/16/47-48 for typescript copy]. 01 Apr 1912
25 CHAR 13/16/5-6 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] offering congratulations on his "splendid memorandum", which was "Napoleonic in its audacity and Cromwellian in its thoroughness". Fisher advises WSC not to spend money on major repairs to ships, as they went out of date so quickly, but to build new; he states that he once told the German Naval Attache that he could arrange for him to steal plans for ships more than a year old, and alleges that the Attache had paid 500 pounds for documents left out on purpose. Fisher also alleges that his messenger used to sort through his waste paper basket, but states that he did not "run him in" as he was a "patriot without knowing it". Fisher also comments on J L Garvin's appointment as Editor of the Pall Mall Gazette. [Typescript copy. See CHAR 13/14/9-12 for original]. 10 Jan 1912
25 CHAR 13/16/47-48 Letter from Admiral of the Fleet 1st Lord Fisher, (Hotel Excelsior, Naples [Italy]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the departure of 15,000 Italian troops to Tripoli [? Libya]: Fisher comments that no Italian newspapers had "given the show away" and wonders if British newspapers would do the same. He asks WSC if he could trust Ralph Blumenfeld, Editor of the Daily Express, H A Gwynne, Editor of the Morning Post, or Leslie Cornford of the Standard, suggesting that if war broke out, all three should be arrested on a "false charge of contravening the Criminal Law Amendment Act". Fisher also comments on relations with Germany, predicting that they would not fight until they had got two more Army Groups ready, and their woefully-behind aviation was up to the French standard: "This won't be till AD 1914 (Kindly put that date in your diary)", stressing the importance of having Vice- Admiral Sir John Jellicoe as "top dog" in 1914. [Typescript copy; see CHAR 13/14/94-97 for original]. 01 Apr 1912
25 CHAR 13/20/149 Letter from J L Garvin, [Editor] of the Pall Mall Gazette, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] asking for an advance copy of WSC's forthcoming speech; Garvin adds that he has suppressed various sensationalist articles on the navy. [Dec] [1913]
25 CHAR 13/22B/236-238 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to an unidentified correspondent [? Geoffrey Dawson, Editor of the Times], regretting that the word "permanent" was omitted in the Times report of his reference to the "permanent unity of Ireland". WSC also comments on out of date articles being published in the Times on warship design. [Carbon copy]. 21 Oct 1913
25 CHAR 13/27B/87-88 Letter from Sir Gilbert Parker (20 Carlton House Terrace [London]) to WSC, First Lord of the Admiralty, on the loss of HMS Audacious, sunk by a mine in the Irish Sea. He encloses a letter from Ed L Keen, General European Manager of the United Press Associations of America, complaining that the news of the loss had been withheld from the British public, and that permission to cable it out of Britain had been refused. 07 Nov 1914 - 10 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/89 Letter from WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] to Sir Gilbert Parker, defending the decision not to release the news of the sinking of HMS Audacious. [Hand-written copy by Edward Marsh, Private Secretary to WSC]. 11 Nov 1914
25 CHAR 13/27B/169-170 Letter from Henry Massingham [Editor of the Nation] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty] on the freedom of the press to criticise the Government in time of war. Jan [1914]
25 CHAR 13/45/119 Letter from WSC to Ralph Blumenfeld [Editor of the Daily Express], on Blumenfeld's concern about attacks made against WSC in the Daily Express. WSC states that he was a regular reader of the paper, and had never seen any unfair criticism of himself: "above all there has never been anything ... reflecting on private and personal conduct. That after all is the line which politicians and political journalists ought to draw", confirming that there was no breach between them. [Typescript copy]. 06 Sep 1914
25 CHAR 13/45/157 Letter from J L Garvin [Editor of the Pall Mall Gazette and the Observer] (Greville Place [London]) to WSC, on an attack against WSC in the Morning Post [which accused him of recklessness and irresponsibility at Antwerp, Belgium]. Garvin states that he had written an article defending WSC in the Pall Mall Gazette and suggests that WSC might give regular comments to the Observer, warning that censorship would cause increasing viciousness from the other papers. 14 Oct 1914
25 CHAR 13/47/57-58 Letters from [?] Oswyn Murray [Assistant Secretary at the Admiralty] to Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC] on arranging an interview between WSC and a representative of the Saturday Evening Post (one of the oldest papers in the United States). 15 Feb 1915 - 16 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/47/110-112 Letter from Charles Scott, [Editor of] the Manchester Guardian, to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on a request from the Admiralty that newspapers should not report the sinking of ships until the details had been officially announced by the Admiralty Press Bureau. Scott states that the request was impracticable, and that if a great liner it any other valuable ship was sunk with the loss of many lives, it was hardly possible that the press would ignore the event until the official announcement. He suggests that losses should be reported as they occurred day by day, in the briefest and most unsensational way. 26 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/47/117 Admiralty minute asking the press not to publish the loss of British merchant shipping as a result of enemy activity, unless the losses had already been reported by the Admiralty. 26 Feb 1915
25 CHAR 13/49/75-77 Letter from Major S Redway (Gloucester Road, South Kensington [London]) to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on censorship of ship statistics from WSC's speeches and Admiralty reports, when reproduced in the press. Includes notes between Edward Marsh [Private Secretary to WSC] and Rear-Admiral Sir Douglas Brownrigg, Chief Censor, on advice given to the censors. 31 Mar 1915 - 08 Apr 1915
25 CHAR 13/49/78-82 Letter from Sir Edward Grey [Foreign Secretary] to WSC [First Lord of the Admiralty], on a complaint from the Associated Press of America about censorship of press telegrams on operations in the Dardanelles. Grey urges that telegrams to the United States press should not be censored, as it had a bad effect on British interests, and any information in the telegrams would have little effect anyway. Includes letter from the Associated Press and an example of a censored telegram. 19 Mar 1915 - 31 Mar 1915
25 CHAR 13/64/129-130 Admiralty Chief Censor's intercepted message from [Davis Edwards] Marshall, London to "New York Times", New York, on warnings of German Zeppelin raids on London. [typescript copy, annotated "stopped"]. 21 May 1915
25 CHAR 16/48B/169-173 Letter from WSC (War Office, Whitehall, SW1 [London]) to David Lloyd George about the situation in Mesopotamia [later Iraq] and Persia [later Iran] including: demands by [Lieutenant-General Sir Aylmer] Haldane [Commander-in-Chief, Mesopotamia] for troops and cavalry forces which cannot be met; WSC's suggestions for moving troops from India, Palestine, Constantinople [later Istanbul] and the Rhine; the need for troops in India; the difficulty of the position against the Bolsheviks in Persia; his frustration at having to "go on pouring armies and treasure into these thankless deserts"; negative press treatment of the government; alienation caused by the British civil administration in Mesopotamia and lack of confidence in Percy Cox [High Commissioner, Mesopotamia]. He ends with a note that he is going on holiday for a fortnight to the South of France. Signed typescript. 31 Aug 1920
25 CHAR 16/62 Official: War and Air: intelligence reports, including material from the K K Series. 13 Oct 1920-18 Feb 1921
25 CHAR 16/74 Official: War and Air: intelligence reports, including material from the K K Series and others. 27 Dec 1920-5 Jan 1921
25 CHAR 18/9 Official: Treasury: correspondence. 01 Jul 1925 - 28 Dec 1925
25 CHAR 18/12B/162 Copy of a minute from WSC to James Grigg [Principal Private Secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer] informing him that he will not circulate the "gold papers" [about the return to the Gold Standard] to the Cabinet and will explain them verbally, because of information obtained by the press about the contributory insurance policy. 23 Apr 1925
25 CHAR 18/30B/188-191 Copy of a memorandum to Sir Warren Fisher [Permanent Secretary, Treasury] and Sir Russell Scott [Controller] markled "secret" on the case of a Treasury clerk "Counter" who has sold government secrets to the press. He asks them to draft an announcement for the [Civil] Service and for information about the loss of official documents in the Treasury and the employment of "searchers" to locate them, suggesting the introduction of a docketing and minuting system; plus the use of locked boxes to ensure security. 28 Mar 1926
25 CHAR 18/59 Official: Treasury: correspondence and papers on the betting tax and totalisator proposals. 11 Mar 1927 - 30 Dec 1927
25 CHAR 18/72 Official: Treasury: correspondence. 21 Dec 1927 - 28 Dec 1928
25 CHAR 18/102 Official: Treasury: correspondence from WSC (carbon copies). 02 Jan 1929 - 04 Jun 1929
25 CHAR 19/2A/64 Letter from WSC to Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain on communication between Cabinet Ministers and the Press, particularly relating to consultation with the Lord Privy Seal [Sir Samuel Hoare, later 1st Lord Templewood] prior to broadcasting. [carbon]. 27 Oct 1939
25 CHAR 20/3/52 Letter from John Astor [Chief proprietor of The Times] to WSC on damage [caused by enemy bombing] at the Times works. 11 Oct 1940
25 CHAR 20/4A/34-35 Note from [WSC] to Arthur Greenwood [Minister without Portfolio], about a cartoon attacking him by David Low in the Evening Standard, a newspaper owned by 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Max Aitken], commenting that Low had always been very independent and Beaverbrook knew nothing of the attack, with [Greenwood]'s reply stating that he had not suspected Beaverbrook of any involvement. 14 Dec 1940
25 CHAR 20/4A/36-37 Letter from WSC to 1st Lord Beaverbrook [owner of the Evening Standard, earlier Max Aitken] on a cartoon by David Low in the Evening Standard lampooning Arthur Greenwood [Minister without Portfolio]. [Carbon]. 13 Dec 1940
25 CHAR 20/4A/38-42 Letter from 1st Lord Beaverbrook [Minister of Aircraft Production, earlier Max Aitken] to WSC justifying his non-interference with his newspapers and suggesting he would be able to act more easily outside the administration; with reply and draft from WSC supporting Beaverbrook's position. 14 Dec 1940- 15 Dec 1940
25 CHAR 20/11/90-93 Letter from Neville Chamberlain [Lord President of the Council] (Privy Council Office) to WSC agreeing to withdraw his objection to [David] Lloyd George being included in the War Cabinet, on two conditions: 1) Lloyd George's personal assurance that "he will drop his personal feud and prejudice against me and will work with me for the national interest" and; 2) that the anti-Conservative campaign being carried out in the Daily Herald, in the News Chronicle and by some members of Parliament shall be stopped. [manuscript]. 06 Jun 1940
25 CHAR 20/12/124 Letter from Commander Sir Walter Windham to WSC repeating his request of May 1940 begging to be allowed to travel to Canada and the United States to conduct a press campaign to gain more aeroplanes for the war effort; has conducted similar "rousing" missions in Australia, New Zealand and South Africa. [typescript]. 22 Jun 1940
25 CHAR 20/12/128-130 Letter from Sir Walter Windham to WSC offering his services to go to the United States and Canada to conduct a press campaign to gain more aeroplanes for the war effort; with [carbon of] a reply from "A B" [Anthony Bevir, Prime Minister's Private Secretary] that the letter will be forwarded to the Secretary of State for Air [Sir Archibald Sinclair, later 1st Lord Thurso]. 25 May 1940-27 May 1940
25 CHAR 20/21A/10 Letter from WSC to Geoffrey Dawson [Editor of the Times] asking what he thinks should be done in the light of his recent leading article. 07 Jan 1941
25 CHAR 20/21A/54-55 Letter from WSC to Cecil King [Director of the Daily Mirror] rebuking him for his newspaper's attempts to discredit the Government and create class disturbances: "it is no defence ... to say that your papers specialise in vitriolic writing. Indeed throwing vitriol is thought to be one of the worst of crimes". 05 Feb 1941
25 CHAR 20/21B/146-148 Letter from WSC to Sir Walter Citrine [General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress and President of the International Federation of Trade Unions] informing him that it was not desirable to have land mines with parachute attachments discussed in the press; censors have kept them secret to avoid giving Germany a huge advantage. 12 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/21B/178 Letter from WSC to Major David Davies [Deputy Editor, News of the World] on a misleading article, entitled "With plenty of bombs we shall smash Berlin" [Germany] about WSC's most recent broadcast [9 February 1941 "Give us the tools"]. 30 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/21C/231 Letter from WSC to 1st Lord Beaverbrook [earlier Max Aitken] on an enclosed file [missing] of newspaper cuttings by John Gordon [? Director, Beaverbrook Newspapers Limited] "a most mischievous writer". 10 May 1941
25 CHAR 20/22C/261-262 Letter from WSC to the London Editor of the Birmingham Gazette on the 200th anniversary of the newspaper. 14 Nov 1941
25 CHAR 20/25/30-32 Letter from WSC to Sir Walter Citrine [General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress and President of the International Federation of Trade Unions]: "We do not want to subject of land mines with parachute attachments discussed in the public press", if Citrine refers to them the Censor will be unable to maintain control. 12 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/25/37-40 Memorandum from Sir Archibald Sinclair [Secretary of State for Air, later 1st Lord Thurso] to WSC on his censorship of Sir Walter Citrine [General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress and President of the International Federation of Trade Unions]: references were made to landmines on parachutes, of which one-third are duds; discussion in Press would alert the Germans into improving the device; suggests that Citrine is offended at not having received recognition for his broadcasts to the United States and praise from WSC would ease the situation. 31 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/29A/79-82 Letter from J Alfred Spender [author; former Editor of the Westminster Gazette] to WSC expressing concern over relations between the younger journalists in the National Press and the Government, quarrelling with the Ministry of Information. [Manuscript and typescript copy]. 18 Jun 1941
25 CHAR 20/29A/83-84 Notes from George Steward [Government Chief Press Liaison Officer] and [1st Lord Beaverbrook], Minister of State, commenting that suggestions by J Alfred Spender [former Editor of the Westminster Gazette] [on relations between the younger journalists in the National Press and the Government] are out of date. 19 Jun 1941 - 23 Jun 1941
25 CHAR 20/29A/85-86 Letter from WSC to J Alfred Spender thanking him for his letter; with note by John Martin [Private Secretary to WSC]. 29 Jun 1941 - 03 Jul 1941
25 CHAR 20/29A/87-91 Correspondence between Leslie Rowan [Private Secretary to WSC], WSC and the Ministry of Information, including Brendan Bracken [Minister of Information], discussing an appropriate response to J Alfred Spender [former Editor, Westminster Gazette] and how to deal with press issues raised by him. 22 Jul 1941 - Aug 1941
25 CHAR 20/31A/11-12 Note from "J M" [John Martin, Prime Minister's Private Secretary] to WSC attaching a press summary of the article appearing in Liberty magazine dated 11 March: "The Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward, Prince of Wales and King Edward VIII, Governor and Commander in Chief of the Bahamas] talks of War and Peace". 11 Mar 1941 - 16 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/31A/13 Newspaper cutting from the Sunday Dispatch reporting the Duke of Windsor's [earlier Edward, Prince of Wales and King Edward VIII, Governor and Commander in Chief of the Bahamas] interview in Liberty magazine. 16 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/31A/22 Telegram from Edward [the Duke of Windsor, earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, and King Edward VIII], Governor [and Commander in Chief] of the Bahamas, to [1st] Lord Moyne [earlier Walter Guinness, Secretary of States for the Colonies] for WSC advising that the "yacht in question" is owned by Alfred Sloane, head of General Motors; complaining about American journalists and offering to resign if he is impeding Anglo-American relations. Copy. 19 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/31A/29-32 Minute from WSC (10 Downing Street) to the Private Office enclosing a draft message from him to the Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, and King Edward VIII, Governor and Commander in Chief of the Bahamas] on matters including Anglo-American relations and Windsor's comments in Liberty magazine not being HM Government policy. Typescripts annotated by WSC. 20 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/31A/33-38 Letters from "E A S" [Eric Seal, Prime Minister's Principal Private Secretary] to [1st] Lord Moyne [earlier Walter Guinness, Secretary of States for the Colonies] and Sir Alexander Hardinge [Private Secretary to King George VI] enclosing WSC's draft reply to the Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, and King Edward VIII, Governor and Commander in Chief of the Bahamas] on matters including Anglo-American relations and Windsor's comments in Liberty magazine not being HM Government policy. Copies. 20 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/31A/43-44 Telegram from Secretary of States for the Colonies [1st Lord Moyne, earlier Walter Guinness] to the Duke of Windsor [earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, and King Edward VIII, Governor and Commander in Chief of the Bahamas] passing on a message from WSC on matters including Anglo-American relations and Windsor's comments in Liberty magazine not being HM Government policy. Copy with complements slip. 20 Mar 1941 - 21 Mar 1941
25 CHAR 20/31A/49-50 Telegram from Lord Halifax [earlier Edward Wood and Lord Irwin, British Ambassador to the United States] (Washington) to the Foreign Office giving extracts from the Duke of Windsor's [earlier Edward, Prince of Wales, and King Edward VIII, Governor and Commander in Chief of the Bahamas] interview [with Fulton Ousler] in Liberty magazine. Copy preceded by Foreign Office request. 19 Mar 1941 - 22 Mar 1941

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